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  • 1. 012 History of Landscape Design
    A
    REVIEW
  • 2. Clemson University Presents
    Certificate of Accomplishment inLandscape and Garden Design
  • 3. Sponsored by Clemson’sDepartment of Planning and Landscape Architecture in the College of Art, Architecture and Humanities
  • 4. 012-1 The Early English Kitchen Garden:A Persistent Garden Form
  • 5. 012-1 Landscape History
    Early Kitchen Garden lecture
    Put garden history into perspective by analyzing the earliest form of garden and its resilience to change despite social pressure.
    Homework: Begin thinking of a garden in Europe or America that is worthy of a discussion in class.
    Result: To learn about the social pressures that shaped landscape history, develop an aptitude for reading plans, to understand the 3 main periods of stylistic imprints.
  • 6. Medieval Period
  • 7.
  • 8. Geometric Period
  • 9.
  • 10. Picturesque Period
  • 11.
  • 12.
  • 13. 012-2 Landscape HistoryConimbriga(118-138 c.e. ), & Portuguese Gardens(1528-1750 )
  • 14. Early Roman Gardens
    Hadrian’s Villa
    Pompeii
    Venzano
    Conimbriga
  • 15. 012-2 Landscape History
    Conimbriga & Portuguese Gardens what makes these early gardens special (ad 200-1550), their special decorative techniques and design motifs (azulejos, mosaic, hydrology) Homework : Bring a short history of the garden you chose to read/researchResult: To define a renaissance garden in both descriptive and spatial terms, relate it to political events of the period.
  • 16. Roman wall painting
  • 17. Conimbriga
  • 18. Conimbriga
  • 19. Conimbriga
  • 20. Conimbriga
  • 21. Conimbriga jets
  • 22. Renaissance Gardens
  • 23. Bacalhoa
    Balcalhoa 1528-1554
  • 24. Bacalhua
  • 25. Bacalhua
  • 26. Quinta das torres
    Quinta das torres
  • 27. cypress
    What earmarks a Portuguese Garden?
  • 28. Features of a Portuguese Garden
    A water tank or basin
    Walls with Ajulejos
    Green backbone
    Connection with the house
    Beautiful pots, well-placed
    Citrus
  • 29. Frontiera Palace
    Palacio dos Marqueses
    de Frontiera c 1624
  • 30. Frontiera Palace
  • 31. Frontiera Palace
  • 32. Frontiera Palace
  • 33. Frontiera Palace
  • 34. Frontiera Palace
  • 35. Frontiera Palace
  • 36. Frontiera Palace
  • 37. Geometric Period 1650
  • 38. Queluz 1747- 52
    Queluz Palace 1747- 52
  • 39. queluz
  • 40. Picturesque Period
  • 41. Montserrat, Sintra
  • 42. 012-3Landscape HistoryItalian Renaissance & Italian Baroque Gardens (1525-1800 )
  • 43. 012-3Landscape History
    Italian Renaissance gardens…what makes these early gardens special Result: To define a renaissance garden in both descriptive and spatial terms, relate it to political events of the period.
  • 44. Villa d’este 1550-72
  • 45. Villa medici d’este tivoli
  • 46. Villa Lante
  • 47. Villa lante 1568
  • 48. VILLAS Designed by ANDREA PALLADIO
    Absence of foundation plantings
    Respect fort the genius loci
  • 49. Villa Barbaro 1549-58
  • 50. Villa Rotunda 1565
  • 51. Villa rotunda 1565
    Villa Poiana
  • 52. cypress
    What earmarks an Italian Garden?
  • 53. Italian Renaissance Gardens have:
    . Soaring cypresses
    .fountains
    .geometric layout
    .grottoes, masks, mythological statues
    .mazes
  • 54. Giardino Guisti
  • 55. Guisti 16th c
  • 56. Villa rale
    Villa Reale
  • 57. Villa Barbarigo, Valsanbizzio
  • 58.
  • 59. Valzazibbio rabittery
  • 60. Valzam arch
  • 61. Vigna maaggio
    Villa Vignamaggio
  • 62. Baroque Italian Gardens
    Characteristics:
    Elaborate Gateways/Gate Screens
    Acqua d’Gnocci
    Soaring Cypressses
    Overscaled Plants & Formal Gardens
    Grottoes
  • 63. Villa torregiani 17th 715th
    Villa Torrigiani
  • 64. Isola Bella
  • 65. Sienna villa
    Villa Cetinale
  • 66. Villa Gamberaia
  • 67. 012-4History of Landscape Design: France
  • 68. Gardens of France (Review)
    Chateau de Fountainbleau c 1528
    Chateau de Villandry c 1536
    Potager de Roi Versailles c 1638
    Manoir de Chez (Normandy)
    Vaux le Vicomte c 1650
    Giverney Musee Claude Monet 1883-1926
    Chamont Exhibition (June-October)
    Maison et Parc Floral des Moitiers (Normandy)
  • 69. Chateaux de Fountainbleau
    c 1528
  • 70.
  • 71. Chateaux de Villandry c 1536
  • 72.
  • 73. Versailles c 1638
  • 74.
  • 75. Vaux-le- Vicomte c1653
  • 76. 76
  • 77. Giverny -
    Musee Claude Monet
    c 1883-1926
  • 78.
  • 79. Chamont
  • 80. Moutier
  • 81. Hallmarks of French Gardens
    The geometric landscape movement was characterized by :
    Outward facing views to the horizon
    Clipped geometric forms of plant materials
    Flat planes of terraced land
    Formal water bodies & canals
    Man’s dominance of the land
  • 82. Hallmarks of French Gardens
    However, one cannot characterize French gardens just in these ways…particularly since new ideas from artists and owners from abroad add fresh fuel to the canvas of nature.
    Giverney, Chamont’s Garden Festival and the gardens at Moitier remind us to think “out of the box” while reaching to the past for inspiration.
  • 83. Trademarks of French Gardens
    Most French gardens illustrate a continuum of layers of garden design…most notably in our studies at Villandry where there is 16th c chateau and formal kitchen gardens plus a formal water garden.
    Fountainbleau & Vaux le Vicomteare considered to be pure forms of geometric period landscapes
  • 84. 012-5History of Landscape DesignThe English Picturesque
  • 85. Gardens of England
    Stowe
    Castle Howard
    Rousham
    Ilford
    Buscot
    Barnsley
    Sissinghurst
    Hidcote
  • 86. Visionaries of Georgian England
    Sir Issac Newton 1642-1727 optical properties of light
    John Locke “Essay Concerning Human Understanding in 1690” & 1st Earl of Shaftsbury…Age of Enlightenment
    Rousseau 1712-1778 visions of a more perfect society
    3rd Earl of Shaftsbury 1671-1713 Genius of Place
    Addison & Pope…….
  • 87. Picturesque Period
  • 88. Stowe & Castle Howard
    Birth of the Emblematic gardens of the eighteenth century
    Landscape Anatomy : Gardens of Romanticism featured…
    Grottoes, cascades,wild scenery, temples, poetry, iconography …works resembling a painting
  • 89. Influential works of art by Claude Lorraine & Nicholas Poisson (mid 1600’s) featured mythological subjects from the Roman countryside… wild green theatres of the imagination.
    The visitor to an Enlightened Landscape would meditate and tell his own story by being in stage sets filled with allusions.
  • 90. The ferme ornee“the farm-as-landscape”
    Stephen Switzer (1682-1745)
  • 91. Stowe c1713-1738Lord Cobham, Richard TempleBridgeman & Kent
  • 92.
  • 93.
  • 94.
  • 95. Castle Howard
    c1699-1732
    Charles Howard, Earl of Carlisle
    Vanbrugh, Switzer,
  • 96.
  • 97.
  • 98.
  • 99. Rousham c1737
    Robert & James Dormer
    Bridgeman, Pope, Kent
  • 100.
  • 101.
  • 102. Villa Barbarigo (c1669)in Valsanbbio’s fountain backdrop…an influence on Kent at Rousham?? a great research project!
  • 103.
  • 104. Ilford…
    Sir Harold Peto(1854-1933)
  • 105. Buscot
  • 106.
  • 107. Barnsley
  • 108. The Lasket
    Sir Roy Strong
  • 109.
  • 110. Gardens of England
    Gardens in England today, like those of France and Italy, are often overlays of several landscape movements. Rousham, Stowe and Castle Howard represent “pure” evocations of the Picturesque Landscape movement.
    There are many, earlier gardens designed in the geometric tradition which clearly embrace French & Italian influences.
  • 111. Gardens of England
    The effect of the National Trust in England and private landowners in opening their gardens to the public has had a profound impact on landscape preservation worldwide by educating visitors in the interpretation of landscape continuums and preservation methods.
  • 112. Sissinghurst
  • 113. Hidcote
  • 114.
  • 115.
  • 116. 012-6 History of Landscape Design The United States of America
  • 117. 012 -6 History of Landscape Design: USA
    Understanding America’s pioneer ethos and the evolution of the landscape as powerful people created their versions of great country houses…or American farmsteads.
  • 118. Periods of American Landscape History
    A. Indians and Conquest
    B. 1680-1750 Early Transitional
    C. 1750-1820 Federal
    D. 1820-1880 Antibellum/Reconstruction
    E. 1880-1920 Victorian/Edwardian
    F. 1920- present
  • 119. Periods of American Landscape History
    A. Indians and Conquest
  • 120. Periods of American Landscape History
    A. Indians and Conquest
    B. 1680-1750 Early Transitional
  • 121.
  • 122.
  • 123.
  • 124. Middleton Place
  • 125.
  • 126. Periods of American Landscape History
    A. Indians and Conquest
    B. 1680-1750 Early Transitional
    C. 1750-1820 Federal
  • 127. William Bartram
  • 128. Willliam Paca House 1772
  • 129. Governors Palace
    Colonial Williamsburg
  • 130. Hagley
  • 131. Periods of American Landscape History
    A. Indians and Conquest
    B. 1680-1750 Early Transitional
    C. 1750-1820 Federal
    D. 1820-1880 Antibellum/Reconstruction
  • 132.
  • 133. Central Park, NY
  • 134. Periods of American Landscape History
    A. Indians and Conquest
    B. 1680-1750 Early Transitional
    C. 1750-1820 Federal
    D. 1820-1880 Antibellum/Reconstruction
    E. 1880-1920 Victorian/Edwardian
    F. 1920- present
  • 135. Biltmore, Ashville, NC
  • 136. Filoli, Woodside CA
  • 137. Dumbarton Oaks
    Beatrice Farrand, Landscape Architect
  • 138. Longue Vue , NO
  • 139. Brookgreen Gardens
    Murrells Inlet , SC
  • 140. Thomas Church, Landscape Architect
  • 141. Cheekwood, Nashville, TN
  • 142. Lotusland
    Santa Barbara
    The Garden Conservancy
  • 143. Clemson University Presents
    Certificate of Accomplishment inLandscape and Garden Design

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