Lesson 3: Scholarly Literature
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Lesson 3: Scholarly Literature



The lesson discusses the variety of article types and where the researcher may find the best articles for the health sciences research.

The lesson discusses the variety of article types and where the researcher may find the best articles for the health sciences research.



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  • Image of Dr. E, v, Keyden, photo by Erwin Raupp. Located at Images from the History of Medicine, http://ihm.nlm.nih.gov/
  • Lady editor replying to correspondence, Engraving from Britannica Image Quest..
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Lesson 3: Scholarly Literature Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Information Literacy for the Health Sciences Lesson 3: Scholarly Literature
  • 2. There are several types of periodicals that you will come across while doing research. Each type can contribute to your research in a specific way.
  • 3. Popular Magazines A magazine is “a printed collection of texts (essays, articles, stories, poems), often illustrated, that is produced at regular intervals (excluding newspapers).”1 1magazine. (2011). In Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/356421/magazine
  • 4. What makes a popular periodical? • Articles are written by journalists. • Found at most bookstores. • Usually illustrated with color glossy photos. • Good for background information.
  • 5. Trade and Technical Periodical Trade and technical journals and magazines serve those working in industry and commerce…. Major discoveries in science, manufacturing methods, or business practice tend to create a new subdivision of technology, with its own practitioners and, more often than not, its own magazine. Articles in these magazines tend to be highly factual and accurately written, by people deeply immersed in their subjects. 2 2history of publishing. (2011). In Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/482597/publishing
  • 6. What makes a trade periodical? • Articles are written by journalists familiar with the field. • Articles tend toward business and marketing side of the profession. • Trade periodical are excellent for background information.
  • 7. Scholarly • Scholarly journal articles are written by and for professionals in an academic subject area. • Many are published by academic institutions or professional organizations. • They present original research, experiments or theories. • Articles provide authoritative information acceptable for a research paper.
  • 8. Peer-Reviewed Journal • A peer-reviewed periodical is a specific type of scholarly publication that requires each article submitted for publication be judged by an independent panel of experts (scholarly or scientific peers). • Articles not approved by a majority of these peers are not accepted for publication by the journal.
  • 9. How Peer-review Works. A scholar develops an opinion about an important topic and writes a paper. The scholar wants the article published and sends it to a journal read by other scholars. The editor of the journal reads the paper.
  • 10. She thinks it’s a great article and wants to publish it. But, she’s an editor not a scholar. In order to verify her belief that the article is great, she invites other scholars, the author’s equals or peers, in the same field to review the article and tell her it’s a great article.
  • 11. The peers read the article and review the evidence. The peers review: • the logic of the article. • footnotes. • references. • other works on the same topic. • academic style.
  • 12. The peers pass judgment as to whether the article is fit for the academic world. If it is deemed fit the article is published.
  • 13. Doing research in the academic world requires that the conclusions you reach are based on verifiable evidence. The peer-review process determines that the conclusions made in a published paper are based on verifiable evidence. If you are writing a paper in college your professor wants your research to be based upon that verifiable evidence. In the professional setting you will want the best evidence based information available to you.
  • 14. Where do you find peer-reviewed articles?
  • 15. Finding Scholarly Articles There are many resources available where you can find scholarly articles for your research. Not all the resources are of equal quality. It’s important to know the differences.
  • 16. Google Scholar Google Scholar is a tool used by many to find journal articles for their research. However, Google Scholar returns a mixture of informational types. The researcher must look carefully to evaluate the materials on the results list. When scrolling through a results list it is possible to find chapters from books, journal articles, patents, and even legal cases. Google Scholar is strongest in the sciences. However, full-text articles are not always to be found.
  • 17. A Limited Tool Google Scholar indexes many scholarly sources, but also includes items that are not scholarly. Google Scholar indexes a limited subset of scholarly literature in all fields. Google Scholar indexes publisher websites, which often offers to sell access to journal articles.
  • 18. A Good Tool Google Scholar is excellent for citation tracking. One article can lead you to many, many others. Google Scholar provides many tools which can help the researcher limit the results list. Over all Google Scholar is a good tool with many assets that the researcher will find useful as they prepare their work.
  • 19. Professional Organizations Many professional organizations like the American Medical Association and the American Nursing Association have their own journal and journal websites. Many articles are freely available from the online journals and may be read and downloaded to your computer. But not all of the scholarly articles in these journals are free for you to use.
  • 20. PubMed The National Library of Medicine offers PubMed as a free tool for researchers in the health sciences. PubMed comprises more than 24 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
  • 21. PubMed Limiters The articles listed in PubMed come from a variety of sources. Limiters in PubMed facilitate retrieving scholarly literature. PubMed is the best open access tool for searching health sciences’ literature on the Internet
  • 22. PubMed to Full-text Free full-text links are available to publisher’s sites or to PubMed Central. Not every article cited in PubMed is available as free full-text.
  • 23. PubMed Central (PMC) PMC is a free full-text archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature at the U.S. National Institutes of Health's National Library of Medicine (NIH/NLM). There are over 1530 full participation journals in PMC. PMC contains a large selection of research articles funded by the National Institutes of Health.
  • 24. Portable Articles The journals in PMC are available as Acrobat format files, html or viewable through the PubMed Reader. PMC offers a small portion of the articles cited PubMed. But, it is an important collection that grows daily.
  • 25. Subscription Databases At institutions of higher-education, like Eastern University, there are subscription databases available for the researcher. Many subscription databases offer citations and full-text in the health sciences.
  • 26. CINAHL CINAHL® covers nursing, biomedicine, health sciences librarianship, alternative/complementary medicine, consumer health and 17 allied health disciplines. This database indexes more than 3,000 journals with more than 2.9 million records dating back to 1981. It offers complete coverage of English-language nursing journals and publications from the National League for Nursing and the American Nurses' Association.
  • 27. SAGE journals Sage Premier or Sage journals online provides access to hundreds of scholarly journals. The article available tag indicates that this journal is available for viewing and can be saved, downloaded, emailed, or viewed online using the built in Adobe Acrobat reader.
  • 28. Interlibrary Loan Can’t find the full-text that you need. Try interlibrary loan. The National Library of Medicine offers LoansomeDoc for those not associated with an academic library. This is a pay-for service. Eastern University offers RapidILL for its community. Articles are usually sent to your e-mail within 24 hours of filing a request.
  • 29. Next lesson will discuss the anatomy of a peer-reviewed journal article. Do the student activity for this lesson. After the activity proceed to the next lesson.