Osteoarthritis

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What is it, what can you do for it. Clue: Exercise!

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Osteoarthritis

  1. 1. Description and Images Osteoarthritis
  2. 2. What is it?  Chronic disease  Breakdown of cartilage, causing pain as bones rub together  Can damage ligaments, menisci and muscles
  3. 3. Two types  Primary (associate with aging & wear and tear)  Secondary (can develop early in life, result of injury or obesity)
  4. 4. Symptoms  Pain  Tenderness  Stiffness  Loss of flexibility  Grating sensation  Bone spurs
  5. 5. Risk factors  Age  Sex (women more likely)  Bone deformities  Joint injuries  Obesity  Occupations (repetitive stress)  Other diseases (diabetes, thyroid, gout)
  6. 6. Exercise  Exercise is the best thing you can do!  Combination of moderate intensity exercise regime of strength training and aerobic like cycling, walking or swimming
  7. 7. Benefits of exercise  Decreased inflammation  Decreased pain and symptoms  Improved mobility and functional capacity with reduced fall risk  Decreased risk of diabetes, cardiovascular disease and cancers
  8. 8. Best resistance type exercises (According to Research)  Supine hip abduction  Prone hip extension  Sitting hip flexion  Sitting knee extension
  9. 9. Supine hip extension
  10. 10. Prone hip extension
  11. 11. Sitting hip flexion
  12. 12. Sitting knee extension
  13. 13. Pictures of OA…General
  14. 14. More pictures (specific)
  15. 15. More pictures

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