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Apex human capital index white paper

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APEX-Human Capital Index is an analytical tool that measures the value of human capital or talent pool in order to help service sector organizations analyse their talent capabilities and various other …

APEX-Human Capital Index is an analytical tool that measures the value of human capital or talent pool in order to help service sector organizations analyse their talent capabilities and various other critical and at times hidden aspects of human capital.
The objective of APEX-Human Capital Index is to provide a measurable and financially reliable tool for the interpretation of investments in Human Capital to returns on a consistent basis.

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  • 1. WhitepaperAPEX-Human Capital Index HumanAventus Partners
  • 2. APEX-Human Capital Index Whitepaper Valuation of Human Capital is a big challenge for any organization. As organizations focus more on leveraging their human capital, there is a need of a standard valuation tool for Human Capital. Human Capital as an asset class has the maximum impact on the value creating ability of an organization especially those rendering services. As popularly acknowledged it can also exit from the organization any time at its own will. At Aventus Partners, we have developed a human capital rating tool - the “APEX-Human Capital Index”. The objective of APEX-Human Capital Index is to provide a measurable and financially reliable tool for the interpretation of investments in Human Capital to returns on a consistent basis. The Index consists of a set of human capital ratios and financial ratios. Human capital parameters play a vital role in the composition of APEX-HC Index and make up for 2/3rd of the total point weightage. The APEX-Human Capital Index is measured for 300 scale points in rating pattern from AAA to D where AAA is the highest rating while D is the lowest rating. There are 7 key parameters that collectively make the index namely –  Work environment,  Organization pyramid dimensions,  Skill induction and development,  Remuneration,  Retention,  Human Capital contribution to business and  Financial performance. The Index is available on www.apexhc.com . 2
  • 3. APEX-Human Capital Index WhitepaperContentsBackground ................................................................................................................................................... 4APEX-The Aventus Partners Human Capital Index........................................................................................ 4Objective ....................................................................................................................................................... 5Methodology.................................................................................................................................................5Annexure –I (Sample Report)........................................................................................................................7 Year – 2006, Rating – BBB.........................................................................................................................7 Year – 2007, Rating – A ............................................................................................................................. 8 Year – 2008, Rating – A ............................................................................................................................. 8 Year – 2009, Rating – A ............................................................................................................................. 8 Year – 2010, Rating – BBB.........................................................................................................................9 Year – 2011, Rating – BBB.........................................................................................................................9Annexure –II................................................................................................................................................ 10Annexure –III...............................................................................................................................................10 3
  • 4. APEX-Human Capital Index WhitepaperBackgroundOrganizations frequently state that employees are their most valuable asset, and yet do not measureand record its value in their annual statements (annually/quarterly statements of financial position) andprovide little or no information on this “most valuable asset” to investors or the public. Regulatory authorities require extensive disclosure regarding all major assets including financial assets,physical assets, and technological/intellectual property such as patents. However, they do not requiredetailed disclosures of what, for most organizations, is their largest annual operating expense: theworkforce. This draws a line between the commonly reported asset classes and human capital andcreates the need for a method to measure the worth of organization based on its human capital value.Most organizations focus purely on ROI on capital deployed and do not measure human capital returnon investment (HCROI), although investment in human capital is a significant portion of theirinvestments .APEX-The Aventus Partners Human Capital IndexAPEX-HC is an analytical tool that measures the value of human capital or talent pool in order to helpservice sector organizations analyse their talent capabilities and various other critical and at timeshidden aspects of human capital. The tool can be effectively leveraged by the following groups ofprofessionals:  Business Leaders in the services domain to understand the performance of their Human Capital from the business indicators  HR Professionals to understand which areas of the Human Resources function need to be augmented/redesigned/better utilized  Banks and Financial Institutions, so as to understand how Human Capital contributes to the financial performance of Services organizations and thereby arrive at more robust lending mechanism norms for these organisations/sectors  Private Equity players, to arrive at an optimum price discovery mechanism on their investment strategies in the services domain  High Net Worth and Retail investors, to discover a new asset class with potential for performance and discover new strategies of investment 4
  • 5. APEX-Human Capital Index WhitepaperObjectiveThe objective of APEX-Human Capital Index is to provide a measurable and financially reliable tool forthe interpretation of investments in Human Capital to returns on a consistent basis.MethodologyAPEX-The Aventus Partners Human Capital Index consists of a set of human capital ratios and financialratios.Human capital parameters play a vital role in the composition of APEX-HC Index and make up for2/3rd of the total point weightage. Human capital ratios are clubbed under 6 key parameters whilefinancial ratios are clubbed under one parameter.Data is collected from audited financial statements such as the balance sheet, the profit and lossaccount, the cash flow statement and their schedules. Some human capital related data is also collectedfrom director’s reports’, management analysis section of annual reports’ and some from annexures.Data collection is followed by calculation of the ratios by putting the collected data under scrutiny.Calculated ratio values that are derived are arranged on a customized ratio scale for all the selectedyears and then added to get the index rating point for a single year.The range of a scale is based on theimportance of ratio to index, which is why rating points on the scale varies from ratio to ratio. Range of ascale varies from negative points to positive points, for instance if the scale is 9 for a ratio then the ratiowill be measured on the scale of -9 to +9 points based on the value of the ratio. If the value of a ratio isnegative, the rating will be measured on negative side and if ratio value is positive, rating will be onpositive. The sum of all the ratios scale is 300 points.To assign a ratio value on a scale we take maximumand minimum value of ratio from given data and assign the maximum value to the highest end of a scaleand assign negative values to the negative end of the scale. We also calculate the value of each keyparameter based on the sum of all the ratios which falls under a particular key parameter and thenassign a rank to it.The APEX-Human Capital Index is measured for 300 scale points in rating pattern from AAA to D whereAAA is the highest rating while D is the lowest rating1. There are 7 key parameters that collectively makethe index namely - Work environment, Organization pyramid dimensions, Skill induction anddevelopment, Remuneration, Retention, Human Capital contribution to business and financialperformance. These 7 key parameters are measured on weighted rating system which varies from “VeryGood” to “Very Low” based on the score of each parameter2. These 7 key parameters and the final indexranking make the output part of the index3. To measure an organizations’ human capital value, we1 Criteria of rating is given in Annexure-II2 Ranking criteria is given in Annexure-III3 Sample Output of index is in Annexure-I 5
  • 6. APEX-Human Capital Index Whitepaperrequire two or more years’ sequential data for that specific organization. In order carry out theorganization’s valuation we compare the rating of two companies for the same year and going deeper inthe valuation process we compare key parameters rankings. Both comparisons give us a clear picture ofcompany’s position in market in terms of human capital as well as effect of each key parameter onmarket position. 6
  • 7. APEX-Human Capital Index WhitepaperAnnexure –I (Sample Report) Company X Rating 300 270 240 210 180 150 120 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Rating PointsCompany X Rating report – Last six year rating of company X ranges from BBB – AYear – 2006, Rating – BBBCompany X made adequately high investment in Human capital which led to the adequately high level ofreturns. There is a lot of space for improvement of human resource policies and procedure andinvestment in human capital to move up to Rating AAA.Key components and their assessment – 1. Work Environment – Very Good 2. Organization Pyramid Dimensions – Average 3. Skill Induction and Development – Very Low 4. Remuneration – Very Good 5. Retention – Average 6. Contribution to Business – Very Good 7. Financial Performance – Very Good 7
  • 8. APEX-Human Capital Index WhitepaperYear – 2007, Rating – ACompany X made significant investment in Human capital which led to a high level of returns. There isroom for improvement of human resource policies and procedure and investment in human capital. Thequality of investment made in human capital is good.Key components and their assessment – 1. Work Environment – Good 2. Organization Pyramid Dimensions – Good 3. Skill Induction and Development – Low 4. Remuneration – Very Good 5. Retention – Good 6. Contribution to Business – Very Good 7. Financial Performance – GoodYear – 2008, Rating – ACompany X made a high investment in Human capital which led to a high level of returns. There is aspace for improvement of human resource policies and procedure and investment in human capital. Thequality of investment made in human capital is good.Key components and their assessment – 1. Work Environment – Good 2. Organization Pyramid Dimensions – Good 3. Skill Induction and Development – Good 4. Remuneration – Very Good 5. Retention – Average 6. Contribution to Business – Very Good 7. Financial Performance – GoodYear – 2009, Rating – ACompany X made a high investment in Human capital which led to a high level of returns. There is aspace for improvement of human resource policies and procedure and investment in human capital. Thequality of investment made in human capital is good.Key components and their assessment – 1. Work Environment – Good 2. Organization Pyramid Dimensions – Very Good 3. Skill Induction and Development – Good 4. Remuneration – Good 5. Retention – Average 6. Contribution to Business – Very Good 7. Financial Performance – Good 8
  • 9. APEX-Human Capital Index WhitepaperYear – 2010, Rating – BBBCompany X made adequately high investment in Human capital which led to the adequately high level ofreturns. There is a lot of space for improvement of human resource policies and procedure andinvestment in human capital to move up to Rating AAA.Key components and their assessment – 1. Work Environment – Good 2. Organization Pyramid Dimensions – Average 3. Skill Induction and Development – Very Good 4. Remuneration – Good 5. Retention – Average 6. Contribution to Business – Very Good 7. Financial Performance – GoodYear – 2011, Rating – BBBCompany X made adequately high investment in Human capital which led to the adequately high level ofreturns. There is a lot of space for improvement of human resource policies and procedure andinvestment in human capital to move up to Rating AAA.Key components and their assessment – 1. Work Environment – Average 2. Organization Pyramid Dimensions – Low 3. Skill Induction and Development – Very Good 4. Remuneration – Good 5. Retention – Low 6. Contribution to Business – Very Good 7. Financial Performance – Good 9
  • 10. APEX-Human Capital Index WhitepaperAnnexure –IIAPEX-Human Capital Index rating criteria – Rating Criteria (Maximum 300 points) AAA ≥271 AA ≥241 A ≥211 BBB ≥181 BB ≥151 B ≥121 CCC ≥91 CC ≥61 C ≥31 D <31Annexure –IIIKey Parameter ranking criteria – Rank Criteria Very Good ≥81% Good ≥61% Average ≥41% Low ≥21% Very Low <21% 10
  • 11. APEX-Human Capital Index Whitepaper  Aventus Human Capital Partners LLP 40/48, Ground Floor, Pocket 40, EPDP Road, CR Park, New Delhi-110019 Phone +91 11 40561242-45 Fax +91 11 40561241 www.aventus.in Delhi I Bangalore I KochiAll information contained in this document is sourced from our clients or other public sources. It may include opinions of AventusPartners and its clients as well. While every effort is made to achieve accuracy in the information contained in this documentAventus Partners is not legally responsible for any content of this document or any consequent actions. We advise that all personsreading this document make their own judgments’ and seek any information desired by them from their own sources.© 2012, Aventus Partners 11