The russian revolution
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The russian revolution

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    The russian revolution The russian revolution Presentation Transcript

    •  
    • The Russian Revolution
    • Contributing Factors to Revolution
    • CAUSES
      • THE IMPACT OF WAR
      • 1904-1905: Russo-Japanese war (loss to Japan)
      • 1914-1917: The Great War
      • (increasing defeats by Germany)
      • The state fails in its most important function
      • Popular support for reform
      • Demand for revolution
      • What’s wrong with the system?
      • Inefficiency
      • Backwardness: Russia has not modernized
      • The economy is underdeveloped
      • The political system is old, rigid and corrupt
      • Society is torn by tensions and conflicts
      • Since 1905: contest between reform and revolution
      • The inadequacy of reforms
        • The Tsar is reactionary
        • The nobility is stuck in the old order
        • The capitalist class is too dependent on the state, too afraid to show initiative
      • Reforms don’t prevent revolution
      • Revolution drives reforms
      • Reforms:
        • Political (liberalization)
        • Economic (development of capitalism)
    • What is Communism?
      • Economic and political theory developed by German theorists
      • Karl Marx and Frederich Engels
      • “ From each according to his ability, to each according to his need.”
      • Most problems in society are due to the unequal distribution of wealth.
      • The distinctions between the rich and poor of society must be eliminated.
      • Since the rich will never give up their goods or status voluntarily, a rebellion of the poor - the working class - is necessary.
    • Russian Communists
      • Russian Social-Democratic Workers Party (Bolsheviks)
      • Lenin: Russia as the weakest link in the world capitalist system
      • Russian capitalism cannot benefit the people
      • Therefore, Russia may have to move directly to socialism
      • OVERTHROW OF THE RULING CLASSES
      • Establishing a state run by workers and peasants
      • This will be followed by other revolutions WORLDWIDE
    • Bolshevik Leadership
      • Vladimir Illyich Ulyanov (Lenin)
      • Chairman of the Council of People’s Commissars
      • Administered by Soviets : Councils formed by workers and soldiers.
      • Councils came together to form the Russian Soviet Congress.
    • Imperial Russia becomes the SOVIET UNION
      • How is this Republic organized?
      • As a revolutionary dictatorship
      • What it does:
        • Decree on Peace
        • Decree on Land
        • Worker control of industry
      • The inevitability of a civil war
      • The challenges
        • Old ruling classes fight back
        • Opponents of dictatorship (including many leftists) resist
        • Foreign powers get involved (including Canada)
    • What’s the Effect on World War I?
      • Russians withdraw from war . Separate peace signed with Germany.
      • Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (1918) gives up large amounts of Russian territory.
      • Since World Revolution is one of their goals, Bolsheviks don’t care.
      • Germans shift troops to Western Front.
      • The Civil War (1918-1920): Reds vs. Whites
      • Why the Bolsheviks won:
      • Their policy goals received wide support in society
      • Their dictatorship was strong enough
        • The Red Army
        • The Cheka (secret police, later the KGB)
        • The Party
        • Lenin
        • The mass base
      • As a result of foreign intervention in the Civil War, Soviet leaders deeply mistrust Britain, America, and France.