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The Causes of the Mexican Independence Movement

The Causes of the Mexican Independence Movement

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  • 1. Mexican Independence 1810 - 1821
  • 2. STANDARD 3.1 Describe the causes and consequences of the Mexican Independence movement, including its roots in Enlightenment philosophy
  • 3. Colonial Discontent Problems in Europe Enlightenment Philosophy EFFECTS CAUSES
  • 4. Enlightenment Ideas (Contact)
    • Before – People taught to just do and obey
    • After – people told to question and reason and recreate government
    • Authority of clergy, nobles and absolute rulers challenged in Europe – led to revolutions
  • 5. European Problems
    • European nations looking to break up Spain’s monopoly
    • French Revolution spreads ideas of freedom and revolution
    • Napoleon overthrows Spanish king – weakens Spain’s control over Latin American colonies
  • 6. Colonial Discontent
    • No freedom to trade
    • No power for Criollos
    • Paying high taxes for wars in Europe
    • Liberals – humanist reforms
    • Conservatives – Home Rule monarchy
    • GOAL: Protect what is yours
  • 7. Miguel Hidalgo
    • Catholic priest
    • Argued against authority of Popes, celibacy, censorship
    • Banished to small town of Dolores, Guanajuato
    • Met Ignacio Allende and his wife Josefa Ortiz de Dominguez
  • 8. Allende and Dominguez
    • Organized “literary club”
    • Stockpiled weapons
    • Josefa helped organize military and help spread ideas
  • 9. El Grito de Dolores
    • Allende arrested, plot uncovered
    • September 16, 1810 – Miguel Hidalgo rings church bells
    • Denounced Spanish rulers for 300 years of domination and pillage
    • Called for regain of homeland
    • Speech began a chain reaction