Data Protection Act
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Data Protection Act






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Data Protection Act Data Protection Act Presentation Transcript

  • Data Protection Act ICT GCSE
  • Data Protection Act
    • Originally introduced in 1984
    • Revised in 1998
    • Most organisations store large amounts of personal information on computer systems
    • This raised some concerns
  • Concerns
    • Who can access this data?
    • Is the data accurate?
    • Will the data be sold?
    • Will it be kept even if it is no longer needed?
  • Terminology Data Subject This is the person that the data is being collected from Personal data Covers facts and opinions regarding a living individual Data User Any person who needs to access the data as part of their job Data Controller This is often the person in charge of the organisation This is the person who must apply for permission to collect and store data Data Commissioner This is the person that enforces the data protection act
  • The Eight Principles
    • 1. You should be told that data is being collected and what it is for
    • 2. The data may only be used for the purpose which it was collected for
    • 3. Only relevant data may be collected and stored
    • 4. Data must be accurate and up to date
  • The Eight Principles
    • 5. Data should not be kept longer than needed
    • 6. You have the right to inspect data stored about you
    • 7. Data must be kept safe
    • 8. Must not share the data with an organisation based in another country which does not have similar DPA laws
  • Exemptions
    • National Security - If required for the purpose of safeguarding national security, data controllers do not have to disclose the data held to data subjects
    • Crime - Data which is being held in order to prevent or detect a crime does not have to be disclosed
    • Taxation - any data collected for taxation purposes is exempt
  • Exemptions
    • Heath, Education and Social Work - personal data about the physical or mental health of the data subject. You have no automatic right to view your medical records. If a doctor believes that viewing them would harm your mental well being, they can be withheld from you
    • Schools and examinations - personal data relating to the present or past pupils of a school. Examination scripts and examination marks held by examination authorities