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  • Gatorade image- http://www.onlinecouponsavings.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/11/gatorade_pepsico_new_packaging_2009.jpgDentyne image- http://www.dentyne.com/images/dentyne_ice_peppermint.pngOlive Garden image- http://www.olivegarden.com/press/news_releases/2006/logo-OliveGardenTuscany-RGB.jpg
  • Pavlov image- http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/56/Ivan_Pavlov_%28Nobel%29.pngDog image- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:One_of_Pavlov%27s_dogs.jpg
  • Dog image- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:One_of_Pavlov%27s_dogs.jpgBowl image- http://dogfoodchat.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/03/Dog-Food.jpgSalivating dog image- http://images.artwanted.com/large/08/37011_718008.jpg
  • Teacher image- http://www.principalspage.com/theblog/wp-content/uploads//2008/04/mean-teacher.jpgMath sign- http://www.avenue7.com/MakeThumbnail.ashx?height=500&width=500&&file=~/Images/ComboImages/1293030105382544002b83783c-1005-4025-834c-5302cd0305b8.jpg&qual=80student image- http://www.kidsenabled.org/articles/images/i_hate_math_winter09.jpg

Behaviorism presentation upload Behaviorism presentation upload Presentation Transcript

  • Contiguity:learning by association
    What do advertising companies know about contiguity?
    Gatorade
    Olive Garden
    Dentyne Ice
  • Classical Conditioning
    Pavlov’s Experiment
    Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936)
  • +
    =
    Unconditioned stimulus
    Unconditioned response
    +
    +
    =
    Unconditioned stimulus
    Neutral stimulus
    Unconditioned response
    +
    =
    Conditioned response
    Conditioned stimulus
    View slide
  • Classical Conditioning in The Office
    View slide
  • ?
    How does classical conditioning apply to us as teachers?
    • More used in Modern Psychology than in the classroom
    • Can affect students’ emotional states regarding teachers, schools, and academic subjects
  • Example:
    Critical math teacher may condition the student to associate math with feelings of fear or inferiority
  • Image Citations
    Gatorade image-
    http://www.onlinecouponsavings.com/wpcontent/uploads/2010/11/gatorade_pepsico_new_packaging_2009.jpg
    Dentyne image-
    http://www.dentyne.com/images/dentyne_ice_peppermint.png
    Olive Garden image-
    http://www.olivegarden.com/press/news_releases/2006/logo-OliveGardenTuscany-RGB.jpg
    Pavlov image- http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/56/Ivan_Pavlov_%28Nobel%29.png
    Dog image-
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:One_of_Pavlov%27s_dogs.jpg
    Bowl image-
    http://dogfoodchat.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/03/Dog-Food.jpg
  • Salivating dog image-
    http://images.artwanted.com/large/08/37011_718008.jpg
    Teacher image-
    http://www.principalspage.com/theblog/wp-content/uploads//2008/04/mean-teacher.jpg
    Math sign- http://www.avenue7.com/MakeThumbnail.ashx?height=500&width=500&&file=~/Images/ComboImages/1293030105382544002b83783c-1005-4025-834c-5302cd0305b8.jpg&qual=80
    student image- http://www.kidsenabled.org/articles/images/i_hate_math_winter09.jpg
  • Free will?
    Classical Conditioning vsOperant Conditioning
    Doctrine and Covenant s 130
     20There is a alaw, irrevocably decreed in bheaven before the foundations of this world, upon which all cblessings are predicated—
     21And when we obtain any ablessing from God, it is by bobedience to that law upon which it is predicated.
    Mosiah 2
    24And secondly, he doth arequire that ye should do as he hath commanded you; for which if ye do, he doth immediately bbless you; and therefore he hath paid you. And ye are still indebted unto him, and are, and will be, forever and ever; therefore, of what have ye to boast?
  • Antecedent
    Black Box
    Behavior
    Consequence
  • Operant Conditioning
  • Operant Conditioning
  • In groups think of three school/classroom examples of each
  • Distinguishing "positive" from "negative" can be difficult, and the necessity of the distinction is often debated.[5] For example, in a very warm room, a current of external air serves as positive reinforcement because it is pleasantly cool or negative reinforcement because it removes uncomfortably hot air.[6] Some reinforcement can be simultaneously positive and negative, such as a drug addict taking drugs for the added euphoria and eliminating withdrawal symptoms. Many behavioral psychologists simply refer to reinforcement or punishment—without polarity—to cover all consequent environmental changes.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reinforcement
  • They lose a “privilege”
    Know the student
  • Premack principle
    Shaping
    Reinforcing incompatible behavior
    Praise-and-ignore
    Positive Practice
    Strategies for Increasing Behaviors
  • Satiation
    Extinction
    Overcorrection
    Reprimand
    Response Cost
    Social isolation
    Strategies for Decreasing Behaviors
  • Reinforcement Schedule
  • Cueing and Prompting
    Chaining-each behavior is a cue for the next behavior until a larger complex behavior is completed.
  • Task Analysis— a method for breaking down a large instructional task into manageable parts.
  • Objectives
  • Assessment
    Behavior
    Behavioral
    Condition
    Run 3 miles cross country in under 18 minutes