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  • 1. The Art of Being Human, 7/e Chapter 4 – Literature PowerPoint by Julie Rodakowski
  • 2. LITERATURE AS HISTORY People in the past, just as people today, needed to define themselves and their times, and they did so through their writings.
    • Gilgamesh
    • Homer’s Iliad
  • 3. POETRY People in the past, just as people today, needed to share thoughts and ideas in a more elevated style than prose offered, and they did so through POETRY. TWO OF SEVERAL TYPES OF POETRY:
    • sonnet
    • haiku
  • 4. SOME FAMOUS POETS:
    • Sappho—the first poet?
    • Petrarch—sonnets
    • Shakespeare—sonnets
    • Lorca—sonnets (Spanish poet)
    • John Donne—sonnets
    • Basho—haiku
    • Issa—haiku
    • William Blake—simple forms / profound meanings
    • Emily Dickinson—a modern poet
    • Georgia Douglas Johnson—Afro-American
    • Archibald MacLeish— Ars Poetica (defining a poem)
  • 5. THE NOVEL
    • A PICARESQUE NOVEL—
    • Cervantes’s Don Quixote
    • AN AMERICAN CLASSIC—
    • Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby
    People in the past, just as people today, needed a more complex literary form that was not based in the “real” events of the past or of the present; thus, the fictional NOVEL was developed.
  • 6. THE SHORT STORY People in the past, just as people today, needed a literary form that could be read in one sitting, and the SHORT STORY was developed.
    • Edgar Allan Poe defined and wrote classic short stories.
    • Shirley Jackson also wrote a classic short story called “The Lottery.”