Behaviorism What is Behaviorism? Who are behaviorist theorists? Use in classroom Use in MY classroom
What is Behaviorism? Learning theory that students are shaped by environment Two types of associative learning: classical conditioning & operant conditioning Classical conditioning evokes an automatic response to a stimulus Operant conditioning is controlled learning with behavior shaped through stimulus- response patternsWhat is Behaviorism (cont.)
What is Behaviorism (cont.) Theory states that psychological disorders can be treated by alternating behavior Reinforcement should be seen as a motivator Behaviorism can be learned from one another, without reward and reinforcement Bandura’s social learning theory bridged behaviorism and cognitive theoriesMain Menu
Behaviorist Theorists Ivan Pavlov Classic conditioning Trained dog to salivate with sound of bell when food with providing food John B. Watson provided human applications Trained an infant to be afraid of mice by associating rodent with a loud noise B.F. Skinner Operant conditioning Reward for achievement in desiredBehaviorist Theorists (cont.) behavior
Behaviorist Theorists (cont.) B.F. Skinner (cont.) Positive behavior is reinforced with reward Negative behavior is extinguished with consequences Albert Bandura Social learning theory Behavior is observed from others, parents & teachers Use in marketing- if it’s popular, people must buy itMain Menu
Classroom Use Teachers reward students with extrinsic motivation (gestures, praise, point systems, and grades) Students gain intrinsic motivation (self- satisfaction) Computer software provides positive, visual feedback for correct response Successful behaviorism allows for shift from extrinsic motivation to intrinsic motivationClassroom Use (cont.)
Classroom Use (cont.) Teachers use consequences and discipline to correct student behavior Computer software provides visually negative feedback to incorrect responses Students are placed in time out or separated from group/friends when behavior is negative This makes students attempt to correct behaviorMain Menu
Use in MY classroom Seek to teach elementary school Students can still be focused primarily on extrinsic motivation Allow for ample amounts of positive reinforcement Not just with academics, but with social characteristics and personal values (honesty, respect, responsibility)Use in MY Classroom (cont.)
Use in MY classroom (cont.) Help achieve intrinsic motivation Slowly lessen extrinsic rewards as school year goes along Make sure that computer software used allows visual and auditory rewards Focus on social learning theory Strong belief that students will learn from teacher i.e. If teacher cleans up mess, students will end up helping or clean up next time aroundMain Menu
Credits Images obtained from clipart gallery in Microsoft Office Teachers, Schools, and Society: A Brief Introduction to Education Teachers Discovering Computers: Integrating Technology in a Connected World http://www.learning-theories.com/ http://www.learningandteaching.info/learning /behaviour.htm
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