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 Introduction to Open Educational Resources (OER)
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Introduction to Open Educational Resources (OER)


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This presentation is delivered regularly with faculty at our institution to discuss the possibilities of open education and open educational resources. I keep this presentation up to date, so please …

This presentation is delivered regularly with faculty at our institution to discuss the possibilities of open education and open educational resources. I keep this presentation up to date, so please feel free to use it to share open practices and open pedagogy!

Last updated May 2014

Published in: Education, Technology

  • Planning on using this presentation on a workshop on OER. The medium is the message.
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
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  • @laura_Cz Although I like the idea of trialling a distance program with potentially thousands of students and then using the performance and interaction data to improve the program, there are signs that the MOOC providers hope to sell this content back to Universities as a potential business model, see

    Udacity interns are also sharing their experiences using activity data here:

    I am not sure what to make of all of this yet, but am watching with interest as you know I am quite interested in learning analytics. Happy to chat more :)
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  • Thanks this is great! As always. Please say more about MOOCs and who/ how data is provided? Thanks!
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  • An eye openner. Thanks for sharing.
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  • A really great presentation Michael! Thank you. Will be sure to share with my network and our teaching team.
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  • Masters in Education Technology at the University of Cape Town in 2009-2011Worked in the Centre for Educational Technology supporting open educational practices (OpenUCT)
  • The key aspect of an OER is that it is both discoverable online – so that people can find it AND openly licensed - so that people can legally make use of it. OER includes texts, different forms of media, ideas, as well as documented teaching strategies/techniques or practices. Advocates of openness would suggest that the value in OER is in its potential to support learning in many ways and in many contexts.
  • So what is meant to happen is a cycle of teaching material evermore being improved and shared. Plus it is all legal under the terms of the open license. We are all familiar with preparing materials for the classroom, but for those who want to delve into creating OER there are some additional considerations that you will have to take into mind:Clearing of copyright issuesFormatting for web and accessibility for reuseAddition of descriptivemetadataPublishing in repository, referatory or on the webThis is a fair bit of extra work and a number of additional considerations to take into account when creawting instructional media. Fortunatly there are a number of enablers which can help you.
  • So open educational resources are part of a larger open movement, which harnesses the affordances provided by the internet, and aims to increase access to information. Open access to research, open availability of data, open science for global collaboration, open source software are all part of this movement.
  • Internet has brought us closer together then we have ever been as a planet. The time and cost of sharing has been reduced dramatically. Opportunities for collaboration and to explore how other cultures approach teaching and learning are very exciting!
  • Online DOES NOT EQUAL openly licensed!
  • © Cancels the Possibilities of digital media and the internet – while the InternetEnables; Copyright forbids How many have heard of Creative Commons? CC lets you specify licensing terms which allow for content reuse
  • Siyavula (also a Shuttleworth project) supports and encourages communities of teachers to work together, openly share their teaching resources and benefit from the use of technology. Siyavula is based upon the collaborative textbook editor created at Rice University called Connexions and allows South African teachers to collaboratively author textbooks appropriate for their context. The books are also now being printed and recently were added to the approved book list for South African schools~
  • site contains videos from a range of subjects and is available under various open licenses to make sure to check the video you wish to use. Terms of use:
  • Beyond OER: Open education systems – massive open online courses
  • The first example is of the IEEE chapter using our CHED computer literacy guides for lab training. Students from the chapter actually wrote to us asking for permission to use the guides. We were able to say “yes absolutely!” they are freely available on our website and the Creative Commons license provides the terms for reuse.
  • Next we have a screencast which was created to help people apply the creative commons to offline works. The video was well received and has since been translated into Czechoslovakian, French, Italian and Spanish.
  • Of course the A guide for first year students, which was a resounding success and has been used by the University of Venda and the University of the Western Cape to help new students acclimate to the university environment.
  • One of our greatest stories of reuse was that or Matumo Ramafekeng, whose materials which were published as OER on OpenContent, were selected for publishing in the Journal of Occupational Therapy of Galicia, an open access journal for occupational therapists in the Spanish speaking world
  • So often we are apprehensive about sharing our works in progress, our thoughts, our notes, our ideas. Technology today provides us many opportunities to share the process of our learning, rather than just the final product. We can share our reflections and ideas on blogs, our thoughts on Twitter or Facebook, and people can instantly comment and contribute to our own ideas. This goes for teaching materials as well, which are sometimes imperfect or not highly refined. In sharing digital media, we may become teachers to someone who is interested in our work. As they follow our thought process, connect to our ideas and references, they may benefit tremendously from us openly sharing the process of our own learning.
  • Thank you!
  • Transcript

    • 1. Introduction to Open Educational Resources (OER) Michael Paskevicius Learning Technologies Application Developer Centre for Innovation and Excellence in Learning Vancouver Island University Search & Create LicenseRemix Share
    • 2. 2009-2012
    • 3. What does the term open educational resources (OER) mean to you? by dkscully
    • 4. Learning outcomes for today’s session • Understand the term open educational resources and how they came to be • Know where to search for open educational resources • Recognize and understand the Creative Commons License • Consider how open educational resources might impact your work
    • 5. Open Educational Resources Shared Shared freely and openly to be… Used Improved Redistributed … used by anyone to …… adapt / repurpose/ improve under some type of license in order to … … redistribute and share again. Open Content / Open educational resources (OER) / Open Courseware are educational materials which are discoverable online and openly licensed that can be:
    • 6. Available to other faculties, students and institutions. Other educators can now discover and reuse. Learning activity or resource Creates Designated as OER on web Adapted from Conole, G., McAndrew, P. & Dimitriadis, Y., 2010 Shares with students and other faculty Traditional sharing of teaching materials Sharing educational resources as OER Additional considerations: • Clearing of copyright issues • Formatting for web and accessibility for reuse • Addition of descriptive metadata • Publishing in repository, referatory or on the web Educator Sharing beyond the classroom
    • 7. • Alternative copyright Licensing • A range of financial models • Affordances of the Internet • Change in philosophy Social Technical LegalFinancial What has enabled OER?
    • 8. The Open Movement Change in philosophy towards an “Open Movement” Open Source Software Open Access Open Licences Open Science Open Society Open Educational Resources Open Data
    • 9. Affordances of the Internet Title : File:Internet map 1024.jpg - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Source : license : Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported
    • 10. A range of financial models • Donor funding – e.g. Hewlett Foundation • Marketing budget – e.g. Open University • Commission – e.g. MIT and Amazon • Endowment – e.g. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy • Membership – e.g. Sakai Consortium, OCWC • Government – e.g. UK £7.8 million grant, US commitment to OER
    • 11. What happens when you create and share something on the internet? Your work is automatically protected under copyright!
    • 12. Online DOES NOT EQUAL openly licensed! Pixel | Flickr - Photo Sharing! : taken from - Author: filin ilia -
    • 13. © Cancels the Possibilities Of digital media and the internet Internet Enables What to do? Copyright Forbids Wiley, D. (2012) Openness and the Future. ETS Future of Assessment Conference. Presentation available:
    • 14. Copyright and the Public Domain
    • 15. Alternative copyright licensing
    • 16. 0 50,000,000 100,000,000 150,000,000 200,000,000 250,000,000 300,000,000 350,000,000 400,000,000 450,000,000 Minimum Total Creative Commons Licensed Works
    • 17. Choosing a Creative Commons License Which Creative Commons licence is right for me? poster | Creative Commons Australia : taken from - creative-commons-licence-is-right-for-me-poster
    • 18. A note on Fair Dealing in Canada • The copyright modernization act (Bill C-11) broadens the scope of fair dealing and allowances in education • UBC has an excellent summary of key changes on their website as well as a great frequently asked questions guide Photo Credit: Thomas Tolkien licensed under Creative Commons
    • 19. Recap: What makes an OER? • Educational curriculum, materials or mixed media • Discoverable online as they are shared freely and openly • Openly licensed (usually Creative Commons) • Can be legally used by anyone to repurpose/ improve and redistribute
    • 21. The origins of OER: MIT OpenCourseWare
    • 22. Open Course Ware: Open University
    • 23. Copyright CourseWare: Network Science
    • 24. Open Video: The Khan Academy
    • 25. Mostly closed video: YouTube
    • 26. YouTube recently launched a Creative Commons licensing option
    • 27. Open Encyclopedia: Wikipedia
    • 28. Closed Encyclopedia: Encyclopedia Britannica
    • 29. Internet Enables - Copyright Forbids uploading-history-book-for-students-130520 • Use openly licensed content whenever possible when creating your own digital teaching resources (if planning to share openly online) • Link back and cite open sources within your content can-get-sued-for-using-pics-on-your-blog.html
    • 31. VIU OER Directory
    • 32. A good starting point: OER Commons
    • 33. OCWC Search
    • 34. Open learning object repository: Merlot
    • 35. Open textbooks: Connexions
    • 36. Open textbooks for K12: Siyavula
    • 37. Aggregated video/podcasts: Academic Earth
    • 38. Mixed Media: Wikimedia
    • 39. University of Minnesota: Open academics textbook catalog
    • 40. Free and open source software More here: Alternative to: Dreamweaver or hand coded web design Alternative to: Adobe Audition or Wavelab Alternative to: MS Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Ac cess, Visio Alternative to: MS Notepad or Dreamweaver Alternative to: MS Windows, Apple OS Alternative to: MS MediaPlayer Alternative to: Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator
    • 41. Open access research: DOAJ List of Journals Licensed under a Creative Commons License
    • 42. B.C. Open Textbook Project Brigham Young University faculty survey seeks to advance open education through academic libraries | Flickr - Photo Sharing! : taken from - Author: opensourceway sa/2.0/deed.en “B.C. is leveraging 21st century- technologies and licensing to ensure its citizens have affordable access to high-quality post-secondary textbooks. Open licensing on publicly funded content ensures the greatest impact for the public dollar.“ Dr. Cable Green (Creative Commons) Cal for reviews:
    • 43. SOME TOOLS OF THE TRADE A Creative Commons image by (ta)
    • 44.
    • 45. Compfight image search and attribution tool • Searches Creative Commons Flickr images • Provides license and attribution for image
    • 46. Creative Commons Search
    • 47. Attribution made “easier” • Browser plugin lets you know when you are on a webpage which uses Creative Commons • Click icon to access attribution text • Add on available for Firefox, Chrome, Oper a, Wordpress and Drupal Demo
    • 48. Xpert Image Attribution Tool • Searches Creative Commons Flickr images • Embeds license and attribution on image for download and use uk/xpert/attribution/
    • 49. Attributing Creative Commons Author, Title, Source, URL to source, URL to license MIT OpenCourseWare Nuclear Systems Design Project | Nuclear Science and Engineering | MIT OpenCourseWare : taken from - nuclear-systems-design-project-fall-2011/ Author: Dr. Michael Short sa/3.0/us/deed.en_US Wikipedia Vancouver Island University - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia : taken from -
    • 50. BEYOND OPEN CONTENT by fd
    • 51. Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs): PLENK2010
    • 52. MITx: MIT’s latest open education projectUdacity Coursera 2012 - Year of the Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) • Are they really open? • Content free, pay for accreditation? • You pay with your data?
    • 54. CHED Computer Literacy Guides • IEEE UCT chapter use the openly licensed CHED computer literacy materials to support training in a computer lab donated to a high school
    • 55. Creative Commons Licensing Screencast • Creative Commons licensing video is translated into Czechoslovakian, French, Italian and Spanish on YouTube
    • 56. Studying at University: A guide for first year students • Used by multiple universities across South Africa • The guide has been accessed over 3800 times on the web and over 600 physical printed guides have been sold • Now used at VIU!
    • 57. OpenContent becomes a Journal Article • Materials published as OER selected for publishing in the Journal of Occupational Therapy of Galicia, an open access journal for occupational therapists in the Spanish speaking world
    • 58. Measuring influence: Alternative metrics
    • 59. Closing note: "When you learn transparently (and openly) you become a teacher“ Siemens, 2010 Siemens, G. & Matheos, K. (2010). Open Social Learning in Higher Education: An African Context. VI International Seminar of the UNESCO chair in e-learning; open social learning. Available online:
    • 60. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.5 Canada License. To view a copy of this license, visit Prepared by: Michael Paskevicius Learning Technologies Application Developer Centre for Innovation and Excellence in Learning Follow me: Blog: Presentations: