Topic.08 Life As A World Power

  • 2,390 views
Uploaded on

Topic.08 PowerPoint

Topic.08 PowerPoint

More in: Education , Career
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
2,390
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. United States History Topic 08: Life as a World Power Mr. Michael Meechin Celebration High School Social Science Dept.
  • 2. I’ve Been Working on the Railroad… [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ]
    • Building the Transcontinental Railroad was a major technological achievement for the United States;
      • Railroad track had to be placed along 2,000 miles of rugged terrain;
    • What did people do prior to the railroads ?
      • The common method of transcontinental travel prior to the railroad was stagecoach;
        • It took 5 to 6 months and cost just over $1000 (one way) ;
      • One could also travel 18,000 miles around Cape Horn by sea;
      • The railroad will take about 5 days and will cost about $150 for a seat on a first class sleeper…
  • 3. Building the Railroad [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ]
    • The Central Pacific started in the west, Union Pacific started in the east;
      • Companies were given the right of way 200 feet on each side of the track;
    • Chinese workers were responsible for most of the track ;
    • “ Stung by the Union Pacific's record of eight miles of track laid in a single day, the Central Pacific concocted a plan to lay 10 miles in a day… tracklayers put down 3,520 rails, while other workers laid 25,800 ties and drove 28,160 spikes in a single day.”
      • The Transcontinental Railroad was built almost entirely by hand in only six years …
  • 4. Oriental Exclusion Act [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ]
  • 5. Building the Railroad [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ]
  • 6. The Comstock [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ]
    • The Comstock Lode was a silver find in the Nevada Territory;
      • Virginia City was a city founded on top of the Comstock;
      • It became a booming mining town with a population topping 25,000 – a lot for a western settlement…
  • 7. The Comstock [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ]
    • Mining was extremely dangerous:
      • Risk of cave-ins and underground fires;
      • The water temp rose up to 108° at 700 feet ;
      • When the miners penetrated rock scalding water would pour down on them… they would have to jump into cages to be lifted out ;
    • Virginia City was where Samuel Clemens began his writing career ;
      • He began as a journalist for the Virginia City newspaper;
      • We know him better as Mark Twain…
  • 8. The Comstock [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ]
  • 9. Black “Gold” [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ] “ The great southwestern oil boom began January 10, 1901 at Spindletop, four miles south of Beaumont, Tex., a prosperous sawmill and farm produce shipping town. Since late October, a three-man crew, working 18-hour shifts, had been searching for oil. With $300,000 from financier Andrew Mellon of Pittsburgh, they drilled a pipe 880 feet into the ground. Repeatedly the pipe had gotten stuck. Sand and even quicksand blocked the hole, slowing the drilling. At 880 feet they hit solid rock. The men decided to try a new drill bit.” “ A low, rumbling sound rose up from the earth. Huge columns of mud and water blasted from the hole, followed by four tons of pipe that they had drilled into the ground. The eruption briefly stopped, and then suddenly a column of oil, 200 feet high, exploded from the earth.”
  • 10. Black “Gold” [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ]
    • Spindletop produced over 100,000 barrels of oil a day;
      • This was more than all other oil wells combined in the world;
      • Since 1901, Spindletop has produced over 153 million barrels of oil;
    • Before Spindletop the nations oil was controlled by Rockefeller’s Standard Oil Co.;
      • At this time a barrel of water cost $5;
      • A barrel of oil cost a nickel …
  • 11. Native American Policy [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ] “ Kill and scalp them all, big and little!” - Col. John Chivington, Sand Creek Massacre The “Reservation Policy” begins in the 1860s
  • 12. Closing the West [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ]
    • In twenty five years over 3 million families had settled and started farms on the western frontier;
      • The west became one of the most urbanized places in the United States;
      • People settled in the cities in the West…
    • What frontiers does the United States search for today ?
  • 13. Rise of Big Business [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ]
    • Thomas Alva Edison
  • 14. Rise of Big Business [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ]
    • Alexander Graham Bell
      • Telephone [1876]
  • 15. New Business Culture [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ]
    • Laissez-Faire economics will drive big business at the turn of the century;
    • Keys to Laissez-Faire
      • Individual as the moral and economic ideal
      • Individuals should compete freely in the marketplace
      • The market was not man-made or invented
      • No room for government in the market
  • 16. Social Darwinism [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ]
    • Supports laissez-faire;
      • Adapted Darwin’s ideas from the “Origin of Species” to humans;
      • “ Survival of the fittest”…
    Herbert Spencer
  • 17. Big Business [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ]
  • 18. Big Business [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ]
  • 19. New Types of Business [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ]
  • 20. The Gospel of Wealth [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ]
    • Religion is the guiding factor for how the “super elite” in the United States used their wealth;
      • Andrew Carnegie “ on wealth ”;
      • The Anglo-Saxon race is superior;
      • Inequality is inevitable and good;
      • Christian duty to accumulate wealth;
      • Should not help the poor…
  • 21. New Ways to Make Money [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ]
    • The broker: J. Pierpoint Morgan;
      • Begins the sale of stock of companies…
  • 22. The Changing US Labor Force [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ]
  • 23. Child Labor [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ]
  • 24. Child Labor [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ]
  • 25. Labor Conflict, Tensions Rising [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ] Tools of Management Tools of Labor
    • “ Scabs”
    • Public relations campaign
    • Lockout
    • Blacklisting
    • Court injunctions
    • Open shops
    • Boycotts
    • Sympathy demonstrations
    • Picketing
    • Closed shops
    • Organized strikes
    • “ Wildcat” strikes
    BOOM!
  • 26. Confronting a Scab [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ]
  • 27. The Knights of Labor [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ]
    • The Knights of Labor were an organization that fought for workers’ rights;
    • Knights of Labor Goals :
      • Eight-hour workday;
      • Worker-owned factories;
      • Abolition of child and prison labor;
      • Increased circulation of greenbacks;
      • Equal pay for men and women;
      • Safety codes in the workplace;
      • Prohibition of contract foreign labor…
  • 28. Major United States Strikes [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ]
  • 29. American Federation of Labor [AFL] [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ]
    • How the American Federation of Labor would help the workers :
      • Catered to the skilled worker;
      • Represented workers in matters of national legislation;
      • Maintained a national strike fund;
      • Evangelized the cause of unionism;
      • Prevented disputes among the many craft unions;
      • Mediated disputes between management and labor;
      • Pushed for closed shops…
  • 30. The Hand That Will Rule the World [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ]
  • 31. Life in the City [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ] 5 Cent Lodging
  • 32. Life in the City [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ] Men’s Lodging
  • 33. Life in the City [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ] Immigrant Family Lodging
  • 34. Life in the City [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ] Dumbbell Tenement Plan
  • 35. Life in the City [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ] Blind Beggar
  • 36. Life in the City [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ] 1890s “Morgue”; Basement Saloon
  • 37. Life in the City [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ] “ Bandit’s Roost”
  • 38. Life in the City [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ] Mullen’s Alley Gang
  • 39. Life in the City [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ] The Street Was Their Playground
  • 40. Life in the City [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ] A Struggling Immigrant Family
  • 41. The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ] March 25, 1911
  • 42. The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ] March 25, 1911
  • 43. The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ] March 25, 1911
  • 44. The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ] March 25, 1911
  • 45. The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ] March 25, 1911
  • 46. The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ] March 25, 1911
  • 47. The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ] March 25, 1911
  • 48. The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ] March 25, 1911
  • 49. The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ] March 25, 1911
  • 50. The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ] March 25, 1911
  • 51. The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ] March 25, 1911
  • 52. The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ] March 25, 1911
  • 53. The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ] March 25, 1911
  • 54. Out of the Ashes [ Topic 08: Life as a World Power ]
    • New York City created a Bureau of Fire Prevention ;
      • Required new strict building codes to be put into place;
      • Tougher fire inspections of sweatshops;
      • Growing momentum for the support of women’s suffrage…