Copyright (feb. 14, 2011)


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Copyright (feb. 14, 2011)

  1. 1. CopyrightHomework review<br />COMM 502 W2011, February 14, 2011<br />
  2. 2. Intangible (immaterial) propertyProperty that a person cannot touch or hold or lock away for safekeeping<br />
  3. 3. CopyrightArea of law dealing with intangible property<br />
  4. 4. PatentGives the inventor a monopoly on selling the product for 20 years<br />
  5. 5. patents<br />3 kinds of patents:<br />patents on inventions with utility<br />patents on designs<br />patents that protect plants<br />
  6. 6. TrademarkAny word, symbol or device (or combination of the three) that differentiates an individual/company’s goods from competitors<br />
  7. 7. Trademarks stop confusion in the marketplace<br />
  8. 8. trademark<br />4 functions of a trademark<br />Distinguish one seller’s goods from another’s<br />Indicate that all trademarked goods come from a single source<br />Indicate that all trademarked goods are of equal quality<br />Prime instrument in advertising/selling<br />
  9. 9. Plagiarism<br />The act of taking ideas, thoughts or words from another and passing them off as your own<br />
  10. 10. plagiarism<br /><ul><li>Plagiarism cases arise from news stories, but also from books, motion picture and television scripts and other media
  11. 11. Most plagiarism cases are resolved outside of the legal system</li></li></ul><li>
  12. 12. Copyright law in england<br />
  13. 13. Copyright law in us<br />
  14. 14. Copyright: 6 rights<br />The right of reproduction of the work<br />The right of preparation of derivative works<br />The right of public distribution of the work<br />(cont)<br />
  15. 15. Copyright: 6 rights (cont)<br />The right of public performance of the work<br />The right of public display of the work<br />The right of public digital performance of a sound recording<br />
  16. 16. What can be copyrighted<br />Literary or musical works<br />Dramatic works, including accompanying music<br />Pantomimes and choreographic works<br />Pictorial, graphic and sculptural works<br />Motion pictures<br />Sound recordings<br />
  17. 17. What cannot be copyrighted<br />Trivial materials such as titles or slogans<br />Ideas<br />Facts<br />Utilitarian goods<br />Methods, systems, mathematical principles, formulas and equations<br />
  18. 18. FeistPublications, Inc. v. Rural Telephone Service Co., Inc. (1991)<br /><ul><li>The U.S. Supreme Court rejected the “sweat of the brow” doctrine
  19. 19. While some new compilations of facts may be protected by copyright, there was no novelty or originality in the compilation of these materials (a telephone book)</li></li></ul><li>Only those databases (electronic or print) in which factual items are organized in some novel manner can be copyrightedE.g., Lexis<br />
  20. 20. Duration of copyright<br /><ul><li>Before January 1, 1978 - 95 years
  21. 21. After 1978 - life of the author or creator plus 70 years</li></li></ul><li>Duration of copyright<br /><ul><li>Works created by more than one person - the life of the last living creator plus 70 years
  22. 22. Works for hire - 95 years after publication</li></li></ul><li>Fair UsePermits limited copying of an original creation that has been properly copyrighted and has not yet fallen into the public domain<br />
  23. 23. factors<br />Purpose and character of use<br />Nature of the copyrighted work<br />Amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole<br />Effect of the use on the potential market for/value of the copyrighted work<br />
  24. 24. Nature of the copyrighted work<br />Courts ask:<br />Is the copyrighted work still available?<br />Is the copyrighted work a consumable work?<br />IS the work informative/creative?<br />Is the work published or unpublished?<br />
  25. 25. Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA)Criminalized acts of circumventing access control (including DRM control)<br />