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Fall Of The Republic, Rise Of An Empire

Fall Of The Republic, Rise Of An Empire






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    Fall Of The Republic, Rise Of An Empire Fall Of The Republic, Rise Of An Empire Presentation Transcript

    • Fall of the Republic, Rise of an Empire
    • Roman Society
      • Entertainment
      • Theatres
      • Circus Maximus
        • Chariot races
      • Roman Coliseum
        • Could hold about 50,000 spectators
        • Held gladiator fights
        • Mock naval battles
        • Exotic animal hunts
        • Christian executions
      • Free entertainment help keep the people of Rome happy.
        • It also kept their minds off of the problems of the empire.
        • Prevented them from becoming rebellious.
    • Problems for the Republic
      • Size of Empire
      • The Senate was designed to govern a city, not a large empire.
      • Senators became corrupt.
        • Took bribes, were not careful how they voted.
      • Social Conditions Change.
        • Spread of slavery in agricultural system.
          • small farmers cannot compete with large landowners who used slave labor.
          • Migration of small farmers into cities and unemployment.
      • Economic Conditions Change.
        • Roman currency (money) loses value.
    • Fall of the Republic
      • Many Romans were tired of poor leadership and wanted a strong leader.
      • Julius Caesar
        • political leader and general in military
        • very popular with the Roman people.
      • Ordered by Senate to return to Rome, but to leave his army behind.
      • Suspected that he would be killed by his political enemies.
      • Led his army into Rome.
      • Caesar invaded Rome and took power.
    • Fall of the Republic
      • Most popular man in Rome because of his military victories.
      • Elected “dictator for life” by the Roman people.
      • Dictatorship - A single person with absolute power who rules a country.
      • Assassinated by a group of Senators who stabbed him to death.
    • Rise of an Empire
      • Augustus – “Respected One”
        • Julius Caesar’s nephew
        • restored order and peace to Rome.
        • Kept taxes fair, but built Rome into
        • a magnificent city.
        • Kept a good relationship with the Senate.
        • Began a 200 year period called “The Pax Romana” – (Roman Peace)
      • Pax Romana - A 200 hundred year period of relative peace throughout the Roman Empire. Occurs during the first two centuries C.E. Rome’s Golden Age – marked by cultural achievements in literature, and engineering .
    • Rise of an Empire
      • Economic impact
        • Common coinage
        • Secure trade and travel
        • Built bridges, roads, government buildings
        • Trade grew
    • Rise of an Empire
      • Social impact
      • Created programs to help the poor
        • Food
        • Education
        • Free Public Spectacles (Coliseum)
        • Public Health Programs : One program distributed free bread to workmen on their way to work in the morning.