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Adverbs

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Student Teaching Adverb powerpoint notes

Student Teaching Adverb powerpoint notes

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  • 1. Ms. Pinzon 28 September 2010
  • 2. 11-1—What is an adverb?
    • An adverb is a word that tells more about a verb, a verb phrase, and adjective, or another adverb.
    • An adverb tells how, where, when, or how many times an action takes place.
  • 3. What is an adverb?
    • Example:
    • She hung posters quickly. ( tells how )
    • She hung posters everywhere. ( tells where )
    • She hung posters yesterday. ( tells when )
    • She hung posters twice. ( tells how many times )
  • 4. 11-2 –Adverbs that tell more about adjectives
    • Some adverbs tell more about adjectives. These adverbs tell to what degree.
    • Some examples of adverbs that tell more about adjectives are shown in the box.
    Adverbs almost especially extremely fairly quite rather really somewhat too truly unusually very
  • 5.
    •  
    • Remember: Adjectives describe nouns and pronouns.
    • That is very powerful car. (Very tells how powerful the car is.)
    • The car is too expensive for me. (Too tells how expensive the car is.)
    • The engine is rather unsafe. (Rather tells how unsafe the engine is.)
    Adverbs almost especially extremely fairly quite rather really somewhat too truly unusually very
  • 6. 11-3 –Adverbs that tell more about other adverbs
    • The manager spoke fairly briefly. (Fairly tells how briefly.)
    • He hit the ball especially hard. (Especially tells how hard.)
    • Ted played rather well. (Rather tells how well.)
    Adverbs almost especially extremely fairly quite rather really somewhat too truly unusually very
  • 7. 11-4—Knowing when to use adjectives and adverbs
    • Use adjective to tell more about nouns and pronouns.
    • Use adverbs to tell more about verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs.
    • Use the adjective good to tell more about a noun or pronoun. Use the adverb well to tell more about a verb or verb phrase.
  • 8.
    • Examples:
    • The man’s voice was loud. (the adjective loud tells more about the noun voice.
    • It rained quite heavily. ( the adverb quite tells more about eh adverb heavily.)
    • Ms. Pablo has a good car. ( the adjectiv e good tells more about the noun car.)
  • 9. 11-5—Using Adverbs to Make comparisons
    • Adverbs can be used to compare two or more actions. To compare two actions, use an – er ending with a few short adverbs. Use more or less before most adverbs.
    • When you compare more than two actions, use an
    • – est ending with a few short adverbs. Use mos t or leas t with longer adverbs.
    • The forms of the adverb well are well , bette r, and bes t. Use better when comparing two. Use best when comparing more than two.
  • 10.
    • Examples:
    • He walks faster than his brother.
    • He walks more quickly than his brother
    • He walks less quickly than his brother.
    • 2. Jenny spoke the earliest of all the guest speakers.
    • Vanessa spoke the most thoughtfully of al the guest speakers.
    • Elizabeth spoke the least thoughtfully of all the guest speakers.
    • 3. John writes well.
    • Nick writes better than his friend.
    • Who writes the best of all?
  • 11. 11-6—Avoiding double negatives
    • Using negatives correctly
    • **A negative is a word or phrase that means “no.” Some negative words are adverbs.
    • The words in the box are negatives.
    Negatives Barely Hardly Neither Never No Nobody None Not Nothing Nowhere No one scarcely
  • 12.
    • A negative word may change the whole meaning of a sentence. Use only one negative word to make a sentence mean no or not. Avoid double negatives.
    • Incorrect: No one never understands how I feel. (double negative)
    • Correct: No one ever understands how I feel. (one negative)
    • Correct: Hardly anyone ever understands how I feel. (one negative)
    Negatives Barely Hardly Neither Never No Nobody None Not Nothing Nowhere No one scarcely
  • 13. Using Contractions Correctly:
    • The word not can be joined to a verb to form a contraction.
    • A contraction is a shortened form of a group of words.
    • An apostrophe takes the place of the missing letter or letters.
    • Some contractions are shown in the box .
    Verb +Not Contraction Verb + Not Contraction are + not aren’t should + not shouldn’t could + not couldn’t was + not wasn’t did + not didn’t were + not weren’t do + not don’t will + not won’t is + not isn’t would + not wouldn’t
  • 14.
    • When you use a contraction with the word not,
    • do not use another negative word in the sentence.
    • Example:
    • Incorrect: Bob didn’t do nothing .
    • Correct: Bob didn’t do anything.
    • Correct: Bob did nothing.
  • 15. 11-7—Specific Adverbs
    • Using specific adverbs can make your writing clearer and more interesting.
    • Read these three sentences. Decide which sentence gives the clearest picture.. Why?
    • Example:
    • Nina skated.
    • Nina skated well.
    • Nina skated quickly and gracefully
  • 16.