Dra   cucueco - osh ateneo grad school oct 2011
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This presentation was for the Operations Management Cluster "Better SAFE Than Sorry" Safety Forum administered by the Operations Class M08, First Semester 2011. By Dra. Ma. Teresita Cucueco, MD, ...

This presentation was for the Operations Management Cluster "Better SAFE Than Sorry" Safety Forum administered by the Operations Class M08, First Semester 2011. By Dra. Ma. Teresita Cucueco, MD, Executive Director of the Occupational Health and Safety Center – Philippines.

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Dra cucueco - osh ateneo grad school oct 2011 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Are Our Workers andWorkplaces Safe and Healthy?Occupational Safety and Health in the PhilippinesMa. Teresita Somera-Cucueco, MD, MOHExecutive DirectorOccupational Safety and Health Center OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH CENTER Department of Labor and Employment
  • 2. OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH CENTER Department of Labor and Employment
  • 3. OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH CENTER Department of Labor and Employment
  • 4. OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH CENTER Department of Labor and Employment
  • 5. OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH CENTER Department of Labor and Employment
  • 6. OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH CENTER Department of Labor and Employment
  • 7. OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH CENTER Department of Labor and Employment
  • 8. OSH SITUATIONERInternational and Philippine Data OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH CENTER Department of Labor and Employment
  • 9. Global OSH Data•  337M accidents causing > 4 days absence•  360,000 work-related fatal accidents•  1.95M work-related fatal diseases•  2.31M total fatal accidents & diseases•  320,000 die from exposures to biological risks (viral, bacterial, insect or animal-related risks)•  170,000 agri workers die per year Source: Safework- Introductory Report - 2008 OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH CENTER Department of Labor and Employment
  • 10. Key Local OSH Data Data Sources:•  2001-2005 Work Accidents/IllnessesSummary – BWC based on mandatory reportingrequirements of the OSH Standards (OSHS)•  Occupational Injuries Summary –BLESbased on survey done every other year•  NSO Household Survey Data•  OSHC Database OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH CENTER Department of Labor and Employment
  • 11. Work Accident SummaryNumber of Work Accident Cases (2001-2005) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH CENTER Department of Labor and Employment
  • 12. NCR CAR RI RII RIII R IV RV RVI RVII RVIII RIX RX RXI RXII CARAGA ARMM OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH CENTER Department of Labor and Employment
  • 13. BLES Integrated Survey (BITS)  BLES Integrated Survey (BITS) is conducted by the Bureau of Labor and Employment Statistics in coordination with the DOLE Regional Offices.  As a vital supplementary source of data to administrative-based statistics on occupational safety and health in DOLE, the BITS is a nationwide survey.  For 2007, BITS covered 6,460 sample nonagricultural establishments with 20 or more workers.  2007 Occupational Injuries Survey – magnitude of establishments affected by occupational accidents, count of accidents, number and type of cases of injuries due to these accidents OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH CENTER Department of Labor and Employment
  • 14. Occupational Accidents and Injuries: 2003 and 2007 52,515 Source: 2003/2007 OIS of the BITS OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH CENTER Department of Labor and Employment
  • 15. Occupational Injuries: 2007 Source: 2003/2007 OIS of the BITS OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH CENTER Department of Labor and Employment
  • 16. KEY LOCAL DATA:• Manufacturing had the highest number of reported accidents followed by agriculture & wholesale/retail trade•  121,624 man-days were lost which could have been used productively! Source: 2005 Work Accidents/Illness Summary OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH CENTER Department of Labor and Employment
  • 17. Profile of the Most-Commonly Injured Worker •  Male •  Married •  26-30 years old •  1-5 years of service •  Assigned in the first shift pattern the same for so many years! Source: BWC WAIR OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH CENTER Department of Labor and Employment
  • 18. Cases of Occupational Injuries with WorkdaysLost by Cause of Injury: 2003 and 2007 8,104 6,167 3,943 2,814 2,283 2,088 1,787 1,802 1,579 1,662 1,494 1,534 1,414 1,478 831 475 480 Exposure Others to or contact with electric current Source: 2003/2007 OIS of the BITS OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH CENTER Department of Labor and Employment
  • 19. Frequency Rates of Cases of OccupationalInjuries with Workdays Lost by Major IndustryGroup: 2003 and 2007 6.46 5.96 5.87 5.24 5.38 4.07 4.24 4.37 3.75 3.53 3.53 3.59 3.11 2.79 2.41 1.87 1.67 0.83 0.91 1.05 0.71 0.47 0.21 0.33 0.31 0.15Al - All Industries I -Transport, Storage & CommunicationsC - Mining and Quarrying J - Financial IntermediationD - Manufacturing K - Real Estate, Renting & Business ActivitiesE - Electricity, Gas & Water Supply L - Private Education ServicesF - Construction M - Health & Social Work except PublicG - Wholesale & Retail Trade; Repair of Motor Medical, Dental & Other Health ActivitiesVehicles, Motorcycles & Personal & Household N - Other Social & Personal Services ActivitiesGoodsH - Hotels & Restaurants Source: 2003/2007 OIS of the BITS OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH CENTER Department of Labor and Employment
  • 20. Cases of Occupational Diseases by MajorIndustry Group: 2003 and 2007 Major Industry 2003 2007 Percent Group ChangeAll Industries 55,413 47,235 -14.8Mining & Quarrying 1,350 51 -96.2Manufacturing 35,956 26,284 -26.9Electricity, Gas & Water Supply 1,112 526 -52.7Construction 149 370 148.3Wholesale & Retail Trade 5,241 4,342 -17.2Hotels & Restaurants 2,195 1,697 -22.7Transport, Storage & Communications 3,828 6,176 61.3Financial Intermediation 594 700 17.8Real Estate, Renting & Business Activities 761 2,926 284.5 Call Center N/A 1,175 -Private Education Services 2,694 2,204 -18.2Private Health & Social Work Services 839 1,233 47.0Other Community, Social & Personal Service Activities 695 728 4.7 Source: 2003/2007 OIS of the BITS OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH CENTER Department of Labor and Employment
  • 21. Cases of Occupational Diseases by Typeof Occupational Disease: 2003 and 2007 Type of Occupational Disease 2003 2007 Percent ChangeTotal 55,413 47,235 -14.8Occupational Dermatitis 5,028 5,965 18.6Bronchial Asthma 6,742 8,759 29.9Acute Poisonings 202 189 -6.4Heat Stroke, Cramps, Exhaustion 631 577 -8.6Chilblain, Frostbite, etc. 150 112 -25.3Deafness 510 172 -66.3Infections 7,825 6,517 -16.7Cataract 634 284 -55.2Cardiovascular Diseases 1,454 854 -41.3Essential Hypertension 5,708 6,152 7.8Peptic Ulcer 5,347 4,135 -22.7Work-Related Musculoskeletal Diseases 20,603 13,296 -35.5Others 579 222 -61.7 Source: 2003/2007 OIS of the BITS OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH CENTER Department of Labor and Employment
  • 22. Occupational safety and health trainings/seminarsProvided   First aid – 72.6%   Safe work procedures – 65.9%   Safety drills (e.g. fire, earthquake, etc.) – 62.4%   Safety management – 58.5%   Good housekeeping (e.g., 5S+1) – 58.0% Source: 2007/2008 OIS of the BITS OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH CENTER Department of Labor and Employment
  • 23. OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH CENTER Department of Labor and Employment
  • 24. PREVENTION ENFORCEMENT EO 307 (OSHC) Admin. Code, 1987 OSH System In DOLE (Who are Involved?)COMPENSATION UPDATINGREHABILITATION of Health and Safety Standards & Other Related OSH Policies P.D. 626 (ECC) Admin. Code 1987
  • 25. OCCUPATIONAL HEALTHDefinition adopted by the Joint ILO/WHO Committee on Occupational Health (1950)Aims at the: –  promotion and maintenance of the highest degree of physical, mental and social well-being of workers in all occupations –  prevention amongst workers of departures from health caused by their working conditions –  protection of workers in their employment from risks resulting from factors adverse to health –  placing and maintenance of the worker in an occupational environment adapted to his physiological and psychological capabilities OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH CENTER Department of Labor and Employment
  • 26. OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH CENTER Department of Labor and Employment
  • 27. Hospital Hazards •  Infectious/ Biological •  Chemical •  Psychological/Psychosocial •  Physical •  Environmental •  Mechanical/biomechanical OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH CENTER Department of Labor and Employment
  • 28. Infection/Biological Hazards Infectious/biological agents, such as: •  bacteria •  viruses •  fungi •  parasites may be transmitted by contact with infected patients or contaminated body secretions/fluids OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH CENTER Department of Labor and Employment
  • 29. Chemical Hazards•  Various forms of chemicals used in the hospital that are potentially toxic or irritating to the body•  medications, solutions, and gases Cleaning chemicals Gases OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH CENTER Department of Labor and Employment
  • 30. Physical Hazards•  Radiation•  Lasers•  Noise•  Electricity•  Extreme temperatures OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH CENTER Department of Labor and Employment
  • 31. Psychological Hazards•  Violence•  Hostage•  Bomb threat•  Fire OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH CENTER Department of Labor and Employment
  • 32. Environmental and BiomechanicalHazards•  Tripping hazards•  Unsafe/unguarded equipment•  Air quality•  Slippery floors•  Confined spaces•  Construction hazards•  Cluttered work areas•  Obstructed passageways OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH CENTER Department of Labor and Employment
  • 33. Controlling the Hazards in theHospital•  Infection Control Policies•  Security Guidelines•  Admitting Policies•  Safety and Health Guidelines OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH CENTER Department of Labor and Employment
  • 34. Controlling the Hazards in theHospital –  Trained personnel on Disaster Preparedness –  Biosafety features of the building •  HEPA filter •  Positive and negative pressure zoning •  Level 5 antibacterial paint –  Safety features of the building •  Building Management System (BMS) •  Fire rated walls/doors •  Smoke compartmentalization •  Structural design is 200% above Phil. Code OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH CENTER Department of Labor and Employment
  • 35. Controlling the Hazards in theHospital •  Security/Admitting Procedures –  Screening visitors /wearing of ID –  Visiting Hours –  No smoking policy –  Alcoholic beverages not allowed –  Electrical appliances not allowed –  Designated restricted areas –  Security surveillance in various areas/CCTV –  Door lock policy OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH CENTER Department of Labor and Employment
  • 36. Occupational SAFETY Programs •  Hazardous Materials Policy •  Hazard Surveillance & Risk Assessment •  Contractors Safety Policy •  Incident/Accident Reporting •  Disaster Preparedness Plan •  Safety Trainings OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH CENTER Department of Labor and Employment
  • 37. Hazardous Materials Policy–  Chemical inventory–  MSDS–  Proper storage, labeling–  Proper handling–  PPE–  Spill response program–  Proper disposal OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH CENTER Department of Labor and Employment
  • 38. Hazard Surveillance & Risk Assessment "  To identify deficiencies "  To identify potential events or risks "  To improve safety policies & procedure OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH CENTER Department of Labor and Employment
  • 39. Contractors Safety Policy–  Work Permitting–  Hot Works Monitoring–  Incident Reporting–  Safety Orientation of contractors OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH CENTER Department of Labor and Employment
  • 40. Disaster Preparedness Plan –  Fire Drill –  Earthquake Drill –  Fire/Life Safety Equipment Monitoring –  Disaster Preparedness Training OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH CENTER Department of Labor and Employment
  • 41. OSH LAWS & ISSUANCES Book IV, Title I – Occupational SafetyMedical, Dental and and Health Standards,Occupational Safety (OSHS)1978 OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH CENTER Department of Labor and Employment
  • 42. Flagship program on work safety & health OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH CENTER Department of Labor and Employment
  • 43. OSH-MS international safety rating systemOSH indicators& productivity
  • 44. Thru DOLE ZAP focal persons and others trained in OSH Deliver OSH services to individuals/ establishments/institutions Advocacy thru Work LSEF; Injury and Capacity Improvement; Illness ReportingOSH promotions, policies and Building Establishment of resources safety and health committees Reduced incidence of Improved workplace accidents/illnesses OSH linked to productivity
  • 45. Mathematics of Accidents+ ADDS to your Troubles - SUBTRACTS from your Profits x MULTIPLIES your Losses / DIVIDES worker from Manager% DISCOUNTS your Successes OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH CENTER Department of Labor and Employment
  • 46. Recent DOLE Issuances•  D.O. 13- 98 - Construction Safety•  D. O. 16 - 01- Rule 1030•  D. O. 53-03 - Drug-free Workplace•  D. O. 57-04 - New Labor Standards Enforcement Framework•  D.O. 73-05 - TB Prevention at the Workplace•  D. C. 01-08 - OSH in Call Centers•  D.C.01-09 - Ship-Building Industry•  D.O. 102-10 – Prevention and Control of HIV-AIDS in the Workplace•  D.A. 05-11 – Prevention and Control of Hepatitis B in the Workplace•  A.O. 56-11 – Transfer of Accreditation to OSHC OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH CENTER Department of Labor and Employment