Formatting Your Research Paper

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In preparing a paper for class, the student researcher is expected to follow the standards for formatting in their class’s academic discipline. …

In preparing a paper for class, the student researcher is expected to follow the standards for formatting in their class’s academic discipline.

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  • 1. Formatting Your Research Paper Presented by Mark Puterbaugh Information Services Librarian Eastern University Librares St. Davids, PA 19087 mputerba@eastern.edu 610-341-1461
  • 2. Writing for the Academic World In preparing a paper for class, the student researcher is expected to follow the standards for formatting in their class’s academic discipline. • This lesson reviews the tools that students will use to cite their research and properly format their research paper. The tools are used to answer questions such as: • How is the title age formatted? • What does an introduction look like? • What is the proper format for the manuscript? • How should references be cited? • How does the researcher avoid plagiarism?
  • 3. Why cite the sources you use for your papers? Your professors expect you to read about the research of others, and to bring together their ideas in such a way that makes sense to you and will make sense to your readers. Let’s talk about the reasons for doing so.
  • 4. Credit Where Credit Is Due All academic research is built upon verifiable evidence. Your research paper is built upon the work of scholars. Properly citing your resources acknowledges that your opinion is based upon verifiable research conducted by those who are experts in their field. In college you should give credit to those who have done the original research and written the article or book. Remember that writing books and research articles is hard work. When you use information from someone’s research you should give them credit for their work. We’ll talk about this more in the final lesson.
  • 5. Professor’s Expectations Citing your sources demonstrates that you've completed the assignment. Citations (along with the references cited or bibliography) show that you have consulted a variety of resources as the assignment required. Citations allow the readers (your professors) to look at the referenced works to see if you properly understood the materials.
  • 6. Format In the academic world there are expectations for the format style of a research papers. University courses use different style guides to cite resources in your paper. The different guides represent the scholarly needs of that academic discipline.
  • 7. Styles Examples of the style guides used in various academic disciplines at Eastern University include: • MLA (Modern Language Association) style for the arts and humanities • APA (American Psychological Association) styles for education, the social sciences, and the sciences • Chicago/Turabian style is generally used for business and the fine arts • SBL (Society of Biblical Literature) for Biblical, religious and theological studies.
  • 8. APA Style • The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA) is recognized as the standard for papers written in the sciences. • The manual is found in your college library. • It can be found also in the campus bookstore and through most book retailers.
  • 9. MLA Style • The publication manual of the Modern Language Association (MLA) is recognized as the standard for papers written in the arts, humanities and language. • The MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers is found in your college library. • It can be found in the campus bookstore and through most book retailers.
  • 10. SBL Style • The publication manual of the SBL(Society of Biblical Literature ) is recognized as the standard for papers written in the religion, theology and Biblical studies. • The SBL Handbook of Style is found in your college library. • It can be found in the campus bookstore and through many book retailers.
  • 11. The Chicago Manual of Style • The publication manual of the The Chicago Manual of Style is recognized as the standard for papers written in many academic disciplines including business, law and the fine arts. • The Chicago Manual of Styleis found in your college library. • It can be found in the campus bookstore and through most book retailers.
  • 12. Need Help? We can’t review all the styles that you will encounter in college. However their is help for you in your college’s library. Eastern University students can access the Citation Guides site at http://libguides.eastern.edu/citation guides
  • 13. Tools to Assist You Eastern University students also have access citation management tools. There is a website dedicated to instructing you how to use RefWorks. This can be found at http://libguides.eastern.edu/refw orks
  • 14. In our last lesson we will discuss importance of academic honesty.