Disaster

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Disaster

  1. 1. Disaster and its management
  2. 2. Contents <ul><li>Definition </li></ul><ul><li>Types </li></ul><ul><li>Effects </li></ul><ul><li>Features </li></ul><ul><li>India’s scenario </li></ul><ul><li>Role players in disaster </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster management </li></ul>
  3. 3. Disasters <ul><li>A catastrophe, sudden, calamitous event bringing great </li></ul><ul><li>damage, loss, destruction and devastation to life and property by natural or man-made causes. </li></ul><ul><li>According to UN; </li></ul><ul><li>An occurrence of a sudden or major misfortune which disrupt the basic fabric and normal functioning of society. </li></ul><ul><li>Essentially social phenomenon as well as physical and economic. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>The term ‘Disaster’ owes its origin to the French word ‘Desastre’ which is the combination of two terms ‘des’ meaning bad or evil and ‘astre’ meaning star . The combination expression is ‘Bad or Evil Star’. </li></ul>
  5. 5. TYPES OF DISASTER <ul><li>Two Types – Natural and Manmade </li></ul><ul><li>Major natural disasters:    </li></ul><ul><li>         Flood </li></ul><ul><li>         Cyclone </li></ul><ul><li>         Drought </li></ul><ul><li>         Earthquake </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Minor natural disasters: </li></ul><ul><li>         Cold wave </li></ul><ul><li>         Thunderstorms </li></ul><ul><li>         Heat waves </li></ul><ul><li>         Mud slides </li></ul><ul><li>         Storm </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Major manmade disaster: </li></ul><ul><li>Setting of fires </li></ul><ul><li>Epidemic </li></ul><ul><li>Deforestation </li></ul><ul><li>Pollution due to prawn cultivation </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical pollution. </li></ul><ul><li>Wars </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Minor manmade disaster: </li></ul><ul><li>         Road / train accidents, riots </li></ul><ul><li>         Food poisoning </li></ul><ul><li>         Industrial disaster/ crisis </li></ul><ul><li>         Environmental pollution </li></ul>
  9. 9. Effects <ul><li>Completely disrupts the normal day to day life. </li></ul><ul><li>Negatively influences the emergency systems. </li></ul><ul><li>Normal needs and processes like food, shelter, health etc are affected and deteriorated. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Features <ul><li>Unpredictability </li></ul><ul><li>Unfamiliarity </li></ul><ul><li>Speed </li></ul><ul><li>Urgency </li></ul><ul><li>Uncertainty </li></ul><ul><li>Threat </li></ul>
  11. 11. India’s Scenario <ul><li>India is prone to disasters of various kinds; </li></ul><ul><li>i) 55 % of our land is prone to earthquake </li></ul><ul><li>ii) 6 8 % vulnerable to drought </li></ul><ul><li>iii) 12 % to floods & </li></ul><ul><li>iv) 8 % to cyclones </li></ul><ul><li>Parts of country suffer regularly from effects of results of hazards such as cyclones, drought, floods, heat waves and severe storms etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Indian sub-continent is geographically unstable. </li></ul><ul><li>No volcanoes but regular and intense earthquakes. </li></ul><ul><li>Landslides are too common in the Himalayan regions. </li></ul><ul><li>Coastline is risk to tsunami like disasters. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Role Players in Disasters <ul><li>Community </li></ul><ul><li>NGOs </li></ul><ul><li>National Red Cross </li></ul><ul><li>Media </li></ul><ul><li>Fire Services </li></ul><ul><li>Police and Para-Military Forces </li></ul><ul><li>Civil Defence </li></ul><ul><li>Armed Forces </li></ul><ul><li>Public Sector Undertakings and Private Sector </li></ul>
  13. 13. Disaster Management <ul><li>Prevention </li></ul><ul><li>[ hamper the occurrence of disaster event or prevent such occurrence.] </li></ul><ul><li>Mitigation </li></ul><ul><li>[ specific programs intended to reduce the effects of disaster on a nation </li></ul><ul><li>or community ] </li></ul><ul><li>Preparation </li></ul><ul><li>[ measures enabling the government, organizations, communities and </li></ul><ul><li>individuals to respond rapidly and effectively to disaster situations] </li></ul><ul><li>Response </li></ul><ul><li>[ measures taken immediately prior to and following disaster impact ] </li></ul><ul><li>Recovery </li></ul><ul><li>[ process by which communities and the nation are assisted in returning to </li></ul><ul><li>their proper level of functioning following a disaster ] </li></ul><ul><li>Development </li></ul><ul><li>[ provides the link between disaster-related activities and national </li></ul><ul><li>development ] </li></ul>
  14. 15. THANKS

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