Where to Start
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Where to Start






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Where to Start Where to Start Presentation Transcript

  • Where to Start
  • Star*ng a research project is easier when you are equipped with the keywords and ideas important to the topic. So where can you start collec*ng this type of informa*on for your research?
  • If you feel dismayed beginning a research project, remember this, your librarian is there to help you. Stop by the reference desk, call 610-­‐341-­‐1777 or email reference1777@eastern.edu. You can also request and individual consulta*on with a librarian. However, there are resources you can use, right now, to start you on your way.
  • Start with Reference Works. Popular, consumer oriented, informa9on resources can unlock words and ideas that are helpful in understanding a subject. Encyclopedias and dic9onaries are ter*ary resources that provide terms, names, dates and more to put your research in perspec*ve. They provide a road map for ideas and discovery.
  • Good to a Point Never use a reference work as your only or main source. The informa*on provided in encyclopedias and dic*onaries is too general for serious research.
  • Reference works are important sources for ideas commonly associated with a topic. They are a place to begin!! By gathering background informa*on you control the course of the research.
  • Look at the News Media The popular media outlets report on the issues that have changed the world. 150 years aSer the fact, the GeTysburg Address is s*ll in the headlines. Newspapers, magazines and other news services provide both secondary and ter9ary accounts of events.
  • Old News The Internet provides access to many digi*zed newspapers and magazines. Ar*cles and reports can provide a historic perspec*ve on a topic like the GeTysburg Address. The Internet Archive, The Library of Congress’ Chronicling America and Google’s Online Historical Newspapers are useful resources. Searching archives can lead to exci*ng primary and secondary finds.
  • Websites In the early stages of gathering background informa*on, finding authorita*ve informa*on from the World Wide Web is helpful.
  • Evaluate But, with anything you find from the Internet, it is necessary to evaluate informa9on against other authori9es to assure the quality of the informa*on. As with any reference work, informa*on from a single website should not be the sole basis for your research.
  • Authority There are trustworthy websites! Look for these clues when evalua*ng a website. • Trusted Domains • Clearly states the author or organiza*on behind the informa*on on the site • Informa*on is current
  • . gov -­‐ government sites • Library of Congress • Na*onal Archives • Abraham Lincoln Presiden*al Museum • Na*onal Park Services Carries The Authority of Agencies In The U.S. Government
  • Ul*mate .gov Search Search the en*re .gov domain at USA.gov!
  • .gov offers trusted sites for all your studies • Center for Disease Control (CDC) • Na*onal Child Care Informa*on Center (NCCIC) • U.S. Food and Drug Administra*on (FDA) • Arc*c Research Commission (ARC) • Na*onal Aeronau*c and Space Administra*on (NASA) • Na*onal Ins*tutes of Health (NIH) • Library of Congress (LOC)
  • .edu – academic sites • Cornell University • Smithsonian Ins*tutes • Pennsylvania State University Associated With The Authority Of Various Academic Ins*tu*ons
  • .edu trusted sited for all your studies • Oncolink (University of Pennsylvania) • The Perseus Project (TuSs University) • eHistory (Ohio State University) • Voice of the ShuTle (University of California , Santa Barbara) • HIVInsite – (University of California, San Francisco)
  • .org for organiza*ons Use professional organiza*onal sites for news and informa*on. Carries The Authority From Various Professional Organiza*ons
  • .orgs for all your studies Here are some examples. • American Psychological Associa*on • American Associa*on of Cri*cal-­‐Care Nurses • Society of Biblical Literature • Na*onal Associa*on for Bilingual Educa*on • Na*onal Associa*on of Social Workers
  • Not every .org site credible. This site warns about the dangers of Dihydrogen Monoxide (DHMO). The site looks serious. DHMO is also known as H20 or water.
  • The .coms Use commercial sites for news and informa*on. Here are some examples. • Chronicle of Higher Educa*on • CNN • MSNBC • Medscape • Science Daily Carries the Authority of the For-­‐Profit Sector
  • Remember commercial sites are in business to make money. Use with cau*on.
  • Use reference and consumer oriented informa*on to gather ideas and keywords. Use the ideas and keywords to formulate a research topic. Then search for the scholarly informa9on you’ll need to support your research. A road map to begin.
  • Next we’ll look more closely at the scholarly resources you’ll need to build your research paper.