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Mexico from 1821-1850

Mexico from 1821-1850



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    Standard32 Standard32 Presentation Transcript

    • Standard 3.2 Explain and analyze problems facing the new Mexican nation, leading to eventual conflict between the United States and Mexico
    • 1810 -1821: Mexico is Born Monarchy v Catholic Churh Union of Gachupines/Criollos
    • Effects of War
    • Mexico’s Infancy
      • By 1820 – Agriculture and Mining industries left devastated
      • New Spain becomes Mexico - change in name but not in power
      • Power remains with the wealthy Europeans
      • Battle for power between Conservatives and Liberals
    • De Iturbide and Guerrero
      • Conflict moderated by Agustin de Iturbide
      • Made deal with liberal Vicente Guerrero
      • Plan de Iguala
    • Plan de Iguala
      • Mexico would become monarchy – European king or price invited
      • Church would maintain power and privilege
      • Criollos and Peninsulares equal
      • Temporary peace in 1821
    • Bankruptcy
      • Spaniards allowed to leave with their value in land holdings in hard currency
      • Silver church bells and gold altarpieces melted to pay Spaniards
    • Troubled Monarchy
      • 1823 – governors and generals including Lopez de Santa Anna issue el Plan de Casa Mata
      • Call for overthrow of Emperor and for a republic
      • 1824 – Iturbide overthrown, exiled and later executed
      • Guadalupe Victoria (Liberal mestizo) becomes first elected president
      • Liberal-Conservative battle continues
    • Age of the Caudillo
    • Age of the Caudillo
      • Liberal-Conservative battle left Mexico weak
      • Strongmen – political and military seen as way to control country
      • Political goals were secondary to personal power
      • 1831 – 1850 – Mexico had over 50 governments (11 headed by Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna)
      • No president ever served a full term
    • 1829 - 1834
      • Vicente Guerrero (2 nd President) receives word that Spain is launching an invasion to reconquer
      • Spanish land in Tampico
      • General Lopez de Santa Anna surrounds and attacks
      • By 1830 – Santa Anna was a hero
      • 1833 – wins presidency and soon retires
      • Valentin Gomez Farias becomes president and introduces liberal reforms
    • Santa Anna Returns
      • Church and military upset at liberal reforms of Gomez Farias
      • Call for his overthrow
      • Santa Anna returns and abolishes Constitution of 1824
      • Santa Anna creates a centralist government
    • Political Instability
      • In first 30 years, Mexico went backward
      • Faced several civil war threats and coups
      • Treasury was broke
      • Roads in disrepair, mines flooded and abandoned, rich land was not farmed, Indigenous still had no rights