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Where to Start
 

Where to Start

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    Where to Start Where to Start Presentation Transcript

    • Where  to  Start  
    • Star*ng  a  research   project  is  easier   when  you  are   equipped  with  the   keywords  and  ideas   important  to  the   topic.     So  where  can  you   start  collec*ng  this   type  of  informa*on   for  your  research?  
    • If  you  feel  dismayed  beginning  a   research  project,  remember  this,  your   librarian  is  there  to  help  you.     Stop  by  the  reference  desk,  call   610-­‐341-­‐1777  or  email   reference1777@eastern.edu.         However,  there  are  resources  you  can   use,  right  now,  to  start  you  on  your   way.  
    • Popular,  consumer  oriented,   informa9on  resources  can  unlock   words  and  ideas  that  are  helpful  in   understanding  a  subject.     Encyclopedias  and  dic9onaries  are   ter*ary  resources  that  provide   terms,  names,  dates  and  more  to  put   your  research  in  perspec*ve.     They  provide  a  road  map  for   discovery.     Start  with  Reference  Works.  
    • Good  to  a  Point.   Never  use  a  reference  work  as  your   only  or  main  source.     The  informa*on  provided  in   encyclopedias  and  dic*onaries  is  too   general  for  serious  research.  
    • Reference  works  are   important  sources  for  words   and  ideas  commonly   associated  with  a  topic.       They  are  a  place  to  begin!!     By  gathering  background   informa*on  you  control  the   course  of  the  research.  
    • Look  at  the  News  Media   The  popular  media  outlets  report  on   the  issues  that  have  changed  the   world.       150  years  aRer  the  fact  the   GeSysburg  Address  is  s*ll  in  the   headlines.     Newspapers,  magazines,   commentary  and  other  news   services    provide  both  secondary  and   ter9ary  accounts  of  events.      
    • Old  News   The  Internet  provides  access  to   many  digi*zed  newspapers  and   magazines.       Ar*cles  and  reports  can  provide  a   historic  perspec*ve  on  a  topic  like   the  GeSysburg  Address.     The  Internet  Archive,  The  Library  of   Congress’  Chronicling  America  and   Google’s  Online  Historical   Newspapers  are  useful  resources.     Searching  archives  can  lead  to   exci*ng  primary  and  secondary   finds.  
    • Websites   In  the  early  stages  of  gathering   background  informa*on,  finding   authorita*ve  informa*on  from  the   World  Wide  Web  is  helpful.  
    • Evaluate   But,  with  anything  you  find   from  the  Internet,  it  is   necessary  to  evaluate   informa9on  against  other   authori9es  to  assure  the   quality  of  the  informa*on.   As  with  any  reference   work,  informa*on  from  a   single  website  should  not   be  the  sole  basis  for  your   research.  
    • Authority   There  are  trustworthy  websites!     Look  for  these  clues  when  evalua*ng  a  website.   •  Trusted  Domains   •  Clearly  states  the  author  or  organiza*on  behind  the   informa*on  on  the  site   •  Informa*on  is  current  
    • .  gov  -­‐  government  sites    •  Library  of  Congress   •  Na*onal  Archives   •  Abraham  Lincoln  Presiden*al  Museum   •  Na*onal  Park  Services   Carries  The  Authority  from  Agencies  of  the    U.S.  Government  
    • Ul*mate  .gov  Search   Search  the  en*re  .gov  domain  at   USA.gov!  
    • .gov  offers  trusted  sites  for  all  your  studies     •  Center  for  Disease  Control  (CDC)   •  Na*onal  Child  Care  Informa*on  Center  (NCCIC)   •  U.S.  Food  and  Drug  Administra*on  (FDA)   •  Arc*c  Research  Commission  (ARC)   •  Na*onal  Aeronau*c  and  Space  Administra*on  (NASA)   •  Na*onal  Ins*tutes  of  Health  (NIH)   •  Library  of  Congress  (LOC)  
    • .edu  –  academic  sites   •  Cornell  University   •  Smithsonian  Ins*tutes   •  Pennsylvania  State  University   Associated  With  The  Authority  Of  Various  Academic  Ins*tu*ons  
    • .edu  trusted  sited  for  all  your  studies   •  Oncolink  (University  of  Pennsylvania)   •  The  Perseus  Project  (TuRs  University)   •  eHistory  (Ohio  State  University)   •  Chronic  Disease  Management  (University  of  California  ,  Davis)   •  HIVInsite  –  (University  of  California,  San  Francisco)  
    • .org  for  organiza*ons   Use  professional   organiza*onal  sites   for  news  and   informa*on.     Carries  The  Authority  From  Various  Professional  Organiza*ons  
    • .orgs  for  all  your  studies   Here  are  some  examples.   •  American  Psychological  Associa*on   •  American  Associa*on  of  Cri*cal-­‐Care  Nurses   •  Society  of  Biblical  Literature   •  Na*onal  Associa*on  for  Bilingual  Educa*on   •  Oncology  Nursing  Society  
    • Not  every  .org  site  is  what  it  seems.       This  site  warns  about  the  dangers  of   Dihydrogen  Monoxide  (DHMO).  The   site  looks  serious.       DHMO  is  also  known  as  H20  or  water.  
    • The  .coms   Use  commercial  sites  for  news  and   informa*on.    Here  are  some  examples.   •  Chronicle  of  Higher  Educa*on   •  CNN   •  MSNBC   •  Medscape   •  Science  Daily   Carries  the  Authority  of  the  For-­‐Profit  Sector  
    • Remember  commercial  sites  are  in   business  to  make  money.     Use  with  cau*on!  
    • Use  reference  and  consumer  oriented   informa*on  to  gather  ideas  and   keywords.     Use  the  ideas  and  keywords  to   formulate  a  research  topic.     Then  search  for  the  scholarly   informa9on  you’ll  need  to  support   your  research.   A  road  map  to  begin.  
    • Next  we’ll  look  more  closely  at  the  scholarly  periodicals  you’ll   need  to  build  your  research  paper.     Now  *me  for  the  student  ac*vity  for  this  lesson.