Art Of The Middle Ages

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  • 1. Art of the Middle Ages Romanesque and Gothic Art Medieval Times 500-1050 Dark Ages 400-800
  • 2. Around 400 A.D. the Roman Empire fell to invading armies
  • 3. Charlemagne (742-814) In the 8 th century, Charlemagne brought Europe together as a civilized continent.
  • 4. In the strictest definition of illuminated manuscript, only manuscripts decorated with gold or silver, like this miniature of Christ in Majesty from the Aberdeen Bestiary (folio 4v), would be considered illuminated.
  • 5. Page of text from a Carolingian Gospel Book written in Carolingian minuscule.
  • 6. Art of the Dark Ages Celtic-Germanic art combined ornamental interlacing patterns with animal style
  • 7. Lock for a purse makes use of garnets, glass, enamel, and gold and was mounted on a slab of ivory. The two bears are facing each other in perfect symmetry, forming the shape of a heart .
  • 8. Geometric and abstract designs were fascinating to Pre-Romanesque artists. Monks in secluded monasteries decorated pages of Scripture and other writings with infinite detail. X-P page From the Lindisfarne Gospel Book
  • 9. The Lindisfarne Gospels: Gospel of St John the Evangelist, initial page, late 7th or early 8th century .
  • 10. A page from the Book of Kells Celtic-Germanic art combined ornamental interlacing patterns with the animal style
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  • 12. Wood, stone were also used in Celtic animal style
  • 13. The art and architecture at the end of the Middle Ages is divided into two periods Romanesque: 1050 – 1150 Gothic: 1150-1500
  • 14. Bodiam Castle in England
  • 15. Castle ruins in Worms Germany
  • 16. Nouaillé Maupertuis
  • 17. Architecture: Castles: fort like dwellings with high Walls and towers, protected further By a moat and drawbridge
  • 18. Worms Cathedral about 1168-1181. Worms, Germany
  • 19. Wooden roofs are replaced by masonry barrel vaults which eliminated the danger of fire and produced better acoustics Worms Cathedral typifies Romanesque architecture in Germany. Towers or campaniles
  • 20. BARREL VAULT GROINED VAULT (CROSS VAULT) RIBBED VAULT
  • 21. St. Sernin, Toulouse 1080-1121
  • 22. Nave with barrel vault apse ambulatory transept
  • 23. St. Sernin, Toulouse (nave)
  • 24. St. Sernin, Toulouse (aisle)
  • 25. Ste. Madeleine, Vezelay, France. 1120-32 Romanesque features Exterior View
  • 26. Vezelay, nave: Groined vaults rather than single barrel vaults
  • 27. Vezelay, exterior tympanum (Mission of the Apostles) Sculpture used to teach religion to people since most could not read. This type of sculpture is called architectonic since it is part of the architecture.
  • 28. The Bayeaux Tapestry was stitched to commemorate the Battle of Hastings It measures 230 feet long (70 meters) and 20 inches wide. It was made To hang around the wall of a cathedral or castle.
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  • 37. For more on the Bayeaux Tapestry http://hastings1066.com/index.html
  • 38. Gothic Art 1200 AD
    • Gothic Art is the style of art produced in Northern Europe from the middle ages up until the beginning of the Renaissance. Typically rooted in religious devotion, it is especially known for the distinctive arched design of its churches, its stained glass, and its illuminated manuscripts. People moved from the countryside into towns.
  • 39. Here, the construction begins with an equilateral triangle, the simple rule of thumb for which is - all sides are equal. Now adjust your compass to half the length of the baseline, and from point A construct a semicircular arch. The Pointed Arch
  • 40.                                                                         With your compass still adjusted to half the length of the baseline, construct a concave arch from point B. Repeat at point C. World Trade Center, New York.
  • 41. There are several features that Characterize Gothic construction. There is an overall feeling of verticality as architects tried to make the interiors as high as possible, as if reaching toward heaven. Chartres Cathedral
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  • 43. Chartres Cathedral, Nave with Labyrinth, 1194-1260
  • 44. Chartres, flying buttresses
  • 45. St. Etienne, Bourges
  • 46. Interior of Salisbury Cathedral
  • 47. Pillars carry most of the ceiling’s weight
  • 48. Fan Vaulting broke the vaulting into many umbrella spokes and also lightened the pressure of the ceiling
  • 49. Gargoyles: a protecting ornament on a building carved in the shape of a fantastic animal or grotesque creature; meant to look like spirits fleeing or being driven from the holy building, could also have been to entice non-believers to enter the cathedral.
  • 50. Can you guess were this gargoyle is located?
  • 51. If you guessed Parliament hill you were right! There are four gargoyles on the Peace Tower which are characteristic of Gothic Architecture.
  • 52. Rose Window: A large round stained glass window in the front of the church
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  • 56. In Italy Romanesque style dominated over Gothic. (Basilica San Francesco)
  • 57. The Capture of Christ A Fresco is a painting created when pigment is applied to a section of wall spread with fresh plaster. Fresco is the Italian word for “fresh” Fresco Upper Church of San Francesco, Assisi
  • 58. Madonna Enthroned with the Child, St Francis and four Angels (detail) 1278-80 Fresco, 73 x 60 cm (full painting: 320 x 340 cm
  • 59. Apocalyptical Christ (detail) 1280-83 Fresco, 350 x 300 cm Upper Church, San Francesco, Assisi
  • 60. St Matthew 1280-83 Fresco, Upper Church, San Francesco, Assisi
  • 61. The fresco decorations in the Arena Chapel at Padua have long been considered the greatest of Giotto's works, and one of the major turning points in the history of European painting.
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  • 63. Presentation of Christ
  • 64. The Birth of the Virgin
  • 65. The Vision of Joachim
  • 66. Madonna and Child (1320-30) Giotto. Lamentation 1305-1306
  • 67. Simone Martini. c. 1315 (or later). Tempera on wood. Louvre, Paris, France The Road to Calvary.
  • 68. Les très riches heures du Duc de Berry (The very rich book of hours) is the classic example of a medieval book of hours. Calendars, prayers, psalms and masses for certain holy days were commonly included. January The month of giving gifts
  • 69. April The arrival of spring, hope and new life August The month of hawking
  • 70. December February Winter in a peasant village .
  • 71. For more on medieval art http://witcombe.sbc.edu/ARTHmedieval.html