Clash Of Cultures

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Clash Of Cultures

  1. 1. Clash Of Cultures Mohamed Ragab 900-01-0397
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Clash Of Civilizations Theory </li></ul><ul><li>Why cultures will clash </li></ul><ul><li>Major Civilizations </li></ul><ul><li>Co-operations and conflicts </li></ul><ul><li>Western-Islamic Conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Islamophobia </li></ul><ul><li>Intercultural Dialogue </li></ul>
  3. 3. Clash Of Civilizations <ul><li>Term – Bernard Lewis </li></ul><ul><li>Theory – Samuel P. Huntington </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Article was published in Foreign Affairs in 1993. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order , 1996. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Civilization Defined: Cultural group </li></ul><ul><li>Trends of global conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict WILL happen </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why Cultures will Clash <ul><li>Differences among civilizations </li></ul><ul><li>Smaller world, more interactions </li></ul><ul><li>Social change – Identity from religion </li></ul><ul><li>Dual role of the West </li></ul><ul><li>Cultures cannot be changed </li></ul><ul><li>Economic regionalism </li></ul>
  5. 5. Major Civilizations <ul><li>Western civilization - Europe and North America </li></ul><ul><li>The Orthodox world - Eastern Europe and Russia </li></ul><ul><li>Latin America </li></ul><ul><li>Muslim world </li></ul><ul><li>Hindu civilization – India and Nepal </li></ul><ul><li>Sinic civilization - China, Korea, Vietnam, Singapore, Taiwan, Southeast Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Sub-Saharan Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Japan </li></ul>
  6. 7. Co-operations and Conflicts
  7. 8. Western-Islamic Conflict <ul><li>Huntington’s prediction </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>September 11 th Attacks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>War on Iraq </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cartoon Crisis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Iran Crisis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pope Benedict Statements </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. Western-Islamic Conflict <ul><li>Islamophobia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fear of Muslims </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prejudice </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Role of the Terrorism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Al Qaeda </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Terrorism has no religion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Role of the Media </li></ul>
  9. 10. Cultures can Coexist <ul><li>Intercultural Dialogue </li></ul><ul><li>Efforts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Iranian president Mohammad Khatami </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>United Nations </li></ul></ul>
  10. 12. Why isn’t it happening ? Socio-political Barriers Communication Barriers Economic Barriers Postponed coexistence
  11. 13. Economic Barriers of Co-existence Economic Gap Arms Trade Increasing Debt Decreasing Natural Resources
  12. 14. Socio-political Barriers of Co-existence Unilateral View of Democracy Inconclusive Elections: Cultures not well represented Lack of Education
  13. 15. Communication Barriers of Co-existence Manipulated Media: Bias/ censorship Language Barrier Unavailability Of Technology
  14. 16. Solutions? <ul><li>Improving education </li></ul><ul><li>Spread of technology </li></ul><ul><li>Empowering NGOs </li></ul><ul><li>Encouraging translation </li></ul><ul><li>Reducing Third World debt, </li></ul><ul><li>low interest </li></ul><ul><li>Combating corruption, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most difficult of all </li></ul></ul>

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