Cultures of North Ameirica

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Chapter 2 of Out of Many

Chapter 2 of Out of Many

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  • 1. THE CULTURES OF COLONIAL NORTH AMERICA Chapter 5
  • 2. Indian America
    • Indian Population still the majority
    • Increased activity in the fur trade
    • Dependent on European Goods
    • Ability to Adapt/Change as necessary
      • Use of firearms, metal tools, log homes
      • Become a vital link in the economy
  • 3. Indian America
    • Played colonial powers against each other
      • Catholic Iroquois: Allegiance to French, but trade with British colonist
    • Primary Concern: Population growth of British Colonies and their push westward
    • Cultures in close contact – population drops over 50%
  • 4. Indian America & The Horse
    • Adopted from the Spanish
    • They Become:
      • More efficient hunters
      • Created a more productive economy
      • Those using the horse would become the dominant culture (Plains Indians)
      • Creates a Nomadic Culture
    • Creation of the Colonial Era
  • 5. Spanish Borderlands - Florida
    • Mexico City – Most sophisticated City
    • Indians provided a buffer zone
      • Constant change in the British Frontier
      • Few Changes in Spanish Frontier
    • Florida:
      • Fierce fighting w/ Indians and British
      • Only settlements – St. Augustine, Pensacola
      • Forced into a cooperative alliance
  • 6. Spanish Borderlands – New Mexico
    • Isolated from New Spain (Mexico)
    • Dominated by Pueblos and Mestizos
    • Mercantilism – not in their favor
  • 7. Spanish Concerns
    • French : expansion down the Mississippi River
    • Establish presidios/Franciscan Missions
    • Use Indians as Buffer
    • Russia: Expansion on West Coast
    • Expansion in lower California and move north
    • Conversion of Native population (key)
      • Not forced to join mission – but could not leave
      • Violent means to keep them/put down uprisings
  • 8. Missions – Effect on Indians
    • Resistance met with violence
    • Enticed to come with food, clothing, tools
    • Resistance – San Diego Uprising
    • Usually overworked, poor nutrition, overcrowding, disease
    • High death rates, low birth rates
    • California Population drops by 75%