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Exclusions from  Minimum Wage Legislation POLS 7050 Public Administration Team Members: Grace Leung Tse Wai 09410236 Phoeb...
Exclusions from   Proposed Statutory Minimum Wage (SMW) Bill <ul><li>In  HK , exclusion of  domestic workers  and  student...
(A) Exclusion of All Live-in Domestic Workers (both foreign and local) <ul><li>Distinctive working pattern  </li></ul><ul>...
Our Comments <ul><li>Exclusion of Foreign Domestic Helpers (FDHs)   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Justified </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
Our Comments (Cont’d) <ul><li>Exclusion of Local Live-in Domestic Workers   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>gardeners, boat boys, po...
Our Comments (Cont’d) <ul><ul><li>Different identities i.e. Nationality/ citizenship </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Risky to  ...
Our recommendations <ul><li>To  include  local live-in domestic workers but allow conditional arrangements  </li></ul><ul>...
Our Recommendations (Cont’d) <ul><li>To  restate  the importance of  I mportation of  L abour  P olicy  and protection und...
(B)  Exclusion of Student Interns Internship f orming a  compulsory  or  elective  part of the requirement for the award o...
Our Comments <ul><li>Importance of Internship programme </li></ul><ul><li>Hosting companies will offer less position if SM...
Our Recommendations <ul><ul><li>To exempt students undertaking internship overseas programmes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>...
Special Arrangement for Vulnerable Group <ul><li>Young Workers / Apprentices </li></ul><ul><li>Persons With Disability (PW...
(A) Young Worker / Apprentices <ul><li>For Young Worker… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In US, employers have to pay the SMW after ...
Our Recommendations <ul><ul><li>Safeguarding their job opportunities  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To recommend youth worker...
(B) Persons With Disability <ul><ul><li>NO DIFFERENCE from their able-bodied counterparts.  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Com...
<ul><li>In Hong Kong,  A ssessment  M echanism  is suggested </li></ul><ul><ul><li>D etermin e  the rate of SMW   </li></u...
Our Comments <ul><ul><li>Registration Card for PWDs as a proof of his/her disability status  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ac...
Our Recommendations <ul><ul><li>Re-assessment after certain period of time (say 1 year) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establi...
“ The function of the Government is to secure conditions upon which its citizens are able to win by their own efforts all ...
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POLS 7050 HKBU/MPA Exclusions from Minimum Wage Legislation

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Powerpoint presentation for HKBU POLS 7050 Public Administration on 24 Nov 2009. Team Members: Phoebe Lau and Grace Leung

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Transcript of "POLS 7050 HKBU/MPA Exclusions from Minimum Wage Legislation"

  1. 1. Exclusions from Minimum Wage Legislation POLS 7050 Public Administration Team Members: Grace Leung Tse Wai 09410236 Phoebe LAU Siu Yin 09410295
  2. 2. Exclusions from Proposed Statutory Minimum Wage (SMW) Bill <ul><li>In HK , exclusion of domestic workers and student interns are suggested. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples of other countries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>D omestic workers (South Korea, Guangdong , Shenzhen) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>T rainees (Australia, France, Japan , UK) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Young Workers (US, UK) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>F ishermen (Taiwan , UK) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>P rofessionals (US) </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. (A) Exclusion of All Live-in Domestic Workers (both foreign and local) <ul><li>Distinctive working pattern </li></ul><ul><li>Enjoyment of in-kind benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Possible significant and far-reaching socio-economic ramifications </li></ul><ul><li>Fundamental erosion of the Foreign Domestic Helper Policy </li></ul>
  4. 4. Our Comments <ul><li>Exclusion of Foreign Domestic Helpers (FDHs) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Justified </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Financial difficulties of Employers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>$3580 vs $4800 ( ↑ 34%) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>may lead to large unemployment of FDHs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Induce social problems that harm harmony </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Under protection from Minimum Allowable Wage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Good and Prevailing FDH Policy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conditions of Employment and Stay </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Practical difficulty in alternative lodging </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Our Comments (Cont’d) <ul><li>Exclusion of Local Live-in Domestic Workers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>gardeners, boat boys, post-natal care workers & live-in farmers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A group of vulnerable ought to be protected </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No entitlements guaranteed that FDHs are entitled </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Our Comments (Cont’d) <ul><ul><li>Different identities i.e. Nationality/ citizenship </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Risky to classify local & foreign “live-in domestic workers” as same group </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The L ocal s could attempt the judiciary review on the exclusion from SMW </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>provide a bullet for FDHs to fight </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Our recommendations <ul><li>To include local live-in domestic workers but allow conditional arrangements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>wage deduction on free lodging & food </li></ul></ul><ul><li>T o exclude “Foreign Domestic Helpers” under the “Standard Employment Contract” </li></ul><ul><li>To lobby the FDH employers’ unions and FDH unions to illustrate possible costs and outcomes, e.g. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>financial burdens of employers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>unemployment of FDHs </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Our Recommendations (Cont’d) <ul><li>To restate the importance of I mportation of L abour P olicy and protection under the regular minimum allowable wage and its review mechanism </li></ul><ul><li>To align with Race Discrimination Ordinance (Cap. 602) & Employment Ordinance (Cap. 57) </li></ul>
  9. 9. (B) Exclusion of Student Interns Internship f orming a compulsory or elective part of the requirement for the award of the academic qualifications in full-time locally-accredited programmes . The interns should be arranged or endorsed by specified local education institutions .
  10. 10. Our Comments <ul><li>Importance of Internship programme </li></ul><ul><li>Hosting companies will offer less position if SMW is enacted </li></ul><ul><li>High cost to have “Blanket Exemptions” </li></ul>
  11. 11. Our Recommendations <ul><ul><li>To exempt students undertaking internship overseas programmes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Students responsible to provide sufficient programme information (as a proof of compulsory part in achieving the award) </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Special Arrangement for Vulnerable Group <ul><li>Young Workers / Apprentices </li></ul><ul><li>Persons With Disability (PWD) </li></ul>
  13. 13. (A) Young Worker / Apprentices <ul><li>For Young Worker… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In US, employers have to pay the SMW after 90 consecutive days of employment or when the employee reaches 20 years of age. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For Apprentice… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In France, apprentices are paid accordingly to their age and qualification. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Our Recommendations <ul><ul><li>Safeguarding their job opportunities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To recommend youth worker (say under 20) could have flexibility to receive less than SMW during the probationary period. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To recommend government service contract should be restricted tenders and priority should be given to social enterprises operated by NGOs. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. (B) Persons With Disability <ul><ul><li>NO DIFFERENCE from their able-bodied counterparts. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comparatively lower productive capability because of their disability. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How to safeguard their employment ? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Excluded: France, Guangdong, Shenzhen and South Korea. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>R eceive wages corresponding to a percentage of the SMW : Australia, Taiwan and US. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Receive SMW when one a ble to perform job duties : UK and Japan. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>In Hong Kong, A ssessment M echanism is suggested </li></ul><ul><ul><li>D etermin e the rate of SMW </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Initiated by the PWD and assessed by an approved assessor. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A probationary period (say 4 weeks) before the assessment is conducted. </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Our Comments <ul><ul><li>Registration Card for PWDs as a proof of his/her disability status </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Actual no. of PWDs subject to assessment is uncertain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Underestimate the c ost of conducting assessment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subject to one-off assessment </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Our Recommendations <ul><ul><li>Re-assessment after certain period of time (say 1 year) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishment of appeal mechanism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Amend Disability Discrimination Ordinance (Cap. 487) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To support NGOs to operate social enterprises on a sustainable basis by awarding restricted tenders or introduction of tax concessions. </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. “ The function of the Government is to secure conditions upon which its citizens are able to win by their own efforts all that is necessary to a full civic efficiency…The “right to work” and the right to a “living wage” are just as valid as the rights of person or property.” - Leonard Hobhouse 1911. Thank You! Q & A
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