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Climate And  Vegetation of Africa South of the Sahara
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Climate And Vegetation of Africa South of the Sahara

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  • 1. Climate and Vegetation in Sub-Saharan Africa
  • 2. Directions
    • Create a Four-Door Foldable
    • Use the labels on the example shown here
    • Take Notes inside the correct door
  • 3.  
  • 4. What Determines Climate?
    • Rainfall
    • Ocean Currents
    • Prevailing Winds
    • Elevation
    • Latitude
    • MOST IMPORTANTLY - most of the region lies within the tropics
  • 5. Tropical Climates:Rain Forest
    • Wettest climate in region
    • Near the equator
    • Warm temps.
    • 60 inches of annual rainfall
    • Canopy trees grow up to 150 ft
  • 6. Human - Environment Interaction
    • Rain leaches soil
    • Can still grow cash crops: banana, pineapples, cocoa, tea, coffee, palms for oil, rubber and cotton
    • Rain forest threatened by farmers and loggers
  • 7.  
  • 8.  
  • 9.  
  • 10.  
  • 11. Tropical Savannas
    • Grasslands w/scattered trees
    • Cover almost 1/2 of Africa
    • Seasonal rainfall - wetter near equator
    • Dry air from Sahara carried by harmattan drys moisture
    • Grass as tall as 15 ft
  • 12.  
  • 13.  
  • 14. Serengeti Plains
  • 15.  
  • 16.  
  • 17.  
  • 18.  
  • 19.  
  • 20. Dry Climates: Steppe
    • Semi-arid land between savannas and deserts
    • Northern steppe is called the Sahel
  • 21. Sahel
    • Means “shore” - represents “coast” of the Sahara
    • Dry land between Senegal and Sudan
    • Expanding due to decline in rain, climate change, overgrazing and population growth
  • 22.  
  • 23.  
  • 24. Desert
    • South - Namib and Kalahari
    • North - Sahara
    • Kenya and Somalia are mostly deserts in the east
  • 25. Namib Desert
  • 26. Kalahari
  • 27.  
  • 28.  

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