Culture

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Culture

  1. 1. Culture Mr. A South High Room 252
  2. 2. Definition of Culture <ul><li>Culture is the total way of life shared by members of a community. It includes not only language, values, and symbolic meanings but also technology and material objects. </li></ul>
  3. 3. 2 Categories of Culture <ul><li>Nonmaterial culture; </li></ul><ul><li>language, values, rules, knowledge, and shared meanings </li></ul><ul><li>Material culture; </li></ul><ul><li>physical objects that a society produces-tools, streets, sculptures, and toys, etc… </li></ul>
  4. 4. Common Assumptions <ul><li>Culture is problem solving </li></ul><ul><li>Culture is relative </li></ul><ul><li>Culture is a social product </li></ul>
  5. 5. Culture is problem solving <ul><li>People everywhere face common issues; </li></ul><ul><li>-food </li></ul><ul><li>-shelter </li></ul><ul><li>-security </li></ul><ul><li>-raise children to replace them and their way of life </li></ul>
  6. 6. Culture is relative <ul><li>methodological relativism : cultural practices can only be understood relative to the culture in which they exist (e.g., is Yanomamö endocannibalism nutritional or religious?). </li></ul><ul><li>ethical relativism : there is no basis to judge whether a particular cultural practice is good or bad. That is, all cultures and cultural values are equally valid, of equal worth, and equal dignity - we should have tolerance and respect for any cultural practice. This is a non-scientific proposition because it cannot be evaluated scientifically. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Culture is relative <ul><li>Ethnocentrism </li></ul>
  8. 8. Culture is a social product <ul><li>People learn culture, and, as they use it they modify it and change it. </li></ul><ul><li>Culture depends or relies on language. </li></ul><ul><li>Culture is cumulative </li></ul>
  9. 9. Carriers of Culture <ul><li>Language </li></ul><ul><li>Values </li></ul><ul><li>Norms </li></ul>
  10. 10. Language <ul><li>Communicating with symbols. </li></ul><ul><li>Language as embodiment of culture </li></ul><ul><li>Language as symbol </li></ul>
  11. 11. Values <ul><li>Shared ideas about desirable goals </li></ul>
  12. 12. Norms <ul><li>Shared rules of conduct </li></ul><ul><li>Folkways </li></ul><ul><li>Mores </li></ul><ul><li>Laws </li></ul>
  13. 13. Social Control <ul><li>Sanctions </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Sanctions </li></ul>
  15. 15. Cultural Diversity <ul><li>Subculture </li></ul><ul><li>Counterculture </li></ul>
  16. 16. Subculture
  17. 17. Counterculture
  18. 18. Deafness as Subculture
  19. 19. Assimilation or Multiculturism
  20. 20. Sources of Cultural Diversity and Change <ul><li>Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Isolation </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Diffusion </li></ul><ul><li>Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Mass Media </li></ul>
  21. 21. Environment
  22. 22. Isolation
  23. 23. Cultural Diffusion
  24. 24. Technology
  25. 25. Mass Media

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