Mexican Independence 1810 - 1821
STANDARD 3.1 Describe the causes and consequences of the Mexican Independence movement, including its roots in Enlightenme...
Colonial  Discontent Problems in  Europe Enlightenment Philosophy EFFECTS CAUSES
Enlightenment Ideas (Contact) <ul><li>Before – People taught to just do and obey </li></ul><ul><li>After – people told to ...
European Problems <ul><li>European nations looking to break up Spain’s monopoly </li></ul><ul><li>French Revolution spread...
Colonial Discontent <ul><li>No freedom to trade </li></ul><ul><li>No power for Criollos </li></ul><ul><li>Paying high taxe...
Miguel Hidalgo <ul><li>Catholic priest </li></ul><ul><li>Argued against authority of Popes, celibacy, censorship </li></ul...
Allende and Dominguez <ul><li>Organized “literary club” </li></ul><ul><li>Stockpiled weapons </li></ul><ul><li>Josefa help...
El Grito de Dolores <ul><li>Allende arrested, plot uncovered </li></ul><ul><li>September 16, 1810 – Miguel Hidalgo rings c...
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The Causes of the Mexican Independence Movement

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  1. 1. Mexican Independence 1810 - 1821
  2. 2. STANDARD 3.1 Describe the causes and consequences of the Mexican Independence movement, including its roots in Enlightenment philosophy
  3. 3. Colonial Discontent Problems in Europe Enlightenment Philosophy EFFECTS CAUSES
  4. 4. Enlightenment Ideas (Contact) <ul><li>Before – People taught to just do and obey </li></ul><ul><li>After – people told to question and reason and recreate government </li></ul><ul><li>Authority of clergy, nobles and absolute rulers challenged in Europe – led to revolutions </li></ul>
  5. 5. European Problems <ul><li>European nations looking to break up Spain’s monopoly </li></ul><ul><li>French Revolution spreads ideas of freedom and revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Napoleon overthrows Spanish king – weakens Spain’s control over Latin American colonies </li></ul>
  6. 6. Colonial Discontent <ul><li>No freedom to trade </li></ul><ul><li>No power for Criollos </li></ul><ul><li>Paying high taxes for wars in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Liberals – humanist reforms </li></ul><ul><li>Conservatives – Home Rule monarchy </li></ul><ul><li>GOAL: Protect what is yours </li></ul>
  7. 7. Miguel Hidalgo <ul><li>Catholic priest </li></ul><ul><li>Argued against authority of Popes, celibacy, censorship </li></ul><ul><li>Banished to small town of Dolores, Guanajuato </li></ul><ul><li>Met Ignacio Allende and his wife Josefa Ortiz de Dominguez </li></ul>
  8. 8. Allende and Dominguez <ul><li>Organized “literary club” </li></ul><ul><li>Stockpiled weapons </li></ul><ul><li>Josefa helped organize military and help spread ideas </li></ul>
  9. 9. El Grito de Dolores <ul><li>Allende arrested, plot uncovered </li></ul><ul><li>September 16, 1810 – Miguel Hidalgo rings church bells </li></ul><ul><li>Denounced Spanish rulers for 300 years of domination and pillage </li></ul><ul><li>Called for regain of homeland </li></ul><ul><li>Speech began a chain reaction </li></ul>
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