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The SharePoint & jQuery Guide - Updated 1/14/14
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The SharePoint & jQuery Guide - Updated 1/14/14

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Latest version of my SharePoint & jQuery slides from SharePoint Saturday St. Louis. ...

Latest version of my SharePoint & jQuery slides from SharePoint Saturday St. Louis.

This session introduces people to using jQuery in SharePoint, how to get started, and some best practices.

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    The SharePoint & jQuery Guide - Updated 1/14/14 The SharePoint & jQuery Guide - Updated 1/14/14 Presentation Transcript

    • THE SHAREPOINT AND JQUERY GUIDE SharePoint Saturday St. Louis Mark Rackley mark.rackley@summit7systems.com
    • Summit 7 systems is a premier provider of consulting and implementation services specializing on the Microsoft SharePoint Platform and FAST Enterprise Search. » » » » » » Summit 7 Systems was chosen by KMWorld Magazine as one of the top 100 Companies that Matter in Knowledge Management along with companies such as Microsoft, Oracle and IBM. Summit 7 Systems was named to the 2011 and 2012 CRN Next-Gen 250 List as a company bringing innovative processes, methodologies and models to the solution provider industry. Top 1% of Microsoft Partners Worldwide Summit 7 Systems was named #6 on the 2012 CRN Fast Growth 100 based on our 2009 – 2011 growth of over 930% per year. ~ 50% of Technical Staff hold US Government SECRET Clearances. Service Disabled Veteran Owned Small Business (SDVOSB).
    • SOFTWARE PLATFORMS FAST Enterprise Search SharePoint 2007 SharePoint 2010 SharePoint 2013 Office Platform Sitecore SOLUTION AREAS SharePoint Platform Solutions Enterprise Search Enterprise Content Management Internet / Web Content Management Extranet Solutions Intranet Solutions Business Process Management Enterprise Project Management Exchange Server SERVICES SharePoint QuickStart Information Architecture and Governance Development Upgrade and Migration Branding and Design (User Experience) Web Content Management Design and Deployment SharePoint Search Custom Workflow or Web Part Development InfoPath Forms and Workflows Performance Baselines and Best Practices Optimization Mapping Business Process to Software Platforms Cloud Services Design and Provisioning Remote Support Contracts Compliance Quickstart
    • MARK RACKLEY / SOLUTIONS ARCHITECT • 18+ years software architecture and development experience • SharePoint Junkie since 2007 • Event Organizer • Blogger, Writer, Speaker • Bacon aficionado @mrackley http://www.sharepointhillbilly.com
    • AGENDA • • • • • • What is jQuery? Why SharePoint & jQuery? SharePoint and jQuery Basics Deploying / Maintaining Development Basics Third Party Libraries Examples & Demos The SharePoint & jQuery Guide http://bit.ly/jQueryAndSP
    • WHAT IS JQUERY? • JavaScript Utility Library • jQuery() or $() • Allows interaction and manipulation of the DOM after page is rendered • Can interact with other systems using Web Services • Supported by Microsoft • Part of “Client Side” Development
    • WHY SHAREPOINT & JQUERY? • • • • • Fewer upgrade/deployment issues Rapid deployment and modifications Less “customization” Improved visuals Improved usability
    • WHY SHAREPOINT & JQUERY? • • • • Can replace the need for Visual Studio Can replace the need for basic workflows No points (shhhh… don’t tell the admins) You can get around the ListView Threshold (but should you??)
    • JQUERY & SHAREPOINT BASICS • Scripts execute with same privileges as current user • Permissions cannot be elevated • Interact with SharePoint List data using Client Side Object Model (CSOM), REST, or SPServices
    • WHY I HATE JAVASCRIPT & JQUERY (SOME DAYS) var car = { • Too many options color: “red”, make: “Jeep”, model: “wrangler” } var car = {}; car.color = “red”; car.make = “Jeep”; car.model=“wranger”; var car = {}; car*“color”+ = “red”; car*“make”+ = “Jeep”; car*“model”+ =“wranger”;
    • WHY I HATE JAVASCRIPT & JQUERY (SOME DAYS) • • • • • • Too many options Debugging is painful Performance can suffer Inconsistent results on different browsers Constant changes in the jQuery library It CAN harm your farm!
    • WHEN SHOULD YOU USE JQUERY? • • • • Tightly controlled environments Visuals or Usability are high priorities Tight timeframes Simple page and form modifications › › › • Dynamic drop downs Hiding page elements Reading / populating fields Why would you NOT use jQuery?
    • WHEN SHOULD YOU QUESTION THE USE OF JQUERY? • • • • • Need pull a lot of data over the wire to work with Iterating over many rows of list data Extended business logic or proprietary business logic Privileges need to be elevated Need to support many different browsers
    • DEPLOYMENT OPTIONS • Document Library <script type="text/javascript" src="/SiteAssets/jquery.min.js"></script> • File System <script type="text/javascript" src="/_layouts/scripts/jquery.min.js"></script> • Content Delivery Network (CDN) <script type="text/javascript" src="//ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.8.3/jquery.min.js"></script>
    • DOCUMENT LIBRARY
    • REFERENCE OPTIONS • ScriptLink <SharePoint:ScriptLink runat="server" Name="/SiteAssets/jquery.min.js" Localizable="false"></SharePoint:ScriptLink> • Content Editor Web Part • Use the Content Link • Custom Action • Feature, Deploys to Site Collection
    • CUSTOM ACTION <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?> <Elements xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/sharepoint/"> <CustomAction ScriptSrc="~sitecollection/SiteAssets/jquery.min.js" Location="ScriptLink" Sequence="100" > </CustomAction> </Elements>
    • A WORD ABOUT MDS Minimal Download Strategy (MDS) • New in SharePoint 2013 / enabled by default in O365 • Reduces page load time by sending only the differences when users navigate to a new page. • https://sp_site/_layouts/15/start.aspx#/SitePages/newpage.aspx • Can cause scripts referenced in Custom Actions and CEWPs to not be loaded • Disable feature at site level if MDS is causing issues. Rework scripts based on recommendations in order to use MDS.
    • DEVELOPMENT & DEBUGGING • Development • Visual Studio • • • • Web Essentials SharePoint Designer Notepad++ Debugging • • • • • IE Developer Tools / Firebug Fiddler Alerts… alerts… alerts… Avoid Console.log Write scripts in small manageable chunks
    • COMMONLY USED JQUERY METHODS IN SHAREPOINT
    • JQUERY BASICS <script type="text/javascript"> $(document).ready(function($){ //this script executes after the page is loaded //if you need to interact with the DOM put script here }) //Script placed here would execute before the page is finished loading. </script>
    • JQUERY BASICS <div id=“myID” attribute=“myAttribute” class=“myClass” ><b>Hello World</b></div>
    • JQUERY BASICS <div id=“myID” attribute=“myAttribute” class=“myClass” ><b>Hello World</b></div> //Retrieve the element by ID: $(“#myID”);
    • JQUERY BASICS <div id=“myID” attribute=“myAttribute” class=“myClass” ><b>Hello World</b></div> //Retrieve the element by attribute: $(“div*attribute=‘myAttribute’+”);
    • JQUERY BASICS <div id=“myID” attribute=“myAttribute” class=“myClass” ><b>Hello World</b></div> //Retrieve every div on the page $(“div”).each(function() , //”this” is the current element in each loop $(this).method(); }); //Hide all divs on the page $(“div”).hide();
    • JQUERY BASICS <div id=“myID” attribute=“myAttribute” class=“myClass” ><b>Hello World</b></div> //Retrieve every div of a specific class $(“div.myClass”).each(function() , //”this” is the current element in each loop $(this).method(); }); //Hide all divs of a specific class on the page $(“div.myClass”).hide(); //Hide all elements of a specific class on the page $(“.myClass”).hide();
    • JQUERY BASICS <div id=“myID” attribute=“myAttribute” class=“myClass” ><b>Hello World</b></div> //Retrieve the div that contains content “World” $(“div:contains(‘World’)”).each(function() , //”this” is the current element in each loop $(this).method(); });
    • JQUERY BASICS <div id=“myID” attribute=“myAttribute” class=“myClass” ><b>Hello World</b></div> //Retrieve the formatted HTML for an element $(“#myID”).html(); //returns <b>Hello World</b> //Set the formatted HTML for an element $(“#myID”).html(“<b>Hello Nurse</b>”); //Retrieve the text with HTML formatting stripped out $(“#myID”).text(); //returns Hello World //Set the unformatted text of an element $(“#myID”).text(“Hello Nurse”);
    • MORE JQUERY BASICS //get input / select values $(“#id”).val(); //set input / select values $(“#id”).val(“value”); //uncheck a check box $(“#id").removeAttr('checked'); //check a check box $(“#id").attr('checked','checked'); //is a check box checked? if ($(“#id”).is(':checked'))
    • MORE JQUERY BASICS <tr id=‘myRow’><td><div id=‘myElement’></div><div id=‘myOtherElement’></div></td></tr>
    • MORE JQUERY BASICS <tr id=‘myRow’><td><div id=‘myElement’></div><div id=‘myOtherElement’></div></td></tr> //get the row that contains the div “myElement” $(“#myElement”).closest(“tr”); //get the cell that contains the div “myElement” $(“#myElement”).closest(“td”); Or $(“#myElement”).parent();
    • MORE JQUERY BASICS <tr id=‘myRow’><td><div id=‘myElement’></div><div id=‘myOtherElement’></div></td></tr> //get the div AFTER myElement $(“#myElement”).next(“div”); Or $(“#myElement”).next(); //get the div BEFORE myOtherelement $(“#myOtherElement”).prev(“div”); Or $(“#myOtherElement”).prev();
    • CHAINING //find the input element that has the “title” attribute equal to “Name” //then find it’s parent cell’s previous cell. Then find the “h3” element and replace the HTML $("input[title='Name']").closest("td").prev("td").find("h3").html("File Name <font color='red'>*</font>"); //In English: Find the label for the field “Name” and change it to “File Name” and add a red astrisk //find the input element that has the “title” attribute equal to “City” //then hide the entire row that contains the input $(“input*title=‘City’+”).closest(“tr”).hide(); //In English: Hide the SharePoint Form Field and label for the field with the Display //name “City”
    • HOW ABOUT SOME BEST PRACTICES? • • • • • • Use the Element’s ID when possible Reduce DOM searches Re-use code / Good coding practices Minimize files Use animations to hide slow performance Delay loading of Selects until you need the data
    • USING THIRD PARTY LIBRARIES Tips for selection and integration • Look for supported / documented libraries • Test in target browsers before implementing • Duplicate file structure • Test “vanilla” in SharePoint first
    • USING THIRD PARTY LIBRARIES Some of my favorites • • • • • • Content Slider - http://unslider.com Formatted Tables - http://www.datatables.net/ Modal Window - http://www.ericmmartin.com/projects/simplemodal/ SPServices - http://spservices.codeplex.com/ Calendar - http://arshaw.com/fullcalendar/ Forms 7 – http://forms7.codeplex.com
    • INTERACTING WITH SHAREPOINT FORMS <input name="ctl00$m$g_a12c0b73_06fa_4552_a5af_b5d5fce55384$ctl00$ctl05$ctl03$ctl00$ctl00$ctl04$ctl00$ctl00$Text Field" type="text" maxlength="255" id="ctl00_m_g_a12c0b73_06fa_4552_a5af_b5d5fce55384_ctl00_ctl05_ctl03_ctl00_ctl00_ctl04_ctl00_ctl00_TextField" id="ctl00_m_g_a12c0b73_06fa_4552_a5af_b5d5fce55384_ctl00_ctl05_ctl03_ctl00_ctl00_ctl04_ctl00_ctl00_TextFiel title="E-mail Address" class=“ms-long ms-spellcheck-true" /> d" title="E-mail Address" class=“ms-long ms-spellcheck-true" /> <input name="ctl00$m$g_a12c0b73_06fa_4552_a5af_b5d5fce55384$ctl00$ctl05$ctl03$ctl00$ctl00$ctl04$ctl00$ctl00$Text Field" type="text" maxlength="255" id="ctl00_m_g_a12c0b73_06fa_4552_a5af_b5d5fce55384_ctl00_ctl05_ctl03_ctl00_ctl00_ctl04_ctl00_ctl00_TextFiel d" title="E-mail Address" class=“ms-long ms-spellcheck-true" /> $(“input[title=‘E-mail Address’+”); //returns element
    • DEMOS! – LET’S DO SOME STUFF!
    • FOR MORE FROM SUMMIT 7 SYSTEMS… facebook.com/summit7systems @summit7systems summit 7 systems summit7systems summit7systems.com/blogs