AGENDAEnglish Government (Britain)Colonial GovernmentThe Path to War
British RuleKing George IIIPrime Minister &Parliament
By the late 1700’s the colonies had beengoverning themselves for more than 100years.They had been practicing self-government and making their own laws.They had a sense of freedom and althoughthey were British subjects, they had adesire to live free.
COLONIAL GOVERNMENTAssemblies v. Governors
AssemblyEach of the colonies had an assemblyof representatives that voted on lawsand whether or not to support theRoyal Governor
AssemblyThe colonists had no representation inParliament. What problems do you thinkthat caused? Why would colonists be upsetabout no representatives from the colonies inParliament?The colonies modeled their governmenton Parliament.*Parliament was Britain’s lawmaking body. Electedmembers voted on laws and taxes. The king still heldgreat power and final say.
RoyalGovernorsEight of the 13 colonies had a RoyalGovernor.They were appointed by theking.Their job was to enforce BritishLaw.They often disagreed with theassembly.
House of BurgessesVirginia had the most successful assembly. It wascalled the House of Burgesses. It was started in1619. Many other colonies end up copying theHouse of Burgesses system.Assemblies (like the H.O.B) could make laws toprint money, build roads, collect taxes, make landlaws, and organize militias
House of BurgessesFamousVirginians that served in theH.O.B include:Thomas JeffersonPatrick Henry George Washington
What are a few of thedocuments that inspired thecolonists to govern themselves?The Mayflower CompactFundamental Orders ofConnecticutMagna Carta