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Ethical Models
 

Ethical Models

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    Ethical Models Ethical Models Presentation Transcript

    • Practical Ethics
      Overview of Ethical Models
    • What is applied ethics?
      Ethics is moral philosophy embracing four main interests:
      Clarification of moral ideas and issues
      Critical assessment of moral claims by testing their truth, justification and adequacy
      Development of a comprehensive perspective on moral on moral ideas
      Moral guidance through principles or practical judge
    • Main Branches of Ethics
      Philosophical ethics has two central branches
      General ethics deal with abstract theoretical models
      Practical, or applied ethics focus on the practical application and concerns of moral issues
    • Aim of Applied Ethics
      Clarify moral ideas
      Organize moral ideas
      Refine moral ideas, if needed
      Why?
      To enrich moral experience
      Guide moral judgment
    • Other Meanings of Word “Ethics”
      Study of moral values in both a normative and scientific manner
      Synonym for morality
      Beliefs of individual or group
      That which is morally desirable
    • Two Theoretical Categories
      Consequential
      Ethical egoism
      If an act is good for you, it is ethical
      Ethical altruism
      If an act is good for everyone but you it is ethical
      Utilitarianism
      If an act is good for all effected it is ethical
      Non-Consequential
      Immanuel Kant’s Categorical Imperative
      Act done with the intent to do the right thing and based upon
      Respect for others
      Can be maxim universally applied to all people
      Autonomous-you are not forced to commit the act
      Divine Commandment Ethics
    • Ethical Alturism
    • All Ethical Models Have Problems
      It is impossible to act in a selfish way all the time
      Acting in everyone else’s interest undermines self-esteem and self worth
      An act may be good for the majority, but not all
      Kant’s Categorical Imperative leaves no room for exceptions
      Divine Commandments…a command because it is ethical? Or ethical because it is commanded?
    • Immanuel Kant “Dare to Know”
    • How do we use ethics?
      We can look at issues through all the models
      But our decision making process on what is ethical or not actually utilizes more than one model