The Art of Being Human, 7/e   Chapter 4 –  Literature PowerPoint by Julie Rodakowski
LITERATURE AS HISTORY People in the past, just as people today, needed to define themselves and their times, and they did ...
POETRY People in the past, just as people today, needed to share thoughts and ideas in a more elevated style than prose of...
SOME FAMOUS POETS: <ul><li>Sappho—the first poet? </li></ul><ul><li>Petrarch—sonnets </li></ul><ul><li>Shakespeare—sonnets...
THE NOVEL <ul><li>A PICARESQUE NOVEL— </li></ul><ul><li>Cervantes’s  Don Quixote </li></ul><ul><li>AN AMERICAN CLASSIC— </...
THE SHORT STORY People in the past, just as people today, needed a literary form that could be read in one sitting, and th...
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Literature

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Literature

  1. 1. The Art of Being Human, 7/e Chapter 4 – Literature PowerPoint by Julie Rodakowski
  2. 2. LITERATURE AS HISTORY People in the past, just as people today, needed to define themselves and their times, and they did so through their writings. <ul><li>Gilgamesh </li></ul><ul><li>Homer’s Iliad </li></ul>
  3. 3. POETRY People in the past, just as people today, needed to share thoughts and ideas in a more elevated style than prose offered, and they did so through POETRY. TWO OF SEVERAL TYPES OF POETRY: <ul><li>sonnet </li></ul><ul><li>haiku </li></ul>
  4. 4. SOME FAMOUS POETS: <ul><li>Sappho—the first poet? </li></ul><ul><li>Petrarch—sonnets </li></ul><ul><li>Shakespeare—sonnets </li></ul><ul><li>Lorca—sonnets (Spanish poet) </li></ul><ul><li>John Donne—sonnets </li></ul><ul><li>Basho—haiku </li></ul><ul><li>Issa—haiku </li></ul><ul><li>William Blake—simple forms / profound meanings </li></ul><ul><li>Emily Dickinson—a modern poet </li></ul><ul><li>Georgia Douglas Johnson—Afro-American </li></ul><ul><li>Archibald MacLeish— Ars Poetica (defining a poem) </li></ul>
  5. 5. THE NOVEL <ul><li>A PICARESQUE NOVEL— </li></ul><ul><li>Cervantes’s Don Quixote </li></ul><ul><li>AN AMERICAN CLASSIC— </li></ul><ul><li>Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby </li></ul>People in the past, just as people today, needed a more complex literary form that was not based in the “real” events of the past or of the present; thus, the fictional NOVEL was developed.
  6. 6. THE SHORT STORY People in the past, just as people today, needed a literary form that could be read in one sitting, and the SHORT STORY was developed. <ul><li>Edgar Allan Poe defined and wrote classic short stories. </li></ul><ul><li>Shirley Jackson also wrote a classic short story called “The Lottery.” </li></ul>

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