Or Somewhere in Between?• List of political parties in the United States- Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Emergence of the Tea Party• Emerged in 2009 after the bailout of the US’sfinancial institutions(President Bush-2008), theeconomic stimulus package(President Obama-2009) and the new health care law(PresidentObama-2010).• The name is taken from the Boston Tea Party asthey protested against the British King at thetime• Tends to be very conservative and libertarian innature
Core Beliefs of Tea Party• Illegal Aliens Are Here illegally.• Pro-Domestic Employment Is Indispensable.• Stronger Military Is Essential.• Special Interests Eliminated.• Gun Ownership Is Sacred.• Government Must Be Downsized.• National Budget Must Be Balanced.
• Deficit Spending Will End.• Bail-out And Stimulus Plans Are Illegal.• Reduce Personal Income Taxes A Must.• Reduce Business Income Taxes Is Mandatory.• Political Offices Available To Average Citizens.• Intrusive Government Stopped.• English As Core Language Is Required.• Traditional Family Values Are Encouraged.• Common Sense Constitutional• Conservative Self-Governance• http://www.teaparty.org/about.php#beliefs
• Not all Democrats or Republicans agree on allissues within their party• Discuss media bias—Fox News vs CNN• Where you live can effect what party you belongto
2000 Election MapRed-Republican—Blue-Democrat
2004 Election Map
2008 Election Map
• Republicans are conservative– favor traditional institutions and the statusquo– favor laissez-faire system• define– favor a limited role for government insociety and believe that people shouldhelp themselves, not rely on thegovernment– favor lower taxes– believe in the trickle-down theory– Believe in rugged individualism
• Democrats are liberal– favor change in society– oppose government intervention into one’s private andsocial life– support regulations on economic activity andbusinesses– favor an active role for government in society– believe that involvement – be it environmentalregulations against polluting or anti-discriminationlaws- can improve the quality of our lives– willing to increase taxes to support programs
Abortion• Democrat:– Abortion is a woman’s right and should belegal• Republican:– Abortion should be illegal and restricted bygovernment– http://law.findlaw.com/state-laws/abortion/
Abortion Laws prior to 1973 Roe V. Wade CaseRed--Illegal.Purple--Legal in cases of rape.Blue-Legal in cases of danger to womans health.Green-Legal in cases of danger to womans health, rape or incest, or likely damaged fetus.Yellow-Legal upon request.
Pregnancy, Birth, Abortion, and Fetal Loss Rates Per1,000 Women Aged 15--19 Years, by Race and HispanicEthnicity
Flag Burning• Democrat:– Flag burning is politicalspeech and isprotected by theConstitution• Republican:– Protect the flag fromburning by aconstitutionalamendment
Gun Control• Democrats:– Favor/Gun control is needed• Republicans:– Oppose/Gun control is unconstitutional• NRA-ILA :: Gun Laws
Natural Environment• Democrats:– Strong regulations are needed to protect theenvironment• Republicans:– Strong environmental laws harm the economy
Race Relations• Democrats:– Strong anti-discrimination laws are needed– favor affirmative action• Republicans:– People and businesses can be trusted not todiscriminate– Many oppose affirmative action• Affirmative Action Timeline
Minimum Wage• Democrats:– Favor/Increase the minimum wage to helpworkers• Republicans:– Oppose/Do not raise the minimum wagebecause it hurts businesses– http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0774473.html
Healthcare• Democrats:– Government should require universal access tohealthcare• Republicans:– Private insurers are preferable to governmentcontrolled systemThe Affordable Care Act-March 2010http://www.whitehouse.gov/healthreform/healthcare-overview#healthcare-menu
Taxes• Democrats:– Increase taxes on the wealthy to pay forpublic programs• Republicans:– Cutting taxes for everyone helps the economy
2012 Tax BracketsTaxrateSingle filersMarried filing jointly orqualifyingwidow/widowerMarried filingseparatelyHead of household10% Up to $8,700 Up to $17,400 Up to $8,700 Up to $12,40015% $8,701 - $35,350 $17,401 - $70,700 $8,701- $35,350 $12,401 - $47,35025% $35,351 - $85,650 $70,701 - $142,700 $35,351 - $71,350 $47,351 - $122,30028% $85,651 - $178,650 $142,701 - $217,450 $71,351 - $108,725 $122,301 - $198,05033% $178,651 - $388,350 $217,451 - $388,350 $108,726 - $194,175 $198,051 - $388,35035% $388,351 or more $388,351 or more $194,176 or more $388,351 or more
Military• Democrats:– Cut military spending; expand veteran’sbenefits; act in concert with other nationsand/or with support from NATO and the UN• Republicans:– Increase military spending; cut veteran’sbenefits; don’t be constrained by other nationsor by NATO and the UN
Death Penalty• Democrats:– Oppose/It is not a deterrent and innocentpeople are in jeopardy• Republicans:– Favor/The death penalty is necessary andeffective
History• Furman v. Georgia, (1972)• In this case, the court found the deathpenalty to be unconstitutional on thegrounds of cruel and unusual punishmentin violation of the 8th to the United StatesConstitution.• http://www.clarkprosecutor.org/html/death/dpusa.htm
Gay Marriage• Democrats:– Favor-Gays rights and marriage are civilrights• Republicans:– Oppose-Marriage is a sacred trust between aman and woman
2012 Election• Maine, Maryland, Minnesota andWashington all have gay marriage on theballot for voters to decide upon
Civil Unions• Civil Unions provide some legalprotections and responsibilities to gay andlesbian couples at the state level.• Gay marriage supporters say civil unionshave since proven to be ineffective, aseparate but unequal status• The protections and responsibilities do notextend beyond the border of the states inwhich the civil union was entered.
Domestic Partnerships• Domestic partnerships are a form of unionunder which gay (and sometimes non-gay) couples in some states or regionscan formalize their partnerships.• Gay marriage supporters say that, as withcivil unions, the status remains a separateand unequal compromise which does notapply when a couple travels out of state,and offers no federal protections.
Prayer in School• Democrats:– Oppose/Violation of the separation betweenchurch and state• Republicans:– Favor/It is a religious right and our Christianheritage
War in Iraq/Afghanistan• Democrats:– Favored at first but criticized President Bush for messing it up.– Wanted a defined exit strategy during the Bush years.– President Obama withdrew all combat troops from Iraq in August2010– All US forces will be out of Iraq by the end of 2011– President Obama wanted to focus on Afghanistan-Sent 30,000more troops 12-09.– Started US withdrawl from Afganistan in July 2011.– Hopes to be out by late next year(2012)• Republicans:– President Bush stated 8-21-06 that US would not leave Iraq untilthe job is done.– Admitted to mistakes in Iraq and says it will be a tough fight.– Hoped Iraq’s new gov’t and people would eventually be stableenough for US withdrawl.– President Bush pulled 8,000 troops out in late 2008/early 2009.– Afghanistan was not focused on as much after the Iraq invasion.– Allowed Taliban and al-Qaeda to gain in power.