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Cultures of North Ameirica
Cultures of North Ameirica
Cultures of North Ameirica
Cultures of North Ameirica
Cultures of North Ameirica
Cultures of North Ameirica
Cultures of North Ameirica
Cultures of North Ameirica
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Cultures of North Ameirica

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Chapter 2 of Out of Many

Chapter 2 of Out of Many

Published in: News & Politics
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  • 1. THE CULTURES OF COLONIAL NORTH AMERICA Chapter 5
  • 2. Indian America
    • Indian Population still the majority
    • Increased activity in the fur trade
    • Dependent on European Goods
    • Ability to Adapt/Change as necessary
      • Use of firearms, metal tools, log homes
      • Become a vital link in the economy
  • 3. Indian America
    • Played colonial powers against each other
      • Catholic Iroquois: Allegiance to French, but trade with British colonist
    • Primary Concern: Population growth of British Colonies and their push westward
    • Cultures in close contact – population drops over 50%
  • 4. Indian America & The Horse
    • Adopted from the Spanish
    • They Become:
      • More efficient hunters
      • Created a more productive economy
      • Those using the horse would become the dominant culture (Plains Indians)
      • Creates a Nomadic Culture
    • Creation of the Colonial Era
  • 5. Spanish Borderlands - Florida
    • Mexico City – Most sophisticated City
    • Indians provided a buffer zone
      • Constant change in the British Frontier
      • Few Changes in Spanish Frontier
    • Florida:
      • Fierce fighting w/ Indians and British
      • Only settlements – St. Augustine, Pensacola
      • Forced into a cooperative alliance
  • 6. Spanish Borderlands – New Mexico
    • Isolated from New Spain (Mexico)
    • Dominated by Pueblos and Mestizos
    • Mercantilism – not in their favor
  • 7. Spanish Concerns
    • French : expansion down the Mississippi River
    • Establish presidios/Franciscan Missions
    • Use Indians as Buffer
    • Russia: Expansion on West Coast
    • Expansion in lower California and move north
    • Conversion of Native population (key)
      • Not forced to join mission – but could not leave
      • Violent means to keep them/put down uprisings
  • 8. Missions – Effect on Indians
    • Resistance met with violence
    • Enticed to come with food, clothing, tools
    • Resistance – San Diego Uprising
    • Usually overworked, poor nutrition, overcrowding, disease
    • High death rates, low birth rates
    • California Population drops by 75%

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