Enabling this growth is the UMTS/HSPA technology which is firmly established as the high speed advanced technology roadmap for 2.5 billion customers served by GSM operators worldwide. The GSM technology family represents 85% of the world's wireless subscribers. Operators have aggressively rolled out HSDPA in the last twelve months to serve the growing demands for advanced wireless data services. The number of operator deployments of HSDPA has increased by 200% in the last year, from 41 HSDPA networks to 127 commercial HSDPA networks today in 60 countries. Overall, there are 174 total deployments of UMTS technology in 73 countries and more than 250 commercial HSDPA devices available worldwide today. Several HSUPA networks have been initially deployed in Asia and Europe, and it is expected that most UMTS/HSDPA operators will deploy HSUPA, with a high volume of deployments occurring in 2008. With a wide variety of devices and worldwide network deployments in place, customers are pushing for speed and applications to satisfy their demand for services such as, web browsing, email, mobile payments, interactive gaming and video sharing. In fact, Informa Telecoms & Media estimates that there are nearly 135 million UMTS customers worldwide today, millions of whom are enjoying the benefits of the HSDPA enhancement, and these numbers are quickly growing.
iBurst (or HC-SDMA , High Capacity Spatial Division Multiple Access) is a wireless broadband technology developed by ArrayComm . It optimizes the use of its bandwidth with the help of smart antennas. Kyocera is the leading manufacturer of iBurst devices.
“ While the market for service provider VoIP equipment has dramatically slowed over the past year, the IMS equipment market is thriving, led by continued adoption of VoIP services around the world and by service providers migrating their VoIP networks to IMS. While the IMS equipment market is small at this point, 2Q09 was an incredibly strong quarter that bodes well for the rest of the year. We are expecting explosive growth in the IMS market in 2009,&quot; says Diane Myers , directing analyst for service provider Voip and IMS at Infonetics Research . IMS EQUIPMENT MARKET HIGHLIGHTS Worldwide sales of IMS equipment jumped 108% between 1Q09 and 2Q09, to $164 million While Ericsson has long led the IMS market in overall number of network deployments, Huawei, Nokia Siemens, and Alcatel-Lucent are providing serious competition Fixed-line VoIP remains the primary application deployed over IMS, with high levels of adoption in EMEA Mobility leads the way for future applications enabled by IMS networks Top applications service providers plan to implement include FMC, mobile presence, and mobile messaging
Worldwide sales of IMS (IP multimedia subsystem) equipment, including HSS (home subscriber servers) and CSCF servers, nearly doubled in 2008 over 2007, up 94% Fixed-line VoIP remains the primary application deployed over IMS Long-term growth of IMS-based subscribers will be fueled by the availability of integrated, rich media services Rich Communication Services (RCS) will be an important catalyst that shifts the IMS market from its current fixed-line VoIP-based focus to mobile networks, with the goal of delivering integrated communications with standardized devices Unlike many other markets during the worldwide economic crisis, the IMS equipment market is expected to grow in 2009 and 2010 While IMS will never completely replace standalone VoIP networks, the IMS equipment market is expected to grow swiftly through 2013, when it will top $2.3 billion Infonetics’ IMS Deployment Tracker shows Ericsson, Alcatel-Lucent, Nokia Siemens, NEC, and Huawei leading the way with core IMS equipment
Operators are issuing RFPs for large portions of the network, not specific elements. In order to succeed during the initial LTE network deployments we need a more complete, consolidation solution addressing more than just point products in the network. LTE will add, not ease, complexity over the next several years as operators must continue to support CS and legacy PS networks in parallel to new LTE+EPC. Consolidation of functionality on single platforms (HLR+HSS, SGSN+MME, PDN-GW+GGSN) will help keep operations costs from escalating Data consolidation across multiple generations of network elements will provide more significant savings in terms of easing provisioning, migration, etc.
http://www.toysgadget.com/gadgets-and-toys/lte Samsung is demonstrating the world’s first Long Term Evolution (LTE) netbook PC at Mobile World Congress 2010. Samsung’s own in-house designed LTE modem chipset, Kalmia, enabled the development of a small form factor netbook with LTE capability. The Samsung netbook N150 is currently available in market with HSPA 3G communications and WiFi access and will become commercially available with LTE according to service schedule and market demand. Alongside the world’s first demonstration of the LTE netbook N150, Samsung also showcased an extensive line-up of netbook and note PCs at the show including N210, N220 and NB30.
MME: - Mobility Management Entity MME is a control entity, which means it’s completely responsible for all the control plane operations. All the NAS signaling originates at UE and terminates in MME. MME does tracking area list management, selection of PGW/SGW and also selection of other MME during handovers. It is the first contact point for the 2G and 3G networks. MME is also responsible for SGSN selection during LTE to 2G/3G handovers. The UE is also authenticated by MME. All signaling traffic flow through MME so the same can lawfully intercepted. MME is also responsible for bearer management functions including establishment of dedicated bearers. SGW: - Serving Gateway Serving gateway terminates the interface towards EUTRAN. For each UE associated with EPS, at a given point of time, there is a single Serving GW. SGW acts a local mobility anchor for inter eNB handovers. It also acts a mobility anchor for inter 3GPP mobility. SGW is responsible for packet routeing and forwarding, buffering the downlink packets and lawful interception. As eNB is responsible for uplink packet marking, SGW is responsible for downlink packet marking. One way to do this is mark the Diffserv field is IP packet based on QCI field. If the S5/S8 interface is PMIP based then SGW acts a Mobility Anchor Gateway (MAG). All the MAG responsibilities can be assigned to SGW. It is also responsible for assigning a GRE key that can be used by PGW in downlink. For a MAG of non trusted 3GPP access SGW acts as LMA. PGW: - PDN Gateway PGW terminates SGi interface towards the PDN. PGW is responsible for all the IP packet based operations such as deep packet inspection, UE IP address allocation, Transport level packet marking in uplink and downlink, accounting etc. PGW contacts PCRF to determine the QoS for bearers. It is also responsible for UL and DL rate enforcement based on APN-AMBR. It is synonymous to GGSN of pre release 8 networks. For PMIP based S5/S8 interface PGW acts as LMA. It is responsible for assigning IP address to UE, and also GRE Key to SGW that should be used in uplink.
3G, 4G, LTE, IMS, IPTV, SDP and Web 2.0 Next generation network and services 2010 Telecom Master Class IMS and SDP
Big Forces PEOPLE One World Culture Technology Savy Opportunist BROADBAND Everywhere Always on Cheap DEVICE Connected Ubiquitous Fancy SERVICE Personalized Innovative On demand
Number of PCs ww over 1Billion and to hit 2B by 2015
15 billion intelligent, connected devices by the year 2015¹ - IDC Jan09
capacity in broadband access networks to homes and businesses must expand by a factor of between 10 and 100 over the next few years
by 2015 annual U.S. Internet and IP traffic will reach 1,000 exabytes, or one zettabyte, which is one million million billion bytes of data. A zettabyte is roughly equivalent to 50 million Libraries of Congress
AT&T CTO John Donovan disclosed that Wireless Data Volume growth for the company stands at 4932% over 12 quarters – oct 09
FTTH : a 100 trillion investment opportunity
By 2015, 40% of workers in the US will be remote from home (Wendell Cox)
most operators still earn 70% of their revenue from voice and SMS services
2009 will generate around 4.5-5 trillion SMS messages across the globe
Revenue from mobile IMS (IP Multimedia Subsystem) sales is expected to increase more than 100% over the next five years, according to ABI Research. Approximately $8.4 billion was spent on IMS during 2009. According to principal analyst Aditya Kaul, that figure will rise to $17.3 billion in 2014.
a group of operators and OEMs -- AT&T, Orange, Telefonica, TeliaSonera, Verizon, Vodafone, Alcatel-Lucent, Ericsson, Nokia Siemens Networks, Nokia, Samsung and Sony Ericsson - has agreed on the "One Voice Profile," a standard that defines a viable solution for voice in LTE
the number of bytes of data traffic carried by mobile packet core networks worldwide will result in a yearly doubling of data traffic from almost 400 petabytes (400 million gigabytes) a year in 2009 to almost 2,000 petabytes (2 billion gigabytes) a year by 2011, bypassing the estimated volume of voice traffic (1,200 petabytes).“
3G and IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) Market Evolution Overview
Going to 4G 802.11n (smart antennas) 802.11 Mesh extns. Local Area Fixed Wide Area Mobile Coverage/Mobility Metro Area Nomadic 802.16 (Fixed LOS) 802.16a/d (Fixed NLOS) 802.11b/a/g Mobile Industry Fixed Wireless Industry Data Rates (kbps) 3GPP2 GSM UMTS HSPA GPRS EDGE LTE 3GPP MOBILE BROADBAND DSL Experience Dial Up Higher Data Rate / Lower Cost per Bit 802.16e (Mobile WIMAX) 4G Air Interfaces March 22, 2010 CDMA 2000-1X HRPDA 1x EVDO 1x EVDV Rel. C 1x EVDV Rel. D
Different technologies Code division multiple access Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing Time division multiple access (US)
Towards LTE HSDPA ( High-Speed Downlink Packet Access ) : 1.8, 3.6, 7.2 and 14.4 Mbps – HSDPA+ : 42Mbps HSOPA ( High Speed OFDM Packet Access ) : 100Mb downlink, 50Mb uplink Latency could be as low as 20ms LTE
Comparison of Mobile Internet Access methods 0.144 0.144 CDMA Mobile phone CDMA2000 1xRTT >50 >100 OFDMA / MIMO / SC-FDMA ( HSOPA ) General 4G UMTS/4GSM LTE UMTS 16 16 CDMA / TDD Mobile Internet UMTS/3GSM UMTS-TDD 0.384 5.76 11.5 0.384 14.4 42 CDMA / FDD CDMA/FDD/ MIMO Mobile phone UMTS/3GSM UMTS W-CDMA HSDPA + HSUPA HSPA+ 0.9 1.9 TDMA / FDD Mobile Internet GSM EDGE Evolution 64 64 HC-SDMA / TDD / MIMO Mobile Internet iBurst 802.20 iBurst 50 50 OFDMA Mobile Internet WiBro WiBro 56.9 56.9 OFDM Mobile Internet HIPERMAN HIPERMAN 70 70 MIMO-SOFDMA Mobile Internet WiMAX 802.16e Uplink (Mbps) Downlink (Mbps) Radio Tech Primary Use Family Standard
3GPP requirements per Service Ex: 1 st person shooter game
Comparison of latency What is Latency? 1. The time it takes for a packet to cross a network connection, from sender to receiver. 2. The period of time that a frame is held by a network device before it is forwarded. Two of the most important parameters of a communications channel are its latency, which should be low, and its bandwidth , which should be high. Latency is particularly important for a synchronous protocol where each packet must be acknowledged before the next can be transmitted. Ex- Latency for satellite connections is very high due to the distance the satellites are from earth. One-way systems typically get pings in 450ms about average and two-way systems in 850ms about average. -> ok for internet, IMS (ex:msn) but not for shooting games for instance, or VOIP (some companies have enhanced that though to provide VOIP over satellite) For IP telephony to be successful, VoIP latency target is 150ms or less
Scheduling Decentralised fast scheduling and retransmission, proportional fair scheduler – exploit short-term variations (channel dependent scheduling for multi-user diversity gain) but maintain long-term fairness Fast data scheduling, DL and UL, dynamic resource allocation, QoS oriented, frequency selective scheduling; current implementations may require increased interference margins Efficient scheduling / data multiplexing, ~100% efficiency target (channel and queue aware scheduling in frequency or spatial domain)
IMS market size Informa IMS - IMS market to Reach $4.5B by 2010 - source Informa March 06 - 39 million users will adopt IMS-based services in the fixed market, by 2011. This compares with the 188 million in the mobile sector. Key early services will include VoIP and IPTV in the fixed environment and Push over Cellular and Instant Messaging in the mobile market Source : Venture, August 2005 = 2.6B$ in 2008
Capex-Opex versus Revenues drives IMS Time Dollars Revenue Expenses Source: BT Group CTO Matt Bross SDP & IMS SDP & IMS IMS Invest to Save Invest to Grow
standards activities An open architecture for communication services Next Generation Networks I M S Enterprise Communication Mobile Web Initiative Mobility Applications Coexistence NGN Integrated service delivery plane Multimedia connectivity Adaptive platforms input input drive drive Joined April 2005 TR45.2 => Fixed and Mobile networks adopt IMS Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards Telecommunications Industry Association 3 rd G Partnership Project Internet Engineering Task Force Telecommunications and Internet converged Services & Protocols for Advanced Networking European Telecommunications Standards Institute
Data obtained from Frost &Sullivan Report “ IMS Ready for Primetime” – Feb. 07
Viable IMS Applications by Segment March 22, 2010
Data obtained from Frost &Sullivan Report “ IMS Ready for Primetime” – Feb. 07
X X X 32% Rich Voice (enhanced QoS) X X X 29% Audio Streaming X X X 48% Video Streaming (Push to see,mobile video,etc.) X 55% IP - Centrex X X 75% FMC – Seamless Roaming Application %** Wireless Wireline Cable Instant Multimedia Messaging 73% X X X Video Telephony (mobile video/TV) 68% X X X Interactive Gaming 38% X X X Push to Talk (POC) 33% X Location Services 28% X Push to talk enhanced (QoS) for Enterprise ------ X Cable Applications – Caller ID, Presence change, etc. ------ X
Devices MWC – Huawei 1st triple-mode LTE modem. E398 LTE device is backwards compatible with 3G UMTS and 2G GSM technology. MWC – SamSung LTE Laptop N150 using Samsung own LTE chipset LG LTE Modem gets japanese Certification. LG already got FCC certification with 2 other LTE modem Samsung LTE dongle Available for Telia Sonera
Microsoft Mediaroom (formerly Microsoft TV IPTV Edition),
Minerva Networks iTV Manager,
Nokia Siemens Networks’ Myrio platform,
Orca Interactive RiGHTv,
Quative TV Service Delivery Platform,
SeaChange TV Platform,
Thomson SmartVision TV,
Microsoft Mediaroom Evolution of MSTV edition platform. announced on June 18 , 2007 , has been adopted by AT&T (U.S.), BT (UK), SingTel (Singapore), T-Home (Germany) and Reliance (India) as their IPTV delivery platform. The software is slated to be ported for the Xbox 360 platform soon.
M2M Market Dynamics: sizes & trends September 28, 2009 55M SIM cards in 2009 to 180M in 2013 at 30% CAGR Very little reliable ARPU price point (between $4.5 and $30 a month), leading to a market size ranging between $810M and $5.4B in 2013 (source: Berg Insight)
In 2008 , M2M market is composed as:
$2.4B for wireless SP ,
$6.4B for vertical platform & components
$43B for value added services (applications)
with a CAGR over 30% in all segments
(source: Harbor Research institute)
The M2M solution market is organized in silos with specialized players, devices and extremely fragmented value chain and high costs per device
The emergence of IP-enabled smart grid and sensors, evolution of standards and new domains of application will help breaking silos leading to consolidation and more compact value chain
Market Dynamics: segments September 28, 2009 Smart Metering Monopolize most of industry’s attention due to size of opportunity Still non-proven market for Communication Service Providers. Very little added value. Government or Regulatory driven opportunity eHealth keep dependant people (elderly, children, sick…) safe at home Mid-term opportunity (2-3 years) Complex value chain. Price point $1 per day per monitored pathology Home / Building automation
Leverage SP presence in homes (through STB)
Home security (video surveillance, fire/flood prevention, intrusion detection…)
Home (appliances control, energy consumption monitoring…)
Transportation Current M2M business is here – mostly fleet management Dedicated On Board Unit (GPS + SIM) and application infrastructure on top of existing cellular infrastructure Urban Management Better use of collective resources (lights, waste collection, cities…) Research area for future use of M2M infrastructure when deployed TI and Orange are very active in that domain M2M platforms M2M requires an adaptation of OSS and BSS systems of SP Device proliferation will incur major transformation in the communication infrastructure
M2M WIFI LAN ZigBee LAN Digital Content Management Video Surveillance PCs Smart Plugs Smoke detector & Heat sensor Motion detectors Temperature & Humidity sensor Windows/doors contactors Temperature Lights Appliances Metering Energy consumption Fire Detection Intrusion detection Storage Accounting Content Applications Identity Devices Application Infrastructure End User Doctor / Hospital Police Telecom Infrastructure Gateway Gateway Street lights management Waste collection management Public transportation management Air Quality Control City Hall Local authorities Call Center Healthcare
Wave IV: 2011-2016 Measured, Monitored, Managed Business Processes The focus of SaaS shifts over time from cost-effective delivery of stand-alone application services (Wave I), to integrated business solutions enabled by web services APIs and ESBs (Wave II), to workflow- and collaboration-enabled business transformation (Wave III), leading to measured, monitored and managed business processes (Wave IV). By 2012, Cloud Computing will capture at least twenty five percent of IT spending growth. 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2004 2005 2014 2015 2016 2003
SaaS Technology Considerations Page: Source: Saugatuck Technology Inc., 2009 SaaS Survey (Dec ‘08), N=1788 Technology Considerations United States Europe Asia Robust backup/recovery capabilities 69.8% 61.0% 73.5% Robust disaster recovery capabilities 67.8% 57.6% 71.8% Software development platform & tools 51.4% 49.9% 63.5% Web Services API 49.0% 46.6% 61.7% SLA compliance data 45.5% 47.8% 59.1% SOA architecture 40.6% 42.5% 56.0% Display data on mobile devices 37.7% 46.7% 53.7% Multi-tenancy based solution 32.4% 42.1% 55.9% Support for Web 2.0 mashups 37.2% 41.4% 55.0% Update data via mobile devices 34.3% 45.1% 52.4% Appliance form factor 24.9% 41.9% 53.0%
Chart: Saugatuck Insight : In 2009, Collaboration, Mobility Management, Customer Service and Talent & Performance Management are top priority SaaS purchases. However, through 2011, Collaboration, Customer Service, Finance / Accounting and HR Benefits are the top priority SaaS solutions – reflecting a growing shift in demand over time to core business systems. Source: Saugatuck Technology Inc., 2009 SaaS Survey (Dec ‘08), N=1788 Top 3 SaaS Solutions by Company Size In 2009: Top 3 SaaS Solutions by Company Size 100-300 300-500 500-1000 1000-2500 2500-5000 >5000 Collaboration Procurement & Sourcing Collaboration Treasury & Cash Management Mobility Management Time & Labor Management Customer Service BI & CPM Customer Service Talent & Performance Mgt Talent & Performance Mgt Collaboration Mobility Management Sales Force Automation Mobility Management Collaboration ERP / Manufacturing BI & CPM Thru 2011: Top 3 SaaS Solutions by Company Size 100-300 300-500 500-1000 1000-2500 2500-5000 >5000 Collaboration Treasury & Cash Management Collaboration Collaboration Collaboration Collaboration Customer Service Collaboration Customer Service HR/Benefits Customer Service Time & Labor Management Finance/ Accounting E-Commerce Finance/ Accounting Finance/ Accounting HR/Benefits HR/Benefits
Phone market profits Estimates say that RIM + Apple will reach 5% of Smartphone ww market in 2009 But 58% of operating profits – mainly due to wireless operators subsidies (400$ for iphone and 100-200$ for RIM)
A smart grid delivers electricity from suppliers to consumers using two-way digital technology to control appliances at consumers' homes to save energy, reduce cost and increase reliability and transparency.
Such a modernized electricity network is being promoted by many governments as a way of addressing energy independence , global warming and emergency resilience issues.
Smart meters may be part of a smart grid, but alone do not constitute a smart grid.
The first version of EnergyWise , available now, will run on Cisco Catalyst 2xxx and 3xxx Series switches and monitor and control IP phones, access points and any network-attached device running off Power over Ethernet. A second release this summer will see it also controlling other network-attached devices, such as PCs, and running on Catalyst 4500 Series switches. And within about 12 months it will work with a wide range of heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems and operate on Ciscoâ€™s flagship Catalyst 6500 Series switches.
EnergyWise is already being used by Cisco customers such as Lauth Property Group in the United States, the Ministry of Education in Portugal and Birmingham City Council and the John Lewis Partnership in the United Kingdom. Plus this is an eco-friendly technology that will get a green light from the financial director: EnergyWise is being offered as a free software update and in the 5000-employee company example quoted above Cisco estimates annual savings will amount to more than EURâ‚¬28,000 or USD$37,000.
Google Powermeter Example – in the US people can buy a device from a Google device partner and measure their home consumption with Google powermeter, including on your iphone or Android phone with iGoogle - http://www.theenergydetective.com/ted-5000-overview.html 200$ Google has also signed a number of partners : 8 partnership with US and Indian Utilities , incl San Diego for 1.4Million houses – 572M$ project
Oracle’s smart grid software unifies information from various segments of the Smart Grid network, including service delivery, customer interaction and consumer energy usage. Components of Oracle® Fusion Middleware underlie these applications with processes that help integrate and manage large meter data batch files with Oracle Data Integrator or automate meter and sensor data filtering and front-end processing using Oracle Complex Event Processing. The solution also provides standards-based integration with a technology infrastructure that includes Oracle® Database, as well as software for project management and enterprise analytics. Oracle’s smart grid software includes the following solutions:
Oracle® Utilities Network Management System – Integrates with advanced metering infrastructure (AMI), allowing utilities to proactively respond to outages and be more precise when providing consumer alerts and notifications – enabling the smart meter to send a “last gasp” message to report a power loss thus eliminating the need for a customer to report the outage. Oracle Utilities Network Management System also supports automated isolation of faulted feeder sections and the re-energizing of un-faulted sections, minimizing sustained outages. Its integrated distribution capability supports the continual assessment of power delivery and available feeder capacity in a distribution network that optimizes operations.
Oracle® Utilities Customer Care and Billing – Allows utilities to harness the benefits of new smart grid technologies and AMI, such as two-way communications, to better contain operational costs and control consumer energy demand through conservation and time-based pricing programs, as well as improve customer service and environmental awareness. It can provide customers with a clear picture of the relationship between their consumption and environmental impact, then offer service options to help change behavior.
Oracle® Utilities Load Analysis – Performs peak load analysis, including coincidental peak demand analysis by customer rate class. This solution also balances premise level loads to system loads, incorporating variable,fixed losses and unaccounted for energy.
Oracle® Utilities Work and Asset Management – Provides complete asset lifecycle management, which can ultimately extend the life of aging assets, enable utilities to manage network renewal projects, and enhance cost control and visibility while improving system reliability and customer service. In addition, by monitoring and performing maintenance on a timely basis, utilities can reduce the environmental impact resulting from equipment failure.
Oracle® Utilities Mobile Workforce Management – Supports efforts to ensure service availability and automate field operations via dispatch, scheduling and routing. It provides field workers the optimal route with the least mileage and fewest truck rolls, which helps reduce fuel consumption, highway congestion and tailpipe emissions.
Oracle Utilities Meter Data Management – Provides a centralized, robust system to support smart grid and green initiatives by connecting AMI usage data and presentment tools, so consumers can view their usage – allowing them to make informed conservation decisions. Utilities can also configure the application to support demand response programs including: customer recruitment, event planning, event notification and compliance.
Oracle® Hyperion Performance Management applications and Oracle® Primavera applications – Leverage comprehensive performance and project management functionality to enable the planning, scheduling and installation of utility-controlled renewable devices – such as solar panels on homes and buildings.
Oracle Database – Scales to tackle exponential growth in data and enables utilities to more effectively manage network operational data to improve performance.
Oracle Governance, Risk and Compliance – Simplifies compliance with NERC (North American Electric Reliability Corporation) and FERC (U.S. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission) with an enterprise GRC platform for standards and policy documentation; risk-based assessment; and closed-loop remediation, certification, and reporting. Integrated controls monitoring also enforce segregation of duties to reduce the risk of improper access and fraudulent activities.
The industry said the EU's commitments to reduce CO2 emissions by 20% and produce 20% of total energy from renewable energy sources by 2020 would prove challenging for the electricity grid, requiring as much as 35% of electricity to come from renewables. Moreover, it expects the introduction of electric cars to put the grid under further pressure in future.
The EU's third energy liberalisation package, agreed in March, paves the way for smart grids by requiring member states to introduce smart meters that allow consumers to monitor their own electricity consumption in real time ( EurActiv 25/03/09 ). At least 80% of consumers should be equipped with intelligent metering systems by 2020.
Smart 2020 - Smart grids: Reducing T&D losses in India’s power sector by 30% is possible through better monitoring and management of electricity grids, first with smart meters and then by integrating more advanced ICTs into the so-called energy internet. Smart grid technologies were the largest opportunity found in the study and could globally reduce 2.03 GtCO2e , worth ¤79 billion ($124.6 billion). http://www.smart2020.org/_assets/files/01_Smart2020ReportSummary.pdf
Energy Smart Miami – 200M invest over 2 years http://www.energysmartmiami.com/
European Technology platform - http://www.smartgrids.eu/
Note : Grenoble is one of the European City involved in this project
UK - Winchester-based Arqiva , which provides communications systems, will use the smart metering technologies of Raleigh-based Sensus . Under the partnership, Arqiva will implement a long range radio-based communications network for British utilities.
Schneider-electric (Grenoble/France – 18B euros) – world leader of power distribution and control systems - buying Areva T&D, to reinforce its Smart Grid strategy - http://www.schneider-electric.com/documents/presentation/fr/local/2009/12/Areva_D_presentation_fr.pdf
European Technology Platform Ex: Working Group “Operations” - http://www.smartgrids.eu/?q=node/61