0
COMPARING JVM WEB
   FRAMEWORKS
                 Matt Raible
           http://raibledesigns.com




 Images by Stuck in C...
Introductions

Your experience with web
development?

Your experience with Java
EE development?

What do you want to get
f...
Blogger on                 Father, Skier,
    raibledesigns.com                 Cyclist




                    Web Framew...
Session Agenda

The Problem with Web Frameworks

The Candidates

Comparison Points

The Matrix

Conclusion

Q and A


    ...
The Problem




              5
How do you choose?
E L I M I N AT E , D O N ’ T I N C L U D E
... while I'd *love* to see life made simpler for Java web
developers, and a lot of the things happening in Struts2 are
go...
Choosing a Framework

Choose a short list of frameworks to prototype with.

Create an application prototype with each
fram...
2007: 6 Important Factors

Request, Component or RIA Framework

Ease of Development

Project Community

Project Future and...
Request, Component or RIA

Are you developing...

– ... a consumer facing site?

– ... a desktop-like, application?

– ......
Types of Applications

High-traffic, internet facing, infinite scalability

Intranet-based, behind the firewall, few users

P...
Types of Frameworks
Request Based Frameworks

– Struts 2, Spring MVC, Rails, Stripes

Component Based Frameworks

– JSF, T...
Do they matchup?
High-traffic, internet facing, infinite scalability

– Request-based frameworks

Intranet-based, behind the...
2010: Now There’s 20

1. Developer Productivity

2. Developer Perception

3. Learning Curve

4. Project Health

5. Develop...
2010: Comparison Points

7. Templating

8. Components

9. Ajax

10.Plugins or Add-Ons

11.Scalability

12.Testing Support
...
2010: Comparison Points

i18n and l10n

Validation

Multi-language Support (Groovy / Scala)

Quality of Documentation/Tuto...
2010: Comparison Points

Mobile / iPhone Support

Degree of Risk




                          20
Comparison Matrix




 http://bit.ly/jvm-frameworks-matrix
Matrix Results

        Spring MVC    Rails      GWT        Grails   Wicket
        Struts 2      Stripes    Tapestry   Fl...
Matrix Results

Spring MVC (17)

GWT (17)

Ruby on Rails (17)

Grails (16.5)

Wicket (14.5)

Struts 2 (14.5)


           ...
Pros and Cons
Spring MVC

Pros

– Easy Configuration with Annotations and Conventions
– Integrates with many view options seamlessly: JSP...
GWT

Pros

  Write Java => Produces Optimized JavaScript

  Easy to learn and develop with standard Java Tools

  Vibrant ...
Ruby on Rails

Pros

  Easy to learn and understand for Web Developers

  Lots and lots of documentation

  Passionate Com...
Grails

Pros

  Easy dynamic language transition for Java Developers

  Groovy

  Plugins for all types of applications

C...
Wicket

Pros

  Great for Java Developers

  Tight binding between pages and views

  Active community - support from crea...
Rails vs. Grails
http://grails.org/Grails+vs+Rails+Benchmark

– Grails: 40 requests per second, Rails: 32




            ...
Language Performance
                                              Time (ms) per iteration

600


400


200


     0
     ...
Jobs in 2010 (US)
Spring MVC   GWT   Rails   Grails   Wicket


 600

 450

 300

 150

    0
                   Dice
     ...
Developer Skills (US)
Spring MVC   GWT    Rails     Grails   Wicket



11,000

 8,250

 5,500

 2,750

     0
            ...
Developer Skills (World)
Spring MVC   GWT    Rails     Grails   Wicket



11,000

 8,250

 5,500

 2,750

     0
         ...
Pretty Graphs
Pretty Graphs
Pretty Graphs
Pretty Graphs
Pretty Graphs
Pretty Graphs
Mailing List Traffic
                Rails               Grails                 GWT     Play    Wicket




 September 2010...
Books on Amazon
       Spring MVC   Rails   GWT   Grails   Wicket




October 2010




               0    50      100   1...
2010 Releases
                   As of October 28, 2010

               0      4             8       12
Spring MVC

     G...
StackOverflow
             Tagged Questions (October 26, 2010)


                                                        3...
StackOverflow
          Tagged Questions (October 26, 2010)


                                                     25,000
...
StackOverflow
        Tagged Questions (October 28, 2010)


                                                   80000


   ...
StackOverflow
        Tagged Questions (October 28, 2010)


                                                   80000


   ...
StackOverflow
          Tagged Questions (October 28, 2010)


                                                     3000


...
Spring MVC
http://www.springsource.org

Apache 2.0 License

Active Community @ http://
forum.springsource.org/forumdisplay...
Google Web Toolkit
http://code.google.com/webtoolkit

Apache 2.0 License

Active Community @ http://groups.google.com/
gro...
Ruby on Rails
http://rubyonrails.org

MIT License

Active Community @

http://rubyonrails.org/community

Recommended Books...
Grails
http://grails.org

Apache 2.0 License

Active Community @

http://grails.org/Community

Recommended Books:

– Getti...
Apache Wicket
http://wicket.apache.org

Apache 2.0 License

Active Community @ http://wicket.apache.org/
help/email.html

...
CONCLUSION
What if there is no “best” web framework?
How to Choose?

Prioritize a list of features that are important to your
application.

Pick 3-4 frameworks and do a 1-week...
Questions?

Contact Information

  http://raibledesigns.com
  http://twitter.com/mraible

Download Presentation

  http://...
Comparing JVM Web Frameworks - Devoxx 2010
Comparing JVM Web Frameworks - Devoxx 2010
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Comparing JVM Web Frameworks - Devoxx 2010

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Comparing JVM Web Frameworks Presentation from Devoxx 2010. Compares many different JVM-based web frameworks, ranks them based on 20 different criteria and compares the Pros, Cons and other stats of the top 5.

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Transcript of "Comparing JVM Web Frameworks - Devoxx 2010"

  1. 1. COMPARING JVM WEB FRAMEWORKS Matt Raible http://raibledesigns.com Images by Stuck in Customs - http://www.flickr.com/photos/stuckincustoms © 2010, Raible Designs © 2010 Raible Designs
  2. 2. Introductions Your experience with web development? Your experience with Java EE development? What do you want to get from this session? Experience with Spring MVC, GWT, Rails, Grails, Wicket or Struts 2? 2
  3. 3. Blogger on Father, Skier, raibledesigns.com Cyclist Web Framework Connoisseur Montana Native Founder of AppFuse Who is Matt Raible? © 2010, Raible Designs
  4. 4. Session Agenda The Problem with Web Frameworks The Candidates Comparison Points The Matrix Conclusion Q and A 4
  5. 5. The Problem 5
  6. 6. How do you choose?
  7. 7. E L I M I N AT E , D O N ’ T I N C L U D E
  8. 8. ... while I'd *love* to see life made simpler for Java web developers, and a lot of the things happening in Struts2 are going that way -- it won't be me doing it. I've gone over to the dark side :-) and much prefer to develop in Rails -- for the conciseness mentioned above, but also because I don't ever have to do a "build" or "deploy" step during my development cycle any more. But you guys and gals need to be reminded that *this* is the kind of thing you are competing against if you expect to attract Rails developers ... or to avoid even more "previously Java web developer" defectors like me :-). -- Craig McClanahan, 10/23/2007 h%p://markmail.org/thread/q65sekad33eobh2 10
  9. 9. Choosing a Framework Choose a short list of frameworks to prototype with. Create an application prototype with each framework. Document findings and create a matrix with important criteria. Create presentation to summarize document. Deliver document, presentation and recommendation. 11
  10. 10. 2007: 6 Important Factors Request, Component or RIA Framework Ease of Development Project Community Project Future and Roadmap Maintenance Technical Features 12
  11. 11. Request, Component or RIA Are you developing... – ... a consumer facing site? – ... a desktop-like, application? – ... a media-rich site? If the framework is built for state-fulness, should you use it in a stateless architecture? 13
  12. 12. Types of Applications High-traffic, internet facing, infinite scalability Intranet-based, behind the firewall, few users Products, to be maintained for 5-10 years Legacy Backend Others? 14
  13. 13. Types of Frameworks Request Based Frameworks – Struts 2, Spring MVC, Rails, Stripes Component Based Frameworks – JSF, Tapestry, GWT Rich Internet Applications – Flex One Size Fits All – Grails 15
  14. 14. Do they matchup? High-traffic, internet facing, infinite scalability – Request-based frameworks Intranet-based, behind the firewall, few users – Component-based frameworks Products, to be maintained for 5-10 years – Largest Community, Most Vendor Support Legacy Backend – Same Language as backend 16
  15. 15. 2010: Now There’s 20 1. Developer Productivity 2. Developer Perception 3. Learning Curve 4. Project Health 5. Developer Availability 6. Job Trends 17
  16. 16. 2010: Comparison Points 7. Templating 8. Components 9. Ajax 10.Plugins or Add-Ons 11.Scalability 12.Testing Support 18
  17. 17. 2010: Comparison Points i18n and l10n Validation Multi-language Support (Groovy / Scala) Quality of Documentation/Tutorials Books Published REST Support (client and server) 19
  18. 18. 2010: Comparison Points Mobile / iPhone Support Degree of Risk 20
  19. 19. Comparison Matrix http://bit.ly/jvm-frameworks-matrix
  20. 20. Matrix Results Spring MVC Rails GWT Grails Wicket Struts 2 Stripes Tapestry Flex Play JSF Vaadin Lift 17 12.75 8.5 4.25 0 Rating 22
  21. 21. Matrix Results Spring MVC (17) GWT (17) Ruby on Rails (17) Grails (16.5) Wicket (14.5) Struts 2 (14.5) 23
  22. 22. Pros and Cons
  23. 23. Spring MVC Pros – Easy Configuration with Annotations and Conventions – Integrates with many view options seamlessly: JSP/ JSTL, Tiles, FreeMarker, Excel, PDF, JSON – Excellent REST Support Cons – Instant reload not built-in, need JRebel or Spring Roo – No open development process, need to be SpringSource – Ajax requires 3rd-party library (can be a good thing!) 25
  24. 24. GWT Pros Write Java => Produces Optimized JavaScript Easy to learn and develop with standard Java Tools Vibrant Community Cons You have to know Java Slow to compile, difficult to test More like a JSP Tag Library than a web framework 26
  25. 25. Ruby on Rails Pros Easy to learn and understand for Web Developers Lots and lots of documentation Passionate Community Cons Slightly less performant by default Dynamic language means more tests Development Tools and Debugging 27
  26. 26. Grails Pros Easy dynamic language transition for Java Developers Groovy Plugins for all types of applications Cons Groovy learning targets Java Developers Stack traces are horrendous Knowledge of underlying frameworks not required, but helpful 28
  27. 27. Wicket Pros Great for Java Developers Tight binding between pages and views Active community - support from creators Cons No Jobs or Developers Stateful by default HTML Templates live next to Java code by default 29
  28. 28. Rails vs. Grails http://grails.org/Grails+vs+Rails+Benchmark – Grails: 40 requests per second, Rails: 32 30
  29. 29. Language Performance Time (ms) per iteration 600 400 200 0 Java C++ JRuby PythonGroovy PHP h%p://blog.dhananjaynene.com/2008/07/performance-­‐comparison-­‐c-­‐java-­‐python-­‐ruby-­‐jython-­‐jruby-­‐ groovy/ 31
  30. 30. Jobs in 2010 (US) Spring MVC GWT Rails Grails Wicket 600 450 300 150 0 Dice 32
  31. 31. Developer Skills (US) Spring MVC GWT Rails Grails Wicket 11,000 8,250 5,500 2,750 0 LinkedIn 33
  32. 32. Developer Skills (World) Spring MVC GWT Rails Grails Wicket 11,000 8,250 5,500 2,750 0 LinkedIn 34
  33. 33. Pretty Graphs
  34. 34. Pretty Graphs
  35. 35. Pretty Graphs
  36. 36. Pretty Graphs
  37. 37. Pretty Graphs
  38. 38. Pretty Graphs
  39. 39. Mailing List Traffic Rails Grails GWT Play Wicket September 2010 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 * Spring MVC uses Forums, which don’t provide this data.
  40. 40. Books on Amazon Spring MVC Rails GWT Grails Wicket October 2010 0 50 100 150 200
  41. 41. 2010 Releases As of October 28, 2010 0 4 8 12 Spring MVC GWT Rails Grails Wicket
  42. 42. StackOverflow Tagged Questions (October 26, 2010) 30,000 22,500 15,000 7,500 Spring MVC 0 Grails Rails
  43. 43. StackOverflow Tagged Questions (October 26, 2010) 25,000 18,750 12,500 6,250 Spring 0 GWT Grails Wicket Rails
  44. 44. StackOverflow Tagged Questions (October 28, 2010) 80000 60000 40000 20000 Java 0 Scala JRuby Clojure Groovy
  45. 45. StackOverflow Tagged Questions (October 28, 2010) 80000 60000 40000 20000 Java 0 PHP .NET Python Ruby
  46. 46. StackOverflow Tagged Questions (October 28, 2010) 3000 2250 1500 750 Tomcat JBoss 0 Glassfish WebSphere Jetty
  47. 47. Spring MVC http://www.springsource.org Apache 2.0 License Active Community @ http:// forum.springsource.org/forumdisplay.php?f=25 Recommended Books: – Expert Spring MVC – Spring in Action – Pro Spring 49
  48. 48. Google Web Toolkit http://code.google.com/webtoolkit Apache 2.0 License Active Community @ http://groups.google.com/ group/Google-Web-Toolkit Recommended Books: – GWT in Action – GWT in Practice – Google Web Toolkit Solutions 50
  49. 49. Ruby on Rails http://rubyonrails.org MIT License Active Community @ http://rubyonrails.org/community Recommended Books: – Agile Web Development with Rails – Rails for Java Developers 51
  50. 50. Grails http://grails.org Apache 2.0 License Active Community @ http://grails.org/Community Recommended Books: – Getting Started with Grails – Grails: A Quick-Start Guide – Programming Groovy 52
  51. 51. Apache Wicket http://wicket.apache.org Apache 2.0 License Active Community @ http://wicket.apache.org/ help/email.html Recommended Books: – Wicket in Action – Pro Wicket 53
  52. 52. CONCLUSION What if there is no “best” web framework?
  53. 53. How to Choose? Prioritize a list of features that are important to your application. Pick 3-4 frameworks and do a 1-week spike with each, developing the same application. Document and rank each framework against your list of features. Calculate and choose! 55
  54. 54. Questions? Contact Information http://raibledesigns.com http://twitter.com/mraible Download Presentation http://slideshare.net/mraible 56
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