A catastrophe, sudden, calamitous event bringing great
damage, loss, destruction and devastation to life and property by natural or man-made causes.
According to UN;
An occurrence of a sudden or major misfortune which disrupt the basic fabric and normal functioning of society.
Essentially social phenomenon as well as physical and economic.
The term ‘Disaster’ owes its origin to the French word ‘Desastre’ which is the combination of two terms ‘des’ meaning bad or evil and ‘astre’ meaning star . The combination expression is ‘Bad or Evil Star’.
TYPES OF DISASTER
Two Types – Natural and Manmade
Major natural disasters:
Minor natural disasters:
Major manmade disaster:
Setting of fires
Pollution due to prawn cultivation
Minor manmade disaster:
Road / train accidents, riots
Industrial disaster/ crisis
Completely disrupts the normal day to day life.
Negatively influences the emergency systems.
Normal needs and processes like food, shelter, health etc are affected and deteriorated.
India is prone to disasters of various kinds;
i) 55 % of our land is prone to earthquake
ii) 6 8 % vulnerable to drought
iii) 12 % to floods &
iv) 8 % to cyclones
Parts of country suffer regularly from effects of results of hazards such as cyclones, drought, floods, heat waves and severe storms etc.
Indian sub-continent is geographically unstable.
No volcanoes but regular and intense earthquakes.
Landslides are too common in the Himalayan regions.
Coastline is risk to tsunami like disasters.
Role Players in Disasters
National Red Cross
Police and Para-Military Forces
Public Sector Undertakings and Private Sector
[ hamper the occurrence of disaster event or prevent such occurrence.]
[ specific programs intended to reduce the effects of disaster on a nation
or community ]
[ measures enabling the government, organizations, communities and
individuals to respond rapidly and effectively to disaster situations]
[ measures taken immediately prior to and following disaster impact ]
[ process by which communities and the nation are assisted in returning to
their proper level of functioning following a disaster ]
[ provides the link between disaster-related activities and national