Linking the world one computer at a time
• Basic overview of the Internet
• Demonstrate techniques of Internet use, including
searching, downloading files & programs and media viewing
• Define things facilitated on the Internet including social networks, e-
mail and chats, Voice over protocol applications and blogs
• Describe how to connect to the Internet from your home, and the use
of hardware including modem, router and wireless card
• Identify key areas of the web browser
• Demonstrate understanding of a web browser while performing tasks
related to the browser including links, bookmarks, privacy, browsing
history, tabs, downloading and plugins
Lesson 1: Internet Overview
• A network is a group of two or more computers networked together
• The Internet is the largest computer network in the world.
Two types of computer network:
1. Local Area Network (LAN): 2 or more connected computers sharing
resources in a defined area.
2. Wide Area Network (WAN): 2 or more LANs. The computers are linked by
telephone lines or radio waves. The Internet is the largest WAN in existence.
Activity: What does your network look like? Click
Start>Control Panel>Network and Internet> View network
status and tasks
Demonstration: My home network:
Question: What type of network are you connected to?
Internet Overview (continued)
Servers and Clients:
• A server holds information and software so that other computers can
access it. Websites are stored on servers.
• When you access a webpage, your computer is a client. The client
runs software which allows it to see the information. An example of
software includes web browsers or e-mail software.
• When you want to access a webpage, your computer requests data
from the server where the webpage is stored. The server then
processes the request, and sends it to your computer, where it is
Internet Overview (continued)
WWW and the Internet
• Not exactly the same. Internet refers to the physical network of the
computers (the hardware) and the World Wide Web (www) refers to the
virtual network of web sites on the Internet. These websites are connected
by hyperlinks (links). If you see text highlighted, in blue and underlined, or
perhaps just a different color, the text may actually be a link which, if
clicked, will take you to a website.
• HTML is the language that webpages use. HTML allows the webpage to
show not only text, but also images and other types of media.
• The Uniform Resource Locator (URL) is also known as the web address. If
there is no link to click, you will type the web address into the browser.
Lesson 2: Internet in Action
• A search engine allows you to do a search of all types of media on the web.
There are many types of search engines. Google is the most well-known, but
other search engines include Bing, Yahoo, Excite, Dogpile, WebCrawler and
• Social networks are one of the main ways that people communicate online.
Social networks include Facebook, Twitter, Linked In, Pinterest and more.
Each social network has a different look, and a slightly different focus.
Privacy is a factor in social networks. There are ways to increase your
privacy while using them.
Internet in Action (continued)
Chats and Instant Messaging:
• These are no longer limited to e-mail and the phone. Some servers allow
instant messaging while on their site (Gmail, Facebook), where you can chat
within the browser. If they are not there, you can leave them a message and
they can retrieve it when you are online again.
Voice Over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
• VoIP allows you telephone service through your internet connection. This is
the way that Skype and Facebook video calling work. It does require that
both users are on the same program (Facebook, Skype), and you do need an
Internet connection for it to work.
• A blog can be an online journal, or it can be a way to promote your
knowledge or business. There are sites which allow you to create a blog for
free. These sites may even offer a simple template, so that all you have to do
is add your own content.
Internet in Action (continued)
Media on the Internet:
• You can listen to radio or watch TV on your computer. In this case, the
media is downloading as it is playing.
• Examples include Pandora (music), ESPN3 (sports) and news (CNN Live).
• For the summer 2012 Olympics, NBC did an excellent job of live sports
• Caution on some of the sites: streaming may be unreliable if many users are
online. They are also more vulnerable to hackers. You need a good network
connection with high bandwidth to work with streaming media. Also, higher
resolution (HD) requires more bandwidth than lower resolution.
Lesson 3: Connecting to the Internet
• Wired (modem only) and wireless (modem plus router, or modem plus
• 2 types:
Dial up (slower, connects through existing phone lines, requires phone
service, you can’t use internet and phone at the same time))
DSL, Cable (also referred to as broadband)
• DSL- phone line (connects through phone line, but you don’t necessarily need phone
service, can use Internet and phone at same time, unavailable in many locations)
• Cable- cable TV connection (uses cable connection, but not necessarily a Cable TV
subscription. Only available where cable is available.
• Satellite is another option, not as good because data is delayed.
However, doesn’t require phone or cable lines and can be used almost
anywhere in the world.
Connecting to the Internet (cont.)
• 3G and 4G are wireless connections used with smartphones but may
also be used in the home. In some cases, it may be an alternative to
DSL and cable. 3G may not be as fast as your DSL or Cable.
• An ISP (internet service provider) sells the Internet connection.
Examples: Cox, Time Warner, AT&T. The ISP will provide
instructions on connecting to the Internet. They may provide a
modem for a fee, or you may choose to purchase your own.
Connects from the wall (cable or phone) to the modem to the computer
using an Ethernet cable.
Connecting to the Internet (cont.)
• A wireless home network (WiFi) attaches a wireless router to the modem, which then
allows the signal to be broadcasted through your home. Some modems have a
wireless router built in. You will name your network (also known as an SSID). You
should set up a secure wireless password. Make sure to write it down so you can find
• To use the wireless network, go to your device, look for the WiFi heading, look for
available networks, find your network (which you named with the SSID), and type in the
password. It will remember this password for you.
• If a device needs a wire, you can plug it directly into the router with an Ethernet cable,
or you can purchase a wireless card and install it into your computer.
Connecting in the home
Home network setup:
1. Connect the modem to the cable or phone.
2. Connect the router to the modem. Make sure it is turned on.
3. Connect all non-wireless devices using an Ethernet cable.
4. From your computer, create the SSID and password for your router.
5. On each wireless device, go to network settings and select the name
of the network and then type in the password.
Lesson 4: Web browsers & sites
• Web browsers allow you to access the WWW. Examples include Internet
Explorer, Firefox, Google Chrome and Safari. All are free to use. They all
use a graphical user interface (GUI) which means you can point and click
with a mouse instead of typing.
• Terminology: (See next screen for visual)
– title bar (at the top of the browser, often on a tab)
– tool bar, (just under title bar, includes back and front arrows, refresh, etc.)
– address field (place to input your website address)
– search box (quick search, Chrome does not have separate search box)
– status bar (at bottom of screen, shows URL of what your mouse is hovering over, also shows
progress of loading)
– tabs (reflect each of the web pages that are open)
– scroll bar (depending on the web page, might have them on the side, below or both)
Web browser demonstration
Web browsers: Demonstrate how to…
• Type an address into the address field (gcflearnfree.org)
• Click on a link
• Go back to the original page (back button)
• Open another link in a “new tab” (right click on link, then
click “open in new tab”)
• Mark a page as favorites (Click on the Star in Internet
Explorer, or click on the star in the web browser in
• Using the search bar, look for information on dogs
Web page demonstration & Tabs
Web page: Demonstrate how to… (See next page for visual)
• Go to National Institute of Health (http://nih.gov/)
• Find the search box
• Find the web address
• Find some social plugins
• Find the Contact us page
• Find the FAQ page
• Find the “about us” page
Web browser: Demonstrate using tabs
• From a link on the NIH page, right click and then select Open in a new tab.
• From your browser, click on the little box next to the window that is open.
• Close a tab by clicking on the x on the corner of the tab.
Web browsers Privacy & deleting
Web browser privacy: Demonstrate how to turn on privacy
• To turn off features that send information in IE, click the wrench>options>privacy>”turn
off features that send information
• For anonymous browsing (shopping for a gift, sharing a computer) use InPrivate
– For IE, you can initiate it from opening a new tab and clicking on “InPrivate
Browsing”, or by clicking Ctrl+Shift+P.
– For Chrome, click on the wrench and select “New incognito window”.
Web browser: Demonstrate how to find and delete history
• In Internet Explorer, click on Favorites and click History
• In Google Chrome, click on the wrench in the corner
• Show how to delete your browsing history if you want:
– Internet Explorer: Click Tools and then Internet Options, then either delete or manage your
history. Is your IE toolbar missing? Press ALT on your keyboard and it will appear.
– Google Chrome: Click on history, and then click on the sites you want to delete the history for
and click “remove selected items” or click “clear all browsing data”
Downloading files and folders
Demonstrate how to download files
• Downloading allows you to put a file on your computer so you can access it
while you are offline. Demonstrate how to download a PDF file (Go to
Bayside’s calendar, and download) (baysidecc.org, click on calendar)
• Download a picture. Right click on a picture. Click “save image as”. Note
you get the same windows explorer menu opening, but you are now in a
pictures library (probably). Again, use a folder or make a new one, name
your picture, and put it in the folder.
Demonstrate how to download a program
• You want a program to scan your computer one time, since you think you
may have a virus. Microsoft has a program called “Security Scanner”
• Find it by Googling “Microsoft security scanner”
• What are the reliable sources? Are they the first ones you see?
• Download and run
• We looked at the Internet, and how it connects at home.
• We discussed terminology related to the Internet
• We looked at some of the components of the Internet, such as
blogging, social media, and TV on the computer.
• We practiced tools and tricks on the web browser.
• Next week, we will look at communicating online which includes a
closer look at e-mail, sharing photos and videos, social networking
Note: Much of this information was found on GCFLearnFree.org, an
excellent site for learning anything. It does an especially good job at
explaining computers and all of the things related to computers. To view
their computer tutorials, visit: http://www.gcflearnfree.org/computers