There was 15 slave states and 15 free states from slavery.
California asked to join the United States as a free State. This would tip the balance of the states with slaves in it.
Henry Clay = Senator from Kentucky (Slave Owner) came up with compromiser of 1850.
Compromiser of 1850= Allowed California to join the union as a free state. In return the north agreed to allow the territories of New Mexico, and Utah to decide for themselves if they wanted to be a free state or a slave state.
Fugitive State Law= a law that required police in free states to help capture escaping African Slaves.
Dred Scott Decision = was an enslaved man that asked the court to allow him to be free because he lived with his owner in a free territory.
Court ruled against him because they said that an enslaved person were property. They said that the constitution protects the right for citizens to take their property anywhere. Furthermore, they said that the Missouri Compromise had not been constitutional.
Strategy= is a long- range plan made to reach a goal.
Union Strategy= to invade the South and weaken the South. Lincoln planned to blockade the Southern Ports. This would stop the South from receiving weapons or supplies from European countries. This was known as the Anaconda Plan. It was called that because a anaconda is a snake that …
A general by the name of Thomas Jackson from Virginia , helped keep the Confederates together when they tried to fall back. In history he will later be known as Stonewall Jackson. He helped the Confederates stand their ground.
It was a confusing battle but in the end the Confederates won this battle.
Lincoln spoke about the ideals of liberty and equality on which the country had been founded.
He honored the soldiers who had died defending those ideals. He ended with these words: “…that these dead shall not have died in vain… that the government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish [disappear] from the earth.”