World History Review
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World History Review Presentation Transcript

  • 1. World History Review 1
  • 2. Contributions of the Roman Empire• Aqueducts Latin roots and prefixes• Concept of citizenship 2
  • 3. One of the reasons Rome fell was theempire had gotten too large to manage. 3
  • 4. ConstantinopleThe establishment of Constantinople asthe capital of the Eastern RomanEmpire shifted power to the east andaway from the west and Rome. 4
  • 5. 5
  • 6. MuhammadAccording to Islam, Muhammad wasthe prophet through whom Godrevealed his final message. 6
  • 7. Islam, Judaism, and ChristianityIslam is related to Judaism andChristianity because all three religionsare monotheistic (believing in one God) 7
  • 8. Beliefs of Islam• Giving alms to the poor Praying five times a day• Taking a pilgrimage to Mecca Fasting during the month of Ramadan 8
  • 9. Muslim contributions to medicine• First public hospital Encyclopedia of drugs• Description of diseases First pharmacy school 9
  • 10. Effects of the Trans-Saharan Trade• Spreading Islam Bringing economic growth• Increasing the gold and salt trade Spread the Arabic language 10
  • 11. The Economy of GhanaThe economy ofGhana wasdependent on thegold and salt trade. 11
  • 12. Mali had an advantage over Ghana because it used the Niger River as a trade route. 12
  • 13. Maya and Aztec similaritiesBoth the Maya andthe Azteccivilizationsdeveloped accuratecalendars. 13
  • 14. Defeat of the AztecOne of the reasonsthe Spanish wereable to defeat theAztecs was Cortesdeveloped allianceswith the enemies ofthe Aztec. 14
  • 15. The Inca Empire developed in South America. 15
  • 16. The Inca believed their leaders were direct descendants ofThe Sun God 16
  • 17. Reunification of ChinaAfter the breakup of the Han Dynasty,China became unified again because ofthe establishment of a centralgovernment 17
  • 18. China inventions• Paper money Gunpowder• The compass 18
  • 19. Paper, Wood-block printing and movable typeThe invention of paper, wood-blockprinting, and movable type in Chinacontributed to the spread of learning. 19
  • 20. Government positions in Tang ChinaDuring the Tang Dynasty, a person whopassed an exam for governmentpositions could become a scholar-official. 20
  • 21. JapanThe Samurai inMedieval Japanwere the military ofJapanese society. 21
  • 22. The Rise of a Military Society in Japan• The rise of the military society in the late 1100’s in Japan was the result of the weakening of the central government.• Warlords came into more power. 22
  • 23. BushidoThe Bushido, the Japanese warriorcode emphasized the importance ofloyalty, courage and honor. 23
  • 24. Feudalism in Europe• Feudalism in Europe developed out of a need for protection and stability.• In the medieval period, the Catholic Church and monarchs often conflicted over power. 24
  • 25. Catholic Church Achievements• Founded universities Created religious orders• Preserved the Latin language and texts 25
  • 26. The Magna CartaThe importance of the Magna Cartawas it was one of the first documents toprotect the rights of the people. 26
  • 27. The CrusadesOne result of increased contactbetween Europeans and other culturesduring the Crusades was the transferof knowledge of science and medicinefrom the Islamic world to Europe. 27
  • 28. The Catholic ChurchThe sale of indulgences weakened theCatholic Church and led to theReformation. 28
  • 29. Martin Luther• Objected to the sale of indulgences by the Catholic Church.• Said the Bible was the only source of religious truth. 29
  • 30. John Calvin• Religious leader of the Reformation Main idea was predestination• God appointed the eternal destiny of some to salvation by grace, while leaving the remainder to receive eternal damnation for all their sins, even their original sin. 30
  • 31. Council of Trent• As a response to the Protestant Reformation, the Catholic Church did try to reform (change). One of these changes was called the Council of Trent.• The Jesuit order was created. 31
  • 32. Printing Press• Invented by Gutenberg Allows literacy to grow• Helped spread Renaissance ideas Increased the availability of the Bible 32
  • 33. Leonardo da Vinci Accomplishments• Scientific knowledge of anatomy Elements of geometry in his paintings• Painted the Mona Lisa and the Last Supper 33
  • 34. 34
  • 35. 35
  • 36. Who was the most important author of the Renaissance?WilliamShakespeare –whose plays greatlyadvance literature 36
  • 37. HumanismAn intellectual movement thatemphasized the worth and potential ofall individuals 37
  • 38. What does the chart below show? The Scientific Method 38
  • 39. The Scientific Revolution• Began in the 1500’s• Challenged old scientific ideas that the earth was the center of the universe 39
  • 40. Galileo• Galileo used his telescope to prove that the sun was the center of the universe.• This theory was originally created by Copernicus. 40
  • 41. Capitalism• The economic system the United States uses• Involves a free market system where the prices are set by the companies producing the goods 41