ANIMAL FARM
Chapter 1
Karl Marx and Communism
WHO IS KARL MARX?
 A German intellectual/philosopher
 Many of the ideals behind the Soviet revol...
MARX
WHAT DID HE BELIEVE?
Societies are divided into two segments:
 Proletariat.
 The working class (creates all the
pro...
How did Marx view his world?
 The great masses of people are
poor and kept poor by the
“exploiters,”
 The capitalists we...
What was Marx‟s Vision?
 Marx believed a revolution would be necessary
to throw off the shackles of the oppressor (the
ri...
Capitalism
 Economic System where production and
distribution of goods is privately owned
 Business owners can profit im...
Capitalism…think of it this way
You have two
cows, you sell
one and buy a
bull.
Capitalism
 Some may claim their work deserves
greater pay or recognition
 If workers are treated poorly enough
they mig...
If inequality and poor treatment
reaches a certain point
Capitalism can
lead to…
Socialism
 A system where the collective (everyone) or
government decides:
 How goods will be produced and
distributed t...
Socialism …think of it this way
In theory
You have two
cows, you give
one to a
neighbor.
In Practice:
You have two cows,...
If corruption, greed, or ambition for
power are unleashed
Socialism can lead
to…
Communism
 A socialist system of government
 The government is more authoritarian (bossy)
 They claim to make progress ...
Communism …think of it this way
 You have two cows. You give them to the
government. The government gives you part
of the...
 A term used to describe Communism
under Stalin‟s rule.
 Marked by extreme governmental
control.
 The use of a secret
p...
 You have two cows. You are forced to
take care of them, but the government
takes all the milk. Then the government
sends...
If left unchecked
The most extreme
governments
become Totalitarian
Totalitarianism
Any Government that controls nearly
every aspect of public and private
behavior
Do not tolerate activiti...
Totalitarianism
Maintain power by:
 Secret police
 Propaganda spread through the
state-controlled mass media
 Restrict...
Totalitarianism…think of it this way
You have two cows. The
government takes them and denies
they ever existed. Milk is b...
Chapter 1 Summary
 Major Wishes to pass his wisdom
 Talks about miserable lives and manipulation/born as
slaves
• Could ...
Chapter 1 Analysis
 “Beasts of England”- the animals will finally be free
from man‟s domination—enjoy the fruits of their...
Russian Revolution – Karl
Marx/Lenin
Invented
communism.
“Workers of the
world unite,” take
over the government.
Dies b...
Animal Farm – Old Major
Taught Animalism
Workers do the work, rich
keep the money, animals
revolt.
Dies before the Rebe...
Russian Revolution – Czar
Nicholas II
A poor leader at best
compared to western kings.
Cruel –sometimes with brutal
oppo...
Animal Farm - Mr. Jones
Irresponsible to his animals
– he lets them starve
Sometimes cruel – he beats
them with a whip
...
Russian Revolution -
Communism
All people are equal
Government owns
everything, people own the
government.
Animal Farm – Animalism
Workers get a better life, all
animals are equal.
Everyone owns the farm.
Animal Farm
Chapter 1
The Music Motif and
Parody in Action
Old Major’s Speech
 Parody of lofty, revolutionary speeches
 Imitates the language and style
 Mocks the held belief tha...
Beasts of England, Beasts of
Ireland,
Beasts of every land and clime,
Hearken to my joyful tidings
Of the Golden future ti...
Role of Music in Animal Farm
Songs of Protest Activity
 Read Packet Page 34-Directions
 Listen to-read-the “Beasts of England”
◦ The lyrics in packet...
“Beasts of England”
 Parodies the Left-Wing Socialist anthem
“The Internationale”
◦ Became the National Anthem of Communi...
Animal Farm Chapter 1-Political Systems-Allegorical Connections
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Animal Farm Chapter 1-Political Systems-Allegorical Connections

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Animal Farm Chapter 1-Political Systems-Allegorical Connections

  1. 1. ANIMAL FARM Chapter 1
  2. 2. Karl Marx and Communism WHO IS KARL MARX?  A German intellectual/philosopher  Many of the ideals behind the Soviet revolution were based on his writings and teachings
  3. 3. MARX WHAT DID HE BELIEVE? Societies are divided into two segments:  Proletariat.  The working class (creates all the products)  Capitalists  The owner class (enjoys all the benefits) This class division leads to inequality and
  4. 4. How did Marx view his world?  The great masses of people are poor and kept poor by the “exploiters,”  The capitalists were few in number, but had money and power. They took advantage of the “working class”
  5. 5. What was Marx‟s Vision?  Marx believed a revolution would be necessary to throw off the shackles of the oppressor (the rich).  Marx believed that a revolution would achieve these results: There would be a classless society Everyone would be equal There would be no more owners There would be no more exploited masses
  6. 6. Capitalism  Economic System where production and distribution of goods is privately owned  Business owners can profit immensely (Marx called them “capitalists”)  Workers get paid for their degree of work
  7. 7. Capitalism…think of it this way You have two cows, you sell one and buy a bull.
  8. 8. Capitalism  Some may claim their work deserves greater pay or recognition  If workers are treated poorly enough they might demand revolutionary changes
  9. 9. If inequality and poor treatment reaches a certain point Capitalism can lead to…
  10. 10. Socialism  A system where the collective (everyone) or government decides:  How goods will be produced and distributed to the people  The goal is to give work and goods equally to all  Thus maximizing happiness and well-being for all
  11. 11. Socialism …think of it this way In theory You have two cows, you give one to a neighbor. In Practice: You have two cows, the government takes one and gives it to a neighbor.
  12. 12. If corruption, greed, or ambition for power are unleashed Socialism can lead to…
  13. 13. Communism  A socialist system of government  The government is more authoritarian (bossy)  They claim to make progress toward a better, equitable society  All human activity goes towards benefiting each other  But the only ones benefitting are the government elite and their inner circle.
  14. 14. Communism …think of it this way  You have two cows. You give them to the government. The government gives you part of the milk.  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:Matthew_Stann ard/Scratch/jokes
  15. 15.  A term used to describe Communism under Stalin‟s rule.  Marked by extreme governmental control.  The use of a secret police, propaganda, and especially brutal tactics of political coercion Stalinism
  16. 16.  You have two cows. You are forced to take care of them, but the government takes all the milk. Then the government sends you to prison. . Stalinism …think of it this way
  17. 17. If left unchecked The most extreme governments become Totalitarian
  18. 18. Totalitarianism Any Government that controls nearly every aspect of public and private behavior Do not tolerate activities by individuals or groups (labor unions, churches and political parties) that are not directed toward the state's goals
  19. 19. Totalitarianism Maintain power by:  Secret police  Propaganda spread through the state-controlled mass media  Restriction of free discussion and criticism  Widespread use of terror tactics
  20. 20. Totalitarianism…think of it this way You have two cows. The government takes them and denies they ever existed. Milk is banned. You disappear and are written out of history.
  21. 21. Chapter 1 Summary  Major Wishes to pass his wisdom  Talks about miserable lives and manipulation/born as slaves • Could live in luxury given the resources • Use the products of their labors  Dream from the Previous Night  Live free and happy  Animals vs. humans (2 legged walking „creatures‟)  Once they take the humans they can‟t acquire their traits • Ex: live in a house, sleep in beds, drink, smoke, handle money, wear clothes, trade  “Beasts of England” ---an animal Utopia  Mr. Jones fires a shotgun and stops the commotion
  22. 22. Chapter 1 Analysis  “Beasts of England”- the animals will finally be free from man‟s domination—enjoy the fruits of their labors  The song words lead to a „Utopian Ideal‟  Major‟s simple belief is that „Man‟ is the only reason for their evil  Makes it easy for anyone non human to buy in to the situation  Idea touches on class struggle, surplus value, and exploitation  Idea is sincere, but it‟s unrealistic—just like . . .  Major states: “All animals are equal”  Marx dies just as Old Major-leaving his work unfinished  Ch. 1=Historic to period before and during WWI
  23. 23. Russian Revolution – Karl Marx/Lenin Invented communism. “Workers of the world unite,” take over the government. Dies before the Russian Revolution.
  24. 24. Animal Farm – Old Major Taught Animalism Workers do the work, rich keep the money, animals revolt. Dies before the Rebellion
  25. 25. Russian Revolution – Czar Nicholas II A poor leader at best compared to western kings. Cruel –sometimes with brutal opponents Sometimes kind –paid students to work as spies
  26. 26. Animal Farm - Mr. Jones Irresponsible to his animals – he lets them starve Sometimes cruel – he beats them with a whip Sometimes kind – he mixes milk in animal mash
  27. 27. Russian Revolution - Communism All people are equal Government owns everything, people own the government.
  28. 28. Animal Farm – Animalism Workers get a better life, all animals are equal. Everyone owns the farm.
  29. 29. Animal Farm Chapter 1 The Music Motif and Parody in Action
  30. 30. Old Major’s Speech  Parody of lofty, revolutionary speeches  Imitates the language and style  Mocks the held belief that such speeches: ◦ Make promises of a better tomorrow ◦ Urge radical action ◦ Outline the values/beliefs of the people
  31. 31. Beasts of England, Beasts of Ireland, Beasts of every land and clime, Hearken to my joyful tidings Of the Golden future time. Soon or late the day is coming, Tyrant Man shall be o'erthrown, And the fruitful fields of England Shall be trod by beasts alone. Rings shall vanish from our noses, And the harness from our back, Bit and spur shall rust forever, Cruel whips no more shall crack. Riches more than mind can picture, Wheat and barley, oats and hay, Clover, beans and mangel- Bright will shine the fields of England, Purer shall its waters be, Sweeter yet shall blow its breezes On the day that sets us free. For that day we all must labour, Though we die before it break; Cows and horses, geese and turkeys, All must toil for freedom's sake. Beasts of England, Beasts of Ireland, Beasts of every land and clime, Hearken well, and spread my tidings Of the Golden future time “Beasts of England” Lyrics
  32. 32. Role of Music in Animal Farm
  33. 33. Songs of Protest Activity  Read Packet Page 34-Directions  Listen to-read-the “Beasts of England” ◦ The lyrics in packet are slightly different than the book. This doesn’t affect anything  Answer questions 1-2. Leave #4 Blank  Share Responses  In class:  Listen to-read-“Imagine” pg. 38.
  34. 34. “Beasts of England”  Parodies the Left-Wing Socialist anthem “The Internationale” ◦ Became the National Anthem of Communist Russia ◦ Reflects the principles of Marxism ◦ “Beasts of England” reflects the principles of Animalism
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