Fall Of The Republic, Rise Of An Empire


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Fall Of The Republic, Rise Of An Empire

  1. 1. Fall of the Republic, Rise of an Empire
  2. 2. Roman Society <ul><li>Entertainment </li></ul><ul><li>Theatres </li></ul><ul><li>Circus Maximus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chariot races </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Roman Coliseum </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Could hold about 50,000 spectators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Held gladiator fights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mock naval battles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exotic animal hunts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Christian executions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Free entertainment help keep the people of Rome happy. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It also kept their minds off of the problems of the empire. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prevented them from becoming rebellious. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Problems for the Republic <ul><li>Size of Empire </li></ul><ul><li>The Senate was designed to govern a city, not a large empire. </li></ul><ul><li>Senators became corrupt. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Took bribes, were not careful how they voted. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social Conditions Change. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spread of slavery in agricultural system. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>small farmers cannot compete with large landowners who used slave labor. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Migration of small farmers into cities and unemployment. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Economic Conditions Change. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Roman currency (money) loses value. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Fall of the Republic <ul><li>Many Romans were tired of poor leadership and wanted a strong leader. </li></ul><ul><li>Julius Caesar </li></ul><ul><ul><li>political leader and general in military </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>very popular with the Roman people. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ordered by Senate to return to Rome, but to leave his army behind. </li></ul><ul><li>Suspected that he would be killed by his political enemies. </li></ul><ul><li>Led his army into Rome. </li></ul><ul><li>Caesar invaded Rome and took power. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Fall of the Republic <ul><li>Most popular man in Rome because of his military victories. </li></ul><ul><li>Elected “dictator for life” by the Roman people. </li></ul><ul><li>Dictatorship - A single person with absolute power who rules a country. </li></ul><ul><li>Assassinated by a group of Senators who stabbed him to death. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Rise of an Empire <ul><li>Augustus – “Respected One” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Julius Caesar’s nephew </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>restored order and peace to Rome. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kept taxes fair, but built Rome into </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a magnificent city. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kept a good relationship with the Senate. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Began a 200 year period called “The Pax Romana” – (Roman Peace) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pax Romana - A 200 hundred year period of relative peace throughout the Roman Empire. Occurs during the first two centuries C.E. Rome’s Golden Age – marked by cultural achievements in literature, and engineering . </li></ul>
  7. 7. Rise of an Empire <ul><li>Economic impact </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Common coinage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secure trade and travel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Built bridges, roads, government buildings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trade grew </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Rise of an Empire <ul><li>Social impact </li></ul><ul><li>Created programs to help the poor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Food </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free Public Spectacles (Coliseum) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public Health Programs : One program distributed free bread to workmen on their way to work in the morning. </li></ul></ul>