Ethical Models

20,703 views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
20,703
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
30
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
160
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Ethical Models

  1. 1. Practical Ethics<br />Overview of Ethical Models<br />
  2. 2. What is applied ethics?<br /> Ethics is moral philosophy embracing four main interests:<br />Clarification of moral ideas and issues<br />Critical assessment of moral claims by testing their truth, justification and adequacy<br />Development of a comprehensive perspective on moral on moral ideas<br />Moral guidance through principles or practical judge<br />
  3. 3. Main Branches of Ethics<br />Philosophical ethics has two central branches<br />General ethics deal with abstract theoretical models<br />Practical, or applied ethics focus on the practical application and concerns of moral issues<br />
  4. 4. Aim of Applied Ethics<br />Clarify moral ideas<br />Organize moral ideas<br />Refine moral ideas, if needed<br />Why?<br />To enrich moral experience<br />Guide moral judgment<br />
  5. 5. Other Meanings of Word “Ethics”<br />Study of moral values in both a normative and scientific manner<br />Synonym for morality<br />Beliefs of individual or group<br />That which is morally desirable<br />
  6. 6. Two Theoretical Categories<br />Consequential<br />Ethical egoism<br />If an act is good for you, it is ethical<br />Ethical altruism<br />If an act is good for everyone but you it is ethical<br />Utilitarianism<br />If an act is good for all effected it is ethical<br />Non-Consequential<br />Immanuel Kant’s Categorical Imperative<br />Act done with the intent to do the right thing and based upon<br />Respect for others<br />Can be maxim universally applied to all people<br />Autonomous-you are not forced to commit the act<br />Divine Commandment Ethics<br />
  7. 7. Ethical Alturism<br />
  8. 8. All Ethical Models Have Problems<br />It is impossible to act in a selfish way all the time<br />Acting in everyone else’s interest undermines self-esteem and self worth<br />An act may be good for the majority, but not all<br />Kant’s Categorical Imperative leaves no room for exceptions<br />Divine Commandments…a command because it is ethical? Or ethical because it is commanded? <br />
  9. 9. Immanuel Kant “Dare to Know”<br />
  10. 10. How do we use ethics?<br />We can look at issues through all the models<br />But our decision making process on what is ethical or not actually utilizes more than one model<br />

×