Major Military Strategies for the Allied and Central Powers By Philip Sciranko
The Schlieffen Plan (Germany)
The main idea of the plan was to win a two-front war by first quickly defeating France in the west, and then turn east to fight Russia.
The plan scheduled 39 days for the fall of Paris and 42 for the capitulation of France.
They must do this before the Russian Steamroller would be able to mobilise and descend upon East Prussia, so they had time to turn around.
More of the Schlieffen Plan
The Schlieffen ended up failing because Germany's right flank of German soldiers advanced too quick leaving the supplies too far behind.
They were also slowed down by the British because the British had promised to keep Belgium neutral and safe.
One of the major drawbacks of the Schlieffen Plan was that it called for the invasion of neutral states in order to pass German troops to France.
Plan 17 (France)
General Joseph Joffre presented Plan 17 in 1913.
When Germany had declared war in 1914, France began Plan XVII with five initiatives, also known as the Battle of the Frontiers:
Battle of Mulhouse - (7–10 August 1914),
Battle of Lorraine - (14–25 August 1914),
Battle of the Ardennes - (21–23 August 1914),
Battle of Charleroi - (21- August 1914),
Battle of Mons - (23–4 August 1914).
Not like the other plans, this plan was a plan of concentration and it didn't include a fixed military strategy.
Plan 17 remained flexible to permit an offensive into Belgium or Lorraine.
More of Plan 17
The only failure in Plan 17 was that they failed to accomplish the Battle of Charleroi.
Other than the Battle of Charleroi Plan 17 succeeded but the French was more defending their country rather than going out and fighting others.
Plan G (Russia)
Russia had put together two different plans for WW1 which were Plan G, and Plan A a.ka. Plan 19.
Plan G was made in case Germany would do an all out attack against Russia, which was the exact opposite of what actually happened.
Plan 19 a.k.a Plan A (Russia)
Plan 19 was less drastic with its initial sacrifice of Russian manpower.
Russia's French partners wanted them to have more of an offensive war strategy.
Plan 19 was made by General Danilov greatly modified in 1912 and if Germany didn't attack the French first this wouldn't have worked.
This being the case, two Russia armies would go to East Prussia and to Silesia en route to central Germany.
Russia at the same time would make use of a fortress defence to protect themselves from the other invading forces.
Plan 19 ended up failing because Germany defeated Russia at Tannenberg, and the First and Second Battles of Masurian Lakes.
American Expeditionary Forces (USA)
All of the military personnel (Army, Navy, Air Force), equipment and weaponry, medical staff, support and maintenance supplies, was sent to the western front by President Wilson.
The first American troops were called “Doughboys” which first landed in Europe in June 1917. But the AEF didn't fight until late October 1917.
The AEF left all their weapons behind and used French and British weapons.
June 1917: 14,000 U.S. soldiers arrived in France.
May 1918: Over 1,000,000 U.S. troops were stationed in France, 500,000 being on the front line.
More than 2,000,000 U.S. troops reached Europe.
The AEF had 264,000 casualties, including 50,554 killed in battle and 25,000 killed by disease.
Plan B and Plan R (Austria-Hungary)
Like Russia Austria-Hungary had developed two different plans.
Austria-Hungary's plans for WW1 weren't discussed much less than France's and Germany's, for a very good reason.
Plan B outlined the requirement for 6 Austro-Hungarian armies in the field, and 3 of them were going to invade Serbia, while the other 3 guarded the Russian border to persuade an attack from that quarter.
Plan R was an essentially revised version of Plan B, allowing greater volumes of troops to guard against Russia assistance for the Serbians in the south while also assuming the Germans activity in the north.
This had led to 4 armies being deployed against Russia and two against Serbia.
Plan R was chosen in 1914, since commiting to Germany's which devoted most of its manpower to the west before intending to turn east.
Plan R ended up failing because the Central Powers ended up losing the war.
Britain didn't want war to break out because they had no reason for expanding their country.
Britain didn't devise a plan like France, Russia, Austria-Hungary, Germany, USA.
In absence of a conscripted army, the British Expeditionary Force(BEF), was going to transported.
They got transported to the continent and then went the rest of the way on the Railroad to Belgium and the left flank of the French.
It was estimated to take three full weeks to get the army mobilised, Germany and France banked on that it will only take 15 days to mobilise.
Britain idea of helping the French with soldiers ended up succeeding since the Allied Powers won.