Major terrestrial biomes
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Major terrestrial biomes

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Major terrestrial biomes Major terrestrial biomes Presentation Transcript

  • Areas that has distinct climate and organisms A community of organisms that occupy a distinct region.
  • Tropical Rainforest Temperate Rainforest Temperate Deciduous Rainforest Taiga Savanna Grassland and Prairies Deserts Tundra
  • Average annual rainfall: 400 cm (158 in) Average temperature: 34 °C (93 °F) Climate: Very Humid, it rains everyday and is warm throughout the year. Landforms: the terrain consists of both mountains and flat plains.
  • Dense tall evergreen forest. Typical plants include strangler figs and tree ferns. Typical animals include snakes and birds. Mild frost-free winters and summers with year-round rain.
  • Average annual rainfall: 507 cm (60 to 200 in) Average temperature: 27°C (80 °F) Climate: Seasonal variations, near freezing in winter
  • Closed canopy of trees ex cludes at least 70% of the sky; Forest is composed mainly of tree species which do not require fire for regeneration, but with seedlings able to regenerate under shade and in natural openings.
  • Average annual rainfall: 75- 150 cm (30-60 in) Average temperature: Summer: 28 °C (82 °F) Winter: 6 °C (43 °F) Climate: Four distinct seasons with mild summers and cool winters. Rain falls throughout the year. Landforms: Coastal plains, piedmont, and mountains
  • dense forest with thin, broad, deciduous leaves; or rainforests typically dominated by conifers. Tall trees with single boles creating deep shade. Understories often sparse. Typical plants include maples, oaks, elms (deciduous) spruce or auraucaria (rainforest). Typical animals include deer and squirrels. Freezing winters and warm, wet summers and a longer growing season than the boreal forest.
  • Average annual rainfall: 30-83 cm (12-33 in) Average temperature: Summer: 14 °C (57 °F) Winter: -10 °C (14 °F) Climate: It is cold with winds blowing from the arctic, most rainfall occurs during the hot summer. Winters are freezing cold. Landforms: Mountaintops, valleys and forests.
  • dense evergreen needle- leafed forest Typical plants include white spruce, black spruce, and jack pine. Typical animals include moose, black bears, wolves, and migrant birds. Cold winters with deep snow, but longer growing season than tundra.
  • Average annual rainfall: 150 cm (59 in) Average temperature: Dry Season: 34 °C (93 °F) Climate: There are two seasons, wet in the summer, dry in the winter. Landforms: Flat plain with small hills
  •  thorny forest, woodlands, or  scattered trees, many of which  loose leaves during the dry  season. Typical plants include  acacias and grasses. Typical  animals include giraffes and  elephants. Warm frost-free  winters, hot usually-wet  summers, and a pronounced  dry season. Fire and grazing  are important vegetation- forming processes.
  • Average annual rainfall:  25-75 cm (10-30 in) Average temperature:  Summer: 30 °C (86 °F)  Winter: 0 °C (32 °F) Climate: Hot summers  and cool winters Landforms: Gently  rolling hills and flat  plains.
  • treeless vegetation less than  1 m high. Typical plants  include grasses and  members of the sunflower  family. Woody plants  predominate in steppes.  Typical animals include large  grazing ungulates such as  horses, buffalo, and  rhinoceros. Cold or warm  winters with growing  seasons moisture too dry for  trees; fires every 1-5 years.
  • Average annual rainfall:  25 cm (10 in) Average temperature:  Summer: 38 °C (100 °F)  Winter: 7 °C (45 °F) Climate: Very dry and  hot. It is hot during the  day and cold at night. Landforms: flat sandy  plains
  • sparse drought-resistant  vegetation, typically  spiny and with tiny  leaves and  photosynthetic bark.  Typical plants include  cactuses, acacias and  short-lived annuals.  Typical animals include  reptiles and ground- dwelling rodents.
  • Average annual rainfall: 25 cm (10 in) Average temperature: Summer: 38 °C (100 °F) Winter: 7 °C (45 °F) Climate: Very dry and hot. It is hot during the day and cold at night. Landforms: flat sandy plains
  • treeless low (less than 1 m) vegetation with short perennials, water frozen. Typical plants include sedges, lichens, mosses, grasses, and dwarf woody plants. Typical animals include snowy owls, musk ox, reindeer, polar bears, and migrant birds.
  • Google Images www.cooltext.com http://www.slideshare.net/erueber/terrestrial- biomes?from_search=2 http://prezi.com/etlqcppkp_ed/terrestrial-biomes/ http://www.geo.arizona.edu/Antevs/biomes/ http://education.nationalgeographic.com/education/ encyclopedia/biome/?ar_a=5