UCT  OpenContent   Launch 12 February 2010
What is “ Open Content ”? Open Content / Open educational resources (OER) / Open Courseware  are educational materials (us...
Example of Open Content Original diagram in a PhD thesis … Adapted for the Portuguese context … Translated into Greek … Ad...
The concept of Open Content … <ul><li>…  is based on the philosophical view of  knowledge as a collective social product  ...
Open Content part of the “Open Movement” The Open Movement
Open Source Software  in the Open Movement
Open Content part of the “Open Movement” Open Source Software The Open Movement
Open Access  in the Open Movement The Public Library of Science is a non-profit organization of scientists and physicians ...
Open Content part of the “Open Movement” Open Source Software Open Access The Open Movement
Open Licences  in the Open Movement http://creativecommons.org/   Creative Commons GNU General Public License http://www.g...
Open Content part of the “Open Movement” Open Source Software Open Access Open Licences The Open Movement
Open Science  in the Open Movement The OpenScience Project  is dedicated to writing and releasing free and Open Source sci...
Open Content part of the “Open Movement” Open Source Software Open Access Open Licences Open Science The Open Movement
Open Society  in the Open Movement Our Water Commons seeks to transform societal decision making for water stewardship tow...
Open Content part of the “Open Movement” Open Source Software Open Access Open Licences Open Science Open Society The Open...
What has enabled OER?
Enabler of open content: Change in philosophy <ul><li>The Open Source Software movement led the way in showcasing the valu...
Enabler of open content: Affordances of the Internet <ul><ul><li>Openness has been stimulated by the  Internet which has p...
Enabler of open content: Alternative copyright licensing Previously copyright was  binary : All rights retained or public ...
Enabler of open content:  A range of financial models <ul><li>Donor funding  – e.g. Hewlett Foundation, Shuttleworth Found...
Openness in higher education <ul><li>The emergence of openness in higher education in the 21st century is part of the much...
The paradox of sharing  <ul><li>The OECD reflects that &quot;although  learning resources are often considered as key inte...
OER Champion: MIT
OER Champion: Rice University
OER Champion: Carnegie Mellon
OER Champion: Open University
OER Champion: Open University
University of Michigan
Yale University
Indiana University
Delft University of Technology
Universidad de Sevilla, Spain
Korea University
Keio University
Tecnológico de Monterrey, Mexico
University of Southern Queensland
OpenCourseWare Consortium
Aggregating content: OER  Commons
Aggregating video: Academic Earth
Aggregating podcasts: Steeple
OER in South Africa: University of the Western Cape
Collecting OER in Africa: OER Africa
Four “open” projects at UCT Funded by the Hewlett Foundation  Funded by the Shuttleworth Foundation  Funded by the Shuttle...
Opening Scholarship project July 2007- Dec 2008
UCT signs Cape Town Open Education Declaration  April 2008
Opening Scholarship outputs
Health OER project Jan 2009-Dec 2010
OER UCT project Feb 2009-Feb 2010
OER UCT project blog
The UCT OpenContent directory <ul><ul><li>Lists and describes  the growing collection of open educational content at UCT <...
UCT OpenContent: Contributor   <ul><li>Ed Rybicki </li></ul><ul><li>Molecular and Cell Biology  </li></ul><ul><li>Introduc...
UCT OpenContent: Contributor  <ul><li>Kevin Williams </li></ul><ul><li>Higher & Adult Education Studies & Development Unit...
UCT OpenContent: Contributors <ul><li>Laurel Baldwin-Ragaven and Leslie London </li></ul><ul><li>School of Public Health a...
UCT OpenContent: Contributors   <ul><li>Tony Carr, Shaheeda Jaffer & Jeanne Smuts </li></ul><ul><li>Centre for Educational...
UCT OpenContent: Contributors  <ul><li>Jean-Paul van Belle </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Information Systems </li></ul><...
UCT OpenContent: Contributors <ul><li>Michael Paskevicius & Michelle Willmers </li></ul><ul><li>Centre for Educational Tec...
UCT joins the OCWC Cheryl Hodgkinson-Williams and Michelle Willmers submit the application to OCWC
UCT launches OpenContent 12 Feb 2010
Sharing open content needs a change in values  http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2732/4097078733_dd8527d319.jpg
Conclusion <ul><li>‘ Today, a  confluence of events  is creating the  perfect storm for significantly advancing education ...
Thanks to <ul><li>Prof Jo Beall </li></ul><ul><li>Prof Danie Visser </li></ul><ul><li>Prof Martin Hall </li></ul><ul><li>E...
Thanks to <ul><li>All the UCT academics who have contributed resources </li></ul>Matumo Ramifikeng Lana Van Niekerk  Graem...
References <ul><li>Attwood, R (2009) Get it out in the open. Online:  http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/story.asp?stor...
This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 South Africa License. To view a copy of this ...
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University of Cape Town OpenContent - Open Educational Resources Directory Launch

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We had this presentation going in the background at the launch party for the open educational resources directory launch.

The ppt file contains animations and auto advances and is designed to run automatically.

Prepared by Cheryl Hodgkinson-Williams, Associate Professor

Published in: Education, Travel, Business
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  • Image 1: http://www.flickr.com/photos/courosa/2922421696/ Image 2: http://veja.abril.com.br/imagem/professorantenado.jpg Image 3: http://www.flickr.com/photos/stylianosm/3706684606/ Image 4: http://www.flickr.com/photos/langwitches/3460307056/
  • &lt;div xmlns:cc=&amp;quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns#&amp;quot; about=&amp;quot;http://www.flickr.com/photos/jordigraells/2098331968/&amp;quot;&gt;&lt;a rel=&amp;quot;cc:attributionURL&amp;quot; href=&amp;quot;http://www.flickr.com/photos/jordigraells/&amp;quot;&gt;http://www.flickr.com/photos/jordigraells/&lt;/a&gt; / &lt;a rel=&amp;quot;license&amp;quot; href=&amp;quot;http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/&amp;quot;&gt;CC BY 2.0&lt;/a&gt;&lt;/div&gt;
  • http://openaccessenvironmentalist.wordpress.com/2009/04/04/what-is-open-access-2/ http://www.plos.org/
  • The Open Source Software movement led the way in showcasing the value of openness and the ‘architecture of participation’ (O’Reilly 2003) which allows for a real free market of ideas, in which anyone can put forward a proposed solution to a problem; it becomes adopted, if at all, by acclamation and the organic spread of its usefulness. OER is based on the philosophical view of ‘knowledge as a collective social product and the desirability of making it a social property ‘ (Prasad &amp; Ambedkar cited in Downes 2007:1)
  • flickr.com/photos/11461909@N06/3925035856/
  • The OECD reflects that &amp;quot;although learning resources are often considered as key intellectual property in a competitive higher education world, more and more institutions and individuals are sharing digital learning resources over the Internet openly and without cost, as open educational resources (OER) (2007:9).
  • http://oli.web.cmu.edu/openlearning/
  • http://oyc.yale.edu/
  • http://ocwus.us.es/ocwus
  • http://ocw.korea.edu/ocw/
  • http://khub.itesm.mx/es/
  • http://ocw.usq.edu.au/
  • Academic Earth which aggregates academic videos from various institutions around the globe (http://academicearth.org/)
  • http://www.opencontent.org.uk/steeple/index.php And http://www.steeple.org.uk/wiki/Main_Page
  • Led by Centre for Educational Technology, CHED Funded by Shuttleworth Foundation Jan 2009 – Feb 2010, total value R800,000 Activities: Survey existing T&amp;L resources with potential to be OERs Provide support to OER creators Facilitate the publication of 5 exemplar OERs Create an OER Directory for UCT Document the OER UCT process as a case study Promote longer-term sustainability of the initiative
  • Our project is responsible for creating a directory to list and describe open educational resources here at UCT. In addition to have shared materials on websites such as slideshare, it is important to have them catalogued and indexed here at UCT. UCT academics will be able to list and describe their online resources in the local UCT directory – this will automatically lead to an entry in the OER Commons, OER Africa and other international content directories. The listings will include appropriate metadata which will lead to discoverability through search engines. The directory will also ensure we can answer questions such as: Which OERs have been published by person X in my department? What OER content is available from my department? How many OERs are in the UCT Collection? To what extent is my department’s OER output promoting us globally?
  • We stumbled upon open resources published by Ed Rybicki completely by accident. Ed took his own initiative and published his Introduction to Molecular Virology course online in 2007 – which technically makes him the first to publish an open resource at UCT. Ed’s material has since been used by various teachers and students at Universities in Brazil, Australia, and throughout South Africa. And has led to alliances with universities in the UK. Ed says - “I have benefited enormously from interaction with people who helped pioneer this sort of thing overseas; my presentation of material improved, and I added things like a blog to interact more immediately with students and interested parties.”
  • Our first resource was Dr. Kevin Williams from the Centre for Higher Education Development. Kevin saw a void in the literature around tutoring in HE specifically in the South African context. Kevin decided to publish the book as OER as it satisfied his own ethical responsibility as he himself learned the most about tutoring from his own tutoring experience. Kevin says “I cant thank all the students and staff who taught me, but I can pass that on.” Interest has been expressed from publishers as well as other institutions to use the manual in their own contexts. Kevin has expressed a real need for statistics in identifying where and when his material gets accessed and used.
  • Prof Leslie London was interviewed during the Opening Scholarship project and their iterations towards openness described in Case Study 10. This resource was technically “open” as it was freely available on the internet, but not covered by suitable licensing which reserved some of their rights.
  • The Facilitating Online manual created by authors in the Centre for Educational Technology was created and made use of the first externally open VULA site Now, as this was developed in the Centre for Educational Technology it was bound to be open from the start ;)
  • Jean Paul van Belle from the Department of Information Sciences has published three resources; the NGO ICT e-Readiness Self Assessment Tool as well as: Two online textbooks - Office XP for Business and Discovering Information Systems An Exploratory Approach - both of which were written specifically for the South African context. Jean Paul has been a firm supporter of the Open Source software and Creative Commons licensing models for some time. He is happy to share his textbooks, specifically because he knows how difficult it can be for cash strapped students to buy expensive textbooks. JP has also received requests from other universities for permission to incorporate his text into other classrooms.
  • http://www.slideshare.net/mpaskevi/open-teaching-in-a-digital-age
  • Transcript of "University of Cape Town OpenContent - Open Educational Resources Directory Launch "

    1. 2. UCT OpenContent Launch 12 February 2010
    2. 3. What is “ Open Content ”? Open Content / Open educational resources (OER) / Open Courseware are educational materials (usually digital) that can be: Shared freely and openly for … … use by anyone to … … adapt / repurpose/ improve under some type of license in order to … … redistribute and share again. Shared Used Improved Redistributed
    3. 4. Example of Open Content Original diagram in a PhD thesis … Adapted for the Portuguese context … Translated into Greek … Adapted and translated to Spanish …
    4. 5. The concept of Open Content … <ul><li>… is based on the philosophical view of knowledge as a collective social product and the desirability of making it a social property (Prasad & Ambedkar cited in Downes 2007:1). </li></ul>http://www.flickr.com/photos/jordigraells/2098331968/
    5. 6. Open Content part of the “Open Movement” The Open Movement
    6. 7. Open Source Software in the Open Movement
    7. 8. Open Content part of the “Open Movement” Open Source Software The Open Movement
    8. 9. Open Access in the Open Movement The Public Library of Science is a non-profit organization of scientists and physicians committed to making the world's scientific and medical literature a freely available public resource. http://www.plos.org/ The SHERPA/RoMEO service provides a listing of publishers' copyright conditions as they relate to authors archiving their work on-line. http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/ Open DOAR is an authoritative directory of academic open access repositories. http://www.opendoar.org/ The Directory of Open Access Journals indexes free, full text, quality controlled scientific and scholarly journals. http://www.doaj.org/ Open J-Gate is an electronic gateway to global journal literature in open access domain. http://www.openj-gate.com/
    9. 10. Open Content part of the “Open Movement” Open Source Software Open Access The Open Movement
    10. 11. Open Licences in the Open Movement http://creativecommons.org/ Creative Commons GNU General Public License http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html
    11. 12. Open Content part of the “Open Movement” Open Source Software Open Access Open Licences The Open Movement
    12. 13. Open Science in the Open Movement The OpenScience Project is dedicated to writing and releasing free and Open Source scientific software. http://www.openscience.org/ The Open Dinosaur Project was founded to involve scientists and the public alike in developing a comprehensive database of dinosaur limb bone measurements, to investigate questions of dinosaur function and evolution. http://opendino.wordpress.com/ The Open Science Grid aims to promote discovery and collaboration in data-intensive research by providing a computing facility and services that integrate distributed, reliable and shared resources to support computation at all scales. http://www.opensciencegrid.org/ Advised by Sir Tim Berners-Lee and Professor Nigel Shadbolt and others, government are opening up data for reuse. The dat.gov.uk site seeks to give a way into the wealth of UK government data and is under constant development. http://data.gov.uk/home
    13. 14. Open Content part of the “Open Movement” Open Source Software Open Access Open Licences Open Science The Open Movement
    14. 15. Open Society in the Open Movement Our Water Commons seeks to transform societal decision making for water stewardship towards participatory, democratic, community-centered systems that value equity and sustainability as a strategy. http://ourwatercommons.org/ Open Everything is a global conversation about the art, science and spirit of 'open'. It gathers people using openness to create and improve software, education, media, philanthropy, architecture, neighbourhoods, workplaces and the society we live in: everything. http://openeverything.wik.is/ Web of Change connects the foremost thinkers and do-ers in social media, technology, and social change. They are growing a community of leaders working for transformation of organizations and the world. http://webofchange.com/
    15. 16. Open Content part of the “Open Movement” Open Source Software Open Access Open Licences Open Science Open Society The Open Movement
    16. 17. What has enabled OER?
    17. 18. Enabler of open content: Change in philosophy <ul><li>The Open Source Software movement led the way in showcasing the value of openness and the ‘ architecture of participation ’ (O’Reilly 2003) </li></ul>
    18. 19. Enabler of open content: Affordances of the Internet <ul><ul><li>Openness has been stimulated by the Internet which has provided an opportunity for information and services to be shared, used and re-used in ways not conceivable (or affordable) in a paper-based environment. </li></ul></ul>http://www.flickr.com/photos/curiouslee/3485479724/
    19. 20. Enabler of open content: Alternative copyright licensing Previously copyright was binary : All rights retained or public domain Now alternative licensing options such as the GNU General Public License and Creative Commons provide a range of options where some rights are reserved Copyright © Public domain Copyright © Some rights reserved Public domain
    20. 21. Enabler of open content: A range of financial models <ul><li>Donor funding – e.g. Hewlett Foundation, Shuttleworth Foundation </li></ul><ul><li>Marketing budget – e.g. Open University </li></ul><ul><li>Commission – e.g. MIT and Amazon </li></ul><ul><li>Endowment – e.g. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy </li></ul><ul><li>Membership – e.g. Sakai Consortium </li></ul><ul><li>Government – e.g. UK £7.8 million grant </li></ul>
    21. 22. Openness in higher education <ul><li>The emergence of openness in higher education in the 21st century is part of the much larger social movement towards ‘opening up’ what was previously ‘closed’ to most except a limited number of people who paid for access to or use of information and services. </li></ul>http://www.flickr.com/photos/11461909@N06/3925035856/
    22. 23. The paradox of sharing <ul><li>The OECD reflects that &quot;although learning resources are often considered as key intellectual property in a competitive higher education world, more and more institutions and individuals are sharing digital learning resources over the Internet openly and without cost, as open educational resources (OER) (2007:9). </li></ul>
    23. 24. OER Champion: MIT
    24. 25. OER Champion: Rice University
    25. 26. OER Champion: Carnegie Mellon
    26. 27. OER Champion: Open University
    27. 28. OER Champion: Open University
    28. 29. University of Michigan
    29. 30. Yale University
    30. 31. Indiana University
    31. 32. Delft University of Technology
    32. 33. Universidad de Sevilla, Spain
    33. 34. Korea University
    34. 35. Keio University
    35. 36. Tecnológico de Monterrey, Mexico
    36. 37. University of Southern Queensland
    37. 38. OpenCourseWare Consortium
    38. 39. Aggregating content: OER Commons
    39. 40. Aggregating video: Academic Earth
    40. 41. Aggregating podcasts: Steeple
    41. 42. OER in South Africa: University of the Western Cape
    42. 43. Collecting OER in Africa: OER Africa
    43. 44. Four “open” projects at UCT Funded by the Hewlett Foundation Funded by the Shuttleworth Foundation Funded by the Shuttleworth Foundation
    44. 45. Opening Scholarship project July 2007- Dec 2008
    45. 46. UCT signs Cape Town Open Education Declaration April 2008
    46. 47. Opening Scholarship outputs
    47. 48. Health OER project Jan 2009-Dec 2010
    48. 49. OER UCT project Feb 2009-Feb 2010
    49. 50. OER UCT project blog
    50. 51. The UCT OpenContent directory <ul><ul><li>Lists and describes the growing collection of open educational content at UCT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Links this collection to international platforms and a ct as a mechanism for increasing the visibility of UCT-produced open content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitates reporting around questions such as: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Which OERs have been published by person X in my department? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What OER content is available from my department? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How many OERs are in the UCT Collection? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To what extent is my department’s OER output promoting us globally? </li></ul></ul></ul>
    51. 52. UCT OpenContent: Contributor <ul><li>Ed Rybicki </li></ul><ul><li>Molecular and Cell Biology </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction to Molecular Virology </li></ul><ul><li>Published: 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Format: Website/HTML </li></ul><ul><li>Link </li></ul>
    52. 53. UCT OpenContent: Contributor <ul><li>Kevin Williams </li></ul><ul><li>Higher & Adult Education Studies & Development Unit (HAESDU) </li></ul><ul><li>Guide For Tutors In Disciplines In The Humanities And Social Sciences </li></ul><ul><li>Published: March 26, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Format: PDF </li></ul><ul><li>Link </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
    53. 54. UCT OpenContent: Contributors <ul><li>Laurel Baldwin-Ragaven and Leslie London </li></ul><ul><li>School of Public Health and Family Medicine </li></ul><ul><li>Training Trainers for Health and </li></ul><ul><li>Human Rights </li></ul><ul><li>Published : April 14, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Format: PDF </li></ul><ul><li>Link </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
    54. 55. UCT OpenContent: Contributors <ul><li>Tony Carr, Shaheeda Jaffer & Jeanne Smuts </li></ul><ul><li>Centre for Educational Technology (CET) </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitating Online </li></ul><ul><li>Published: May 6, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Format: PDF + Companion website </li></ul><ul><li>Link </li></ul>
    55. 56. UCT OpenContent: Contributors <ul><li>Jean-Paul van Belle </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Information Systems </li></ul><ul><li>NGO ICT and e-Readiness Self-Assessment Tool </li></ul><ul><li>Discovering Information Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Office XP for Business </li></ul><ul><li>Published: October 14, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Format: PDF </li></ul><ul><li>Ngo Guide: Link Office XP: Link Info Sys: Link </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
    56. 57. UCT OpenContent: Contributors <ul><li>Michael Paskevicius & Michelle Willmers </li></ul><ul><li>Centre for Educational Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Open Teaching in a Digital Age </li></ul><ul><li>Published: November 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Format: PowerPoint on SlideShare </li></ul>366 views in 4 months! http://www.slideshare.net/mpaskevi/open-teaching-in-a-digital-age
    57. 58. UCT joins the OCWC Cheryl Hodgkinson-Williams and Michelle Willmers submit the application to OCWC
    58. 59. UCT launches OpenContent 12 Feb 2010
    59. 60. Sharing open content needs a change in values http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2732/4097078733_dd8527d319.jpg
    60. 61. Conclusion <ul><li>‘ Today, a confluence of events is creating the perfect storm for significantly advancing education . With a growing inventory of openly available educational tools and resources, and with an increasingly engaged and connected community, transformative opportunities for education abound. (Iiyoshi & Kumar 2008:2) </li></ul>
    61. 62. Thanks to <ul><li>Prof Jo Beall </li></ul><ul><li>Prof Danie Visser </li></ul><ul><li>Prof Martin Hall </li></ul><ul><li>Eve Gray </li></ul><ul><li>Laura Czerniewicz </li></ul><ul><li>OER UCT team </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cheryl Hodgkinson-Williams </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stephen Marquard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Michelle Willmers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Michael Paskevicius </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roger Brown </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>David Horwitz </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shihaam Donnelly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nolu Tyam </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ermien van Pletzen </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Telamenta </li></ul><ul><li>Health OER team </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Greg Doyle </li></ul></ul><ul><li>University of Michigan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kathleen Ludewig </li></ul></ul><ul><li>OER Commons </li></ul><ul><li>Creative Commons SA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tobias Schonwetter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Andrew Rens </li></ul></ul><ul><li>University of the Western Cape </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Philipp Schmidt </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Shuttleworth Foundation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Karien Bezuidenhout </li></ul></ul>
    62. 63. Thanks to <ul><li>All the UCT academics who have contributed resources </li></ul>Matumo Ramifikeng Lana Van Niekerk Graeme Copley Sean Kaliski Corne van Walbeek Eve Gray Cheryl Hodgkinson-Williams Michelle Willmers Michael Paskevicius Laurel Baldwin-Ragaven Leslie London Ed Rybicki Kevin Williams Desiree McKie Jane Nash Jean-Paul van Belle Mike Eccles Lisa Seymour Tony Carr Shaheeda Jaffer Jonny Myers Stephen Jeffrey Peter de Jong
    63. 64. References <ul><li>Attwood, R (2009) Get it out in the open. Online: http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/story.asp?storycode=408300 24 September </li></ul><ul><li>Downes S (2007) Models for sustainable open educational resources. Interdisciplinary Journal of Knowledge and Learning Objects 3: 29-44. </li></ul><ul><li>Iiyoshi, T & Kumar, MSV (Eds) (2008) Opening Up Education: The collective advancement of Education through Open Technology, Open Content, and Open Knowledge. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press. </li></ul><ul><li>O’Reilly, T (2003) The Architecture of Participation. Available online: http://www.oreillynet.com/pub/wlg/3017 (Checked 4 October 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>Yuan, L, MacNeill, S and Kraan W (2008). Open Educational Resources – Opportunities and Challenges for Higher Education. JISC CETIS. Available at http://wiki.cetis.ac.uk/images/0/0b/OER_Briefing_Paper.pdf [Accessed 4 February 2009]. </li></ul>
    64. 65. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 South Africa License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5/za/ or send a letter to Creative Commons, 171 Second Street, Suite 300, San Francisco, California, 94105, USA. Cheryl Hodgkinson-Williams [email_address]
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