1. Catahoula Leopard A.K.A Louisiana Catahoula Hog Dog by mpn | on December 9, 2012
2. The short, single coat is colored in a merle or black/tanpattern. Some coats can be coarse, but most are short andtight. Color is an especially notable feature in this herder: eyecolor and coat color work in a very complementary andexpressive way. The skull is broad and flat. The legs are solidand strong boned. The deep chest provides for good heartand lung capacity. The Louisiana Catahoula Leopard Dog is independent,protective and territorial. Loving with its family and all people it knows well but can bereserved with strangers (this would include strange children).Socialize well, preferably at a young age. They need to beallowed to come up and smell a person. They mature rightaround 2 years of age. Affectionate with his master. TheCatahoula is not recommended for an owner who does not takethe pack leader issue seriously.
3. For the right owner who understands the importance ofstructure, leadership, and exercise the Catahoula can make awonderful pet. The objective in training this dog is to achievepack leader status. It is a natural instinct for a dog to have anorder in their pack. When we humans live with dogs, webecome their pack. The entire pack cooperates under a singleleader. Lines are clearly defined and rules are set. Because adog communicates his displeasure with growling and eventuallybiting, all other humans MUST be higher up in the order thanthe dog. The humans must be the ones making the decisions,not the dogs. That is the only way your relationship with yourdog can be a complete success. This breed needs a dominantowner who shows strong leadership.The Louisiana Catahoula Leopard DogThe Louisiana Catahoula Leopard Dog is believed to haveoriginated from Nordic Wolfhound being introduced some threeto five hundred years before the Spanish arrived, however, noone will really know for sure.
4. The state of Louisiana is cited as the point of origin, particularlythe area of Catahoula. In 1979, the breed was designated thestate dog of Louisiana. The Catahoula was named after aParish in northeastern Louisiana and after the mottled spots onits coat. At one time this breed was used to round up feral pigsand cattle—livestock that had escaped, and was living in woodsand swamps. It involved team effort that is highly coordinatedand organized, fast paced, dangerous and a marvel to watch.The ideal dog team usually numbers three, and they must worktogether. Otherwise, one pig can kill all three in a matter ofminutes. Each dog has to be aware of what the pig and theother two dogs are doing and react accordingly. Hunterssometimes used the Catahoula to trail and tree raccoons, butthis dominant breed is more at home acting the thug withobstinate boars. This dog is used particularly on the difficulttask of driving and rounding hogs and unruly cattle.
5. Louisiana Catahoula Leopard Dog Health Problems: Prone to hip dysplasia and deafness.Along with deafness (both ears or just one) this breed can haveeye problems (tunnel vision, eye won’t open all the way, pupil isabnormal, etc.). As a breed they are relatively free of a lot ofdiseases. Some older dogs are known to have gotten cancer.Height, weight:Weight: 55 – 80 pounds (16 – 37 kg)Height:Males 22 – 26 inches (56 – 58 cm) Females 20 – 24 inches (51– 61 cm) The dog’s weight should be in balance with the height.Life Expectancy:About 12-13 years.
6. Grooming:Since the Catahoula is a short, single-coated dog,the grooming needs are minimal. They should have a bath acouple of times of year (unless they get into something and getfilthy) and a good brushing once a week. The nails should betrimmed regularly and the teeth kept clean. This breed is anaverage to light constant shedder. When nervous or stressed,they have a tendency to shed more, especially when you arepetting them.
7. Exercise:When not hunting, this breed needs to be taken on adaily walk, jog, hike or run. In addition, they will enjoy runningfree in a fenced-in yard or safe open area. When Catahoulasplay they can be very noisy and physical. People need to becareful and teach the dog to control its play. When playing withthis breed, one needs to be careful that they are not hurt by thedog running into them, jumping and bumping them. They doneed exercise and will start getting into trouble chewing,digging, barking, etc. if they don’t get it. But, they are not a highenergy level dog, as seen in Border Collies, Jack RussellTerriers, Fox Terriers, Aussies, and some of the hunting breedssuch as the German Shorthaired Pointer. They enjoyparticipating in agility.
8. Group:HerdingThe Louisiana Catahoula Leopard DogLiving Conditions: Some do well in apartments while others donot. It all depends on the lines of the dog and how much timean owner spends with the dog and how much exercise itreceives. Catahoulas need attention. This is not a dog that canbe tied to a doghouse, fed and ignored. Chaining and/orignoring a Catahoula will either make it shy or aggressive. Theyneed human companionship. This does not mean they need tolive in your pocket and cannot be kept outside; this breedneeds direction, training, something to do, people, attention,etc. If they are kept outside where it is really cold, they need agood warm doghouse, preferably one that has an entrance and then a turn into the sleeping quarters. That way they are protected from the elements. They need to be kept inside in really cold weather, as they are a single-coated dog.
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