<ul><li>Main Ideas: </li></ul><ul><li>Trace the rise and fall of India’s first unified kingdom. </li></ul><ul><li>24. Identify Asoka and describe the reforms he made in India during his reign. </li></ul>
The Mauryan Dynasty After 400 B.C., India faced new threats from the west – Persia, Greece, and Macedonia. Alexander the Great invaded northern India in 327 B.C. He left quickly, but his invasion gave rise to the first Indian dynasty.
Chandragupta Maurya Chandragupta Maurya - founded a new Indian state. - first Indian Empire - highly centralized government. - empire divided into provinces ruled by governors. King had a large army and secret police.
Asoka - empire flourished under Asoka, (grandson of Chandragupta Maurya) - considered greatest Indian ruler ever. - converted to Buddhism and governed according to Buddhist ideals. - kindness was legendary. - set up hospitals for people and animals, ordered shelters for travelers.
Asoka <ul><li>India flourished economically under Asoka. </li></ul><ul><li>became important crossroads in commercial network from the Pacific rim to southwest Asia and the Mediterranean. </li></ul>