Climate And  Vegetation of Africa South of the Sahara
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Climate And Vegetation of Africa South of the Sahara

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Climate And  Vegetation of Africa South of the Sahara Climate And Vegetation of Africa South of the Sahara Presentation Transcript

  • Climate and Vegetation in Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Directions
    • Create a Four-Door Foldable
    • Use the labels on the example shown here
    • Take Notes inside the correct door
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  • What Determines Climate?
    • Rainfall
    • Ocean Currents
    • Prevailing Winds
    • Elevation
    • Latitude
    • MOST IMPORTANTLY - most of the region lies within the tropics
  • Tropical Climates:Rain Forest
    • Wettest climate in region
    • Near the equator
    • Warm temps.
    • 60 inches of annual rainfall
    • Canopy trees grow up to 150 ft
  • Human - Environment Interaction
    • Rain leaches soil
    • Can still grow cash crops: banana, pineapples, cocoa, tea, coffee, palms for oil, rubber and cotton
    • Rain forest threatened by farmers and loggers
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  • Tropical Savannas
    • Grasslands w/scattered trees
    • Cover almost 1/2 of Africa
    • Seasonal rainfall - wetter near equator
    • Dry air from Sahara carried by harmattan drys moisture
    • Grass as tall as 15 ft
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  • Serengeti Plains
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  • Dry Climates: Steppe
    • Semi-arid land between savannas and deserts
    • Northern steppe is called the Sahel
  • Sahel
    • Means “shore” - represents “coast” of the Sahara
    • Dry land between Senegal and Sudan
    • Expanding due to decline in rain, climate change, overgrazing and population growth
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  • Desert
    • South - Namib and Kalahari
    • North - Sahara
    • Kenya and Somalia are mostly deserts in the east
  • Namib Desert
  • Kalahari
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