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Budapest miguel 2

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  • 1. Urban mobility and sustainability in a World Heritage City: the case of Santiago de Compostela (Spain) Dr. Miguel Pazos Otón Department of Geography Universidade de Santiago de Compostela (SPAIN) Budapest University of Technology and Economics 15 October 2004
  • 2. Urban mobility and sustainability in a World Heritage City: the case of Santiago de Compostela (Spain) URBAN MOBILITY: THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK • Handy (1996): Methodologies for exploring the link between urban form and travel behaviour • Giuliano, G. (1998): Urban travel patterns (in MTG) • Pazos Otón, M. (2000): Mobility and urban planning in Santiago de Compostela: towards a sustainable transport system • European Platform on Mobility Management. http://www.epommweb.org/ University of Santiago de Compostela
  • 3. Urban mobility and sustainability in a World Heritage City: the case of Santiago de Compostela (Spain) SANTIAGO DE COMPOSTELA * Capital city of the Autonomous Region of Galicia (NW of Spain) * Center of Pilgrimage in the Middle Ages and NOW * Center of urban area about 150,000 inh - Central city: 100,000 inh - Outskirts, suburbs: 50,000 inh University of Santiago de Compostela
  • 4. Urban mobility and sustainability in a World Heritage City: the case of Santiago de Compostela (Spain) 3 ECONOMIC BASIS OF SANTIAGO DE COMPOSTELA 1. Regional Government Administrative HQ 2. Universidade de Santiago: more than 500 years of History 3. Tourism: Santiago is a World Heritage City since 1985 - Medieval Town - Cathedral - Way of Saint James University of Santiago de Compostela
  • 5. PRAZA DE GALICIA: BUSSIEST TRAFFIC POINT IN CITY University of Santiago de Compostela
  • 6. Urban mobility and sustainability in a World Heritage City: the case of Santiago de Compostela (Spain) A PARTICULAR CITY TO ANALYZE MOBILITY… THE CENTRAL CITY IS VERY COMPACT: - Concentration of land uses - Possibility to make short trips and trip chaining University of Santiago de Compostela
  • 7. DIFFERENT UNITS IN THE CITY Urban mobility and sustainability in a World Heritage City: the case of Santiago de Compostela (Spain) University of Santiago de Compostela
  • 8. PILGRIMS – CYCLISTS: CHANGING MOBILITY PATTERNS IN HISTORIC CENTER OF SANTIAGO University of Santiago de Compostela
  • 9. REGULATION OF TRAFFIC IN HISTORIC CENTER OF SANTIAGO DE COMPOSTELA University of Santiago de Compostela
  • 10. RESIDENT CAR ACCESSING HISTORIC CENTER BY USING ELECTRONIC CARD University of Santiago de Compostela
  • 11. AUTOMATIC REGULATION DEVICE (“BOLARD”) University of Santiago de Compostela
  • 12. NOT COMPLETELY PEDESTRIAN HISTORIC CENTER OF SANTIAGO… University of Santiago de Compostela
  • 13. REAL PARKING PROBLEMS IN SANTIAGO !! NARROWNESS OF STREETS – SHORTAGE OF SPACE University of Santiago de Compostela
  • 14. Urban mobility and sustainability in a World Heritage City: the case of Santiago de Compostela (Spain) II. MIDDLE UNIT - Popular residential neighbourhoods - Attached to the central unit - Car parking policies by TUSSA (public company) University of Santiago de Compostela
  • 15. Urban mobility and sustainability in a World Heritage City: the case of Santiago de Compostela (Spain) III. PERIPHERAL UNITS - Popular residential neighbourhoods also - More than 20 minutes walking - Need of motorization to go city center University of Santiago de Compostela
  • 16. Urban mobility and sustainability in a World Heritage City: the case of Santiago de Compostela (Spain) OUT OF THE CITY CENTER: THE SUBURBS: - 50,000 inh in low densities - Concentration in South and West of Santiago - 3 roads support traffic jams everyday University of Santiago de Compostela
  • 17. Urban mobility and sustainability in a World Heritage City: the case of Santiago de Compostela (Spain) MODAL SPLIT IN SANTIAGO - The city as a fragile area - Cars, pedestrian, buses, etc … are sharing a very reduced space - Conflicts!! University of Santiago de Compostela
  • 18. Urban mobility and sustainability in a World Heritage City: the case of Santiago de Compostela (Spain) MODAL SPLIT IN SANTIAGO CAR - Visible Space consumption Constant increasing of motorization No sustainable levels of motorization in a city such Santiago: CENTRAL AXIS University of Santiago de Compostela
  • 19. Urban mobility and sustainability in a World Heritage City: the case of Santiago de Compostela (Spain) MODAL SPLIT IN SANTIAGO BUSES - The only PT mode Slow traffic, concentration 75 % Central Axis Not integrated in suburban network Lack of promotion and information: gain all the society as a customer University of Santiago de Compostela
  • 20. CHALLENGE: TO PROVIDE PUBLIC TRANSPORT SERVICE NOT ONLY TO CAPTIVE DEMAND… University of Santiago de Compostela
  • 21. CENTRAL AXIS: CONGESTION AND BAD PRACTICES University of Santiago de Compostela
  • 22. HEAVY TRAFFIC IN CENTRAL AXIS University of Santiago de Compostela
  • 23. Urban mobility and sustainability in a World Heritage City: the case of Santiago de Compostela (Spain) MODAL SPLIT IN SANTIAGO PEDESTRIAN MOBILITY - Very high in Santiago The structure of the city allows it Residents, visitors 3 main axis in city N-S One of the main features of mobility in Santiago University of Santiago de Compostela
  • 24. Urban mobility and sustainability in a World Heritage City: the case of Santiago de Compostela (Spain) MODAL SPLIT IN SANTIAGO BICYCLE - Very reduced use Lack of infrastructures Lack of promotion Pilgrims and some residents (youngs mainly) Climate and topography University of Santiago de Compostela
  • 25. Urban mobility and sustainability in a World Heritage City: the case of Santiago de Compostela (Spain) MODAL SPLIT IN SANTIAGO TAXI - Very traditional-regulated transport mode Should improve its role in modal split: INTERMODALITY Bad practices Lack of company and product image USC is in charge of a project to improve the quality of the service University of Santiago de Compostela
  • 26. WHY A PROJECT ABOUT TAXI IN SANTIAGO? Detection of several weak issues in the sector of taxi in Santiago 1) Not aproppriated taxi stops in the city 2) Lack of accesibility to the taxi 3) Corporative image bad developed, and lack of unity and non-homogeneous “product taxi” 4) Actitudes and negative perception of the population about taxi IDEGA Universidade de Santiago de Compostela
  • 27. Telephone device in a former taxi stop
  • 28. NOT COMPLETELY PEDESTRIAN HISTORIC CENTER OF SANTIAGO… University of Santiago de Compostela
  • 29. TAXI: A TRADITIONAL TRANSPORT SECTOR IN RESTRUCTURATION University of Santiago de Compostela
  • 30. INCIDENCES NOTEBOOK IN MICROSOFT EXCEL
  • 31. INCIDENCES NOTEBOOK IN MICROSOFT EXCEL
  • 32. MOBILITY AND SATISFACTION SURVEY
  • 33. Valoration (0-10) of the behaviour of taxi-drivers Valoración do trato. 30,00 25,00 20,00 % 15,00 10,00 5,00 0,00 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Nota outorgada IDEGA Universidade de Santiago de Compostela 7 8 9 10
  • 34. Way of people access to the taxi… IDEGA Universidade de Santiago de Compostela NS-NC Outros Parei taxi rua Tfno mobil taxista Tfno fixo parada Radio Taxi Parada 80 70 60 50 % 40 30 20 10 0 … Increasing Importance of Radio Taxi… although tradition of taxi-stop
  • 35. The fee system. The prices Valoración do prezo do servizo de taxi en Santiago de Compostela Fonte: Cuestionario de Mobilidade a usuarios do taxi de Santiago de Compostela IDEGA Universidade de Santiago de Compostela
  • 36. Frequency of utilization of taxi in Santiago de Compostela >25 % de + 65 years at least 1 per month 26-40 car dependent 5 % more men than women: Never take a taxi Fonte: Cuestionario de Mobilidade ós usuarios do taxi. Ano 2004 Elaboración propia
  • 37. Urban mobility and sustainability in a World Heritage City: the case of Santiago de Compostela (Spain) SUMMARY 1. Dual structure in Santiago: compact city + suburbs (oversized) 2. Compact city: • High use of car: congestion • High use of pedestrian mobility: good practice • Bus and taxi services: minor role University of Santiago de Compostela
  • 38. Urban mobility and sustainability in a World Heritage City: the case of Santiago de Compostela (Spain) MEASURES TO PROMOTE - Creation of an integrated metropolitan Transport Authority - Promotion of sustainable modes: PT, bike, commuter rail - Creation of park and rides in the edges of the city - Campaigning, information - A good traffic management is key issue to manage the mobility in a World Heritage City as Santiago University of Santiago de Compostela
  • 39. Thank you for your attention! mipaot@usc.es