Literture

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Literture

  1. 1. The Art of Being Human, 7/e Chapter 4 – Literature PowerPoint by Julie Rodakowski ©2003 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers.
  2. 2. LITERATURE AS HISTORY People in the past, just as people today, needed to define themselves and their times, and they did so through their writings. • Gilgamesh • Homer’s Iliad ©2003 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers.
  3. 3. POETRY People in the past, just as people today, needed to share thoughts and ideas in a more elevated style than prose offered, and they did so through POETRY. TWO OF SEVERAL TYPES OF POETRY: •sonnet •haiku ©2003 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers.
  4. 4. SOME FAMOUS POETS: • Sappho—the first poet? • Petrarch—sonnets • Shakespeare—sonnets • Lorca—sonnets (Spanish poet) • John Donne—sonnets • Basho—haiku • Issa—haiku • William Blake—simple forms / profound meanings • Emily Dickinson—a modern poet • Georgia Douglas Johnson—Afro-American • Archibald MacLeish—Ars Poetica (defining a poem) ©2003 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers.
  5. 5. THE NOVEL People in the past, just as people today, needed a more complex literary form that was not based in the ―real‖ events of the past or of the present; thus, the fictional NOVEL was developed. • A PICARESQUE NOVEL— Cervantes’s Don Quixote • AN AMERICAN CLASSIC— Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby ©2003 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers.
  6. 6. THE SHORT STORY People in the past, just as people today, needed a literary form that could be read in one sitting, and the SHORT STORY was developed. • Edgar Allan Poe defined and wrote classic short stories. • Shirley Jackson also wrote a classic short story called ―The Lottery.‖ ©2003 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers.

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