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Chapter 10.3.4

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Chapter 10.3.4 Presentation Transcript

  • 1.  
  • 2.
    • Puerto Rico Populated for centuries by aboriginal peoples, the island was claimed by the Spanish Crown in 1493 following Columbus' second voyage to the Americas.
    • In 1898, after 400 years of colonial rule that saw the original population nearly exterminated and African slave labor introduced, Puerto Rico was ceded to the US as a result of the Spanish-American War.
    • Puerto Ricans were granted US citizenship in 1917.
    • Popularly-elected governors have served since 1948.
    • In 1952, a constitution was enacted providing for internal self government.
    • In plebiscites held in 1967, 1993, and 1998, voters chose to retain commonwealth status. http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/rq.html
  • 3.  
  • 4. Emilio Aguinaldo
  • 5.  
  • 6. John Hay - Open Door Policy
  • 7. The Boxer Rebellion
  • 8. Chapter 10.4 America as a World Power
  • 9. Teddy Roosevelt’s Presidency
    • Assumed Presidency after McKinley was killed
    • Roosevelt the Peacemaker
      • Ended the Russo-Japanese War in 1905
      • Won the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts
      • Panama Canal
      • Roosevelt Corollary
  • 10.  
  • 11. Russo-Japanese War 1904-1905
    • Japan shocked the world by defeating Russia
    • Treaty of Portsmouth
      • Japan received Southern half of Sakhalin Island from Russia
      • Japan took over Russian interests in Manchuria and Korea
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  • 23. The Panama Canal
    • A canal across Panama had been desired for a long time. Why?
    • France had started constructing a canal but gave up due to costs and disease
    • In 1903, US buys French company’s route for $40 million
    • Before starting, US had to get permission from Colombia which controlled Panama
  • 24. Panama Canal
    • Colombia refused to allow US entry
    • With support from the US, Panama revolted against Colombia
    • On November 3, 1903, Panama declared independence from Colombia
    • US and Panama then signed canal deal where US would pay $10 million and a annual rent of $250,000
    • This action greatly upsets Latin America. Why?
  • 25. Panama Canal Construction
    • One of the biggest engineering undertakings ever
    • Had to fight disease(yellow fever and malaria)
    • Soft, volcanic soil made it difficult to remove
    • Over 43,000 workers helped build canal
    • 5,600 workers dies
    • Cost US $380 million
    • Opened on August 15, 1914
  • 26. The Roosevelt Corollary
    • It was an addition to the Monroe Doctrine
    • Said that the US would be the police officer between Latin America and Europe
    • The US would use force to protect interests in Latin America
    • “Speak softly and carry a big stick”
      • What does this mean?
      • Look at examples
  • 27. Dollar Diplomacy
    • Using the US government to guarantee loans made to foreign countries by US banks and businesses
    • Economic imperialism
    • US banks were in control of many businesses in Latin America
    • US said it was needed to keep European powers out of Latin America
    • “Substituting dollars for bullets”
  • 28. President Woodrow Wilson
    • Practiced “missionary diplomacy”
      • US would not recognize any government that was oppressive, undemocratic and hostile toward the US
      • Mexican government was overthrown by General Victoriano Huerta
      • Wilson refused to recognize “a government of butchers”
      • Wilson practiced “watchful waiting” in dealing with Huerta
  • 29.  
  • 30. President Woodrow Wilson
      • US took over the Mexican port of Veracruz after Huerta arrested some Americans sailors
      • War was extremely close until Argentina, Brazil and Chile stepped in and tried to settle conflict
      • Huerta rejected the plan but his government collapsed shortly thereafter
      • Venustiano Carranza became President
      • Wilson recognized his government
  • 31. Pancho Villa
    • At first was pro-American but soon changed after President Carranza asked US to control Mexican mines
    • Killed dozens of US citizens on two different occasions(once on US soil)
    • President Wilson ordered General John Pershing(and 15,000 troops) to go into Mexico and capture Villa
    • Eventually, the Mexican Army clashed with Pershing’s forces
    • By 1917, both sides backed down(WWI)
  • 32.  
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  • 35. Questions
    • How do think Latin American countries viewed the United States at this time? Why?
    • Why did the US intervene in Latin America all the time?
    • Give examples of “big stick diplomacy”, “dollar diplomacy” and “moral diplomacy”.
  • 36. President McKinley’s Assassination
    • Killed by Leon Czolgosz(Cholgosh)
    • He was an anarchist that wanted all leader to be wiped out
    • Hoped to promote the anarchist movement
    • Last statement: "I killed the President because he was the enemy of the good people-the good working people. I am not sorry for my crime."