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Grammar Book Linares  7 th  Period  By: Marcelo Poggio
Table Of Contents <ul><li>Page 1-Present(ar,er,ir) </li></ul><ul><li>Page 2-Stem Changers </li></ul><ul><li>Page 3-Irregul...
Present(ar,er,ir) <ul><li>Ar:  </li></ul><ul><li>O  </li></ul><ul><li>As  </li></ul><ul><li>A </li></ul><ul><li>Amos </li>...
Stem Changers <ul><li>Combine verbs in the root </li></ul><ul><li>A. “e”    “ie” </li></ul><ul><li>B. “e”    “I” </li></...
Irregular “yo” <ul><li>“ go” verbs- Caer, decir, oir, poner, hacer, tener, traer, venir. </li></ul><ul><li>“ zco” verbs- c...
Saber vs. Conocer <ul><li>Saber- To know a fact or to know how to do something. </li></ul><ul><li>yo sé  nosotros sabemos ...
Reflexives <ul><li>A verb is reflexive when the subject and the object are the same. </li></ul><ul><li>For Example: I hurt...
“ se” Impersonal <ul><li>The Impersonal se is used with a third person singular verb. (one, you, people, or they). </li></...
Dipthongs <ul><li>The strong or weak vowels in the word next to each other </li></ul><ul><li>A, e, o are the strong vowel ...
Verbs like-ger/gir, uir/guir, cer/cir <ul><li>Ger or Gir change G-J in the “yo” form. </li></ul><ul><li>For Example: </li>...
hace + _ + que + _ <ul><li>Hago-The only irregular </li></ul><ul><li>Haces </li></ul><ul><li>Hace  </li></ul><ul><li>Hacem...
Imperfecto <ul><li>1. What was happening, happened, used to happen. </li></ul><ul><li>2. To describe people or things in t...
Preterite Tense <ul><li>e  i </li></ul><ul><li>aste  iste  </li></ul><ul><li>o  o  </li></ul><ul><li>amos  imos </li></ul>...
Spock <ul><li>Hacer- hice, hiciste, hizo, hicimos, hicieron </li></ul><ul><li>Ir- fui, fuiste, fue, fuimos, fueron </li></...
Cucaracha <ul><li>Andar  anduve  e </li></ul><ul><li>Estar  estuv  iste </li></ul><ul><li>Poder  pud  io </li></ul><ul><li...
Snake/Snakey <ul><li>Stem changers & Y changers  </li></ul><ul><li>Snake:  </li></ul><ul><li>dormir </li></ul><ul><li>Dorm...
Trigger Words <ul><li>Ayer  </li></ul><ul><li>Anoche  </li></ul><ul><li>Anteayer </li></ul><ul><li>La semana pasada </li><...
El Futuro <ul><li>Infinitive & e’, a’s, a’, emos, a’n </li></ul><ul><li>Add it on end. Vivir -> vivire’ </li></ul><ul><li>...
Irregular Futoro <ul><li>Decir-dir-to say </li></ul><ul><li>haber-habr-there to be [impersonal]; to have [helping verb] </...
Por <ul><li>Portal- the idea of passing through </li></ul><ul><li>Portugal- general rather than specific location </li></u...
Para <ul><li>Surprise paratay- to whom something is done </li></ul><ul><li>Parangari- destination </li></ul><ul><li>Parado...
Condicional | Futuro <ul><li>Condicional </li></ul><ul><li>ía ías ía íamos íais ían </li></ul>Futuro é ás á emos éis án
Preterite | Imperfecto <ul><li>Preterite </li></ul><ul><li>é aste ó amos asteis aron </li></ul>Imperfecto aba abas aba ába...
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Transcript of "Grammar book"

  1. 1. Grammar Book Linares 7 th Period By: Marcelo Poggio
  2. 2. Table Of Contents <ul><li>Page 1-Present(ar,er,ir) </li></ul><ul><li>Page 2-Stem Changers </li></ul><ul><li>Page 3-Irregular “yo” </li></ul><ul><li>Page 4-Saber vs. Conocer </li></ul><ul><li>Page 5-Reflexives </li></ul><ul><li>Page 6-“se” Impersonal </li></ul><ul><li>Page 7-Dipthongs </li></ul><ul><li>Page 8-Verbs like-ger/gir, uir/guir, cer/cir </li></ul><ul><li>Page 9-hace + _ + que + _ </li></ul><ul><li>Page 10-Imperfecto </li></ul>
  3. 3. Present(ar,er,ir) <ul><li>Ar: </li></ul><ul><li>O </li></ul><ul><li>As </li></ul><ul><li>A </li></ul><ul><li>Amos </li></ul><ul><li>Áis </li></ul><ul><li>An </li></ul>1 Er: o es e emos éis en Ir: o es e imos ís en
  4. 4. Stem Changers <ul><li>Combine verbs in the root </li></ul><ul><li>A. “e”  “ie” </li></ul><ul><li>B. “e”  “I” </li></ul><ul><li>C. “o”  “ue” </li></ul><ul><li>D. “u”  “ue” </li></ul><ul><li>Do not combine nosotros nor vosotros </li></ul>
  5. 5. Irregular “yo” <ul><li>“ go” verbs- Caer, decir, oir, poner, hacer, tener, traer, venir. </li></ul><ul><li>“ zco” verbs- conocer, producir, conducir, y los demás- ser, estar, ir, ver, saber, dar </li></ul>
  6. 6. Saber vs. Conocer <ul><li>Saber- To know a fact or to know how to do something. </li></ul><ul><li>yo sé nosotros sabemos </li></ul><ul><li>tu sabes vosotros sabéis </li></ul><ul><li>él sabe ellos saben </li></ul>Conocer- To know someone or to be familiar with someone . yo conozco nosotros conocemos tu conoces vosotros conocéis él conoce ellos conocen
  7. 7. Reflexives <ul><li>A verb is reflexive when the subject and the object are the same. </li></ul><ul><li>For Example: I hurt myself </li></ul><ul><li>When a verb is reflexive, the infinitive ends in &quot;se.&quot; </li></ul>
  8. 8. “ se” Impersonal <ul><li>The Impersonal se is used with a third person singular verb. (one, you, people, or they). </li></ul><ul><li>Used to indicate people in general, not one person. </li></ul><ul><li>For Example: </li></ul><ul><li>¿Cómo se dice rojo en español? </li></ul><ul><li>How does one say red in Spanish? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Dipthongs <ul><li>The strong or weak vowels in the word next to each other </li></ul><ul><li>A, e, o are the strong vowel sounds </li></ul><ul><li>I, u, y are the weak vowel sounds </li></ul>
  10. 10. Verbs like-ger/gir, uir/guir, cer/cir <ul><li>Ger or Gir change G-J in the “yo” form. </li></ul><ul><li>For Example: </li></ul><ul><li>Exigir (to demand) </li></ul><ul><li>Exi j o </li></ul><ul><li>Exiges </li></ul><ul><li>Exige </li></ul><ul><li>Exigimos </li></ul><ul><li>Exig ís </li></ul><ul><li>Exigen </li></ul>Cer/cir If the verb ends in a vowel add z before the c in the yo form only. If the verd ends in a consonant change the c to a z in the yo form only
  11. 11. hace + _ + que + _ <ul><li>Hago-The only irregular </li></ul><ul><li>Haces </li></ul><ul><li>Hace </li></ul><ul><li>Hacemos </li></ul><ul><li>Hacen </li></ul><ul><li>The yo form is the only irregular </li></ul>
  12. 12. Imperfecto <ul><li>1. What was happening, happened, used to happen. </li></ul><ul><li>2. To describe people or things in the past. </li></ul><ul><li>3. To describe a state of mind, an opinion, or a feeling in the past. </li></ul><ul><li>4. To express the time of day in the past. </li></ul><ul><li>5. When describing an action that was in the process of happening. </li></ul><ul><li>6. To set the stage, describe, a situation or setting. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Preterite Tense <ul><li>e i </li></ul><ul><li>aste iste </li></ul><ul><li>o o </li></ul><ul><li>amos imos </li></ul><ul><li>aron ieron </li></ul>
  14. 14. Spock <ul><li>Hacer- hice, hiciste, hizo, hicimos, hicieron </li></ul><ul><li>Ir- fui, fuiste, fue, fuimos, fueron </li></ul><ul><li>Ser- fui, fuiste, fue, fuimos, fueron </li></ul><ul><li>Dar- I, iste, io, imos, ieron </li></ul><ul><li>Ver- I, iste, io, imos, ieron </li></ul>
  15. 15. Cucaracha <ul><li>Andar anduve e </li></ul><ul><li>Estar estuv iste </li></ul><ul><li>Poder pud io </li></ul><ul><li>Poner pus imos </li></ul><ul><li>Querrer quis ieron </li></ul><ul><li>Saber sup </li></ul><ul><li>Tener tuv </li></ul><ul><li>Venir vin </li></ul><ul><li>Conducir conduj </li></ul><ul><li>Producir produj </li></ul><ul><li>Traducir traduj </li></ul><ul><li>Traer traj </li></ul><ul><li>Decir dij </li></ul>
  16. 16. Snake/Snakey <ul><li>Stem changers & Y changers </li></ul><ul><li>Snake: </li></ul><ul><li>dormir </li></ul><ul><li>Dormi’ dormimos </li></ul><ul><li>Dormiste </li></ul><ul><li>Durmio’ durmieron </li></ul><ul><li>Snakeys </li></ul><ul><li>Leer </li></ul><ul><li>Lei’ leimos </li></ul><ul><li>Leiste </li></ul><ul><li>Leyo’ leyeron </li></ul>
  17. 17. Trigger Words <ul><li>Ayer </li></ul><ul><li>Anoche </li></ul><ul><li>Anteayer </li></ul><ul><li>La semana pasada </li></ul>
  18. 18. El Futuro <ul><li>Infinitive & e’, a’s, a’, emos, a’n </li></ul><ul><li>Add it on end. Vivir -> vivire’ </li></ul><ul><li>Ir + a + infinitive </li></ul>
  19. 19. Irregular Futoro <ul><li>Decir-dir-to say </li></ul><ul><li>haber-habr-there to be [impersonal]; to have [helping verb] </li></ul><ul><li>Hacer-har-to make,do </li></ul><ul><li>Poder-podr-to put, place, set </li></ul>
  20. 20. Por <ul><li>Portal- the idea of passing through </li></ul><ul><li>Portugal- general rather than specific location </li></ul><ul><li>“ por”ever- how long something lasts </li></ul><ul><li>Porpose- the case of something </li></ul><ul><li>Import/export- an exchange </li></ul><ul><li>Im por, pay for me- doing something in place of or instead of someone else </li></ul><ul><li>Trans”por”tation- a mean of transportation </li></ul>
  21. 21. Para <ul><li>Surprise paratay- to whom something is done </li></ul><ul><li>Parangari- destination </li></ul><ul><li>Paradoname- to express an opinion </li></ul><ul><li>Com”para”son- to contrast or compare </li></ul><ul><li>Paramedic- to express the idea of a deadline. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Condicional | Futuro <ul><li>Condicional </li></ul><ul><li>ía ías ía íamos íais ían </li></ul>Futuro é ás á emos éis án
  23. 23. Preterite | Imperfecto <ul><li>Preterite </li></ul><ul><li>é aste ó amos asteis aron </li></ul>Imperfecto aba abas aba ábamos abais aban
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