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Nahum
 

Nahum

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    Nahum Nahum Presentation Transcript

    • Agenda:† Introduction Ω Priest Vs Prophet Ω Common - Jonah and Nahum† Historical background Ω Nahum the prophet Ω The Book Nahum Ω About Great Nineveh & its Kings Ω Timeline & Maps† Message of Nahum Ω Chapter 1 – The Judge Ω Chapter 2 – The Judgment Ω Chapter 3 – The Justification† Quiz
    • Roles of Prophet Vs Priest Priest Prophet Represented the Represented God to people to God the people Ministered the Ministered the ceremonies of proclamation of worship God’s Word
    • Jonah and Nahum†Focus upon Assyria and their capital city of Nineveh.†Contain prophecies of Ninevehs destruction.†Both close their books with a question.
    • Agenda:† Introduction Ω Priest Vs Prophet Ω Common - Jonah and Nahum† Historical background Ω Nahum the prophet Ω The Book Nahum Ω About Great Nineveh & its Kings Ω Timeline & Maps† Message of Nahum Ω Chapter 1 – The Judge Ω Chapter 2 – The Judgment Ω Chapter 3 – The Justification† Quiz
    • Nahum the prophet† Nahum is Hebrew word and it means “COMFORT”.† Is related to the name Nehemiah, meaning “The Lord comforts” or “comfort of the Lord.”† 7th Minor prophet.† Elkosh is his hometown.[20 miles southwest of Jerusalem]
    • The Book Nahum† Author – Nahum† Key Verses  Ch1:3,7-8 & Ch3:5-7† Message  of destruction for Nineveh.  of consolation for the nations oppressed.† Mainly addressed to Assyria  Words to Judah - 1:12–13,15  Words Nineveh - 1:9-11,14; 2:1,13; 3:5-17,19  Word to King - 3:18
    • … the Book Nahum† Gods Holiness, Justice and Power.† Statistics – 7th minor prophet  34th book in the Bible  3 Chapters / 47 verses  Commands - 5  Questions - 8  Warnings - 72  46 Prophetic verses  Promise - NIL
    • About Nineveh† Was capital city of ancient Assyria.† Named after the goddess Ishtar.† Built by Nimrod - Genesis 10:9-12.† Nimrod - Great Grandson of Noah.† Situated on the east bank of the Tigris river.† Located North East of Israel.† Presently called Mosul – in Iraq.
    • …. about Nineveh† Assyria represented the pride, power and brutality of the kingdoms of the world.† Assyrians considered as heartless.† Its army - known for its brutal efficiency - beheadings, impaling victims on poles, stampeding, skinning alive, leading captives by fish hooks passed through the lips or noses, etc.
    • …. about Nineveh† Assyria was the bitterest enemy of the people of God.† To see a picture of the arrogance of Assyria see Isaiah chapter 10.† Jonah prophesied ~150 years before Nahum.† Nineveh repented.
    • † Exceeding great city. † City wall-12 kms in circumference † Wide - 3-5 Mts. & Height - 6-7 Mts. † 15 Gates – all named after an Assyrian god. † The most powerful city. † Hub of the civilized ancient World† King Sin-shar-ishkun - 627-612 BC.† Ashur-uballit II – Last Kingof Assyria [612-609 BC].† The Books of Kings andChronicles describe aboutthe Assyrian empire.
    • † King Sennacherib (704-681 BC) - Statesman and Soldier.† Built bridges, city wall, dug canals and planted gardens.† 42,000 km2 large palace with 27 entrances.† 80 chambers, halls and rooms.† Lavishly and expensively adorned with massivesculptures, relief-carvings, glazed brick panelling, wingedbulls and lions of bronze.† Armies of workers constructed his Palace.† Tried to capture Judah in BC 701 but defeated by Angel ofGod – Isa 37.
    • …. about Nineveh† Nineveh returned to idolatry, violence and arrogance.† Nahum prophesied her demise.† Destroyed in 612 BC by combined force of Babylonians and Medes.
    • TimelineNorthern Kingdomdestroyed in ~722 BC Nahum ~650 – 612 BCJonah prophesied~150 years earlierKing Manasseh ~687-642 BC King Amon ~642-640 BC King Josiah ~640-609 BC
    • Agenda:† Introduction Ω Priest Vs Prophet Ω Common - Jonah and Nahum† Historical background Ω Nahum the prophet Ω The Book Nahum Ω About Great Nineveh & its Kings Ω Timeline & Maps† Message of Nahum Ω Chapter 1 – The Judge Ω Chapter 2 – The Judgment Ω Chapter 3 – The Justification† Quiz
    • Chapter 1 – The Judge† Burden & Vision - V1† About God, His Nature and Characteristics - V2-7 † Jealous - V2; Ex-34:14; Deu-4:24, 5:9, 6:15; Revenge - 2 Sam-21:1, 22:48; Ps.9:12, 18:47 Wrath – Ex.15:7,22:44,32:10-2 Sam-22:8 † His Power - V3-6 † His Goodness - V3[a] & 7 † The song of Moses – Ex.15:1-19† Words to Nineveh - V9-11 & 14 † He knows their Plan - Nineveh’s sin [Ps.2:1-4] † Assyria King - V11 - Counsellor / Plotter
    • Chapter 1 – The Judge† His 3 points - V14 † King’s dynasty will end - No descendants † Help from his gods will end † God will prepare his grave and his life will end† Words to Judah - V12-13 & 15 † I will afflict you no more † Nineveh’s fall would bring comfort † The wicked shall no more pass through you
    • Chapter 2 – The Judgment† How Nineveh will fall† The invaders appear - V1-4 † Guard the fortress, Watch the road, † Brace yourselves, Marshal all your strength! † The shields of the soldiers are red† It is captured - V5-10 † King Assyria’s orders were too late. † Khoser River flowed through the city - V6. † Medes and Babylonians take control. † Completely ransacked the city - V8-10
    • Chapter 2 – The Judgment† The captive leaders are taunted- V11-13 † Compares the people of Nineveh to the lions. † Lord is against them – V13. † The destruction is complete - “I will cut off thy prey from the earth, and the voice of thy messengers shall no more be heard.”
    • Chapter 3 – The Justification† He is Just † Gen 18:25; Luke 18:7-8. † He cares for those who trust in Him. † He will judge those who violate His law. † God gives 3 reasons.† Reason 1: Ruthless bloodshed - V1-3 † Bloody city, Full of lies & Robbery. † City of crime † Slaughtered people regardless of age and sex. † Shedding of innocent blood. † Her woe is due to her sins - V1-4.
    • Chapter 3 – The Justification† Reason 2: Idolatry - V4-7 † In scripture, Idolatry is associated with prostitution. † Ishtar - Goddess of sexual passion. † Nineveh became like Ishtar - Ps.115:8; Hosea 4:12-14; Romans 1:20-24. † Assyria spread evil to other nations. † The Lord will uncover her shame and make her a spectacle - V5-7.
    • Chapter 3 – The Justification†Reason 3: Pride - V8-19 † Assyrian’s victory over Egyptian city in 663 BC. [No-Ammon or Thebes - V8-11.] † It is no better than No-Ammon - V8. † Its strongholds will fail - V12-13; Proverbs 16:18. † Fire - The City will burn - V15. † Its efforts, wealth, army will futile - V14- 17. † Rejoice - Throes who hear her fall.
    • Closing word Romans 11:22 Ensure to continue in His goodness, lest we too experience the severity of God Nahum 1:3b - the LORD will not leave the guilty unpunished Remember Jehovah Makkeh The LORD that Smiteth / Strikes
    • Agenda:† Introduction Ω Priest Vs Prophet Ω Common - Jonah and Nahum† Historical background Ω Nahum the prophet Ω The Book Nahum Ω About Great Nineveh & its Kings Ω Timeline & Maps† Message of Nahum Ω Chapter 1 – The Judge Ω Chapter 2 – The Judgment Ω Chapter 3 – The Justification† Quiz
    • Quiz 1 Rules: † Form 2-3 teams † Correct answer + 2 points [for own question] + 1 point [for passed question] † Wrong answer -1 point † Pass – 0 point
    • Quiz - 11) Which book of the Bible precedes Nahum? † Micah2) Which empires fall did Nahum explain in his book? † Assyria3) Where did he deliver his prophecy? † Judha4) According to his prophecy, the fortresses of Nineveh would be like ______? † Fig trees
    • ……. Quiz - 15) What was his prophecy? † A. Bring back faith to the Ninevites † B. Rebuild the temple † C. Day of the Lord † D. Downfall of Assyria and Nineveh6) Who was the king during the time of the fulfilment of Nahum’s prophecy? † A. King Amaziah † B. King Amon † C. King Manasseh † D. King Josiah
    • ……. Quiz - 17) When was the book written? † After the fall of Israel8) Which is the symbol of Assyrian power as mentioned in the Book of Nahum? † Lion9) Which book of the Bible follows Nahum? † Habakkuk10) What is the period of the events described in the Book of Nahum? † 7th century AD
    • ……. Quiz - 111)What does the name Nahum mean? † Comforter12)What is Nahums birthplace? † Elkosh13)Whose glory does the hymn in chapter 1:2- 9 in the Book of Nahum extol? † A dead warrior14)How is the Lord described to be in the second verse of the first chapter of the Book of Nahum? † Jealous and avenging
    • ……. Quiz - 115)What are the clouds according to Nahum? † The dust of His feet – Nahum 1:316)How are the chariots described in Nahum? † With flaming torches – Nahum 2:317) Nineveh is all full of ______________ † Lies and robbery – Nahum 3:118) What are “the crowned” compared in Nahum? † Locusts – Nahum 3:17
    • ……. Quiz - 119) Which places were the helpers according to Nahum † Put and Lubim – Nahum 3:920) How many promises are in the Book of Nahum † Promise – NIL
    • Agenda:† Introduction Ω Priest Vs Prophet Ω Common - Jonah and Nahum† Historical background Ω Nahum the prophet Ω The Book Nahum Ω About Great Nineveh & its Kings Ω Timeline & Maps† Message of Nahum Ω Chapter 1 – The Judge Ω Chapter 2 – The Judgment Ω Chapter 3 – The Justification† Quiz
    • JONAH NAHUMFocus: upon Assyria and Focus: upon Assyria and their capital city of their capital city of Nineveh Nineveh Prophecy - Ninevehs Prophecy - Ninevehs destruction destruction Book ends with a Book ends with a question question Jewish prophet Jewish prophet Hebrew Name Hebrew Name
    • JONAH NAHUMFrom Northern Kingdom - From Southern Kingdom – Israel Judah Period – BC 800 Period – BC 650Multiple references in The Only one reference - Holy Bible Nahum1:1 Theme - Mercy of the Theme - Judgment of the God GodGod’s Love, Grace, Power, God’s Wrath, Power, Great Miracles, His Goodness, Just, presence and His Sovereign, The Avenger, teaching Protector
    • JONAH NAHUMEmphasis on Jonah the Emphasis on the prophet prophecy Disobedient prophet Obedient prophet Obedient people of Obedient people of Nineveh Nineveh People of Nineveh People of Nineveh repented rebelled against GodNineveh delivered from Nineveh destructed as destruction per prophecy
    • Names and Meanings of Jehovah† Jehovah-Shalom - Jehovah Is Peace Judges 6:24† Jehovah-Rophe -Jehovah Heals Exodus 15:26† Jehovah-Rohi - Jehovah My Shepherd Psalms 23:1† Jehovah-Shammah - Jehovah Is There Ezekiel 48:35† Jehovah-Jireh - Jehovah My Provider Genesis 22:14† Jehovah-Nissi - Jehovah My Banner Exodus 17:15† Jehovah-Tsidkenu - Jehovah Our RighteousnessJeremiah 23:6† Jehovah-Mkaddesh - Jehovah Who SanctifiesExodus 31:13