Digital Repositories in Teaching and Learning (ppt)


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Presentation given at D-e2009, JISC RSC West Midlands event, May 19, 2009. About Digital Repositories, their landscape in Higher and Further Education and more specifically about learning and teaching repositories. Download is Powerpoint.

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  • Click on the link, paste into text chat window
  • E- Learning Objects, NLN etc growing No established infrastructure to manage them No structure or categorisation and little expertise in managing digital content Content distributed over the institution and the Internet Very hard to find appropriate content Sharing content, good practice Producing materials is expensive, why reinvent Need content that is reusable and neutral across disciplines Competition Efficiency gains
  • Paste link into chat window
  • Increase reuse of learning and teaching materials previously locked away in Virtual Learning Environments Increase visibility and impact of research (showcase) Offer better curation than websites, greater security and preservation of various kinds of digital materials Provide additional services such as hits / downloads on papers and citation analyses Use departmental / subject level Increase the usage of content in the institution and further
  • Articulate purpose and benefits of repository How does repository complement and/or better the current system for recording academic output Define responsibilities – particularly implementation and management Consider cost benefit and cost allocation Define policies Training Be aware of legal issues Advocacy……
  • Agree strategic match prioritise potential repository deployment co-ordinate deployment Address organisational issues appoint lead (project leader) establish communication channels between active initiatives ensure technical expertise in place Exploit available support
  • Digital Repositories in Teaching and Learning (ppt)

    1. 1. Digital Repositories for Teaching and Learning JISC Regional Support Centre West Midlands Discover-e-2009 Wednesday 19 th May 2009 UKOLN is supported by: Mahendra Mahey Repositories Research Officer Repositories Research Team UKOLN and CETIS
    2. 2. My background… <ul><li>Teaching, management and learning resources </li></ul><ul><li>Lecturer in FE/HE in Psychology, English as a Foreign Language, Computing, Multimedia in the UK and abroad </li></ul><ul><li>Management and development of open, distance and e-learning materials, learning centres, departments </li></ul><ul><li>RSC Advisor for Learning and Teaching Resources for West Midlands and Scotland North and East </li></ul><ul><li>Repositories Research Officer for UKOLN as part of the Repositories Research Team (UKOLN, CETIS and JISC) </li></ul>
    3. 3. Objectives <ul><li>Explain what repositories are </li></ul><ul><li>Background information and issues around them (technical and management) </li></ul><ul><li>Learning and teaching repositories in further and higher education </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing e-learning resources, practices, methods and tools </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion about issues surrounding them </li></ul>
    4. 4. Some conventions …about DIMDIM <ul><li>Technical problem? Matt Gallon available to help – use text chat, or phone if you can </li></ul><ul><li>Please contribute to the discussion via text, when you see: </li></ul><ul><li>If you really want to speak, ask Matt to hand over the microphone to you </li></ul><ul><li>Please leave questions to the ‘text chat ‘ sections or discussion sections, if possible </li></ul><ul><li>However, if you really don’t understand something, please indicate this via text chat and I will stop and explain </li></ul><ul><li>I will ask ‘please stop’ , try to summarise and move on to the next section </li></ul><ul><li>How many of you are new to DIMDIM, just say yes or no? </li></ul>text chat text chat
    5. 5. JISC Vision <ul><li>‘ To establish a network of digital resources and services, in order to significantly improve content use and curation for education and research’ </li></ul><ul><li>JISC have invested a lot of money in the last 6 years in research and development into digital repositories </li></ul>
    6. 6. Repositories MM What is a repository? A grain silo
    7. 7. What is a repository? <ul><li>‘ a collection of digital objects’, a keep-safe </li></ul><ul><li>Typically containing research papers, learning materials, data </li></ul><ul><li>In FE tends to be learning materials /objects (e.g. NLN materials and home grown things) </li></ul>
    8. 8. Repositories M ore than just a st ore
    9. 9. More than just software/hardware… <ul><li>“ an institutional repository is a set of services that an educational organisation offers to the members of its community for the management and dissemination of digital materials created by the institution and its community members. It is most essentially an organizational commitment to the stewardship of these digital materials, including long-term preservation where appropriate, as well as organization and access or distribution . ….. An institutional repository is not simply a fixed set of software and hardware .” </li></ul>Clifford Lynch . 'Institutional repositories : essential infrastructure for scholarship in the digital age'. ARL Bimonthly Report , February 2003 http:// MM
    10. 10. Characteristics of a repository <ul><li>content is deposited </li></ul><ul><li>content is managed as well as the metadata </li></ul><ul><li>minimum services e.g. put, get, search, access control </li></ul><ul><li>should be sustainable and trusted, well-supported and well-managed </li></ul><ul><li>could support open access to content and / or metadata </li></ul><ul><li>may require authentication (many learning materials repositories) </li></ul>
    11. 11. Technical Requirements <ul><li>Repositories built on open source standards (Linux, Apache, MySql and PHP/PERL) </li></ul><ul><li>Requires specialist skills to install set, e.g. LAMP ( L inux, A pache, M ySQL and P HP) </li></ul><ul><li>Requires relatively high processing power </li></ul><ul><li>Most repositories can expose metadata for harvesting if not the actual data – through OAIPMH (can be important for sharing) – Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting </li></ul><ul><li>May be built up of a number of service components invisible to user </li></ul>MM
    12. 12. Open Source <ul><li>Is not really ‘free’ </li></ul><ul><li>Requires investment, time, money, resources </li></ul>
    13. 13. The many flavours of repositories <ul><li>Content </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eprints, learning materials, corporate records, research data, multimedia objects </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Coverage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Departmental, Institutional, Regional, National, Personal (web site / blog) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>User Group / Domain / Community </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learners, teachers, administrators </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Access Policies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open, restricted </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Distribution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Centralised, federated </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Function / Purpose </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open access, subject access, publication, sharing and re-use, preservation </li></ul></ul>JA
    14. 14. Repository Wheel
    15. 15. Your institution? <ul><li>Please use the text chat to tell me if your institution has: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A repository – if so what? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Virtual Learning Environment? What? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is your institution thinking of getting one? </li></ul></ul>text chat <ul><ul><li>I will give you a couple of minutes and then say ‘Please stop’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I may ask further questions for clarification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At the end of the chat I will try and summarise and then move on </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Management <ul><li>Usually requires at least one person to manage it </li></ul><ul><li>Manage content and metadata </li></ul><ul><li>Where? </li></ul><ul><li>Library, e-learning, department? </li></ul><ul><li>Typically under-resourced </li></ul>
    17. 17. Who manages it? <ul><li>Using your text chat window </li></ul><ul><li>Please tell me who manages, or who might manage a repository in your institution </li></ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul>text chat text chat
    18. 18. Drivers? <ul><li>Effective management of institutional assets </li></ul><ul><li>Open access – impact, visibility, value of public funding </li></ul><ul><li>Serials crisis – institutions can’t afford all subscriptions </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced communication amongst peers </li></ul><ul><li>Linking data to research </li></ul><ul><li>Learning materials sharing </li></ul> <ul><li>VLEs ‘locking’ content in – Learning Object repositories ‘free objects’ from course, easier to reuse </li></ul>
    19. 19. <ul><li>What do you think? </li></ul>Learning and teaching drivers… text chat
    20. 20. OpenDoar Directory of Open Access Repositories Q uality-assured listing of open access repositories around the world Includes details of available policies (Very useful tool) Register your repository! Repositories around the world
    21. 21. Example Repository Software platforms <ul><li>Learning Object Repositories </li></ul><ul><li>Intrallibrary – JORUM based on this (from Intrallect )£ </li></ul><ul><li>Harvest Road Hive£ </li></ul><ul><li>Core – developed at Coventry City College£(cheap) </li></ul><ul><li>Moodle and MR CUTE </li></ul><ul><li>Research Repositories </li></ul><ul><li>Eprints </li></ul><ul><li>DSpace </li></ul><ul><li>Fedora </li></ul><ul><li>(most popular in universities) </li></ul><ul><li>Open repository – commercial venture ( </li></ul>
    22. 22. A quick tour…
    23. 23. JORUM national repository for learning materials
    24. 25. Jorum developments <ul><li>Jorum Community Bay </li></ul><ul><li>aims to support knowledge sharing and discussion about all aspects of sharing, reuse and repurposing of learning and teaching resources </li></ul><ul><li>using Moodle </li></ul><ul><li>in development </li></ul><ul><li>next stage will be to populate the Community Bay - with help and input from our community </li></ul>
    25. 26. Language Box
    26. 27. CoRe – Coventry City College
    27. 28. LORENET
    28. 29. Harvest Road (Gunti Labs)
    29. 30. MR CUTE and Moodle <ul><li>An optional add-on repository for Moodle </li></ul><ul><li>A search system for finding ready made learning materials both inside and outside an institution and embedding them in Moodle courses </li></ul><ul><li>A way of storing and sharing materials outside specific courses to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>minimise server space usage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>encourage sharing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>enable site wide use of materials without further upload </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>allow non technical teachers to create packages </li></ul></ul>
    30. 35. Getting access to MR CUTE2 <ul><li>MrCute 2 </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> or </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Enrolment key for test area: cutie </li></ul><ul><li>No key required to download, but you must create an account </li></ul>
    31. 36. Flickr <ul><li>Content: Images </li></ul><ul><li>Coverage: International; community-based; personal </li></ul><ul><li>Function: sharing and re-use </li></ul><ul><li>Community / Domain: Anyone / Public </li></ul><ul><li>Centralised </li></ul><ul><li>Part open access, part access controlled </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Flickr API </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows innovative re-use of Flickr data, e.g. </li></ul></ul>JA
    32. 37. Show us yours… <ul><li>If you have a repository or VLE, paste the link into the chat window for everyone to see </li></ul><ul><li>Do you use any cool tools to share? </li></ul>text chat
    33. 38. Benefits Discussion <ul><li>What benefits do you see for your institution? </li></ul>text chat text chat
    34. 39. Legal <ul><li>Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Copyright </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other: database rights, moral rights, performers’ rights, trademarks, patents </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Copyright </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Who owns? Author, Institution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Publisher agreements - Sherpa Romeo ( ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moral rights are also important – paternity and integrity rights </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Institution as publisher </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Securing the right to publish, store, preserve </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plagiarism/copyright infringement, other infringements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Defamation, inaccurate information, confidentiality, libel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom of Information and Data Protection </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Risk Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Licences / policies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>deposit AND end-user </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Creative Commons licenses seem to popular </li></ul>JA
    35. 40. Trust DR project <ul><li>Produced some excellent resources for institutions in this area </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    36. 41. Discussion <ul><li>Any IPR issues you can see emerging or have emerged? </li></ul>text chat text chat
    37. 42. Policy <ul><li>Policies are important when implementing any service </li></ul><ul><li>Policies can cover; legal issues, who deposits, who adds metadata, long term preservation, etc </li></ul><ul><li>One current concern is whether it is good to mandate deposit into the repository or not and whether this is a good thing </li></ul><ul><li>It’s one thing having a policy, it’s another thing complying to it though! </li></ul><ul><li>Open Doar policy tool </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>MM
    38. 43. Key issues for institutions <ul><li>So what are your key issues? </li></ul>text chat
    39. 44. Implementation Issues <ul><li>Are there any specific issues that you would like mention? </li></ul>text chat
    40. 45. Wrap up
    41. 46. Thanks <ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>