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Culture
Culture
Culture
Culture
Culture
Culture
Culture
Culture
Culture
Culture
Culture
Culture
Culture
Culture
Culture
Culture
Culture
Culture
Culture
Culture
Culture
Culture
Culture
Culture
Culture
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Culture

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  • 1. Culture Mr. A South High Room 252
  • 2. Definition of Culture
    • Culture is the total way of life shared by members of a community. It includes not only language, values, and symbolic meanings but also technology and material objects.
  • 3. 2 Categories of Culture
    • Nonmaterial culture;
    • language, values, rules, knowledge, and shared meanings
    • Material culture;
    • physical objects that a society produces-tools, streets, sculptures, and toys, etc…
  • 4. Common Assumptions
    • Culture is problem solving
    • Culture is relative
    • Culture is a social product
  • 5. Culture is problem solving
    • People everywhere face common issues;
    • -food
    • -shelter
    • -security
    • -raise children to replace them and their way of life
  • 6. Culture is relative
    • methodological relativism : cultural practices can only be understood relative to the culture in which they exist (e.g., is Yanomamö endocannibalism nutritional or religious?).
    • ethical relativism : there is no basis to judge whether a particular cultural practice is good or bad. That is, all cultures and cultural values are equally valid, of equal worth, and equal dignity - we should have tolerance and respect for any cultural practice. This is a non-scientific proposition because it cannot be evaluated scientifically.
  • 7. Culture is relative
    • Ethnocentrism
  • 8. Culture is a social product
    • People learn culture, and, as they use it they modify it and change it.
    • Culture depends or relies on language.
    • Culture is cumulative
  • 9. Carriers of Culture
    • Language
    • Values
    • Norms
  • 10. Language
    • Communicating with symbols.
    • Language as embodiment of culture
    • Language as symbol
  • 11. Values
    • Shared ideas about desirable goals
  • 12. Norms
    • Shared rules of conduct
    • Folkways
    • Mores
    • Laws
  • 13. Social Control
    • Sanctions
  • 14.
    • Sanctions
  • 15. Cultural Diversity
    • Subculture
    • Counterculture
  • 16. Subculture
  • 17. Counterculture
  • 18. Deafness as Subculture
  • 19. Assimilation or Multiculturism
  • 20. Sources of Cultural Diversity and Change
    • Environment
    • Isolation
    • Cultural Diffusion
    • Technology
    • Mass Media
  • 21. Environment
  • 22. Isolation
  • 23. Cultural Diffusion
  • 24. Technology
  • 25. Mass Media

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