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Unit 4   Mauryan Dynasty
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Unit 4 Mauryan Dynasty

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  • 1. The Mauryan Dynasty
  • 2.
    • Main Ideas:
    • Trace the rise and fall of India’s first unified kingdom.
    • 24. Identify Asoka and describe the reforms he made in India during his reign.
  • 3. The Mauryan Dynasty After 400 B.C., India faced new threats from the west – Persia, Greece, and Macedonia. Alexander the Great invaded northern India in 327 B.C. He left quickly, but his invasion gave rise to the first Indian dynasty.
  • 4. Chandragupta Maurya Chandragupta Maurya - founded a new Indian state. - first Indian Empire - highly centralized government. - empire divided into provinces ruled by governors. King had a large army and secret police.
  • 5. Asoka - empire flourished under Asoka, (grandson of Chandragupta Maurya) - considered greatest Indian ruler ever. - converted to Buddhism and governed according to Buddhist ideals. - kindness was legendary. - set up hospitals for people and animals, ordered shelters for travelers.
  • 6. Asoka
    • India flourished economically under Asoka.
    • became important crossroads in commercial network from the Pacific rim to southwest Asia and the Mediterranean.
  • 7. SILK ROADS
  • 8. Asoka
    • After Asoka dies in 232 B.C. empire declines.
    • - Last Indian ruler killed in 183 B.C., and India falls into disunity.
  • 9. Indian Culture Architecture Pillar – most famous – pillars erected alongside roads to mark sites related to events in Buddha's life.