The Colonies

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Transcript

  • 1. The Colonies 5.4 - colonial era
  • 2. The Thirteen NEWColonies HAMPSHIRE ABENAKI VERMONT MAINE (claimed by (part of MA) perior NY and NH) e Su Lak OTTAWA ALGONKIN Scarborough La Portsmouth ke Boston Hu rio MASSACHUSETTS Onta ron OTTAWA NEW Providence e L ak Lake Michigan Huds IROQUOIS YORK FOX HURON M on R. issi Detroit e PENNSYLVANIA RHODE Mystic Seaport, Eri ssi p SAC ke DELAWARE ISLAND in Connecticut Ri La p CONNECTICUT i Philadelphia NEW ve MIAMI JERSEY r KICKAPOO WYANDOT Baltimore CENTRAL DELAWARE S ILLINOIS PLAINS AIN MARYLAND MISSOURI SHAWNEE NT Vincennes River VIRGINIA Williamsburg OU St. Louis io M Oh r ive NORTH CAROLINA N e eR IA e ss New Bern OSAGE nn CH Te R ive r CHEROKEE LA SOUTH pi PA av CAROLINA issip Ri a Wilmington S nn AP CHICKASAW ah Miss ve r Charles Town Ri GEORGIA ve CREEK r CADDO Savannah New York Harbor, NATCHEZ in New York City CHOCTAW St. Augustine ATLANTIC New Orleans OCEAN SEMINOLE Gulf of Mexico English (New England Colonies) English (Middle Colonies) English (Southern Colonies) Westover Plantation, N French in Virginia E Spanish W S FOX Name of American Indian Tribe Unit 3 I 197
  • 3. NEW HAMPSHIRE or The Thirteen VERMONT (claimed by ABENAKI MAINE (part of MA) NY and NH) Colonies OTTAWA La ALGONKIN Scarborough Portsmouth ke Boston Hu o MASSACHUSETTS ntari ron OTTAWA eO L ak NEW Providence Lake Michigan Huds IROQUOIS YORK HURON on R. Detroit e PENNSYLVANIA RHODE Mystic Seaport, Eri DELAWARE ISLAND a ke in Connecticut L Philadelphia NEW CONNECTICUT MIAMI WYANDOT Baltimore JERSEYC E N T R A L DELAWARE S P L A I N S AIN MARYLAND SHAWNEE NTnnes River VIRGINIA Williamsburg OUouis io M Oh er NORTH CAROLINA Riv N e e IA n e ss New Bern n CH Te CHEROKEE LA SOUTH PA av CAROLINA a Wilmington S n na AP CHICKASAW h Charles Town Ri GEORGIA ve CREEK r Savannah New York Harbor, in New York City CHOCTAW St. Augustine ATLANTIC
  • 4. NEW HAMPSHIRE or The Thirteen VERMONT (claimed by ABENAKI MAINE (part of MA) New England Colonies NY and NH) Colonies OTTAWA La ALGONKIN Scarborough Portsmouth ke Boston Hu o MASSACHUSETTS ntari ron OTTAWA eO L ak NEW Providence Lake Michigan Huds IROQUOIS YORK HURON on R. Detroit e PENNSYLVANIA RHODE Mystic Seaport, Eri DELAWARE ISLAND a ke in Connecticut L Philadelphia NEW CONNECTICUT MIAMI WYANDOT Baltimore JERSEYC E N T R A L DELAWARE S P L A I N S AIN MARYLAND SHAWNEE NTnnes River VIRGINIA Williamsburg OUouis io M Oh er NORTH CAROLINA Riv N e e IA n e ss New Bern n CH Te CHEROKEE LA SOUTH PA av CAROLINA a Wilmington S n na AP CHICKASAW h Charles Town Ri GEORGIA ve CREEK r Savannah New York Harbor, in New York City CHOCTAW St. Augustine ATLANTIC
  • 5. NEW HAMPSHIRE or The Thirteen VERMONT (claimed by ABENAKI MAINE (part of MA) New England Colonies NY and NH) Colonies OTTAWA La ALGONKIN Scarborough Portsmouth ke Boston Hu o MASSACHUSETTS ntari ron OTTAWA eO L ak NEW Providence Lake Michigan Huds IROQUOIS YORK HURON on R. Detroit e PENNSYLVANIA RHODE Mystic Seaport, Eri DELAWARE ISLAND a ke in Connecticut L Philadelphia CONNECTICUT MIAMI WYANDOT Baltimore NEW JERSEY Middle ColoniesC E N T R A L DELAWARE S P L A I N S AIN MARYLAND SHAWNEE NTnnes River VIRGINIA Williamsburg OUouis io M Oh er NORTH CAROLINA Riv N e e IA n e ss New Bern n CH Te CHEROKEE LA SOUTH PA av CAROLINA a Wilmington S n na AP CHICKASAW h Charles Town Ri GEORGIA ve CREEK r Savannah New York Harbor, in New York City CHOCTAW St. Augustine ATLANTIC
  • 6. NEW HAMPSHIRE or The Thirteen VERMONT (claimed by ABENAKI MAINE (part of MA) New England Colonies NY and NH) Colonies OTTAWA La ALGONKIN Scarborough Portsmouth ke Boston Hu o MASSACHUSETTS ntari ron OTTAWA eO L ak NEW Providence Lake Michigan Huds IROQUOIS YORK HURON on R. Detroit e PENNSYLVANIA RHODE Mystic Seaport, Eri DELAWARE ISLAND a ke in Connecticut L Philadelphia CONNECTICUT MIAMI WYANDOT Baltimore NEW JERSEY Middle ColoniesC E N T R A L DELAWARE S P L A I N S AIN MARYLAND SHAWNEE NTnnes River VIRGINIA Williamsburg OUouis io M Oh er NORTH CAROLINA Riv N e e IA n e ss New Bern n CH Te CHEROKEE Southern Colonies LA SOUTH PA av CAROLINA an Wilmington S na AP CHICKASAW h Charles Town Ri GEORGIA ve CREEK r Savannah New York Harbor, in New York City CHOCTAW St. Augustine ATLANTIC
  • 7. Know the ThirteenNew England Colonies Maine, New Hampshire, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Rhode IslandMiddle Colonies New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, DelawareSouthern Colonies Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia
  • 8. Famous FoundersJohn Smith of Virginia (pgs. 162-163)Roger Williams of Rhode Island (pg. 208)William Penn of Pennsylvania (pg. 245)Lord Baltimore of Maryland (pg. 273)William Bradford of Plymouth (pg.172 )John Winthrop of Massachusetts (pg.207)
  • 9. ____ # ______ Name __ ____________ __ Date ________Social Studies ersFamous Found Social Studies Virginia John Smith of Famous Founders Lord Baltimore of M aryland s of Rhod e Island Roger William William Bradford of Plymouth ennsylvania William Penn of P John Winthrop of M assachusetts
  • 10. John Smith Jamestown In 1607, three ships sent by the Virginia Company sailed into the deep bay now 1607 called Chesapeake Bay. The ships carried Jamestown, Virginia 105 colonists, all of whom were men. The Even though both of the settlements at first women colonists did not arrive untilRoanoke Island had failed, some English 1619. The new settlers sailed up a rivermerchants wanted to start a new colony they named the James River, in honor ofin Virginia. With the permission of King their king. They chose a spot along theJames I, these merchants set up the shore and began to build a settlementVirginia Company. they called Jamestown. The Virginia Company was owned by Jamestown’s location turned out to bemany people, each of whom had given a poor choice for a settlement. The landmoney to set up the company. In return, was low and swampy. Swamps meanteach owner had received stock, or a share mosquitoes, and mosquitoes could carryof ownership, in the company. The own- deadly diseases.ers hoped the company would make Many of the colonists were not used toa profit, because if it did, each owner farmwork, and they did not know howwould make money. to hunt and fish in this unfamiliar land. They had come to Virginia to get rich, and they were so busy looking for gold
  • 11. John Smiththat no one bothered to plant or gather From the start, there were conflictsfood. When the food they had brought between the Powhatan and the colonists.ran out, there was little to eat. During The colonists often stole Powhatan crops.their first winter, more than half the These thefts led to fighting, during whichcolonists died. both sides would capture people. Jamestown might have become One day, while exploring, Captainanother Roanoke if it had not been for Smith was captured. A legend saysCaptain John Smith, a soldier, explorer, that Chief Powhatan ordered Smithand writer. When he became leader of to be killed, but the chief’s daughterJamestown, he made an important rule Pocahontas (poh•kuh•HAHN•tuhs) savedfor the colonists—anyone who did not his life. Historians do not know if thiswork did not eat. The colonists were soon story is true, but there was a short-livedbusy planting gardens, building shelters, peace between the colonists and theand putting up palisades to protect Powhatan Confederacy. During this time,Jamestown from Indian attacks. both groups cooperated by trading goods. During this time, more than 30 tribes MAIN IDEA AND DETAILSof Eastern Woodlands Indians lived in How did John Smith contribute to the survival ofVirginia. Most belonged to the Powhatan the Jamestown settlement?(POW•uh•tan) Confederacy, whose mem-bers were united under one main chief.When the colonists heard this, they gavethe name Powhatan to all the tribes as wellas to the chief. Jamestown
  • 12. John Smiththat no one bothered to plant or gather From the start, there were conflictsfood. When the food they had brought between the Powhatan and the colonists.ran out, there was little to eat. During The colonists often stole Powhatan crops.their first winter, more than half the These thefts led to fighting, during whichcolonists died. both sides would capture people. Jamestown might have become One day, while exploring, Captainanother Roanoke if it had not been for Smith was captured. A legend saysCaptain John Smith, a soldier, explorer, that Chief Powhatan ordered Smithand writer. When he became leader of to be killed, but the chief’s daughterJamestown, he made an important rule Pocahontas (poh•kuh•HAHN•tuhs) savedfor the colonists—anyone who did not his life. Historians do not know if thiswork did not eat. The colonists were soon story is true, but there was a short-livedbusy planting gardens, building shelters, peace between the colonists and theand putting up palisades to protect Powhatan Confederacy. During this time,Jamestown from Indian attacks. both groups cooperated by trading goods. During this time, more than 30 tribes MAIN IDEA AND DETAILSof Eastern Woodlands Indians lived in How did John Smith contribute to the survival ofVirginia. Most belonged to the Powhatan the Jamestown settlement?(POW•uh•tan) Confederacy, whose mem-bers were united under one main chief.When the colonists heard this, they gavethe name Powhatan to all the tribes as wellas to the chief. Jamestown
  • 13. John Smiththat no one bothered to plant or gather From the start, there were conflictsfood. When the food they had brought between the Powhatan and the colonists.ran out, there was little to eat. During The colonists often stole Powhatan crops.their first winter, more than half the These thefts led to fighting, during whichcolonists died. both sides would capture people. Jamestown might have become One day, while exploring, Captainanother Roanoke if it had not been for Smith was captured. A legend saysCaptain John Smith, a soldier, explorer, that Chief Powhatan ordered Smithand writer. When he became leader of to be killed, but the chief’s daughterJamestown, he made an important rule Pocahontas (poh•kuh•HAHN•tuhs) savedfor the colonists—anyone who did not his life. Historians do not know if thiswork did not eat. The colonists were soon story is true, but there was a short-livedbusy planting gardens, building shelters, peace between the colonists and theand putting up palisades to protect Powhatan Confederacy. During this time,Jamestown from Indian attacks. both groups cooperated by trading goods. During this time, more than 30 tribes MAIN IDEA AND DETAILSof Eastern Woodlands Indians lived in How did John Smith contribute to the survival ofVirginia. Most belonged to the Powhatan the Jamestown settlement?(POW•uh•tan) Confederacy, whose mem-bers were united under one main chief.When the colonists heard this, they gavethe name Powhatan to all the tribes as wellas to the chief. Jamestown
  • 14. John Smiththat no one bothered to plant or gather From the start, there were conflictsfood. When the food they had brought between the Powhatan and the colonists.ran out, there was little to eat. During The colonists often stole Powhatan crops.their first winter, more than half the These thefts led to fighting, during whichcolonists died. both sides would capture people. Jamestown might have become One day, while exploring, Captainanother Roanoke if it had not been for Smith was captured. A legend saysCaptain John Smith, a soldier, explorer, that Chief Powhatan ordered Smithand writer. When he became leader of to be killed, but the chief’s daughterJamestown, he made an important rule Pocahontas (poh•kuh•HAHN•tuhs) savedfor the colonists—anyone who did not his life. Historians do not know if thiswork did not eat. The colonists were soon story is true, but there was a short-livedbusy planting gardens, building shelters, peace between the colonists and theand putting up palisades to protect Powhatan Confederacy. During this time,Jamestown from Indian attacks. both groups cooperated by trading goods. During this time, more than 30 tribes MAIN IDEA AND DETAILSof Eastern Woodlands Indians lived in How did John Smith contribute to the survival ofVirginia. Most belonged to the Powhatan the Jamestown settlement?(POW•uh•tan) Confederacy, whose mem-bers were united under one main chief.When the colonists heard this, they gavethe name Powhatan to all the tribes as wellas to the chief. Jamestown
  • 15. John Smiththat no one bothered to plant or gather From the start, there were conflictsfood. When the food they had brought between the Powhatan and the colonists.ran out, there was little to eat. During The colonists often stole Powhatan crops.their first winter, more than half the These thefts led to fighting, during whichcolonists died. both sides would capture people. Jamestown might have become One day, while exploring, Captainanother Roanoke if it had not been for Smith was captured. A legend saysCaptain John Smith, a soldier, explorer, that Chief Powhatan ordered Smithand writer. When he became leader of to be killed, but the chief’s daughterJamestown, he made an important rule Pocahontas (poh•kuh•HAHN•tuhs) savedfor the colonists—anyone who did not his life. Historians do not know if thiswork did not eat. The colonists were soon story is true, but there was a short-livedbusy planting gardens, building shelters, peace between the colonists and theand putting up palisades to protect Powhatan Confederacy. During this time,Jamestown from Indian attacks. both groups cooperated by trading goods. During this time, more than 30 tribes MAIN IDEA AND DETAILSof Eastern Woodlands Indians lived in How did John Smith contribute to the survival ofVirginia. Most belonged to the Powhatan the Jamestown settlement?(POW•uh•tan) Confederacy, whose mem-bers were united under one main chief.When the colonists heard this, they gavethe name Powhatan to all the tribes as wellas to the chief. Jamestown
  • 16. John Smiththat no one bothered to plant or gather From the start, there were conflictsfood. When the food they had brought between the Powhatan and the colonists.ran out, there was little to eat. During The colonists often stole Powhatan crops.their first winter, more than half the These thefts led to fighting, during whichcolonists died. both sides would capture people. Jamestown might have become One day, while exploring, Captainanother Roanoke if it had not been for Smith was captured. A legend saysCaptain John Smith, a soldier, explorer, that Chief Powhatan ordered Smithand writer. When he became leader of to be killed, but the chief’s daughterJamestown, he made an important rule Pocahontas (poh•kuh•HAHN•tuhs) savedfor the colonists—anyone who did not his life. Historians do not know if thiswork did not eat. The colonists were soon story is true, but there was a short-livedbusy planting gardens, building shelters, peace between the colonists and theand putting up palisades to protect Powhatan Confederacy. During this time,Jamestown from Indian attacks. both groups cooperated by trading goods. During this time, more than 30 tribes MAIN IDEA AND DETAILSof Eastern Woodlands Indians lived in How did John Smith contribute to the survival ofVirginia. Most belonged to the Powhatan the Jamestown settlement?(POW•uh•tan) Confederacy, whose mem-bers were united under one main chief.When the colonists heard this, they gavethe name Powhatan to all the tribes as wellas to the chief. Jamestown
  • 17. John Smiththat no one bothered to plant or gather From the start, there were conflictsfood. When the food they had brought between the Powhatan and the colonists.ran out, there was little to eat. During The colonists often stole Powhatan crops.their first winter, more than half the These thefts led to fighting, during whichcolonists died. both sides would capture people. Jamestown might have become One day, while exploring, Captainanother Roanoke if it had not been for Smith was captured. A legend saysCaptain John Smith, a soldier, explorer, that Chief Powhatan ordered Smithand writer. When he became leader of to be killed, but the chief’s daughterJamestown, he made an important rule Pocahontas (poh•kuh•HAHN•tuhs) savedfor the colonists—anyone who did not his life. Historians do not know if thiswork did not eat. The colonists were soon story is true, but there was a short-livedbusy planting gardens, building shelters, peace between the colonists and theand putting up palisades to protect Powhatan Confederacy. During this time,Jamestown from Indian attacks. both groups cooperated by trading goods. During this time, more than 30 tribes MAIN IDEA AND DETAILSof Eastern Woodlands Indians lived in How did John Smith contribute to the survival ofVirginia. Most belonged to the Powhatan the Jamestown settlement?(POW•uh•tan) Confederacy, whose mem-bers were united under one main chief.When the colonists heard this, they gavethe name Powhatan to all the tribes as wellas to the chief. Jamestown
  • 18. John Smiththat no one bothered to plant or gather From the start, there were conflictsfood. When the food they had brought between the Powhatan and the colonists.ran out, there was little to eat. During The colonists often stole Powhatan crops.their first winter, more than half the These thefts led to fighting, during whichcolonists died. both sides would capture people. Jamestown might have become One day, while exploring, Captainanother Roanoke if it had not been for Smith was captured. A legend saysCaptain John Smith, a soldier, explorer, that Chief Powhatan ordered Smithand writer. When he became leader of to be killed, but the chief’s daughterJamestown, he made an important rule Pocahontas (poh•kuh•HAHN•tuhs) savedfor the colonists—anyone who did not his life. Historians do not know if thiswork did not eat. The colonists were soon story is true, but there was a short-livedbusy planting gardens, building shelters, peace between the colonists and theand putting up palisades to protect Powhatan Confederacy. During this time,Jamestown from Indian attacks. both groups cooperated by trading goods. During this time, more than 30 tribes MAIN IDEA AND DETAILSof Eastern Woodlands Indians lived in How did John Smith contribute to the survival ofVirginia. Most belonged to the Powhatan the Jamestown settlement?(POW•uh•tan) Confederacy, whose mem-bers were united under one main chief.When the colonists heard this, they gavethe name Powhatan to all the tribes as wellas to the chief. Jamestown
  • 19. John Smiththat no one bothered to plant or gather From the start, there were conflictsfood. When the food they had brought between the Powhatan and the colonists.ran out, there was little to eat. During The colonists often stole Powhatan crops.their first winter, more than half the These thefts led to fighting, during whichcolonists died. both sides would capture people. Jamestown might have become One day, while exploring, Captainanother Roanoke if it had not been for Smith was captured. A legend saysCaptain John Smith, a soldier, explorer, that Chief Powhatan ordered Smithand writer. When he became leader of to be killed, but the chief’s daughterJamestown, he made an important rule Pocahontas (poh•kuh•HAHN•tuhs) savedfor the colonists—anyone who did not his life. Historians do not know if thiswork did not eat. The colonists were soon story is true, but there was a short-livedbusy planting gardens, building shelters, peace between the colonists and theand putting up palisades to protect Powhatan Confederacy. During this time,Jamestown from Indian attacks. both groups cooperated by trading goods. During this time, more than 30 tribes MAIN IDEA AND DETAILSof Eastern Woodlands Indians lived in How did John Smith contribute to the survival ofVirginia. Most belonged to the Powhatan the Jamestown settlement?(POW•uh•tan) Confederacy, whose mem-bers were united under one main chief.When the colonists heard this, they gavethe name Powhatan to all the tribes as wellas to the chief. Jamestown
  • 20. John Smiththat no one bothered to plant or gather From the start, there were conflictsfood. When the food they had brought between the Powhatan and the colonists.ran out, there was little to eat. During The colonists often stole Powhatan crops.their first winter, more than half the These thefts led to fighting, during whichcolonists died. both sides would capture people. Jamestown might have become One day, while exploring, Captainanother Roanoke if it had not been for Smith was captured. A legend saysCaptain John Smith, a soldier, explorer, that Chief Powhatan ordered Smithand writer. When he became leader of to be killed, but the chief’s daughterJamestown, he made an important rule Pocahontas (poh•kuh•HAHN•tuhs) savedfor the colonists—anyone who did not his life. Historians do not know if thiswork did not eat. The colonists were soon story is true, but there was a short-livedbusy planting gardens, building shelters, peace between the colonists and theand putting up palisades to protect Powhatan Confederacy. During this time,Jamestown from Indian attacks. both groups cooperated by trading goods. During this time, more than 30 tribes MAIN IDEA AND DETAILSof Eastern Woodlands Indians lived in How did John Smith contribute to the survival ofVirginia. Most belonged to the Powhatan the Jamestown settlement?(POW•uh•tan) Confederacy, whose mem-bers were united under one main chief.When the colonists heard this, they gavethe name Powhatan to all the tribes as wellas to the chief. Jamestown
  • 21. John Smiththat no one bothered to plant or gather From the start, there were conflictsfood. When the food they had brought between the Powhatan and the colonists.ran out, there was little to eat. During The colonists often stole Powhatan crops.their first winter, more than half the These thefts led to fighting, during whichcolonists died. both sides would capture people. Jamestown might have become One day, while exploring, Captainanother Roanoke if it had not been for Smith was captured. A legend saysCaptain John Smith, a soldier, explorer, that Chief Powhatan ordered Smithand writer. When he became leader of to be killed, but the chief’s daughterJamestown, he made an important rule Pocahontas (poh•kuh•HAHN•tuhs) savedfor the colonists—anyone who did not his life. Historians do not know if thiswork did not eat. The colonists were soon story is true, but there was a short-livedbusy planting gardens, building shelters, peace between the colonists and theand putting up palisades to protect Powhatan Confederacy. During this time,Jamestown from Indian attacks. both groups cooperated by trading goods. During this time, more than 30 tribes MAIN IDEA AND DETAILSof Eastern Woodlands Indians lived in How did John Smith contribute to the survival ofVirginia. Most belonged to the Powhatan the Jamestown settlement?(POW•uh•tan) Confederacy, whose mem-bers were united under one main chief.When the colonists heard this, they gavethe name Powhatan to all the tribes as wellas to the chief. Jamestown
  • 22. John Smiththat no one bothered to plant or gather From the start, there were conflictsfood. When the food they had brought between the Powhatan and the colonists.ran out, there was little to eat. During The colonists often stole Powhatan crops.their first winter, more than half the These thefts led to fighting, during whichcolonists died. both sides would capture people. Jamestown might have become One day, while exploring, Captainanother Roanoke if it had not been for Smith was captured. A legend saysCaptain John Smith, a soldier, explorer, that Chief Powhatan ordered Smithand writer. When he became leader of to be killed, but the chief’s daughterJamestown, he made an important rule Pocahontas (poh•kuh•HAHN•tuhs) savedfor the colonists—anyone who did not his life. Historians do not know if thiswork did not eat. The colonists were soon story is true, but there was a short-livedbusy planting gardens, building shelters, peace between the colonists and theand putting up palisades to protect Powhatan Confederacy. During this time,Jamestown from Indian attacks. both groups cooperated by trading goods. During this time, more than 30 tribes MAIN IDEA AND DETAILSof Eastern Woodlands Indians lived in How did John Smith contribute to the survival ofVirginia. Most belonged to the Powhatan the Jamestown settlement?(POW•uh•tan) Confederacy, whose mem-bers were united under one main chief.When the colonists heard this, they gavethe name Powhatan to all the tribes as wellas to the chief. Jamestown
  • 23. John Smiththat no one bothered to plant or gather From the start, there were conflictsfood. When the food they had brought between the Powhatan and the colonists.ran out, there was little to eat. During The colonists often stole Powhatan crops.their first winter, more than half the These thefts led to fighting, during whichcolonists died. both sides would capture people. Jamestown might have become One day, while exploring, Captainanother Roanoke if it had not been for Smith was captured. A legend saysCaptain John Smith, a soldier, explorer, that Chief Powhatan ordered Smithand writer. When he became leader of to be killed, but the chief’s daughterJamestown, he made an important rule Pocahontas (poh•kuh•HAHN•tuhs) savedfor the colonists—anyone who did not his life. Historians do not know if thiswork did not eat. The colonists were soon story is true, but there was a short-livedbusy planting gardens, building shelters, peace between the colonists and theand putting up palisades to protect Powhatan Confederacy. During this time,Jamestown from Indian attacks. both groups cooperated by trading goods. During this time, more than 30 tribes MAIN IDEA AND DETAILSof Eastern Woodlands Indians lived in How did John Smith contribute to the survival ofVirginia. Most belonged to the Powhatan the Jamestown settlement?(POW•uh•tan) Confederacy, whose mem-bers were united under one main chief.When the colonists heard this, they gavethe name Powhatan to all the tribes as wellas to the chief. Jamestown
  • 24. John Smiththat no one bothered to plant or gather From the start, there were conflictsfood. When the food they had brought between the Powhatan and the colonists.ran out, there was little to eat. During The colonists often stole Powhatan crops.their first winter, more than half the These thefts led to fighting, during whichcolonists died. both sides would capture people. Jamestown might have become One day, while exploring, Captainanother Roanoke if it had not been for Smith was captured. A legend saysCaptain John Smith, a soldier, explorer, that Chief Powhatan ordered Smithand writer. When he became leader of to be killed, but the chief’s daughterJamestown, he made an important rule Pocahontas (poh•kuh•HAHN•tuhs) savedfor the colonists—anyone who did not his life. Historians do not know if thiswork did not eat. The colonists were soon story is true, but there was a short-livedbusy planting gardens, building shelters, peace between the colonists and theand putting up palisades to protect Powhatan Confederacy. During this time,Jamestown from Indian attacks. both groups cooperated by trading goods. During this time, more than 30 tribes MAIN IDEA AND DETAILSof Eastern Woodlands Indians lived in How did John Smith contribute to the survival ofVirginia. Most belonged to the Powhatan the Jamestown settlement?(POW•uh•tan) Confederacy, whose mem-bers were united under one main chief.When the colonists heard this, they gavethe name Powhatan to all the tribes as wellas to the chief. Jamestown
  • 25. Roger Williams that their church should be separate New Ideas, New from the colonial government and the Settlements strict rule of the Church of England. They also believed that Puritan leaders In 1630, John Winthrop was elected should not punish people for havinggovernor of the Massachusetts Colony. different beliefs.He and the other Puritan leaders kept Williams disagreed with Puritan lead-strict control over life in the colony in an ers over the treatment of the Indians, too.effort to create the perfect society. They He argued that the settlers ought to livedid not welcome people whose beliefs in peace with the Indians. Before long,differed from their own, because they Winthrop and the other Puritan leadersthought that dissent, or disagreement, decided to punish Williams for his dis-might hurt their colony. sent. They held a court trial and found Some colonists did disagree with the him guilty of spreading “new and dan-Puritan leaders. One of those colonists gerous opinions.”* In 1635, the leaderswas a minister in Salem named Roger voted to expel Williams, which meantWilliams. He and his followers believed he had to leave Massachusetts. *Records of the court of assistants of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay, 1630–1692. AMS Press, 1928. After Roger Williams was expelled from Massachusetts, the NarragansettIndians gave him shelter.
  • 26. Roger Williams that their church should be separate New Ideas, New from the colonial government and the Settlements strict rule of the Church of England. They also believed that Puritan leaders In 1630, John Winthrop was elected should not punish people for havinggovernor of the Massachusetts Colony. different beliefs.He and the other Puritan leaders kept Williams disagreed with Puritan lead-strict control over life in the colony in an ers over the treatment of the Indians, too.effort to create the perfect society. They He argued that the settlers ought to livedid not welcome people whose beliefs in peace with the Indians. Before long,differed from their own, because they Winthrop and the other Puritan leadersthought that dissent, or disagreement, decided to punish Williams for his dis-might hurt their colony. sent. They held a court trial and found Some colonists did disagree with the him guilty of spreading “new and dan-Puritan leaders. One of those colonists gerous opinions.”* In 1635, the leaderswas a minister in Salem named Roger voted to expel Williams, which meantWilliams. He and his followers believed he had to leave Massachusetts. *Records of the court of assistants of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay, 1630–1692. AMS Press, 1928. After Roger Williams was expelled from Massachusetts, the NarragansettIndians gave him shelter.
  • 27. Roger Williams that their church should be separate New Ideas, New from the colonial government and the Settlements strict rule of the Church of England. They also believed that Puritan leaders In 1630, John Winthrop was elected should not punish people for havinggovernor of the Massachusetts Colony. different beliefs.He and the other Puritan leaders kept Williams disagreed with Puritan lead-strict control over life in the colony in an ers over the treatment of the Indians, too.effort to create the perfect society. They He argued that the settlers ought to livedid not welcome people whose beliefs in peace with the Indians. Before long,differed from their own, because they Winthrop and the other Puritan leadersthought that dissent, or disagreement, decided to punish Williams for his dis-might hurt their colony. sent. They held a court trial and found Some colonists did disagree with the him guilty of spreading “new and dan-Puritan leaders. One of those colonists gerous opinions.”* In 1635, the leaderswas a minister in Salem named Roger voted to expel Williams, which meantWilliams. He and his followers believed he had to leave Massachusetts. *Records of the court of assistants of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay, 1630–1692. AMS Press, 1928. After Roger Williams was expelled from Massachusetts, the NarragansettIndians gave him shelter.
  • 28. Roger Williams that their church should be separate New Ideas, New from the colonial government and the Settlements strict rule of the Church of England. They also believed that Puritan leaders In 1630, John Winthrop was elected should not punish people for havinggovernor of the Massachusetts Colony. different beliefs.He and the other Puritan leaders kept Williams disagreed with Puritan lead-strict control over life in the colony in an ers over the treatment of the Indians, too.effort to create the perfect society. They He argued that the settlers ought to livedid not welcome people whose beliefs in peace with the Indians. Before long,differed from their own, because they Winthrop and the other Puritan leadersthought that dissent, or disagreement, decided to punish Williams for his dis-might hurt their colony. sent. They held a court trial and found Some colonists did disagree with the him guilty of spreading “new and dan-Puritan leaders. One of those colonists gerous opinions.”* In 1635, the leaderswas a minister in Salem named Roger voted to expel Williams, which meantWilliams. He and his followers believed he had to leave Massachusetts. *Records of the court of assistants of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay, 1630–1692. AMS Press, 1928. After Roger Williams was expelled from Massachusetts, the NarragansettIndians gave him shelter.
  • 29. Roger Williams that their church should be separate New Ideas, New from the colonial government and the Settlements strict rule of the Church of England. They also believed that Puritan leaders In 1630, John Winthrop was elected should not punish people for havinggovernor of the Massachusetts Colony. different beliefs.He and the other Puritan leaders kept Williams disagreed with Puritan lead-strict control over life in the colony in an ers over the treatment of the Indians, too.effort to create the perfect society. They He argued that the settlers ought to livedid not welcome people whose beliefs in peace with the Indians. Before long,differed from their own, because they Winthrop and the other Puritan leadersthought that dissent, or disagreement, decided to punish Williams for his dis-might hurt their colony. sent. They held a court trial and found Some colonists did disagree with the him guilty of spreading “new and dan-Puritan leaders. One of those colonists gerous opinions.”* In 1635, the leaderswas a minister in Salem named Roger voted to expel Williams, which meantWilliams. He and his followers believed he had to leave Massachusetts. *Records of the court of assistants of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay, 1630–1692. AMS Press, 1928. After Roger Williams was expelled from Massachusetts, the NarragansettIndians gave him shelter.
  • 30. William Penn Pennsylvania and Middle Colonies Delaware Starting in the 1680s, the Middle 0 50 100 Miles ive r Lake eR Huron nc Colonies expanded. In 1681, King 0 50 100 Kilometers re Albers Equal-Area Projection Lake PENNACOOK w . La St Champlain Charles II gave a charter to William VERMONT (claimed Penn, an English Quaker. The charter ntario by NY Lake O and NH) NH made Penn the proprietor, or owner, of MO ONO Connecticut River ON CAY what is now Pennsylvania. HAW NDA SEN EID Albany MA U ie e Er GA Penn was given the land because the Lak K Hudson River A ECA G er Riv NEW A YORK CT RI king owed a large amount of money to De law MAHICAN PENNSYLVANIA Penn’s father. The new colony was named are R. na Newark an Morristown h Pennsylvania, which means “Penn’s ue Long Island Susq New York City woods.” Penn described the colony as a SUSQUEHANNOCK Philadelphia NEW JERSEY Lancaster N “Holy Experiment.” He wanted all the Wilmington LENNI LENAPE MD W E people living in Pennsylvania—Quakers Delaware Bay S and non-Quakers—to live together DELAWARE NANTICOKE peacefully. In 1682, Penn wrote The Frame of Present-day border ATLANTIC Government of Pennsylvania. This plan of MOHAWK American Indian OCEAN government set up a legislature called tribe the General Assembly, which would make the laws for the colony. Penn’s Analyze Maps frame of government gave citizens of Location What Pennsylvania city was on the Pennsylvania freedom of speech, freedom Delaware River? of religion, and the right to a fair trial by jury. Trial by jury means that people accused of breaking laws have the American Indians to be treated with right to have a group of fellow justice, or fairness. In a letter, he told citizens decide their guilt local Lenni Lenape Indians his or innocence. hopes for Pennsylvania: Penn also became the owner of what is now Delaware. When colonists “ I desire to enjoy it with your love and consent, that we may always live together in Delaware asked for their own assembly, he granted it to them willingly. as neighbors and friends. * *William Penn. William Penn’s Own Account ” Penn also wanted of the Lenni Lenape, edited by Albert Cook Myers. Middle Atlantic Press, 1970. William Penn Chapter 6 I 245SXECA07ASEAX_U3C6L1.indd 245 12/13/04 3:20:03 PM
  • 31. Pennsylvania and Middle Colonies Delaware Starting in the 1680s, the Middle 0 50 100 Miles iv er Lake eR Huron ncColonies expanded. In 1681, King 0 50 100 Kilometers re Albers Equal-Area Projection Lake P w . La St ChamplainCharles II gave a charter to William VERM (claiPenn, an English Quaker. The charter ntario by Lake O andmade Penn the proprietor, or owner, of MO ONO ON CAYwhat is now Pennsylvania. HAW NDA SEN EID Alba UGA ie e Er Penn was given the land because the Lak K Hudson River A ECA GA er Riv NEW YORKking owed a large amount of money to De law MAHI PENNSYLVANIAPenn’s father. The new colony was named are R. na Newark an Morristown hPennsylvania, which means “Penn’s ue Susq Newoods.” Penn described the colony as a SUSQUEHANNOCK Philadelphia NEW JERSEY Lancaster“Holy Experiment.” He wanted all the Wilmington LENNI LENAPpeople living in Pennsylvania—Quakers MD Delaware Baand non-Quakers—to live together DELAWARE NANTICOKEpeacefully. In 1682, Penn wrote The Frame of Present-day border ATLAGovernment of Pennsylvania. This plan of MOHAWK American Indian OCEgovernment set up a legislature called tribethe General Assembly, which wouldmake the laws for the colony. Penn’s Analyze Mapsframe of government gave citizens of Location What Pennsylvania city was onPennsylvania freedom of speech, freedom Delaware River?of religion, and the right to a fair trial
  • 32. N“Holy Experiment.” He wanted all the LENNI LENAPE Wilmington MD W Epeople living in Pennsylvania—Quakers Delaware Bay Sand non-Quakers—to live together DELAWARE NANTICOKEpeacefully. In 1682, Penn wrote The Frame of Present-day border ATLANTICGovernment of Pennsylvania. This plan of MOHAWK American Indian OCEANgovernment set up a legislature called tribethe General Assembly, which wouldmake the laws for the colony. Penn’s Analyze Mapsframe of government gave citizens of Location What Pennsylvania city was on thePennsylvania freedom of speech, freedom Delaware River?of religion, and the right to a fair trialby jury. Trial by jury means that peopleaccused of breaking laws have the American Indians to be treated withright to have a group of fellow justice, or fairness. In a letter, he toldcitizens decide their guilt local Lenni Lenape Indians hisor innocence. hopes for Pennsylvania: Penn also became theowner of what is nowDelaware. When colonists “ I desire to enjoy it with your love and consent, thatin Delaware asked for their we may always live togetherown assembly, he grantedit to them willingly. as neighbors and friends. * ” *William Penn. William Penn’s Own AccountPenn also wanted of the Lenni Lenape, edited by Albert Cook Myers. Middle Atlantic Press, 1970. William Penn Chapter 6 I 245
  • 33. Lord Baltimore
  • 34. William Bradford
  • 35. John Winthrop From 1630 to 1643, more than 20,000 Puritans left Europe to settle inNew England. A City on a Hill He hoped the colony would be seen by others as an example of Christian living. In 1628, a small group of settlers In a sermon, he said,arrived in North America with a charterfrom the king of England. This officialpaper gave them approval to start a col- “ . . . We shall be as a city upon a hill. The eyes of allony in New England. With their charter,they built a village called Salem on a bay people are upon us. . . . * ”they called Massachusetts Bay. Winthrop’s group of Puritans chose Like the Pilgrims, these settlers to build their “city upon a hill” tocame to New England to practice the south of Salem, near thetheir religious beliefs and to mouth of the Charles River.start farms and businesses. They named their settlementUnlike the Pilgrims, how- Boston, after a town inever, they did not want England. Most early settle-to break away from the ments in New EnglandChurch of England. They were built along thewanted to change the Atlantic coast to make itchurch to make it more easier for colonists to get“pure.” For this reason, they supplies from Englishwere called Puritans. trading ships. In 1630, John Winthrop led the SUMMARIZEsecond group of Puritans to settle John Winthrop Why did the Puritans found the. Massachusetts Bay Colony.the Massachusetts Bay Colony? *John Winthrop. Pilgrims and Puritans: 1620–1676, by Christopher Collier and James Collier. Benchmark Books, 1998.
  • 36. John Winthrop From 1630 to 1643, more than 20,000 Puritans left Europe to settle inNew England. A City on a Hill He hoped the colony would be seen by others as an example of Christian living. In 1628, a small group of settlers In a sermon, he said,arrived in North America with a charterfrom the king of England. This officialpaper gave them approval to start a col- “ . . . We shall be as a city upon a hill. The eyes of allony in New England. With their charter,they built a village called Salem on a bay people are upon us. . . . * ”they called Massachusetts Bay. Winthrop’s group of Puritans chose Like the Pilgrims, these settlers to build their “city upon a hill” tocame to New England to practice the south of Salem, near thetheir religious beliefs and to mouth of the Charles River.start farms and businesses. They named their settlementUnlike the Pilgrims, how- Boston, after a town inever, they did not want England. Most early settle-to break away from the ments in New EnglandChurch of England. They were built along thewanted to change the Atlantic coast to make itchurch to make it more easier for colonists to get“pure.” For this reason, they supplies from Englishwere called Puritans. trading ships. In 1630, John Winthrop led the SUMMARIZEsecond group of Puritans to settle John Winthrop Why did the Puritans found the. Massachusetts Bay Colony.the Massachusetts Bay Colony? *John Winthrop. Pilgrims and Puritans: 1620–1676, by Christopher Collier and James Collier. Benchmark Books, 1998.
  • 37. John Winthrop From 1630 to 1643, more than 20,000 Puritans left Europe to settle inNew England. A City on a Hill He hoped the colony would be seen by others as an example of Christian living. In 1628, a small group of settlers In a sermon, he said,arrived in North America with a charterfrom the king of England. This officialpaper gave them approval to start a col- “ . . . We shall be as a city upon a hill. The eyes of allony in New England. With their charter,they built a village called Salem on a bay people are upon us. . . . * ”they called Massachusetts Bay. Winthrop’s group of Puritans chose Like the Pilgrims, these settlers to build their “city upon a hill” tocame to New England to practice the south of Salem, near thetheir religious beliefs and to mouth of the Charles River.start farms and businesses. They named their settlementUnlike the Pilgrims, how- Boston, after a town inever, they did not want England. Most early settle-to break away from the ments in New EnglandChurch of England. They were built along thewanted to change the Atlantic coast to make itchurch to make it more easier for colonists to get“pure.” For this reason, they supplies from Englishwere called Puritans. trading ships. In 1630, John Winthrop led the SUMMARIZEsecond group of Puritans to settle John Winthrop Why did the Puritans found the. Massachusetts Bay Colony.the Massachusetts Bay Colony? *John Winthrop. Pilgrims and Puritans: 1620–1676, by Christopher Collier and James Collier. Benchmark Books, 1998.
  • 38. John Winthrop From 1630 to 1643, more than 20,000 Puritans left Europe to settle inNew England. A City on a Hill He hoped the colony would be seen by others as an example of Christian living. In 1628, a small group of settlers In a sermon, he said,arrived in North America with a charterfrom the king of England. This officialpaper gave them approval to start a col- “ . . . We shall be as a city upon a hill. The eyes of allony in New England. With their charter,they built a village called Salem on a bay people are upon us. . . . * ”they called Massachusetts Bay. Winthrop’s group of Puritans chose Like the Pilgrims, these settlers to build their “city upon a hill” tocame to New England to practice the south of Salem, near thetheir religious beliefs and to mouth of the Charles River.start farms and businesses. They named their settlementUnlike the Pilgrims, how- Boston, after a town inever, they did not want England. Most early settle-to break away from the ments in New EnglandChurch of England. They were built along thewanted to change the Atlantic coast to make itchurch to make it more easier for colonists to get“pure.” For this reason, they supplies from Englishwere called Puritans. trading ships. In 1630, John Winthrop led the SUMMARIZEsecond group of Puritans to settle John Winthrop Why did the Puritans found the. Massachusetts Bay Colony.the Massachusetts Bay Colony? *John Winthrop. Pilgrims and Puritans: 1620–1676, by Christopher Collier and James Collier. Benchmark Books, 1998.
  • 39. John Winthrop From 1630 to 1643, more than 20,000 Puritans left Europe to settle inNew England. A City on a Hill He hoped the colony would be seen by others as an example of Christian living. In 1628, a small group of settlers In a sermon, he said,arrived in North America with a charterfrom the king of England. This officialpaper gave them approval to start a col- “ . . . We shall be as a city upon a hill. The eyes of allony in New England. With their charter,they built a village called Salem on a bay people are upon us. . . . * ”they called Massachusetts Bay. Winthrop’s group of Puritans chose Like the Pilgrims, these settlers to build their “city upon a hill” tocame to New England to practice the south of Salem, near thetheir religious beliefs and to mouth of the Charles River.start farms and businesses. They named their settlementUnlike the Pilgrims, how- Boston, after a town inever, they did not want England. Most early settle-to break away from the ments in New EnglandChurch of England. They were built along thewanted to change the Atlantic coast to make itchurch to make it more easier for colonists to get“pure.” For this reason, they supplies from Englishwere called Puritans. trading ships. In 1630, John Winthrop led the SUMMARIZEsecond group of Puritans to settle John Winthrop Why did the Puritans found the. Massachusetts Bay Colony.the Massachusetts Bay Colony? *John Winthrop. Pilgrims and Puritans: 1620–1676, by Christopher Collier and James Collier. Benchmark Books, 1998.
  • 40. John Winthrop From 1630 to 1643, more than 20,000 Puritans left Europe to settle inNew England. A City on a Hill He hoped the colony would be seen by others as an example of Christian living. In 1628, a small group of settlers In a sermon, he said,arrived in North America with a charterfrom the king of England. This officialpaper gave them approval to start a col- “ . . . We shall be as a city upon a hill. The eyes of allony in New England. With their charter,they built a village called Salem on a bay people are upon us. . . . * ”they called Massachusetts Bay. Winthrop’s group of Puritans chose Like the Pilgrims, these settlers to build their “city upon a hill” tocame to New England to practice the south of Salem, near thetheir religious beliefs and to mouth of the Charles River.start farms and businesses. They named their settlementUnlike the Pilgrims, how- Boston, after a town inever, they did not want England. Most early settle-to break away from the ments in New EnglandChurch of England. They were built along thewanted to change the Atlantic coast to make itchurch to make it more easier for colonists to get“pure.” For this reason, they supplies from Englishwere called Puritans. trading ships. In 1630, John Winthrop led the SUMMARIZEsecond group of Puritans to settle John Winthrop Why did the Puritans found the. Massachusetts Bay Colony.the Massachusetts Bay Colony? *John Winthrop. Pilgrims and Puritans: 1620–1676, by Christopher Collier and James Collier. Benchmark Books, 1998.
  • 41. John Winthrop From 1630 to 1643, more than 20,000 Puritans left Europe to settle inNew England. A City on a Hill He hoped the colony would be seen by others as an example of Christian living. In 1628, a small group of settlers In a sermon, he said,arrived in North America with a charterfrom the king of England. This officialpaper gave them approval to start a col- “ . . . We shall be as a city upon a hill. The eyes of allony in New England. With their charter,they built a village called Salem on a bay people are upon us. . . . * ”they called Massachusetts Bay. Winthrop’s group of Puritans chose Like the Pilgrims, these settlers to build their “city upon a hill” tocame to New England to practice the south of Salem, near thetheir religious beliefs and to mouth of the Charles River.start farms and businesses. They named their settlementUnlike the Pilgrims, how- Boston, after a town inever, they did not want England. Most early settle-to break away from the ments in New EnglandChurch of England. They were built along thewanted to change the Atlantic coast to make itchurch to make it more easier for colonists to get“pure.” For this reason, they supplies from Englishwere called Puritans. trading ships. In 1630, John Winthrop led the SUMMARIZEsecond group of Puritans to settle John Winthrop Why did the Puritans found the. Massachusetts Bay Colony.the Massachusetts Bay Colony? *John Winthrop. Pilgrims and Puritans: 1620–1676, by Christopher Collier and James Collier. Benchmark Books, 1998.
  • 42. John Winthrop From 1630 to 1643, more than 20,000 Puritans left Europe to settle inNew England. A City on a Hill He hoped the colony would be seen by others as an example of Christian living. In 1628, a small group of settlers In a sermon, he said,arrived in North America with a charterfrom the king of England. This officialpaper gave them approval to start a col- “ . . . We shall be as a city upon a hill. The eyes of allony in New England. With their charter,they built a village called Salem on a bay people are upon us. . . . * ”they called Massachusetts Bay. Winthrop’s group of Puritans chose Like the Pilgrims, these settlers to build their “city upon a hill” tocame to New England to practice the south of Salem, near thetheir religious beliefs and to mouth of the Charles River.start farms and businesses. They named their settlementUnlike the Pilgrims, how- Boston, after a town inever, they did not want England. Most early settle-to break away from the ments in New EnglandChurch of England. They were built along thewanted to change the Atlantic coast to make itchurch to make it more easier for colonists to get“pure.” For this reason, they supplies from Englishwere called Puritans. trading ships. In 1630, John Winthrop led the SUMMARIZEsecond group of Puritans to settle John Winthrop Why did the Puritans found the. Massachusetts Bay Colony.the Massachusetts Bay Colony? *John Winthrop. Pilgrims and Puritans: 1620–1676, by Christopher Collier and James Collier. Benchmark Books, 1998.
  • 43. John Winthrop From 1630 to 1643, more than 20,000 Puritans left Europe to settle inNew England. A City on a Hill He hoped the colony would be seen by others as an example of Christian living. In 1628, a small group of settlers In a sermon, he said,arrived in North America with a charterfrom the king of England. This officialpaper gave them approval to start a col- “ . . . We shall be as a city upon a hill. The eyes of allony in New England. With their charter,they built a village called Salem on a bay people are upon us. . . . * ”they called Massachusetts Bay. Winthrop’s group of Puritans chose Like the Pilgrims, these settlers to build their “city upon a hill” tocame to New England to practice the south of Salem, near thetheir religious beliefs and to mouth of the Charles River.start farms and businesses. They named their settlementUnlike the Pilgrims, how- Boston, after a town inever, they did not want England. Most early settle-to break away from the ments in New EnglandChurch of England. They were built along thewanted to change the Atlantic coast to make itchurch to make it more easier for colonists to get“pure.” For this reason, they supplies from Englishwere called Puritans. trading ships. In 1630, John Winthrop led the SUMMARIZEsecond group of Puritans to settle John Winthrop Why did the Puritans found the. Massachusetts Bay Colony.the Massachusetts Bay Colony? *John Winthrop. Pilgrims and Puritans: 1620–1676, by Christopher Collier and James Collier. Benchmark Books, 1998.
  • 44. John Winthrop From 1630 to 1643, more than 20,000 Puritans left Europe to settle inNew England. A City on a Hill He hoped the colony would be seen by others as an example of Christian living. In 1628, a small group of settlers In a sermon, he said,arrived in North America with a charterfrom the king of England. This officialpaper gave them approval to start a col- “ . . . We shall be as a city upon a hill. The eyes of allony in New England. With their charter,they built a village called Salem on a bay people are upon us. . . . * ”they called Massachusetts Bay. Winthrop’s group of Puritans chose Like the Pilgrims, these settlers to build their “city upon a hill” tocame to New England to practice the south of Salem, near thetheir religious beliefs and to mouth of the Charles River.start farms and businesses. They named their settlementUnlike the Pilgrims, how- Boston, after a town inever, they did not want England. Most early settle-to break away from the ments in New EnglandChurch of England. They were built along thewanted to change the Atlantic coast to make itchurch to make it more easier for colonists to get“pure.” For this reason, they supplies from Englishwere called Puritans. trading ships. In 1630, John Winthrop led the SUMMARIZEsecond group of Puritans to settle John Winthrop Why did the Puritans found the. Massachusetts Bay Colony.the Massachusetts Bay Colony? *John Winthrop. Pilgrims and Puritans: 1620–1676, by Christopher Collier and James Collier. Benchmark Books, 1998.
  • 45. John Winthrop From 1630 to 1643, more than 20,000 Puritans left Europe to settle inNew England. A City on a Hill He hoped the colony would be seen by others as an example of Christian living. In 1628, a small group of settlers In a sermon, he said,arrived in North America with a charterfrom the king of England. This officialpaper gave them approval to start a col- “ . . . We shall be as a city upon a hill. The eyes of allony in New England. With their charter,they built a village called Salem on a bay people are upon us. . . . * ”they called Massachusetts Bay. Winthrop’s group of Puritans chose Like the Pilgrims, these settlers to build their “city upon a hill” tocame to New England to practice the south of Salem, near thetheir religious beliefs and to mouth of the Charles River.start farms and businesses. They named their settlementUnlike the Pilgrims, how- Boston, after a town inever, they did not want England. Most early settle-to break away from the ments in New EnglandChurch of England. They were built along thewanted to change the Atlantic coast to make itchurch to make it more easier for colonists to get“pure.” For this reason, they supplies from Englishwere called Puritans. trading ships. In 1630, John Winthrop led the SUMMARIZEsecond group of Puritans to settle John Winthrop Why did the Puritans found the. Massachusetts Bay Colony.the Massachusetts Bay Colony? *John Winthrop. Pilgrims and Puritans: 1620–1676, by Christopher Collier and James Collier. Benchmark Books, 1998.
  • 46. John Winthrop From 1630 to 1643, more than 20,000 Puritans left Europe to settle inNew England. A City on a Hill He hoped the colony would be seen by others as an example of Christian living. In 1628, a small group of settlers In a sermon, he said,arrived in North America with a charterfrom the king of England. This officialpaper gave them approval to start a col- “ . . . We shall be as a city upon a hill. The eyes of allony in New England. With their charter,they built a village called Salem on a bay people are upon us. . . . * ”they called Massachusetts Bay. Winthrop’s group of Puritans chose Like the Pilgrims, these settlers to build their “city upon a hill” tocame to New England to practice the south of Salem, near thetheir religious beliefs and to mouth of the Charles River.start farms and businesses. They named their settlementUnlike the Pilgrims, how- Boston, after a town inever, they did not want England. Most early settle-to break away from the ments in New EnglandChurch of England. They were built along thewanted to change the Atlantic coast to make itchurch to make it more easier for colonists to get“pure.” For this reason, they supplies from Englishwere called Puritans. trading ships. In 1630, John Winthrop led the SUMMARIZEsecond group of Puritans to settle John Winthrop Why did the Puritans found the. Massachusetts Bay Colony.the Massachusetts Bay Colony? *John Winthrop. Pilgrims and Puritans: 1620–1676, by Christopher Collier and James Collier. Benchmark Books, 1998.
  • 47. John Winthrop From 1630 to 1643, more than 20,000 Puritans left Europe to settle inNew England. A City on a Hill He hoped the colony would be seen by others as an example of Christian living. In 1628, a small group of settlers In a sermon, he said,arrived in North America with a charterfrom the king of England. This officialpaper gave them approval to start a col- “ . . . We shall be as a city upon a hill. The eyes of allony in New England. With their charter,they built a village called Salem on a bay people are upon us. . . . * ”they called Massachusetts Bay. Winthrop’s group of Puritans chose Like the Pilgrims, these settlers to build their “city upon a hill” tocame to New England to practice the south of Salem, near thetheir religious beliefs and to mouth of the Charles River.start farms and businesses. They named their settlementUnlike the Pilgrims, how- Boston, after a town inever, they did not want England. Most early settle-to break away from the ments in New EnglandChurch of England. They were built along thewanted to change the Atlantic coast to make itchurch to make it more easier for colonists to get“pure.” For this reason, they supplies from Englishwere called Puritans. trading ships. In 1630, John Winthrop led the SUMMARIZEsecond group of Puritans to settle John Winthrop Why did the Puritans found the. Massachusetts Bay Colony.the Massachusetts Bay Colony? *John Winthrop. Pilgrims and Puritans: 1620–1676, by Christopher Collier and James Collier. Benchmark Books, 1998.
  • 48. Religious AspectsPuritanism in MassachusettsAnglicanism in VirginiaCatholicism in MarylandQuakerism in Pennsylvania
  • 49. Religious Aspects Social Studie Colonialism Puritanism s - Religion in Massach usetts Name ____ Date _____ __________ __________ ______ # __ __ __ Anglicanism in Virginia Catholicism in Maryland Quakerism in Pennsylv ania
  • 50. Religious Aspects Social Studi Colonialism es - Religion Name ____ __________ Date _____ ___ __________ Puritanism __ in Massach usetts Anglicanism in Vir Catholicism in Maryland
  • 51. al StudiesColonialism - Relig ion Name ____ __________ Date _____ ______ # __ __________ __ Religious AspectsPuritanism in Massachus etts Anglicanism __ in Virginiaatholicism in Maryland Quakerism in Pennsylv ania
  • 52. Religious Aspects Catholicism in Maryland Quakerism in Pennsylv a
  • 53. atholicism in Maryland Religious Aspects Quakerism in Pennsylv ania
  • 54. A City on a Hill He hoped the colony would be seen by others as an example of Christian living. In 1628, a small group of settlers In a sermon, he said,arrived in North America with a charterfrom the king of England. This officialpaper gave them approval to start a col- “ . . . We shall be as a city upon a hill. The eyes of allony in New England. With their charter,they built a village called Salem on a bay people are upon us. . . . * Winthrop’s group of Puritans chose ”they called Massachusetts Bay. Like the Pilgrims, these settlers to build their “city upon a hill” tocame to New England to practice the south of Salem, near thetheir religious beliefs and to mouth of the Charles River.start farms and businesses. They named their settlementUnlike the Pilgrims, how- Boston, after a town inever, they did not want England. Most early settle-to break away from the ments in New EnglandChurch of England. They were built along thewanted to change the Atlantic coast to make itchurch to make it more easier for colonists to get“pure.” For this reason, they supplies from Englishwere called Puritans. trading ships. In 1630, John Winthrop led the SUMMARIZEsecond group of Puritans to settle John Winthrop Why did the Puritans found the. Massachusetts Bay Colony.the Massachusetts Bay Colony? *John Winthrop. Pilgrims and Puritans: 1620–1676, by Christopher Collier and James Collier. Benchmark Books, 1998. Chapter 5 I 207
  • 55. A City on a Hill He hoped the colony would be seen by others as an example of Christian living. In 1628, a small group of settlers In a sermon, he said,arrived in North America with a charterfrom the king of England. This officialpaper gave them approval to start a col- “ . . . We shall be as a city upon a hill. The eyes of allony in New England. With their charter,they built a village called Salem on a bay people are upon us. . . . * Winthrop’s group of Puritans chose ”they called Massachusetts Bay. Like the Pilgrims, these settlers to build their “city upon a hill” tocame to New England to practice the south of Salem, near thetheir religious beliefs and to mouth of the Charles River.start farms and businesses. They named their settlementUnlike the Pilgrims, how- Boston, after a town inever, they did not want England. Most early settle-to break away from the ments in New EnglandChurch of England. They were built along thewanted to change the Atlantic coast to make itchurch to make it more easier for colonists to get“pure.” For this reason, they supplies from Englishwere called Puritans. trading ships. In 1630, John Winthrop led the SUMMARIZEsecond group of Puritans to settle John Winthrop Why did the Puritans found the. Massachusetts Bay Colony.the Massachusetts Bay Colony? *John Winthrop. Pilgrims and Puritans: 1620–1676, by Christopher Collier and James Collier. Benchmark Books, 1998. Chapter 5 I 207
  • 56. A City on a Hill He hoped the colony would be seen by others as an example of Christian living. In 1628, a small group of settlers In a sermon, he said,arrived in North America with a charterfrom the king of England. This officialpaper gave them approval to start a col- “ . . . We shall be as a city upon a hill. The eyes of allony in New England. With their charter,they built a village called Salem on a bay people are upon us. . . . * Winthrop’s group of Puritans chose ”they called Massachusetts Bay. Like the Pilgrims, these settlers to build their “city upon a hill” tocame to New England to practice the south of Salem, near thetheir religious beliefs and to mouth of the Charles River.start farms and businesses. They named their settlementUnlike the Pilgrims, how- Boston, after a town inever, they did not want England. Most early settle-to break away from the ments in New EnglandChurch of England. They were built along thewanted to change the Atlantic coast to make itchurch to make it more easier for colonists to get“pure.” For this reason, they supplies from Englishwere called Puritans. trading ships. In 1630, John Winthrop led the SUMMARIZEsecond group of Puritans to settle John Winthrop Why did the Puritans found the. Massachusetts Bay Colony.the Massachusetts Bay Colony? *John Winthrop. Pilgrims and Puritans: 1620–1676, by Christopher Collier and James Collier. Benchmark Books, 1998. Chapter 5 I 207
  • 57. A City on a Hill He hoped the colony would be seen by others as an example of Christian living. In 1628, a small group of settlers In a sermon, he said,arrived in North America with a charterfrom the king of England. This officialpaper gave them approval to start a col- “ . . . We shall be as a city upon a hill. The eyes of allony in New England. With their charter,they built a village called Salem on a bay people are upon us. . . . * Winthrop’s group of Puritans chose ”they called Massachusetts Bay. Like the Pilgrims, these settlers to build their “city upon a hill” tocame to New England to practice the south of Salem, near thetheir religious beliefs and to mouth of the Charles River.start farms and businesses. They named their settlementUnlike the Pilgrims, how- Boston, after a town inever, they did not want England. Most early settle-to break away from the ments in New EnglandChurch of England. They were built along thewanted to change the Atlantic coast to make itchurch to make it more easier for colonists to get“pure.” For this reason, they supplies from Englishwere called Puritans. trading ships. In 1630, John Winthrop led the SUMMARIZEsecond group of Puritans to settle John Winthrop Why did the Puritans found the. Massachusetts Bay Colony.the Massachusetts Bay Colony? *John Winthrop. Pilgrims and Puritans: 1620–1676, by Christopher Collier and James Collier. Benchmark Books, 1998. Chapter 5 I 207
  • 58. A City on a Hill He hoped the colony would be seen by others as an example of Christian living. In 1628, a small group of settlers In a sermon, he said,arrived in North America with a charterfrom the king of England. This officialpaper gave them approval to start a col- “ . . . We shall be as a city upon a hill. The eyes of allony in New England. With their charter,they built a village called Salem on a bay people are upon us. . . . * Winthrop’s group of Puritans chose ”they called Massachusetts Bay. Like the Pilgrims, these settlers to build their “city upon a hill” tocame to New England to practice the south of Salem, near thetheir religious beliefs and to mouth of the Charles River.start farms and businesses. They named their settlementUnlike the Pilgrims, how- Boston, after a town inever, they did not want England. Most early settle-to break away from the ments in New EnglandChurch of England. They were built along thewanted to change the Atlantic coast to make itchurch to make it more easier for colonists to get“pure.” For this reason, they supplies from Englishwere called Puritans. trading ships. In 1630, John Winthrop led the SUMMARIZEsecond group of Puritans to settle John Winthrop Why did the Puritans found the. Massachusetts Bay Colony.the Massachusetts Bay Colony? *John Winthrop. Pilgrims and Puritans: 1620–1676, by Christopher Collier and James Collier. Benchmark Books, 1998. Chapter 5 I 207
  • 59. A City on a Hill He hoped the colony would be seen by others as an example of Christian living. In 1628, a small group of settlers In a sermon, he said,arrived in North America with a charterfrom the king of England. This officialpaper gave them approval to start a col- “ . . . We shall be as a city upon a hill. The eyes of allony in New England. With their charter,they built a village called Salem on a bay people are upon us. . . . * Winthrop’s group of Puritans chose ”they called Massachusetts Bay. Like the Pilgrims, these settlers to build their “city upon a hill” tocame to New England to practice the south of Salem, near thetheir religious beliefs and to mouth of the Charles River.start farms and businesses. They named their settlementUnlike the Pilgrims, how- Boston, after a town inever, they did not want England. Most early settle-to break away from the ments in New EnglandChurch of England. They were built along thewanted to change the Atlantic coast to make itchurch to make it more easier for colonists to get“pure.” For this reason, they supplies from Englishwere called Puritans. trading ships. In 1630, John Winthrop led the SUMMARIZEsecond group of Puritans to settle John Winthrop Why did the Puritans found the. Massachusetts Bay Colony.the Massachusetts Bay Colony? *John Winthrop. Pilgrims and Puritans: 1620–1676, by Christopher Collier and James Collier. Benchmark Books, 1998. Chapter 5 I 207
  • 60. A City on a Hill He hoped the colony would be seen by others as an example of Christian living. In 1628, a small group of settlers In a sermon, he said,arrived in North America with a charterfrom the king of England. This officialpaper gave them approval to start a col- “ . . . We shall be as a city upon a hill. The eyes of allony in New England. With their charter,they built a village called Salem on a bay people are upon us. . . . * Winthrop’s group of Puritans chose ”they called Massachusetts Bay. Like the Pilgrims, these settlers to build their “city upon a hill” tocame to New England to practice the south of Salem, near thetheir religious beliefs and to mouth of the Charles River.start farms and businesses. They named their settlementUnlike the Pilgrims, how- Boston, after a town inever, they did not want England. Most early settle-to break away from the ments in New EnglandChurch of England. They were built along thewanted to change the Atlantic coast to make itchurch to make it more easier for colonists to get“pure.” For this reason, they supplies from Englishwere called Puritans. trading ships. In 1630, John Winthrop led the SUMMARIZEsecond group of Puritans to settle John Winthrop Why did the Puritans found the. Massachusetts Bay Colony.the Massachusetts Bay Colony? *John Winthrop. Pilgrims and Puritans: 1620–1676, by Christopher Collier and James Collier. Benchmark Books, 1998. Chapter 5 I 207
  • 61. A City on a Hill He hoped the colony would be seen by others as an example of Christian living. In 1628, a small group of settlers In a sermon, he said,arrived in North America with a charterfrom the king of England. This officialpaper gave them approval to start a col- “ . . . We shall be as a city upon a hill. The eyes of allony in New England. With their charter,they built a village called Salem on a bay people are upon us. . . . * Winthrop’s group of Puritans chose ”they called Massachusetts Bay. Like the Pilgrims, these settlers to build their “city upon a hill” tocame to New England to practice the south of Salem, near thetheir religious beliefs and to mouth of the Charles River.start farms and businesses. They named their settlementUnlike the Pilgrims, how- Boston, after a town inever, they did not want England. Most early settle-to break away from the ments in New EnglandChurch of England. They were built along thewanted to change the Atlantic coast to make itchurch to make it more easier for colonists to get“pure.” For this reason, they supplies from Englishwere called Puritans. trading ships. In 1630, John Winthrop led the SUMMARIZEsecond group of Puritans to settle John Winthrop Why did the Puritans found the. Massachusetts Bay Colony.the Massachusetts Bay Colony? *John Winthrop. Pilgrims and Puritans: 1620–1676, by Christopher Collier and James Collier. Benchmark Books, 1998. Chapter 5 I 207
  • 62. The Virginia House of Burgesses Early Government property could become members and vote in the House of Burgesses. Women, By 1619, the Virginia Colony had indentured servants, and slaves weremore than 1,000 colonists. With so many not allowed to hold office, or evenpeople, the colony needed laws to keep to vote.order. The Virginia Company said the The House of Burgesses passedcolonists could have the same rights as several laws for Virginia. One lawpeople living in England. As a result, the said that everyone had to go to churchcolonists chose to set up a legislature, or a on Sundays. In Virginia, religion and gov-lawmaking branch of government. ernment were not separate. Virginia had Virginia’s legislature, called the an established church, or a church sup-House of Burgesses (BER•juhs•iz), first ported by the government. In Virginia,met in 1619. It was the first representa- this was the Church of England, alsotive assembly in the English colonies. called the Anglican Church. Laws andNow colonists could elect members taxes supported the Church of England.to represent, or speak for, them in the MAIN IDEA AND DETAILSgovernment. Only men who owned What is an established church? Chapter 4 I 165
  • 63. The Virginia House of Burgesses Early Government property could become members and vote in the House of Burgesses. Women, By 1619, the Virginia Colony had indentured servants, and slaves weremore than 1,000 colonists. With so many not allowed to hold office, or evenpeople, the colony needed laws to keep to vote.order. The Virginia Company said the The House of Burgesses passedcolonists could have the same rights as several laws for Virginia. One lawpeople living in England. As a result, the said that everyone had to go to churchcolonists chose to set up a legislature, or a on Sundays. In Virginia, religion and gov-lawmaking branch of government. ernment were not separate. Virginia had Virginia’s legislature, called the an established church, or a church sup-House of Burgesses (BER•juhs•iz), first ported by the government. In Virginia,met in 1619. It was the first representa- this was the Church of England, alsotive assembly in the English colonies. called the Anglican Church. Laws andNow colonists could elect members taxes supported the Church of England.to represent, or speak for, them in the MAIN IDEA AND DETAILSgovernment. Only men who owned What is an established church? Chapter 4 I 165
  • 64. The Virginia House of Burgesses Early Government property could become members and vote in the House of Burgesses. Women, By 1619, the Virginia Colony had indentured servants, and slaves weremore than 1,000 colonists. With so many not allowed to hold office, or evenpeople, the colony needed laws to keep to vote.order. The Virginia Company said the The House of Burgesses passedcolonists could have the same rights as several laws for Virginia. One lawpeople living in England. As a result, the said that everyone had to go to churchcolonists chose to set up a legislature, or a on Sundays. In Virginia, religion and gov-lawmaking branch of government. ernment were not separate. Virginia had Virginia’s legislature, called the an established church, or a church sup-House of Burgesses (BER•juhs•iz), first ported by the government. In Virginia,met in 1619. It was the first representa- this was the Church of England, alsotive assembly in the English colonies. called the Anglican Church. Laws andNow colonists could elect members taxes supported the Church of England.to represent, or speak for, them in the MAIN IDEA AND DETAILSgovernment. Only men who owned What is an established church? Chapter 4 I 165
  • 65. The Virginia House of Burgesses Early Government property could become members and vote in the House of Burgesses. Women, By 1619, the Virginia Colony had indentured servants, and slaves weremore than 1,000 colonists. With so many not allowed to hold office, or evenpeople, the colony needed laws to keep to vote.order. The Virginia Company said the The House of Burgesses passedcolonists could have the same rights as several laws for Virginia. One lawpeople living in England. As a result, the said that everyone had to go to churchcolonists chose to set up a legislature, or a on Sundays. In Virginia, religion and gov-lawmaking branch of government. ernment were not separate. Virginia had Virginia’s legislature, called the an established church, or a church sup-House of Burgesses (BER•juhs•iz), first ported by the government. In Virginia,met in 1619. It was the first representa- this was the Church of England, alsotive assembly in the English colonies. called the Anglican Church. Laws andNow colonists could elect members taxes supported the Church of England.to represent, or speak for, them in the MAIN IDEA AND DETAILSgovernment. Only men who owned What is an established church? Chapter 4 I 165
  • 66. The Virginia House of Burgesses Early Government property could become members and vote in the House of Burgesses. Women, By 1619, the Virginia Colony had indentured servants, and slaves weremore than 1,000 colonists. With so many not allowed to hold office, or evenpeople, the colony needed laws to keep to vote.order. The Virginia Company said the The House of Burgesses passedcolonists could have the same rights as several laws for Virginia. One lawpeople living in England. As a result, the said that everyone had to go to churchcolonists chose to set up a legislature, or a on Sundays. In Virginia, religion and gov-lawmaking branch of government. ernment were not separate. Virginia had Virginia’s legislature, called the an established church, or a church sup-House of Burgesses (BER•juhs•iz), first ported by the government. In Virginia,met in 1619. It was the first representa- this was the Church of England, alsotive assembly in the English colonies. called the Anglican Church. Laws andNow colonists could elect members taxes supported the Church of England.to represent, or speak for, them in the MAIN IDEA AND DETAILSgovernment. Only men who owned What is an established church? Chapter 4 I 165
  • 67. The Virginia House of Burgesses Early Government property could become members and vote in the House of Burgesses. Women, By 1619, the Virginia Colony had indentured servants, and slaves weremore than 1,000 colonists. With so many not allowed to hold office, or evenpeople, the colony needed laws to keep to vote.order. The Virginia Company said the The House of Burgesses passedcolonists could have the same rights as several laws for Virginia. One lawpeople living in England. As a result, the said that everyone had to go to churchcolonists chose to set up a legislature, or a on Sundays. In Virginia, religion and gov-lawmaking branch of government. ernment were not separate. Virginia had Virginia’s legislature, called the an established church, or a church sup-House of Burgesses (BER•juhs•iz), first ported by the government. In Virginia,met in 1619. It was the first representa- this was the Church of England, alsotive assembly in the English colonies. called the Anglican Church. Laws andNow colonists could elect members taxes supported the Church of England.to represent, or speak for, them in the MAIN IDEA AND DETAILSgovernment. Only men who owned What is an established church? Chapter 4 I 165
  • 68. The Virginia House of Burgesses Early Government property could become members and vote in the House of Burgesses. Women, By 1619, the Virginia Colony had indentured servants, and slaves weremore than 1,000 colonists. With so many not allowed to hold office, or evenpeople, the colony needed laws to keep to vote.order. The Virginia Company said the The House of Burgesses passedcolonists could have the same rights as several laws for Virginia. One lawpeople living in England. As a result, the said that everyone had to go to churchcolonists chose to set up a legislature, or a on Sundays. In Virginia, religion and gov-lawmaking branch of government. ernment were not separate. Virginia had Virginia’s legislature, called the an established church, or a church sup-House of Burgesses (BER•juhs•iz), first ported by the government. In Virginia,met in 1619. It was the first representa- this was the Church of England, alsotive assembly in the English colonies. called the Anglican Church. Laws andNow colonists could elect members taxes supported the Church of England.to represent, or speak for, them in the MAIN IDEA AND DETAILSgovernment. Only men who owned What is an established church? Chapter 4 I 165
  • 69. This painting shows an artist’s view of the founding of Maryland. Why do youthink people are shown carrying a cross? Maryland and the owner of the new colony. He called the colony Maryland. The Maryland Colony was founded Cecilius Calvert chose his brother,by the Calverts, a family of wealthy Leonard, to be Maryland’s first gover-English landowners. The Calverts, who nor. The Calvert brothers had learnedwere Catholic, wanted to build a colony from the unfortunate experiences atin North America that not only made Jamestown, in the colony of Virginia,money, but also provided a refuge for and they planned their colony carefully.Catholics. Like the Quakers who founded There would be no “starving time” inPennsylvania, Catholics in England could Maryland.not worship as they wished. In 1633, the Calverts sent the first George Calvert, also called Lord colonists to Maryland. Most of theseBaltimore, had been a member of the colonists arrived as indentured servants.Virginia Company. Calvert asked King The ships carrying them landed near theCharles I to give him a charter for a new mouth of the Potomac River. There, thecolony along the Chesapeake Bay, to the colonists founded their first settlement,north of Virginia. now called St. Mary’s City. Calvert died before the charter was SUMMARIZEsigned in 1632. His oldest son, Cecilius What were the reasons for the founding of theCalvert, became the new Lord Baltimore Maryland Colony? Chapter 7 I 273
  • 70. This painting shows an artist’s view of the founding of Maryland. Why do youthink people are shown carrying a cross? Maryland and the owner of the new colony. He called the colony Maryland. The Maryland Colony was founded Cecilius Calvert chose his brother,by the Calverts, a family of wealthy Leonard, to be Maryland’s first gover-English landowners. The Calverts, who nor. The Calvert brothers had learnedwere Catholic, wanted to build a colony from the unfortunate experiences atin North America that not only made Jamestown, in the colony of Virginia,money, but also provided a refuge for and they planned their colony carefully.Catholics. Like the Quakers who founded There would be no “starving time” inPennsylvania, Catholics in England could Maryland.not worship as they wished. In 1633, the Calverts sent the first George Calvert, also called Lord colonists to Maryland. Most of theseBaltimore, had been a member of the colonists arrived as indentured servants.Virginia Company. Calvert asked King The ships carrying them landed near theCharles I to give him a charter for a new mouth of the Potomac River. There, thecolony along the Chesapeake Bay, to the colonists founded their first settlement,north of Virginia. now called St. Mary’s City. Calvert died before the charter was SUMMARIZEsigned in 1632. His oldest son, Cecilius What were the reasons for the founding of theCalvert, became the new Lord Baltimore Maryland Colony? Chapter 7 I 273
  • 71. This painting shows an artist’s view of the founding of Maryland. Why do youthink people are shown carrying a cross? Maryland and the owner of the new colony. He called the colony Maryland. The Maryland Colony was founded Cecilius Calvert chose his brother,by the Calverts, a family of wealthy Leonard, to be Maryland’s first gover-English landowners. The Calverts, who nor. The Calvert brothers had learnedwere Catholic, wanted to build a colony from the unfortunate experiences atin North America that not only made Jamestown, in the colony of Virginia,money, but also provided a refuge for and they planned their colony carefully.Catholics. Like the Quakers who founded There would be no “starving time” inPennsylvania, Catholics in England could Maryland.not worship as they wished. In 1633, the Calverts sent the first George Calvert, also called Lord colonists to Maryland. Most of theseBaltimore, had been a member of the colonists arrived as indentured servants.Virginia Company. Calvert asked King The ships carrying them landed near theCharles I to give him a charter for a new mouth of the Potomac River. There, thecolony along the Chesapeake Bay, to the colonists founded their first settlement,north of Virginia. now called St. Mary’s City. Calvert died before the charter was SUMMARIZEsigned in 1632. His oldest son, Cecilius What were the reasons for the founding of theCalvert, became the new Lord Baltimore Maryland Colony? Chapter 7 I 273
  • 72. This painting shows an artist’s view of the founding of Maryland. Why do youthink people are shown carrying a cross? Maryland and the owner of the new colony. He called the colony Maryland. The Maryland Colony was founded Cecilius Calvert chose his brother,by the Calverts, a family of wealthy Leonard, to be Maryland’s first gover-English landowners. The Calverts, who nor. The Calvert brothers had learnedwere Catholic, wanted to build a colony from the unfortunate experiences atin North America that not only made Jamestown, in the colony of Virginia,money, but also provided a refuge for and they planned their colony carefully.Catholics. Like the Quakers who founded There would be no “starving time” inPennsylvania, Catholics in England could Maryland.not worship as they wished. In 1633, the Calverts sent the first George Calvert, also called Lord colonists to Maryland. Most of theseBaltimore, had been a member of the colonists arrived as indentured servants.Virginia Company. Calvert asked King The ships carrying them landed near theCharles I to give him a charter for a new mouth of the Potomac River. There, thecolony along the Chesapeake Bay, to the colonists founded their first settlement,north of Virginia. now called St. Mary’s City. Calvert died before the charter was SUMMARIZEsigned in 1632. His oldest son, Cecilius What were the reasons for the founding of theCalvert, became the new Lord Baltimore Maryland Colony? Chapter 7 I 273
  • 73. This painting shows an artist’s view of the founding of Maryland. Why do youthink people are shown carrying a cross? Maryland and the owner of the new colony. He called the colony Maryland. The Maryland Colony was founded Cecilius Calvert chose his brother,by the Calverts, a family of wealthy Leonard, to be Maryland’s first gover-English landowners. The Calverts, who nor. The Calvert brothers had learnedwere Catholic, wanted to build a colony from the unfortunate experiences atin North America that not only made Jamestown, in the colony of Virginia,money, but also provided a refuge for and they planned their colony carefully.Catholics. Like the Quakers who founded There would be no “starving time” inPennsylvania, Catholics in England could Maryland.not worship as they wished. In 1633, the Calverts sent the first George Calvert, also called Lord colonists to Maryland. Most of theseBaltimore, had been a member of the colonists arrived as indentured servants.Virginia Company. Calvert asked King The ships carrying them landed near theCharles I to give him a charter for a new mouth of the Potomac River. There, thecolony along the Chesapeake Bay, to the colonists founded their first settlement,north of Virginia. now called St. Mary’s City. Calvert died before the charter was SUMMARIZEsigned in 1632. His oldest son, Cecilius What were the reasons for the founding of theCalvert, became the new Lord Baltimore Maryland Colony? Chapter 7 I 273
  • 74. This painting shows an artist’s view of the founding of Maryland. Why do youthink people are shown carrying a cross? Maryland and the owner of the new colony. He called the colony Maryland. The Maryland Colony was founded Cecilius Calvert chose his brother,by the Calverts, a family of wealthy Leonard, to be Maryland’s first gover-English landowners. The Calverts, who nor. The Calvert brothers had learnedwere Catholic, wanted to build a colony from the unfortunate experiences atin North America that not only made Jamestown, in the colony of Virginia,money, but also provided a refuge for and they planned their colony carefully.Catholics. Like the Quakers who founded There would be no “starving time” inPennsylvania, Catholics in England could Maryland.not worship as they wished. In 1633, the Calverts sent the first George Calvert, also called Lord colonists to Maryland. Most of theseBaltimore, had been a member of the colonists arrived as indentured servants.Virginia Company. Calvert asked King The ships carrying them landed near theCharles I to give him a charter for a new mouth of the Potomac River. There, thecolony along the Chesapeake Bay, to the colonists founded their first settlement,north of Virginia. now called St. Mary’s City. Calvert died before the charter was SUMMARIZEsigned in 1632. His oldest son, Cecilius What were the reasons for the founding of theCalvert, became the new Lord Baltimore Maryland Colony? Chapter 7 I 273
  • 75. of them were members of the Society of New York and Friends, a religious group also known as New Jersey the Quakers. The Quakers believe that all people The Duke of York split the Dutch are equal. They refuse to fight in wars orcolony into two parts and named them to swear loyalty to any king or country.New York and New Jersey. James kept Others who did not share these beliefsNew York for himself. The city of New often mistreated the Quakers. ThousandsAmsterdam became New York City. He of Quakers were arrested in England andgave New Jersey to two friends of his, thrown into prison, and most were forcedJohn Berkeley and George Carteret. to leave the other English colonies. The English treated the Dutch settlers In New Jersey, the Quakers hoped tofairly. They promised to protect their find a refuge, or safe place, where theyrights and property and allowed the colo- could live and worship as they pleased.nists to elect some of their own leaders. In 1674, a group of Quakers boughtMost Dutch settlers chose to stay. Berkeley’s share of New Jersey and At first, nearly all of the colonists lived founded the first Quaker settlement inin New York. To attract more settlers to North America.New Jersey, Berkeley and Carteret offered SUMMARIZEto sell land at low prices. English people Why were the Quakers often mistreated by thosesoon began arriving in New Jersey. Many who did not share their beliefs?244 I Unit 3
  • 76. of them were members of the Society of New York and Friends, a religious group also known as New Jersey the Quakers. The Quakers believe that all people The Duke of York split the Dutch are equal. They refuse to fight in wars orcolony into two parts and named them to swear loyalty to any king or country.New York and New Jersey. James kept Others who did not share these beliefsNew York for himself. The city of New often mistreated the Quakers. ThousandsAmsterdam became New York City. He of Quakers were arrested in England andgave New Jersey to two friends of his, thrown into prison, and most were forcedJohn Berkeley and George Carteret. to leave the other English colonies. The English treated the Dutch settlers In New Jersey, the Quakers hoped tofairly. They promised to protect their find a refuge, or safe place, where theyrights and property and allowed the colo- could live and worship as they pleased.nists to elect some of their own leaders. In 1674, a group of Quakers boughtMost Dutch settlers chose to stay. Berkeley’s share of New Jersey and At first, nearly all of the colonists lived founded the first Quaker settlement inin New York. To attract more settlers to North America.New Jersey, Berkeley and Carteret offered SUMMARIZEto sell land at low prices. English people Why were the Quakers often mistreated by thosesoon began arriving in New Jersey. Many who did not share their beliefs?244 I Unit 3
  • 77. of them were members of the Society of New York and Friends, a religious group also known as New Jersey the Quakers. The Quakers believe that all people The Duke of York split the Dutch are equal. They refuse to fight in wars orcolony into two parts and named them to swear loyalty to any king or country.New York and New Jersey. James kept Others who did not share these beliefsNew York for himself. The city of New often mistreated the Quakers. ThousandsAmsterdam became New York City. He of Quakers were arrested in England andgave New Jersey to two friends of his, thrown into prison, and most were forcedJohn Berkeley and George Carteret. to leave the other English colonies. The English treated the Dutch settlers In New Jersey, the Quakers hoped tofairly. They promised to protect their find a refuge, or safe place, where theyrights and property and allowed the colo- could live and worship as they pleased.nists to elect some of their own leaders. In 1674, a group of Quakers boughtMost Dutch settlers chose to stay. Berkeley’s share of New Jersey and At first, nearly all of the colonists lived founded the first Quaker settlement inin New York. To attract more settlers to North America.New Jersey, Berkeley and Carteret offered SUMMARIZEto sell land at low prices. English people Why were the Quakers often mistreated by thosesoon began arriving in New Jersey. Many who did not share their beliefs?244 I Unit 3
  • 78. of them were members of the Society of New York and Friends, a religious group also known as New Jersey the Quakers. The Quakers believe that all people The Duke of York split the Dutch are equal. They refuse to fight in wars orcolony into two parts and named them to swear loyalty to any king or country.New York and New Jersey. James kept Others who did not share these beliefsNew York for himself. The city of New often mistreated the Quakers. ThousandsAmsterdam became New York City. He of Quakers were arrested in England andgave New Jersey to two friends of his, thrown into prison, and most were forcedJohn Berkeley and George Carteret. to leave the other English colonies. The English treated the Dutch settlers In New Jersey, the Quakers hoped tofairly. They promised to protect their find a refuge, or safe place, where theyrights and property and allowed the colo- could live and worship as they pleased.nists to elect some of their own leaders. In 1674, a group of Quakers boughtMost Dutch settlers chose to stay. Berkeley’s share of New Jersey and At first, nearly all of the colonists lived founded the first Quaker settlement inin New York. To attract more settlers to North America.New Jersey, Berkeley and Carteret offered SUMMARIZEto sell land at low prices. English people Why were the Quakers often mistreated by thosesoon began arriving in New Jersey. Many who did not share their beliefs?244 I Unit 3
  • 79. of them were members of the Society of New York and Friends, a religious group also known as New Jersey the Quakers. The Quakers believe that all people The Duke of York split the Dutch are equal. They refuse to fight in wars orcolony into two parts and named them to swear loyalty to any king or country.New York and New Jersey. James kept Others who did not share these beliefsNew York for himself. The city of New often mistreated the Quakers. ThousandsAmsterdam became New York City. He of Quakers were arrested in England andgave New Jersey to two friends of his, thrown into prison, and most were forcedJohn Berkeley and George Carteret. to leave the other English colonies. The English treated the Dutch settlers In New Jersey, the Quakers hoped tofairly. They promised to protect their find a refuge, or safe place, where theyrights and property and allowed the colo- could live and worship as they pleased.nists to elect some of their own leaders. In 1674, a group of Quakers boughtMost Dutch settlers chose to stay. Berkeley’s share of New Jersey and At first, nearly all of the colonists lived founded the first Quaker settlement inin New York. To attract more settlers to North America.New Jersey, Berkeley and Carteret offered SUMMARIZEto sell land at low prices. English people Why were the Quakers often mistreated by thosesoon began arriving in New Jersey. Many who did not share their beliefs?244 I Unit 3
  • 80. of them were members of the Society of New York and Friends, a religious group also known as New Jersey the Quakers. The Quakers believe that all people The Duke of York split the Dutch are equal. They refuse to fight in wars orcolony into two parts and named them to swear loyalty to any king or country.New York and New Jersey. James kept Others who did not share these beliefsNew York for himself. The city of New often mistreated the Quakers. ThousandsAmsterdam became New York City. He of Quakers were arrested in England andgave New Jersey to two friends of his, thrown into prison, and most were forcedJohn Berkeley and George Carteret. to leave the other English colonies. The English treated the Dutch settlers In New Jersey, the Quakers hoped tofairly. They promised to protect their find a refuge, or safe place, where theyrights and property and allowed the colo- could live and worship as they pleased.nists to elect some of their own leaders. In 1674, a group of Quakers boughtMost Dutch settlers chose to stay. Berkeley’s share of New Jersey and At first, nearly all of the colonists lived founded the first Quaker settlement inin New York. To attract more settlers to North America.New Jersey, Berkeley and Carteret offered SUMMARIZEto sell land at low prices. English people Why were the Quakers often mistreated by thosesoon began arriving in New Jersey. Many who did not share their beliefs?244 I Unit 3
  • 81. of them were members of the Society of New York and Friends, a religious group also known as New Jersey the Quakers. The Quakers believe that all people The Duke of York split the Dutch are equal. They refuse to fight in wars orcolony into two parts and named them to swear loyalty to any king or country.New York and New Jersey. James kept Others who did not share these beliefsNew York for himself. The city of New often mistreated the Quakers. ThousandsAmsterdam became New York City. He of Quakers were arrested in England andgave New Jersey to two friends of his, thrown into prison, and most were forcedJohn Berkeley and George Carteret. to leave the other English colonies. The English treated the Dutch settlers In New Jersey, the Quakers hoped tofairly. They promised to protect their find a refuge, or safe place, where theyrights and property and allowed the colo- could live and worship as they pleased.nists to elect some of their own leaders. In 1674, a group of Quakers boughtMost Dutch settlers chose to stay. Berkeley’s share of New Jersey and At first, nearly all of the colonists lived founded the first Quaker settlement inin New York. To attract more settlers to North America.New Jersey, Berkeley and Carteret offered SUMMARIZEto sell land at low prices. English people Why were the Quakers often mistreated by thosesoon began arriving in New Jersey. Many who did not share their beliefs?244 I Unit 3
  • 82. of them were members of the Society of New York and Friends, a religious group also known as New Jersey the Quakers. The Quakers believe that all people The Duke of York split the Dutch are equal. They refuse to fight in wars orcolony into two parts and named them to swear loyalty to any king or country.New York and New Jersey. James kept Others who did not share these beliefsNew York for himself. The city of New often mistreated the Quakers. ThousandsAmsterdam became New York City. He of Quakers were arrested in England andgave New Jersey to two friends of his, thrown into prison, and most were forcedJohn Berkeley and George Carteret. to leave the other English colonies. The English treated the Dutch settlers In New Jersey, the Quakers hoped tofairly. They promised to protect their find a refuge, or safe place, where theyrights and property and allowed the colo- could live and worship as they pleased.nists to elect some of their own leaders. In 1674, a group of Quakers boughtMost Dutch settlers chose to stay. Berkeley’s share of New Jersey and At first, nearly all of the colonists lived founded the first Quaker settlement inin New York. To attract more settlers to North America.New Jersey, Berkeley and Carteret offered SUMMARIZEto sell land at low prices. English people Why were the Quakers often mistreated by thosesoon began arriving in New Jersey. Many who did not share their beliefs?244 I Unit 3
  • 83. of them were members of the Society of New York and Friends, a religious group also known as New Jersey the Quakers. The Quakers believe that all people The Duke of York split the Dutch are equal. They refuse to fight in wars orcolony into two parts and named them to swear loyalty to any king or country.New York and New Jersey. James kept Others who did not share these beliefsNew York for himself. The city of New often mistreated the Quakers. ThousandsAmsterdam became New York City. He of Quakers were arrested in England andgave New Jersey to two friends of his, thrown into prison, and most were forcedJohn Berkeley and George Carteret. to leave the other English colonies. The English treated the Dutch settlers In New Jersey, the Quakers hoped tofairly. They promised to protect their find a refuge, or safe place, where theyrights and property and allowed the colo- could live and worship as they pleased.nists to elect some of their own leaders. In 1674, a group of Quakers boughtMost Dutch settlers chose to stay. Berkeley’s share of New Jersey and At first, nearly all of the colonists lived founded the first Quaker settlement inin New York. To attract more settlers to North America.New Jersey, Berkeley and Carteret offered SUMMARIZEto sell land at low prices. English people Why were the Quakers often mistreated by thosesoon began arriving in New Jersey. Many who did not share their beliefs?244 I Unit 3
  • 84. of them were members of the Society of New York and Friends, a religious group also known as New Jersey the Quakers. The Quakers believe that all people The Duke of York split the Dutch are equal. They refuse to fight in wars orcolony into two parts and named them to swear loyalty to any king or country.New York and New Jersey. James kept Others who did not share these beliefsNew York for himself. The city of New often mistreated the Quakers. ThousandsAmsterdam became New York City. He of Quakers were arrested in England andgave New Jersey to two friends of his, thrown into prison, and most were forcedJohn Berkeley and George Carteret. to leave the other English colonies. The English treated the Dutch settlers In New Jersey, the Quakers hoped tofairly. They promised to protect their find a refuge, or safe place, where theyrights and property and allowed the colo- could live and worship as they pleased.nists to elect some of their own leaders. In 1674, a group of Quakers boughtMost Dutch settlers chose to stay. Berkeley’s share of New Jersey and At first, nearly all of the colonists lived founded the first Quaker settlement inin New York. To attract more settlers to North America.New Jersey, Berkeley and Carteret offered SUMMARIZEto sell land at low prices. English people Why were the Quakers often mistreated by thosesoon began arriving in New Jersey. Many who did not share their beliefs?244 I Unit 3
  • 85. Three indications...
  • 86. Three indications...Before the colonies separated from the British, threeimportant things were happening within thecolonies.
  • 87. Three indications...Before the colonies separated from the British, threeimportant things were happening within thecolonies. Self-governance
  • 88. Three indications...Before the colonies separated from the British, threeimportant things were happening within thecolonies. Self-governance Free-market economies
  • 89. Three indications...Before the colonies separated from the British, threeimportant things were happening within thecolonies. Self-governance Free-market economies Religious-freedom and tolerance
  • 90. Self-government (pg.172) Women were not given the chance to sign the Mayflower Compactbecause at this time in history, women had fewer rights than men had.The Mayflower Compact laws, but women were not allowed to sign so they could not help make laws. It The Mayflower was headed for Virginia, also included the idea of majority rule. Ifbut things did not go as planned because more than half the people agreed to a lawstorms blew the ship off course. The or a decision, everyone had to follow it.Mayflower landed at Cape Cod, in what The settlers took several weeks to findis now Massachusetts. a place for their colony. They chose a site The settlers arrived in a place with no on a harbor. Fresh water and good landgovernment. To keep order, all the men for growing crops were nearby. Johnaboard the Mayflower signed a compact, Smith had named the place Plymouth.or agreement. This document became William Bradford, a leader of theknown as the Mayflower Compact. The Pilgrims, wrote,signers agreed that fair laws would bemade for the good of the colony, and theypromised to obey these laws. This meantthat they would govern themselves. “ Being thus arrived in a good harbor and brought safe to land, they fell upon their knees and At a time when monarchs ruled,self-government was a very new idea.The Mayflower Compact gave everyone blessed the God of heaven. * ” MAIN IDEA AND DETAILSwho signed it the right to share in making Why was the Mayflower Compact important? * William Bradford. Of Plymouth Plantation 1620–1647. Modern Library, 1981.
  • 91. Self-government (pg.172) Women were not given the chance to sign the Mayflower Compactbecause at this time in history, women had fewer rights than men had.The Mayflower Compact laws, but women were not allowed to sign so they could not help make laws. It The Mayflower was headed for Virginia, also included the idea of majority rule. Ifbut things did not go as planned because more than half the people agreed to a lawstorms blew the ship off course. The or a decision, everyone had to follow it.Mayflower landed at Cape Cod, in what The settlers took several weeks to findis now Massachusetts. a place for their colony. They chose a site The settlers arrived in a place with no on a harbor. Fresh water and good landgovernment. To keep order, all the men for growing crops were nearby. Johnaboard the Mayflower signed a compact, Smith had named the place Plymouth.or agreement. This document became William Bradford, a leader of theknown as the Mayflower Compact. The Pilgrims, wrote,signers agreed that fair laws would bemade for the good of the colony, and theypromised to obey these laws. This meantthat they would govern themselves. “ Being thus arrived in a good harbor and brought safe to land, they fell upon their knees and At a time when monarchs ruled,self-government was a very new idea.The Mayflower Compact gave everyone blessed the God of heaven. * ” MAIN IDEA AND DETAILSwho signed it the right to share in making Why was the Mayflower Compact important? * William Bradford. Of Plymouth Plantation 1620–1647. Modern Library, 1981.
  • 92. Self-government (pg.172) Women were not given the chance to sign the Mayflower Compactbecause at this time in history, women had fewer rights than men had.The Mayflower Compact laws, but women were not allowed to sign so they could not help make laws. It The Mayflower was headed for Virginia, also included the idea of majority rule. Ifbut things did not go as planned because more than half the people agreed to a lawstorms blew the ship off course. The or a decision, everyone had to follow it.Mayflower landed at Cape Cod, in what The settlers took several weeks to findis now Massachusetts. a place for their colony. They chose a site The settlers arrived in a place with no on a harbor. Fresh water and good landgovernment. To keep order, all the men for growing crops were nearby. Johnaboard the Mayflower signed a compact, Smith had named the place Plymouth.or agreement. This document became William Bradford, a leader of theknown as the Mayflower Compact. The Pilgrims, wrote,signers agreed that fair laws would bemade for the good of the colony, and theypromised to obey these laws. This meantthat they would govern themselves. “ Being thus arrived in a good harbor and brought safe to land, they fell upon their knees and At a time when monarchs ruled,self-government was a very new idea.The Mayflower Compact gave everyone blessed the God of heaven. * ” MAIN IDEA AND DETAILSwho signed it the right to share in making Why was the Mayflower Compact important? * William Bradford. Of Plymouth Plantation 1620–1647. Modern Library, 1981.
  • 93. Self-government (pg.172) Women were not given the chance to sign the Mayflower Compactbecause at this time in history, women had fewer rights than men had.The Mayflower Compact laws, but women were not allowed to sign so they could not help make laws. It The Mayflower was headed for Virginia, also included the idea of majority rule. Ifbut things did not go as planned because more than half the people agreed to a lawstorms blew the ship off course. The or a decision, everyone had to follow it.Mayflower landed at Cape Cod, in what The settlers took several weeks to findis now Massachusetts. a place for their colony. They chose a site The settlers arrived in a place with no on a harbor. Fresh water and good landgovernment. To keep order, all the men for growing crops were nearby. Johnaboard the Mayflower signed a compact, Smith had named the place Plymouth.or agreement. This document became William Bradford, a leader of theknown as the Mayflower Compact. The Pilgrims, wrote,signers agreed that fair laws would bemade for the good of the colony, and theypromised to obey these laws. This meantthat they would govern themselves. “ Being thus arrived in a good harbor and brought safe to land, they fell upon their knees and At a time when monarchs ruled,self-government was a very new idea.The Mayflower Compact gave everyone blessed the God of heaven. * ” MAIN IDEA AND DETAILSwho signed it the right to share in making Why was the Mayflower Compact important? * William Bradford. Of Plymouth Plantation 1620–1647. Modern Library, 1981.
  • 94. Free-market Economies (pg. 223) Most New England farms had a variety of animals, such as cows, horses,chickens, and goats. New England Farming Farmers traded or sold larger surpluses of livestock, grain, wool, fruit, and fire- By 1750, several New England towns wood in port cities. At the docks, farmershad become busy cities. Boston, one of bargained with merchants over pricesthe largest cities in the English colonies, or items to trade. The merchants thenhad more than 15,000 people. Most peo- shipped the farm goods to England or tople in New England, however, still lived other colonies. There the goods were soldin small towns surrounded by farmland. for more than the merchants had paid. At first, New England farmers strug- Many merchants became wealthy fromgled to grow crops in the region’s hard, the steady trade with England.rocky soil. Before they could plant any- This system of bargaining betweenthing, they had to clear rocks and trees farmers and merchants was part of thefrom the land. New England’s long win- free-market economic system in the colo-ters also made growing crops difficult. nies. Colonists had the freedom to choose Over time, farmers found ways to the goods and services they bought andadapt to their environment. Many began produced. People were free to competeraising herds of dairy cows and sheep. In in business and to set different prices fortime, colonists began to produce a sur- goods and services.plus of farm goods, which they sold or SUMMARIZEtraded for goods at local shops. What did farmers do with their surplus goods?
  • 95. Free-market Economies (pg. 223) Most New England farms had a variety of animals, such as cows, horses,chickens, and goats. New England Farming Farmers traded or sold larger surpluses of livestock, grain, wool, fruit, and fire- By 1750, several New England towns wood in port cities. At the docks, farmershad become busy cities. Boston, one of bargained with merchants over pricesthe largest cities in the English colonies, or items to trade. The merchants thenhad more than 15,000 people. Most peo- shipped the farm goods to England or tople in New England, however, still lived other colonies. There the goods were soldin small towns surrounded by farmland. for more than the merchants had paid. At first, New England farmers strug- Many merchants became wealthy fromgled to grow crops in the region’s hard, the steady trade with England.rocky soil. Before they could plant any- This system of bargaining betweenthing, they had to clear rocks and trees farmers and merchants was part of thefrom the land. New England’s long win- free-market economic system in the colo-ters also made growing crops difficult. nies. Colonists had the freedom to choose Over time, farmers found ways to the goods and services they bought andadapt to their environment. Many began produced. People were free to competeraising herds of dairy cows and sheep. In in business and to set different prices fortime, colonists began to produce a sur- goods and services.plus of farm goods, which they sold or SUMMARIZEtraded for goods at local shops. What did farmers do with their surplus goods?
  • 96. Free-market Economies (pg. 223) Most New England farms had a variety of animals, such as cows, horses,chickens, and goats. New England Farming Farmers traded or sold larger surpluses of livestock, grain, wool, fruit, and fire- By 1750, several New England towns wood in port cities. At the docks, farmershad become busy cities. Boston, one of bargained with merchants over pricesthe largest cities in the English colonies, or items to trade. The merchants thenhad more than 15,000 people. Most peo- shipped the farm goods to England or tople in New England, however, still lived other colonies. There the goods were soldin small towns surrounded by farmland. for more than the merchants had paid. At first, New England farmers strug- Many merchants became wealthy fromgled to grow crops in the region’s hard, the steady trade with England.rocky soil. Before they could plant any- This system of bargaining betweenthing, they had to clear rocks and trees farmers and merchants was part of thefrom the land. New England’s long win- free-market economic system in the colo-ters also made growing crops difficult. nies. Colonists had the freedom to choose Over time, farmers found ways to the goods and services they bought andadapt to their environment. Many began produced. People were free to competeraising herds of dairy cows and sheep. In in business and to set different prices fortime, colonists began to produce a sur- goods and services.plus of farm goods, which they sold or SUMMARIZEtraded for goods at local shops. What did farmers do with their surplus goods?
  • 97. Free-market Economies (pg. 223) Most New England farms had a variety of animals, such as cows, horses,chickens, and goats. New England Farming Farmers traded or sold larger surpluses of livestock, grain, wool, fruit, and fire- By 1750, several New England towns wood in port cities. At the docks, farmershad become busy cities. Boston, one of bargained with merchants over pricesthe largest cities in the English colonies, or items to trade. The merchants thenhad more than 15,000 people. Most peo- shipped the farm goods to England or tople in New England, however, still lived other colonies. There the goods were soldin small towns surrounded by farmland. for more than the merchants had paid. At first, New England farmers strug- Many merchants became wealthy fromgled to grow crops in the region’s hard, the steady trade with England.rocky soil. Before they could plant any- This system of bargaining betweenthing, they had to clear rocks and trees farmers and merchants was part of thefrom the land. New England’s long win- free-market economic system in the colo-ters also made growing crops difficult. nies. Colonists had the freedom to choose Over time, farmers found ways to the goods and services they bought andadapt to their environment. Many began produced. People were free to competeraising herds of dairy cows and sheep. In in business and to set different prices fortime, colonists began to produce a sur- goods and services.plus of farm goods, which they sold or SUMMARIZEtraded for goods at local shops. What did farmers do with their surplus goods?
  • 98. Free-market Economies (pg. 223) Most New England farms had a variety of animals, such as cows, horses,chickens, and goats. New England Farming Farmers traded or sold larger surpluses of livestock, grain, wool, fruit, and fire- By 1750, several New England towns wood in port cities. At the docks, farmershad become busy cities. Boston, one of bargained with merchants over pricesthe largest cities in the English colonies, or items to trade. The merchants thenhad more than 15,000 people. Most peo- shipped the farm goods to England or tople in New England, however, still lived other colonies. There the goods were soldin small towns surrounded by farmland. for more than the merchants had paid. At first, New England farmers strug- Many merchants became wealthy fromgled to grow crops in the region’s hard, the steady trade with England.rocky soil. Before they could plant any- This system of bargaining betweenthing, they had to clear rocks and trees farmers and merchants was part of thefrom the land. New England’s long win- free-market economic system in the colo-ters also made growing crops difficult. nies. Colonists had the freedom to choose Over time, farmers found ways to the goods and services they bought andadapt to their environment. Many began produced. People were free to competeraising herds of dairy cows and sheep. In in business and to set different prices fortime, colonists began to produce a sur- goods and services.plus of farm goods, which they sold or SUMMARIZEtraded for goods at local shops. What did farmers do with their surplus goods?
  • 99. Free-market Economies (pg. 223) Most New England farms had a variety of animals, such as cows, horses,chickens, and goats. New England Farming Farmers traded or sold larger surpluses of livestock, grain, wool, fruit, and fire- By 1750, several New England towns wood in port cities. At the docks, farmershad become busy cities. Boston, one of bargained with merchants over pricesthe largest cities in the English colonies, or items to trade. The merchants thenhad more than 15,000 people. Most peo- shipped the farm goods to England or tople in New England, however, still lived other colonies. There the goods were soldin small towns surrounded by farmland. for more than the merchants had paid. At first, New England farmers strug- Many merchants became wealthy fromgled to grow crops in the region’s hard, the steady trade with England.rocky soil. Before they could plant any- This system of bargaining betweenthing, they had to clear rocks and trees farmers and merchants was part of thefrom the land. New England’s long win- free-market economic system in the colo-ters also made growing crops difficult. nies. Colonists had the freedom to choose Over time, farmers found ways to the goods and services they bought andadapt to their environment. Many began produced. People were free to competeraising herds of dairy cows and sheep. In in business and to set different prices fortime, colonists began to produce a sur- goods and services.plus of farm goods, which they sold or SUMMARIZEtraded for goods at local shops. What did farmers do with their surplus goods?
  • 100. Free-market Economies (pg. 223) Most New England farms had a variety of animals, such as cows, horses,chickens, and goats. New England Farming Farmers traded or sold larger surpluses of livestock, grain, wool, fruit, and fire- By 1750, several New England towns wood in port cities. At the docks, farmershad become busy cities. Boston, one of bargained with merchants over pricesthe largest cities in the English colonies, or items to trade. The merchants thenhad more than 15,000 people. Most peo- shipped the farm goods to England or tople in New England, however, still lived other colonies. There the goods were soldin small towns surrounded by farmland. for more than the merchants had paid. At first, New England farmers strug- Many merchants became wealthy fromgled to grow crops in the region’s hard, the steady trade with England.rocky soil. Before they could plant any- This system of bargaining betweenthing, they had to clear rocks and trees farmers and merchants was part of thefrom the land. New England’s long win- free-market economic system in the colo-ters also made growing crops difficult. nies. Colonists had the freedom to choose Over time, farmers found ways to the goods and services they bought andadapt to their environment. Many began produced. People were free to competeraising herds of dairy cows and sheep. In in business and to set different prices fortime, colonists began to produce a sur- goods and services.plus of farm goods, which they sold or SUMMARIZEtraded for goods at local shops. What did farmers do with their surplus goods?
  • 101. Free-market Economies (pg. 223) Most New England farms had a variety of animals, such as cows, horses,chickens, and goats. New England Farming Farmers traded or sold larger surpluses of livestock, grain, wool, fruit, and fire- By 1750, several New England towns wood in port cities. At the docks, farmershad become busy cities. Boston, one of bargained with merchants over pricesthe largest cities in the English colonies, or items to trade. The merchants thenhad more than 15,000 people. Most peo- shipped the farm goods to England or tople in New England, however, still lived other colonies. There the goods were soldin small towns surrounded by farmland. for more than the merchants had paid. At first, New England farmers strug- Many merchants became wealthy fromgled to grow crops in the region’s hard, the steady trade with England.rocky soil. Before they could plant any- This system of bargaining betweenthing, they had to clear rocks and trees farmers and merchants was part of thefrom the land. New England’s long win- free-market economic system in the colo-ters also made growing crops difficult. nies. Colonists had the freedom to choose Over time, farmers found ways to the goods and services they bought andadapt to their environment. Many began produced. People were free to competeraising herds of dairy cows and sheep. In in business and to set different prices fortime, colonists began to produce a sur- goods and services.plus of farm goods, which they sold or SUMMARIZEtraded for goods at local shops. What did farmers do with their surplus goods?
  • 102. Free-market Economies (pg. 223) Most New England farms had a variety of animals, such as cows, horses,chickens, and goats. New England Farming Farmers traded or sold larger surpluses of livestock, grain, wool, fruit, and fire- By 1750, several New England towns wood in port cities. At the docks, farmershad become busy cities. Boston, one of bargained with merchants over pricesthe largest cities in the English colonies, or items to trade. The merchants thenhad more than 15,000 people. Most peo- shipped the farm goods to England or tople in New England, however, still lived other colonies. There the goods were soldin small towns surrounded by farmland. for more than the merchants had paid. At first, New England farmers strug- Many merchants became wealthy fromgled to grow crops in the region’s hard, the steady trade with England.rocky soil. Before they could plant any- This system of bargaining betweenthing, they had to clear rocks and trees farmers and merchants was part of thefrom the land. New England’s long win- free-market economic system in the colo-ters also made growing crops difficult. nies. Colonists had the freedom to choose Over time, farmers found ways to the goods and services they bought andadapt to their environment. Many began produced. People were free to competeraising herds of dairy cows and sheep. In in business and to set different prices fortime, colonists began to produce a sur- goods and services.plus of farm goods, which they sold or SUMMARIZEtraded for goods at local shops. What did farmers do with their surplus goods?
  • 103. The Great Awakening (pg. 252) The Great Awakening The Great Awakening helped bring people together, which led to greater In the 1720s, a new religious movement religious toleration, or acceptance of known as the Great Awakening began religious differences. At the new revivals, in the Middle Colonies. This movement or large prayer meetings, everyone was changed the way that many people prac- welcomed. Poor people could attend, and ticed their religion. It spread through- women played a large role in the move- out the 13 colonies during the 1730s ment. During the Great Awakening both and 1740s. free and enslaved Africans participated in Ministers such as George Whitefield religious gatherings. Such equal partici- and Jonathan Edwards gave speeches pation was rare at this time in history. that marked a change in religious ideas The Great Awakening was not popular and practices. They often talked about with all people, and in time, differences people having a direct relationship with split the movement, further increasing the God. Not only did these ministers preach diversity of religious beliefs. The number new ideas, they practiced religion differ- of church members in the colonies grew, ently. They would travel long distances as did the free exercise of religion. to give emotional speeches to people they SUMMARIZE had never met. What was the Great Awakening?
  • 104. The Great Awakening (pg. 252) The Great Awakening The Great Awakening helped bring people together, which led to greater In the 1720s, a new religious movement religious toleration, or acceptance of known as the Great Awakening began religious differences. At the new revivals, in the Middle Colonies. This movement or large prayer meetings, everyone was changed the way that many people prac- welcomed. Poor people could attend, and ticed their religion. It spread through- women played a large role in the move- out the 13 colonies during the 1730s ment. During the Great Awakening both and 1740s. free and enslaved Africans participated in Ministers such as George Whitefield religious gatherings. Such equal partici- and Jonathan Edwards gave speeches pation was rare at this time in history. that marked a change in religious ideas The Great Awakening was not popular and practices. They often talked about with all people, and in time, differences people having a direct relationship with split the movement, further increasing the God. Not only did these ministers preach diversity of religious beliefs. The number new ideas, they practiced religion differ- of church members in the colonies grew, ently. They would travel long distances as did the free exercise of religion. to give emotional speeches to people they SUMMARIZE had never met. What was the Great Awakening?
  • 105. The Great Awakening (pg. 252) The Great Awakening The Great Awakening helped bring people together, which led to greater In the 1720s, a new religious movement religious toleration, or acceptance of known as the Great Awakening began religious differences. At the new revivals, in the Middle Colonies. This movement or large prayer meetings, everyone was changed the way that many people prac- welcomed. Poor people could attend, and ticed their religion. It spread through- women played a large role in the move- out the 13 colonies during the 1730s ment. During the Great Awakening both and 1740s. free and enslaved Africans participated in Ministers such as George Whitefield religious gatherings. Such equal partici- and Jonathan Edwards gave speeches pation was rare at this time in history. that marked a change in religious ideas The Great Awakening was not popular and practices. They often talked about with all people, and in time, differences people having a direct relationship with split the movement, further increasing the God. Not only did these ministers preach diversity of religious beliefs. The number new ideas, they practiced religion differ- of church members in the colonies grew, ently. They would travel long distances as did the free exercise of religion. to give emotional speeches to people they SUMMARIZE had never met. What was the Great Awakening?
  • 106. The Great Awakening (pg. 252) The Great Awakening The Great Awakening helped bring people together, which led to greater In the 1720s, a new religious movement religious toleration, or acceptance of known as the Great Awakening began religious differences. At the new revivals, in the Middle Colonies. This movement or large prayer meetings, everyone was changed the way that many people prac- welcomed. Poor people could attend, and ticed their religion. It spread through- women played a large role in the move- out the 13 colonies during the 1730s ment. During the Great Awakening both and 1740s. free and enslaved Africans participated in Ministers such as George Whitefield religious gatherings. Such equal partici- and Jonathan Edwards gave speeches pation was rare at this time in history. that marked a change in religious ideas The Great Awakening was not popular and practices. They often talked about with all people, and in time, differences people having a direct relationship with split the movement, further increasing the God. Not only did these ministers preach diversity of religious beliefs. The number new ideas, they practiced religion differ- of church members in the colonies grew, ently. They would travel long distances as did the free exercise of religion. to give emotional speeches to people they SUMMARIZE had never met. What was the Great Awakening?
  • 107. The Great Awakening (pg. 252) The Great Awakening The Great Awakening helped bring people together, which led to greater In the 1720s, a new religious movement religious toleration, or acceptance of known as the Great Awakening began religious differences. At the new revivals, in the Middle Colonies. This movement or large prayer meetings, everyone was changed the way that many people prac- welcomed. Poor people could attend, and ticed their religion. It spread through- women played a large role in the move- out the 13 colonies during the 1730s ment. During the Great Awakening both and 1740s. free and enslaved Africans participated in Ministers such as George Whitefield religious gatherings. Such equal partici- and Jonathan Edwards gave speeches pation was rare at this time in history. that marked a change in religious ideas The Great Awakening was not popular and practices. They often talked about with all people, and in time, differences people having a direct relationship with split the movement, further increasing the God. Not only did these ministers preach diversity of religious beliefs. The number new ideas, they practiced religion differ- of church members in the colonies grew, ently. They would travel long distances as did the free exercise of religion. to give emotional speeches to people they SUMMARIZE had never met. What was the Great Awakening?
  • 108. The Great Awakening (pg. 252) The Great Awakening The Great Awakening helped bring people together, which led to greater In the 1720s, a new religious movement religious toleration, or acceptance of known as the Great Awakening began religious differences. At the new revivals, in the Middle Colonies. This movement or large prayer meetings, everyone was changed the way that many people prac- welcomed. Poor people could attend, and ticed their religion. It spread through- women played a large role in the move- out the 13 colonies during the 1730s ment. During the Great Awakening both and 1740s. free and enslaved Africans participated in Ministers such as George Whitefield religious gatherings. Such equal partici- and Jonathan Edwards gave speeches pation was rare at this time in history. that marked a change in religious ideas The Great Awakening was not popular and practices. They often talked about with all people, and in time, differences people having a direct relationship with split the movement, further increasing the God. Not only did these ministers preach diversity of religious beliefs. The number new ideas, they practiced religion differ- of church members in the colonies grew, ently. They would travel long distances as did the free exercise of religion. to give emotional speeches to people they SUMMARIZE had never met. What was the Great Awakening?
  • 109. The Great Awakening (pg. 252) The Great Awakening The Great Awakening helped bring people together, which led to greater In the 1720s, a new religious movement religious toleration, or acceptance of known as the Great Awakening began religious differences. At the new revivals, in the Middle Colonies. This movement or large prayer meetings, everyone was changed the way that many people prac- welcomed. Poor people could attend, and ticed their religion. It spread through- women played a large role in the move- out the 13 colonies during the 1730s ment. During the Great Awakening both and 1740s. free and enslaved Africans participated in Ministers such as George Whitefield religious gatherings. Such equal partici- and Jonathan Edwards gave speeches pation was rare at this time in history. that marked a change in religious ideas The Great Awakening was not popular and practices. They often talked about with all people, and in time, differences people having a direct relationship with split the movement, further increasing the God. Not only did these ministers preach diversity of religious beliefs. The number new ideas, they practiced religion differ- of church members in the colonies grew, ently. They would travel long distances as did the free exercise of religion. to give emotional speeches to people they SUMMARIZE had never met. What was the Great Awakening?
  • 110. Differences between British,French, and Spanish colonies