Trace the rise and fall of India’s first unified kingdom.
24. Identify Asoka and describe the reforms he made in India during his reign.
The Mauryan Dynasty After 400 B.C., India faced new threats from the west – Persia, Greece, and Macedonia. Alexander the Great invaded northern India in 327 B.C. He left quickly, but his invasion gave rise to the first Indian dynasty.
Chandragupta Maurya Chandragupta Maurya - founded a new Indian state. - first Indian Empire - highly centralized government. - empire divided into provinces ruled by governors. King had a large army and secret police.
Asoka - empire flourished under Asoka, (grandson of Chandragupta Maurya) - considered greatest Indian ruler ever. - converted to Buddhism and governed according to Buddhist ideals. - kindness was legendary. - set up hospitals for people and animals, ordered shelters for travelers.
India flourished economically under Asoka.
became important crossroads in commercial network from the Pacific rim to southwest Asia and the Mediterranean.
After Asoka dies in 232 B.C. empire declines.
- Last Indian ruler killed in 183 B.C., and India falls into disunity.
Indian Culture Architecture Pillar – most famous – pillars erected alongside roads to mark sites related to events in Buddha's life.