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Help Save the World with Bamboo 2(8)
 

Help Save the World with Bamboo 2(8)

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Bamboo is the best source of sustainable, clean and non-polluting bio fuels in the forms of bio-oil and bio-coal which is one of the best if not the best solution to the climate change problem.

Bamboo is the best source of sustainable, clean and non-polluting bio fuels in the forms of bio-oil and bio-coal which is one of the best if not the best solution to the climate change problem.

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    Help Save the World with Bamboo 2(8) Help Save the World with Bamboo 2(8) Presentation Transcript

    • “Help Save the World with Bamboo” By Dr. Segundino U. Foronda, Ph.D. Forester, Inventor & Forest Products Specialist E-mail: drdino.foronda@gmail.com Democracy “Mr. 8” Icawalo INBAR Alumnus & Bamboo Advocate E-mail: mr8ph@yahoo.com
    • If you don't know that much about bamboo,
    • then be ready,
    • to fall in love,
    • with this miracle grass, because
    • Bamboo is a sustainable material that can be used for a lot of things .
    • But bamboo still has other uses the top of which is that it could be one of the best solutions if not the best to address the climate change problem!
    • What is Climate Change?
    • CLIMATE CHANGE • Climate Change refers to any change in climate over time whether due to natural variability or as a result of human activity or changing levels of Green House Gases (GHGs). • It describes the short and long term effects on the earth’s climate as a result of human activities such as fossil fuel combustion and vegetation clearing and burning. • It is also now referred to as GLOBAL WARMING.
    • Causes of Climate Change 1. Wanton utilization of fossil fuels (Power Plants, vehicles, factories, etc)
    • 2. Deforestation
    • Effects of Climate Change • Pollution of water, air and soil • Polar ice caps melting • Negative economic consequences • Increased extreme weather conditions • Spread of diseases • Landscape changes • Adverse effects on agriculture and food supply
    • CO2 Level
    • Time Frame This means that we have up to year 2040 to solve this would be catastrophe if ever!
    • As of the first week of May 2013, the latest reading by the Scripps Institution was already 400-ppm.
    • “The 400-ppm threshold is a sobering milestone and should serve as a wake-up call for all of us to support clean energy technology and reduce emissions of greenhouse gases before it is too late for our children and grandchildren.”-Tim Lueker of the Scripps Institution
    • July-August 2013 Heat Wave Dried up pond in Shaogang County, Hunan province after 40 days of no rainfall starting June 20, 2013.
    • July-August 2013 Heat Wave A giant panda in Wuhan, Hubei province lying in ice to cool from extreme summer heat. August 6, 2013.
    • July-August 2013 Heat Wave The 12 m high thermometer in Flaming Mountain, Turpan, Zinjiang Ulghur Autonomous Region with a reading of 78 degrees C. July 30, 2013.
    • Europe Heat Wave
    • USA Heat Wave
    • NASA MANDATE •Remove 36.85 gigatons of C02 from the atmosphere •Every year for 30 years starting from 2011 •To return the earth to balance •Where to start???
    • Only Natural Processes Can Draw Down CO2
    • Bamboo Approach to Climate Change
    • SOLUTIONS 1. Re-greening with trees and bamboo Bamboo is more recommended, however, considering its natural characteristics as follows: - Bamboo absorbs 35% more carbon dioxide compared to trees. It also emits 35% more oxygen. Even in finished products form, it will not release its C02 contents for centuries. - It is much more sustainable and easier to plant. Unlike trees that need to be planted and replanted, bamboo can be planted only once and it will be there for life. - Even when burned, it will just grow back unlike trees.
    • - Regreens the earth faster than trees. - Its maximum maturity period is only 5 years while the minimum for some tree species is 10 years at least. - Controls erosion along river banks. - Establishes on depleted soils. - Restores soil fertility. - Improves micro-climate bringing needed rains. - It could be the best feedstock for bio-fuel.
    • • 2. Shift from dirty nonsustainable fossil-based fuel to clean and sustainable bio-fuel.
    • Bio-Oil What is bio-oil (BO)? • Not oil in traditional sense • Liquified biomass, molecular composition resembles the feedstock • Clean burning, carbon dioxide neutral fuel • Aka: pyrolysis oil, bio-crude oil • Can be co-fired in furnaces, boilers, gas turbines, and diesel engines
    • Benefits of Bio-Oil • • • • • • • • Reduce dependence on fossil fuel Establish land cover Reduce GHG emissions Create jobs Motivate economic activity in the countryside Stabilizes rural economies Save foreign exchange Cheaper than fossil fuel
    • Bio-Oil Green substitute to conventional fossil fuels in power generation for now. ( Soon, for transportation fuels! )
    • Bio-Oil Processing Fast Pyrolysis
    • Products of Fast Pyrolysis Bio-oil - Liquified biomass - Can be stored, pumped and transported Non-condensable gas - Re-circulated into the pyrolysis process Char - Black powder - Incompletely combusted biomass
    • FEEDSTOCK Any lignocellulosic or cellulosic material, forestry, agricultural and processing residues like • Wood, sawdust, bark, forest slash, waste paper • Rice straw & husk, corn stalks & cobs, bamboo • Cellulosic residues from bio-diesel/ bio-ethanol production, e.g., coco shell & husk, bagasse, etc. • Poultry litter, animal dung No competition with food supply!
    • Bio-Fuel Crops Compared
    • Bamboo – Most Favorable Feedstock • • • • Indigenous plant species Easier to establish than tree species High regenerative capacity, even when burned High capacity to withstand extreme environmental conditions • Fast growing and high-biomass yield • Short maturity period • Co-products: - Bamboo shoots - High quality pole segments
    • Cost of Bio-Oil “Even more importantly, bio-oil is priced at $25 - $35 a barrel…” (Zeman, 2007) Equiv crude oil: US$ 45.45 – 63.64 a barrel CDM benefits when factored will increase bio-oil’s competitiveness!
    • Bamboo BO Plant Capacity 1000 ha plantation = 100TPD BO Facility Daily BO output = 70-75 TPD
    • Moving Forward Invest in Bamboo Bio-oil Production and make money! Reduce dependence on fossil fuels Reduce GHG emissions Protect the environment Reduce Poverty
    • Bio-Coal What is bio-coal? • Torrefied biomass • Aka: e-coal, green coal • No smoke/ odor, clean • HHV = 22-26 MJ/kg • Easy to mill, friable • Hydrophobic • Decay resistant
    • Benefits of Bio-coal • • • • • • Stores and handles like fossil coal Requires no retrofitting for coal-fired plants Consistent and uniform fuel efficiency Generates electricity as efficiently as fossil coal Enables immediate GHG emissions reduction Fossil coal will emit (+/-) 300% more carbon dioxide compared to bio-coal • Cost of bio-coal is only (+/-) 40% of the cost of fossil coal
    • Bio-coal Processing Torrefaction • 200-300 °C • zero oxygen • (+/-) 30 minutes Densification • milling/ grinding • pelletizing
    • Bio-Coal Recovery Rate • 70% of biomass at 10% MC. • 1000 has can have a daily BC output of 60-65 tons
    • Fossil Fuel vs Bio-Fuel Fossil Fuels Non-renewable Grey CO2 (Dirty) Not cheap Bio-oil & Bio-coal Renewable Green CO2 (Clean) Cheaper than fossil fuels
    • Bio-Char
    • What is Bio-Char? • It is a by-product of pyrolisis process
    • Win-Win
    • Bio-Char with Microbes
    • Bio-Char for Climate Stabilization Bio-Char is black gold to climate stabilization.
    • Bio-Char Works!
    • We need to move from here to here!
    • Remember, we need to save our world for our children. Help save the world with bamboo!!!
    • Keep this in mind
    • Wishing us the best!- Mr.8