Mercator Projection <ul><li>Distortion increases at the poles. Compass directions are accurate but area is distorted. </li></ul>
Robinson Projection <ul><li>Area is accurate but distance and compass directions are distorted </li></ul>
Planar/Azmuthal Projection <ul><li>Distortion increases towards edge of map. </li></ul>
Goode/Homolosine <ul><li>Distorts oceans to minimize land distortion. </li></ul>
Cartogram <ul><li>A thematic map that shows quantities of some variable by shrinking or expanding the sizes of the regions. </li></ul>
Choropleth Map <ul><li>A thematic map that shows quantities of some variable by shading or coloring regions such as states or countries. </li></ul>
Topographic Map <ul><li>Uses ISOLINES to show elevation </li></ul>
Topological Map <ul><li>Shows how places are </li></ul><ul><li>connected. </li></ul>
Primate City <ul><li>The leading city in its country or region, disproportionately larger than any others in the urban hierarchy. A Primate city number one in its country in most aspects, like politics, economy, media, culture and universities. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: London, Paris, Budapest, Vienna, Mexico City </li></ul>
Edge City <ul><li>Edge city is an American term for a concentration of business, shopping, and entertainment outside a traditional urban area in what had recently been a residential suburb or semi- rural community. </li></ul>
Global / World City <ul><li>A city deemed to be an important point in the global economic system . Characterized by a polarized social structure. </li></ul><ul><li>(Mega City more than 10 million) </li></ul>
Conurbation <ul><li>A conurbation is a region comprising a number of cities , large towns , and other urban areas that, through population growth and physical expansion, have merged to form one continuous urban and industrially developed area. In most cases, a conurbation is a polycentric urban agglomeration , in which transportation has developed to link areas to create a single urban labor market or travel to work area . </li></ul><ul><li>A conurbation should also be contrasted with a megalopolis , where the urban areas are close but not physically contiguous and where the merging of labor markets has not yet developed. </li></ul>
Forward Capital <ul><li>A symbolic relocation of a capital city to a geographically or demographically peripheral location may be for either economic or strategic reasons. </li></ul>
Entrepot <ul><li>A trading post where merchandise can be imported and exported without paying import duties , often at a profit . </li></ul>
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