Literture
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Literture Presentation Transcript

  • 1. The Art of Being Human, 7/e Chapter 4 – Literature PowerPoint by Julie Rodakowski ©2003 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers.
  • 2. LITERATURE AS HISTORY People in the past, just as people today, needed to define themselves and their times, and they did so through their writings. • Gilgamesh • Homer’s Iliad ©2003 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers.
  • 3. POETRY People in the past, just as people today, needed to share thoughts and ideas in a more elevated style than prose offered, and they did so through POETRY. TWO OF SEVERAL TYPES OF POETRY: •sonnet •haiku ©2003 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers.
  • 4. SOME FAMOUS POETS: • Sappho—the first poet? • Petrarch—sonnets • Shakespeare—sonnets • Lorca—sonnets (Spanish poet) • John Donne—sonnets • Basho—haiku • Issa—haiku • William Blake—simple forms / profound meanings • Emily Dickinson—a modern poet • Georgia Douglas Johnson—Afro-American • Archibald MacLeish—Ars Poetica (defining a poem) ©2003 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers.
  • 5. THE NOVEL People in the past, just as people today, needed a more complex literary form that was not based in the ―real‖ events of the past or of the present; thus, the fictional NOVEL was developed. • A PICARESQUE NOVEL— Cervantes’s Don Quixote • AN AMERICAN CLASSIC— Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby ©2003 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers.
  • 6. THE SHORT STORY People in the past, just as people today, needed a literary form that could be read in one sitting, and the SHORT STORY was developed. • Edgar Allan Poe defined and wrote classic short stories. • Shirley Jackson also wrote a classic short story called ―The Lottery.‖ ©2003 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers.